40 days English and Northern Sotho conversation with Flores.

This is KYUHWAN, your contact at All in one Language!

In this session, we will learn a conversation in English and Sepedi languages using the 'Flores200' data provided by 'MetaAI.' This data consists of a total of 997 sentences, so if you read 25 sentences per day, you can see your language skills improve within 40 days.

Furthermore, this data has translations in the same content for 204 languages, so you can use the blog search function at the top to search for the desired language. However, please note that this data will be reflected in the blog starting from June 2023, and it takes six months for all the data to be incorporated. If the language you search for is not available, it means it hasn't been included yet, so please understand.

The language list is provided at the bottom of this post.


English : On Monday, scientists from the Stanford University School of Medicine announced the invention of a new diagnostic tool that can sort cells by type: a tiny printable chip that can be manufactured using standard inkjet printers for possibly about one U.S. cent each.

Northern Sotho : Ka Mošupulogo, boramahlale ba go tšwa Sekolong sa Yunibesithi ya Stanford sa Medicine ba tsebišitše ka go dirwa ga sedirišwa se seswa sa tekolo seo se ka beakanyago disele ka mehuta: chip yeo e gatišegago ye nnyane yeo e ka dirwago go šomišwa di printer tša inkjet tša sente ye tee go U.S.

English : Lead researchers say this may bring early detection of cancer, tuberculosis, HIV and malaria to patients in low-income countries, where the survival rates for illnesses such as breast cancer can be half those of richer countries.

Northern Sotho : Banyakišiši ba ketapele ba re se se ka tliša temogo ya kankere, tuberculosis, HIV le malaria go balwetši kapela dinageng tša letseno la fase, moo ditekano tša go phela tša malwetši a bjalo ka kankere ya letswele di ka bago seripa sa tša dinaga tšeo di humilego.

English : The JAS 39C Gripen crashed onto a runway at around 9:30 am local time (0230 UTC) and exploded, closing the airport to commercial flights.

Northern Sotho : JAS 39C Gripen e wetše godimo ga moo sefofane se sepelago gona ka bo 9:30 am nako ya selegae (0230UTC) gomme ya thuthupa, gwa tswalelwa boemafofane bakeng sa difofane tša tefelo.

English : The pilot was identified as Squadron Leader Dilokrit Pattavee.

Northern Sotho : Mootledi wa sefofane o tsebišitšwe bjalo ka Moetapele Dilokrit Pattavee.

English : Local media reports an airport fire vehicle rolled over while responding.

Northern Sotho : Diphatlalatšo ya ditaba tša selegae di bega gore senamelwa sa moolo sa boemafofane se tokologile ge se bitšwa.

English : 28-year-old Vidal had joined Barça three seasons ago, from Sevilla.

Northern Sotho : Vidal wa mengwaga ye 28 o tsenetše Barça ditlha tše tharo tša go feta, go tšwa go Sevilla.

English : Since moving to the Catalan-capital, Vidal had played 49 games for the club.

Northern Sotho : Go tloga a hudugela Catalan-capital, Vidal o ralokile dipapadi tše 49 bakeng sa sehlopa.

English : The protest started around 11:00 local time (UTC+1) on Whitehall opposite the police-guarded entrance to Downing Street, the Prime Minister´s official residence.

Northern Sotho : Mogwanto o thomile ka bo 11:00 nako ya selegae (UTC+1) ka whitehall go lebana le botseno bjo o letilwego ke maphodisa go Downing Street, legaeng la semmušo la Tonakgolo.

English : Just after 11:00, protesters blocked traffic on the northbound carriage in Whitehall.

Northern Sotho : Ka morago ga 11:00, bagwanti ba thibile tsela ya difatanaga go tsela ya lebowa ka Whitehall.

English : At 11:20, the police asked the protesters to move back on to the pavement, stating that they needed to balance the right to protest with the traffic building up.

Northern Sotho : Ka 11:20, maphodisa a kgopetše bahlolampherefere gore ba boele morago godimo ga pabemente, ba bolela gore ba hloka go lekanetša tokelo ya go gwanta le tlalelo ya disafatanaga yeo e bego e thoma go ba gona.

English : Around 11:29, the protest moved up Whitehall, past Trafalgar Square, along the Strand, passing by Aldwych and up Kingsway towards Holborn where the Conservative Party were holding their Spring Forum in the Grand Connaught Rooms hotel.

Northern Sotho : Ka bo 11:29, mogwanto o ile godimo go Whitehal, go feta Trafalgar Square, kgauswi le Strand, go feta Aldwych go ya godimo Kingsway go lebantša Holborn moo mokgatlo wa Conservative Party o be o tswere Foramo ya bona ya Seruthwane hoteleng ya Grand Connaught Rooms.

English : Nadal´s head to head record against the Canadian is 7–2.

Northern Sotho : Rekhoto ya Nadal ya hlogo ka hlogo kgahlanong le Canada ke 7-2.

English : He recently lost against Raonic in the Brisbane Open.

Northern Sotho : O sa tšwa go fenywa kgahlanong le Raonic go Brisbane Open.

English : Nadal bagged 88% net points in the match winning 76 points in the first serve.

Northern Sotho : Nadal o rwele dintlha tše 88% papading a thopa dintlha tše 76 seripeng sa pele.

English : After the match, King of Clay said, ¨I am just excited about being back in the final rounds of the most important events. I am here to try to win this.¨

Northern Sotho : Ka morago ga papadi, Kgoši ya Clay o rile, ¨ke no ba ke thakgaletši go ba gape ka gare ga taloko tša mafelelo tša dirtiragalo tše bohlokwa. Ke mo go leka go fenya se.¨

English : ¨Panama Papers¨ is an umbrella term for roughly ten million documents from Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca, leaked to the press in spring 2016.

Northern Sotho : ¨Dipampiri tša Panama¨ ke lentšu la ditokomane tše dimilione tše lesome go tšwa femeng ya molao ya Panama Mossack Fonseca, tšeo di išitšwego dipampiring ka lehlabula 2016.

English : The documents showed fourteen banks helped wealthy clients hide billions of US dollars of wealth to avoid taxes and other regulations.

Northern Sotho : Ditokomane di bontšhitše gore dipanka tše lesomenne di thušitše bareki ba go huma go khutiša dibiliyonebiliyone tša di dolara tša US tša lehumo go efoga motšhelo le dikotlo tše dingwe.

English : British newspaper The Guardian suggested Deutsche Bank controlled roughly a third of the 1200 shell companies used to accomplish this.

Northern Sotho : Kuranta ya Britain The Guardian e bolela gore Panka ya Deutscche e laotše boraro bja dikhampane tša shell tše 1200 tšeo di šomišitšwego go fihlelela se.

English : There were protests worldwide, several criminal prosecutions, and the leaders of the governments of Iceland and Pakistan both resigned.

Northern Sotho : Go be go na le megwanto lefaseng ka bophara, dikahlolo tša go roba molao tše mmalwa, gomme baetapele ba mebušo ya Iceland le Pakistan ka bobedi ba rotše mošomo.

English : Born in Hong Kong, Ma studied at New York University and Harvard Law School and once held an American permanent resident ¨green card¨.

Northern Sotho : O belegwe Hong Kong, Ma o ithutile go la Yunibesithi ya New York le Sekolong sa Molao sa Harvard gomme o ile a ba le bodudi bja go ya go ile bja Amerika ga tee bja ¨karata ye tala¨.

English : Hsieh implied during the election that Ma might flee the country during a time of crisis.

Northern Sotho : Hsieh o akantše nakong ya dikgetho gore Ma a ka tšaba ka nageng ka nako ya mathata.

English : Hsieh also argued that the photogenic Ma was more style than substance.

Northern Sotho : Hsieh le yena o ngangile ka gore photogenic Ma o be a na le setaele go feta tsebo.

English : Despite these accusations, Ma won handily on a platform advocating closer ties with the Chinese mainland.

Northern Sotho : Ntle le ditatofatšo tše, Ma o thopile kudu go seemo sa go laola kgokagano ya kgauswi le motsemogolo wa China.

English : Today´s Player of the Day is Alex Ovechkin of the Washington Capitals.

Northern Sotho : Moraloki wa lehono wa letšatši ke Alex Ovechkin wa Washington Capitals.

English : He had 2 goals and 2 assists in Washington´s 5-3 win over the Atlanta Thrashers.

Northern Sotho : O bile le dintlha tše pedi le go thušwa go go 2 go go fenyeng Washington ka 5-3 godimo ga Atlanta Thrashers.


English : Ovechkin´s first assist of the night was on the game-winning goal by rookie Nicklas Backstrom;

Northern Sotho : Thušo ya pele ya Ovechkin ya bošego e be e le ntlheng ya go thopa papadi ka mošemane Nicklas Backstorm;

English : his second goal of the night was his 60th of the season, becoming the first player to score 60 or more goals in a season since 1995-96, when Jaromir Jagr and Mario Lemieux each reached that milestone.

Northern Sotho : Ntlha ya gagwe ya bošego bjo e be e le ya gagawe ya bo 60 bakeng sa sehla, a ba sebapadi sa pele sa go nweša ntlha tše 60 ka sehla go tloga ka 1995-96, ge Jaromir Jagr le Mario Lemieux ka o tee o tee ba ile ba fihlelela katlego ye.

English : Batten was ranked 190th on the 2008 400 Richest Americans list with an estimated fortune of $2.3 billion.

Northern Sotho : Batten o be a beilwe maemong a bo 190 ka 2008 lelokelong la ma-America a 400 a go Huma kudu ka lehumo la go leka dibilion tše $2.3.

English : He graduated from the College of Arts & Sciences of the University of Virginia in 1950 and was a significant donor to that institution.

Northern Sotho : O alogile go tšwa go Colleje ya Bokgabo & Mahlale ya Yunibesiti ya Virginia ka 1950 gomme e be e le moneeledi wo go bonagala go lefelo leo.

English : Iraq´s Abu Ghraib prison has been set alight during a riot.

Northern Sotho : Kgolegong ya Abu Ghraib go la Iraq e fišitšwe nakong ya dikgaruru.

English : The jail became notorious after prisoner abuse was discovered there after US forces took over.

Northern Sotho : Kgolego e bile kotsi ka morago ga gore go lemogwe tlaišo ya bagolegwa moo ka morago ga gore madira a US a tšea taolo.

English : Piquet Jr. crashed in the 2008 Singapore Grand Prix just after an early pit stop for Fernando Alonso, bringing out the safety car.

Northern Sotho : Piquet Jr. o thulane ka gare ga 2008 Singapore Grand Prix ka morago ga go emišwa ke molete bakeng sa Fernando Alonso, ka go tliša safatanaga ya polokego.

English : As the cars ahead of Alonso went in for fuel under the safety car, he moved up the pack to take victory.

Northern Sotho : Ge disafatanaga tša pele ga Alonso di tsena bakeng sa makhura ka fase ga safatanaga ya tšhireletšo, o fetetše pele go ya go tšea phenyo.

English : Piquet Jr. was sacked after the 2009 Hungarian Grand Prix.

Northern Sotho : Piquet Jr. o fegilwe ka morago ga 2009 Hungarian Grand Prix.

English : At exactly 8:46 a.m. a hush fell across the city, marking the exact moment the first jet struck its target.

Northern Sotho : Ka 8:46 mesong thwii setu se ile sa wa go putla le motse, go laetša motsotso thwii wa mathomo wo sefofane se bethilego nepo ya sona thwii.

English : Two beams of light have been rigged up to point skywards overnight.

Northern Sotho : Mahlasedi a mabedi a seetša a hlomilwe go lebiša go ya lefaufaung bošegong.

English : Construction is ongoing for five new skyscrapers at the site, with a transportation center and memorial park in the middle.

Northern Sotho : Dikago di sa tšwela pele go meago ye metelele ye mfsa ye mehlano ko tikologong, le lefelo la dinamelwa le phaka ya segopotšo mogare.

English : The PBS show has more than two-dozen Emmy awards, and its run is shorter only than Sesame Street and Mister Rogers´ Neighborhood.

Northern Sotho : Lenaneo la PBS le na le megopo ya go feta didasene tše pedi, gomme tsepelo ya yona ke ye kopana fela go la Sesame Street le Mister Rogers´ Neighborhood.

English : Each episode of the show would focus on a theme in a specific book and then explore that theme through multiple stories.

Northern Sotho : Kgaolo yenngwe le yenngwe lenaneong e tla šetša mokgwa wa ka gare ga buka yeo e kgethilwego gomme ya lebelela mokgwa woo go dikanegelo tše dintši.

English : Each show would also provide recommendations for books that children should look for when they went to their library.

Northern Sotho : Pontšho yenngwe le yenngwe e tla aba ditaelelo tša dibuka tšeo bana ba swanetšego go di lebelela ge ba e ya bokgobapuku bja bona.

English : John Grant, from WNED Buffalo (Reading Rainbow´s home station) said ¨Reading Rainbow taught kids why to read,... the love of reading — [the show] encouraged kids to pick up a book and to read.¨

Northern Sotho : John Grant, go tšwa WNED Buffalo (lefelo la gae la Reading Rainbow) o boletše gore ¨Reading Rainbow e rutile bana gore gobaneng ba bala,... lerato la go bala — [swantšho] e hlohleleditše bana go tšea buka le go bala.¨

English : It is believed by some, including John Grant, that both the funding crunch and a shift in the philosophy of educational television programming contributed to ending the series.

Northern Sotho : Ba bangwe ba dumela, go akaretša le John Grant, gore bobedi bja go phuhlama ga tša ditšhelete le šikinyego ka gare ga filosofi ya mananeo a telebišene a thuto di bile le seabe go feleng ga tatelano ya pontšo.

English : The storm, situated about 645 miles (1040 km) west of the Cape Verde islands, is likely to dissipate before threatening any land areas, forecasters say.

Northern Sotho : Ledimo, la goba di mille tše e ka bago tše 645 (1040 km) bodikela bja dihlakahlaka tša Cape Verde, le ka hwelela pele le tšhošetša mafela afe goba afe a naga, balebeleledi ba boso ba a bolea.

English : Fred currently has winds of 105 miles per hour (165 km/h) and is moving towards the northwest.

Northern Sotho : Gabjale Fred e na le memoya ya dimaele tše 105 ka iri (165 km/h) gomme e sepelela go ya leboabodikela.

English : Fred is the strongest tropical cyclone ever recorded so far south and east in the Atlantic since the advent of satellite imagery, and only the third major hurricane on record east of 35°W.

Northern Sotho : Fred ke ledimo le legolo la matlakadibe leo le ilego la gatišwa go fihla ga bjale go borwa le bohlaba bja Atlantic go tloga mathomong a sathalaete ya diswantšho, gomme ke ledimo la pulakgolo ya go gatišwa ka bohlabela bja 35°W

English : On September 24, 1759, Arthur Guinness signed a 9,000 year lease for the St James´ Gate Brewery in Dublin, Ireland.

Northern Sotho : Ka di 24 Setemere, 1759, Arthur Guinness o saenile tumelelo ya ngwaga wa 9,000 ya Brewery ya St. James Gate ka Dublin, Ireland.

English : 250 years later, Guinness has grown to a global business that turns over 10 billion euros (US$14.7 billion) every year.

Northern Sotho : Ka morago ga mengwaga ye 250, Guinness e gotše go ya go ba kgwebo ya lefase ka bophara yeo e tšweletšago di euro tše dimilion tše 10 (dibilion tše US$14.7) ka ngwaga le ngwaga.

English : Jonny Reid, co-driver for the A1GP New Zealand team, today made history by driving the fastest over the 48-year-old Auckland Harbour Bridge, New Zealand, legally.

Northern Sotho : Jonny Reid, mothekga-mootledi wa sehlopha sa A1GP sa New Zealand, o dirile histori lehono ka go otlela ka lebelobelo a feta godimo ga Leporogo la Boemakepe la Auckland la mengwaga ye 48, go la New Zealand, ka semolao.

English : Mr Reid managed to drive the New Zealand´s A1GP car, Black Beauty at speeds over 160km/h seven times over the bridge.

Northern Sotho : Mr Reid o kgonne go otlela safatanaga ya A1GP ya New Zealand, ye botse ye ntsho ka lebelo la go feta 160km/h ga šupa go feta leporogo.

English : The New Zealand police had trouble using their speed radar guns to see how fast Mr Reid was going because of how low Black Beauty is, and the only time the police managed to clock Mr Reid was when he slowed down to 160km/h.

Northern Sotho : Maphodisa a New Zealand a bile le mathata ka go šomiša dithunya tša bona tša di speed radar go bona lebelo leo Mrn Reid a bego a le ketims ka lebaka la ka moo Black Beauty e lego fase ka gona, gomme nako fela yeo maphodisa a kgonnego go ngwala Mrn Reid e be e le ge a fokoletša lebelo go 160km/h.


English : In the last 3 months, over 80 arrestees were released from the Central Booking facility without being formally charged.

Northern Sotho : Dikgweding tše 3 tša go feta, bagolegwa ba go feta 80 ba lokolotšwe go tšwa Sentareng ya Peelo ntle le go bonwa molato semmušo.

English : In April this year, a temporary restaining order was issued by Judge Glynn against the facility to enforce the release of those held more than 24 hours after their intake who did not receive a hearing by a court commissioner.

Northern Sotho : Ka Aporele ngwageng wo, tokomane ya thibelo e ntšitšwe ke Moahlodi Glynn gahlanong le lekala go gapeletša go ntšwa ga bao ba tswerego diiri tša go feta 24 ka morago ga go tšeeiwa ga bona bao ba sa hwetšago theeletšo ka mokomišina wa kgorotseko.

English : The commissioner sets bail, if granted, and formalizes the charges filed by the arresting officer. The charges are then entered into the state´s computer system where the case is tracked.

Northern Sotho : Mokomišina o bea baile, ge eba e ya dumelelwa, gomme a dira ditatofatšo tšeo dtlišitšwego ke lephodisa leo le tswerego gore di be semmušo. Ditatofatšo ka morago di lokelwa ka gare ga sthepedišo ya khomputa moo molato o šalwago morago.

English : The hearing also marks the date for the suspect's right to a speedy trial.

Northern Sotho : Theeletšo e swaya gape letšatšikgwedi bakeng sa thokelo ya mogononelwa ya tsheko ya lebelo.

English : Peter Costello, Australian treasurer and the man most likely to succeed Prime Minister John Howard as Liberal party leader has thrown his support behind a nuclear power industry in Australia.

Northern Sotho : Peter Costello, moboloki wa mo-Austarlia le monna yo a ka tlago a tsena le gatong la Tonakgolo John Howard bjalo ka moetapele wa lekgotla la Liberal go lahletše thekgo ya gagwe ka morago ga intasetere ya maatla a nuclear go la Australia.

English : Mr Costello said that when nuclear power generation becomes economically viable, Australia should pursue its use.

Northern Sotho : Mr Costello o boletše gore ge go gogwa ga maatla a nuclear go thuša ekonomi, Australia e swanetše go ya go e šomiša.

English : ¨If it becomes commercial, we should have it. That is, there´s no in-principle objection to nuclear energy¨ Mr Costello said.

Northern Sotho : Ge e ka ba ya go rekišwa, re swanetše re be le yona. Se sa ra gore, ga go na kganetšo ya molao go maatla a nuclear¨ Mr Costello o boletše.

English : According to Ansa, ¨police were concerned by a couple of top-level hits they feared might spark a full-blown war of succession.

Northern Sotho : Go ya ka Ansa, ¨maphodisa a belaetšwa ke ditumo tše mmalwa tša maemo a godimo ba boifa gore di ka thoma ntwa ya go felelela ya tatelano.

English : Police said Lo Piccolo had the upper hand because he had been Provenzano´s right-hand man in Palermo and his greater experience won him the respect of the older generation of bosses as they pursued Provenzano´s policy of keeping as low as possible while strengthening their power network.

Northern Sotho : Maphodisa a rile Lo Piccolo o be a na le letsogo la godimo ka lebaka la gore o be a bone monna wa go šika-twii le Provenzano go la Palermo gomme maitemogelo a gagwe a mantši a mo fenyeditše hlompho ya moloko o mogolo go yena wa babuši ka ge ba be ba nyaka taelo ya Provenzano ya go ba fase ka moo go kgonegago mola ba oketša maatla a bona a go neteweka.

English : These bosses had been reined in by Provenzano when he put an end to the Riina-driven war against the state that claimed the lives of Mafia crusaders Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino in 1992.¨

Northern Sotho : Balaodi ba ba tlišitšwe ke Provenzano ge a be afediša ntwa ya go huwetšwa ke Riina kgahlanong le mmušo yeo e tšerego maphelo a Mafia crusaders Giovanni Falcone le Paolo Borsellino ka 1992.¨

English : Apple CEO Steve Jobs unveiled the device by walking onto the stage and taking the iPhone out of his jeans pocket.

Northern Sotho : CEO ya Apple Steve Jobs o utullotše sedirišwa ka go sepela godimo ga sethaleng gomme a ntša iPhone ka gare ga potla ya gagwe ya bhokate.

English : During his 2 hour speech he stated that ¨Today Apple is going to reinvent the phone, We are going to make history today¨.

Northern Sotho : Ka nako ya polelo ya gagwe ya diiri tše 2 o boletše gore ¨Lehono Apple e hlola sellathekeng, Re tlo dira histori lehono¨.

English : Brazil is the largest Roman Catholic country on Earth, and the Roman Catholic Church has consistently opposed the legalization of same-sex marriage in the country.

Northern Sotho : Brazil ke naga ye kgolo ya Roman Catholic Lefaseng, gomme Kereke ya Roman Catholic e tšwetšepele ka go ganetša gore go nyalana ga batho ba bong bo tee go be molaong ka nageng.

English : The National Congress of Brazil has debated legalization for 10 years, and such civil marriages are currently only legal in Rio Grande do Sul.

Northern Sotho : National Congress ya Brazil e ngangišane ka molao bakeng sa mengwaga ye 10, gome manyalo a mabjalo gabjale a molaong go la Rio Grande do Sul.

English : The original bill was drafted by former mayor of São Paulo, Marta Suplicy. The proposed legislation, after being amended, is now in the hands of Roberto Jefferson.

Northern Sotho : Molao wa nnete o ngwadilwe ke mmeyara wa pele wa São Paulo, Marta Suplicy. Molao woo o šišintšwego, ka morago ga go otlollwa, gabjale o ka matsogong a Roberto Jefferson.

English : Protesters hope to collect a petition of 1.2 million signatures to present to the National Congress in November.

Northern Sotho : Bagwanti ba holofela go kgoboketša kgopelo ya mesaeno ye dimilion tše 1.2 go e tliša pele ga Lekgotla la Naga ka November.

English : After it became apparent that many families were seeking legal help to fight the evictions, a meeting was held on March 20 at the East Bay Community Law Center for the victims of the housing scam.

Northern Sotho : Ka morago ga gore go bonagale gore malapa a mantši a be a nyaka thušo ya semolao go lwa le go rakwa, kopano e ile ya tswarwa ka Matšhe 20 go la East Bay Community Law Center bakeng sa bahlaselwa ba bomenetša bja dintlo.

English : When the tenants started sharing what had occurred to them, most of the families involved suddenly realized that Carolyn Wilson of the OHA had stolen their security deposits, and skipped out of town.

Northern Sotho : Ge bahiri ba thoma go bolela tšeo di ba hagetšego, malapa a matši ao a amegago a thomile go lemoga gore Carolyn Wilson wa OHA o utswetše ditšhelete tša bona tša peeletšo, gomme a tšabela ka ntle ga toropo.

English : Tenants at Lockwood Gardens believe that there may be another 40 families or more to face eviction, since they learned that OHA police are also investigating other public housing properties in Oakland that may be caught up in the housing scam.

Northern Sotho : Bahiri go la Lockwood Gardens ba dumela gore go ka ba go na le malapa a mangwe a 40 goba go feta ao a lebanego le go rakwa, go tloga mola ma lemogago gore maphodisa a OHA le wona a nyakišiša dithoto tše dingwe tša dintlo go la Oakland tšeo di ka bago di swaragane ka gare ga bomenetša bja dintlo.

English : The band canceled the show at Maui´s War Memorial Stadium, which was set to be attended by 9,000 people, and apologized to fans.

Northern Sotho : Sehlopa se phumutše lenaneo go la Lepatlelo la Maui´ War Memorial, leo le bego le beetšwe go tla go bonwa ke batho ba 9,000, gomme sa kgopela balatedi tswarelo.

English : The band´s management company, HK Management Inc., gave no initial reason when they canceled on September 20, but blamed logistical reasons by the next day.

Northern Sotho : Khamphane ya bolaodi bja sehlopa, HK Management Inc., ga a fana ka lebaka la go kwagala ge ba be ba phumula ka Setemere 20, efela ba šupa mabaka a ditukišetšo ka monwana letšatši le le latelago.

English : The famous Greek lawyers, Sakis Kechagioglou and George Nikolakopoulos have been imprisoned in the Athens´ jail of Korydallus, as they were found guilty of graft and corruption.

Northern Sotho : Maemedi ba molao ba go tuma ba Greek, Sakis Kechagioglou le George Nikolakopoulos ba golegilwe go la Athens kgolegong ya Korydallus, ka ge ba bonwe molato wa go huma ka stela ya go se molaong le bomenetša.

English : As a result of this, a big scandal within the Greek legal community has been raised through the exposure of illegal actions that judges, lawyers, solicitors and attorneys have done during the previous years.

Northern Sotho : Ka baka la se, taba ye kgolo ka gare ga motse wa molao wa Greek e tsošitšwe ka go bonagatša ditiro tša go se be molaong ga baahlodi, baemedi ba molao, bakgopedi ba ditšhelete le baemedi tšeo ba di dirilego mengwageng ya go feta.

English : A few weeks ago, after the information published by the journalist Makis Triantafylopoulos in his popular Television show ¨Zoungla¨ in Alpha TV, the member of Parliament and lawyer, Petros Mantouvalos was abdicated as members of his office had been involved in illegal graft and corruption.

Northern Sotho : Dibeke tše mmalwa tša go feta, ka morago ga tsebišo yeo e patlaladitšwego ke raditaba Makis Triantafylopoulos go ponagatšo ya gagwe ya go thuma ya Telebišene ¨Zoungla¨ go Alpha Tv, moleloko wa Palamente le moemedi, Petros Mantouvalos o tlogedišišwe bjalo ka leloko la kantoro ya gagwe o bile ka gare ga hlomosetšo le bomenetša bja go se be molaong.

English : Moreover, top judge Evangelos Kalousis is imprisoned as he found guilty of corruption and degenerate behaviour.

Northern Sotho : Godimo ga moo, moahlodi wa godimo Evangelos Kalousis o golegilwe ka ge a bonwe molato wa bomenetša le maitshwaro a go se kgahliše.


English : Roberts flatly refused to say about when he believes life begins, an important question when considering the ethics of abortion, saying that it would be unethical to comment on the specifics of likely cases.

Northern Sotho : Roberts o ganne go gana go bolela gore o dumela gore bophelo bo thoma neng, potšišo ye bohlokwa ge o nagana ka tsela ya maleba ya go ntšhwa ga mpa, a re seo e ka se be maitshwaro a maleba go ka bolela ka dintlha tša dikgetsi tše bjalo.

English : He did, however, reiterate his earlier statement that Roe v. Wade was the ¨settled law of the land¨, emphasizing the importance of consistent Supreme Court rulings.

Northern Sotho : O ile, kafao, a boeletša polelo ya gagwe ya ka pele gore Roe v. Wade e be e le ¨molao wo o beilwego wa naga¨, a gatelela bohlokwa bja dipušo tša go tšwelapele tša Kgorotseko ye Kgolo.

English : He also confirmed that he believed in the implied right to privacy which the Roe decision depended upon.

Northern Sotho : O netefaditše gape gore o dumela go thokelo la sephiri yeo go bolelwago ka yona yeo sephetho sa Roe se bego se ithekgile ka yona.

English : Maroochydore had finished on top of the ladder, six points clear of Noosa in second.

Northern Sotho : Maroochydore o feditše godimo ga leri, dintlha tše hlano tša go se be le Noosa ka motsotso.

English : The two sides would meet in the major semi final where Noosa ran out winners by 11 points.

Northern Sotho : Mahlakore a mabedi a ka kopana ka gare ga makgaolakgang a gare moo Noosa e tšwelege bjalo ka bafenyi ka dintlha tše 11.

English : Maroochydore then defeated Caboolture in the Preliminary Final.

Northern Sotho : Maroochydore ka fao o fentše Caboolture go legato la mafelelo la pele.

English : Hesperonychus elizabethae is a species of the family Dromaeosauridae and is a cousin of Velociraptor .

Northern Sotho : Hesperonychus elizabethae ke sephedi sa leloko la Dromaeosauridaegomme ke motswala wa Velociraptor .

English : This fully feathered, warm blooded bird of prey was believed to have walked upright on two legs with claws like the Velociraptor.

Northern Sotho : Nonyane ya selabi ya go tlala ka mafofa, ya madi a go ruthela e dumetšwe go ba e be e sepela ka go ema ga maoto a mabedi a goba le manala a matelele bjalo ka Velociraptor.

English : Its second claw was larger, giving rise to the name Hesperonychus which means ¨western claw.¨

Northern Sotho : Go ngaparela ga yona ga bobedi go be go le go gogolo, gwa fa tsošo ya leina Hesperonychus leo le bolelago gore ¨go ngaparela ga bodikela.¨

English : In addition to the crushing ice, extreme weather conditions have been hampering rescue efforts.

Northern Sotho : Go tlaleletša go aese ya go pšhatlega, maemo a go tsenelela a boso a be a šitiša matshapa a go leka go phološa.

English : Pittman suggested that conditions wouldn´t improve until sometime next week.

Northern Sotho : Pittman o šišinya gore maemo a ka se kaonafale go fihla nako yengwe beke yeo e tlago.

English : The amount and thickness of the pack ice, according to Pittman, is the worst it has been for sealers in the past 15 years.

Northern Sotho : Bontši le bokotwana bja go pakega ga aese, go ya Pittman, ke go go šoro goo go ilego gwa ba gona bakeng sa boa ba tswalelago sa le mengwageng ye 15 ya go feta.

English : News spread in the Red Lake community today as funerals for Jeff Weise and three of the nine victims were held that another student was arrested in connection with the school shootings of March 21.

Northern Sotho : Ditaba di phatlalala setšhabeng sa Red Lake lehono ka ge mahu a Jeff Weise le ba bararo ba batšwasehlabelo ba senyane a swerwe moo moithuti o mongwe a golegilwego ka kamano ya go thunywa sekolong ka Matšhe 21.

English : Authorities said little officially beyond confirming today´s arrest.

Northern Sotho : Bamolao ba boletše ga nnyake ka semolao ka go fetiša ba netefatša go tswarwa ga lehono.

English : However, a source with knowledge of the investigation told the Minneapolis Star-Tribune that it was Louis Jourdain, 16-year old son of Red Lake Tribal Chairman Floyd Jourdain.

Northern Sotho : Le ge go le bjalo, yo a bego le tsebo ya nyakišišo o boditše Minneapolis Star-Tribune gore e be e le Louis Jourdain, morwa wa Modulasetulo wa Red Lake Tribal Floyd Jourdain wa mengwaga ye 16.

English : It is not known at this time what charges will be laid or what led authorities to the boy but juvenile proceedings have begun in federal court.

Northern Sotho : Ga go tsebege nakong ye gore ke di tatofatšo dife tšeo di tlogo beiwa goba ke eng seo se išitšego bamolao go lesogana efela ditshepetšo tša kgolego ya bana di thomile ka kgorotsekong ya mmušo.

English : Lodin also said officials decided to cancel the runoff in order to save Afghans the expense and security risk of another election.

Northern Sotho : Lodin o boletše gape gore le bahlankedi ba tšere sephetho sa go phumula tshepedišo go bolokela ma-Afghan kotsi ya tshenyegelo le polokego ya dikgetho tše dingwe.

English : Diplomats said that they had found enough ambiguity in the Afghan constitution to determine the runoff as unnecessary.

Northern Sotho : Batseta ba boletše gore ba hweditše phapano yeo e lekanego molaotheong wa Afghan go bona kelelo go sa hlokagale.

English : This contradicts earlier reports, which said that cancelling the runoff would have been against the constitution.

Northern Sotho : Se se ganetša dipego tša peleng, tšeo di rilego go phumula dikgetho go be go tlo ba kgahlanong le molaotheo.

English : The aircraft had been headed to Irkutsk and was being operated by interior troops.

Northern Sotho : Folaematšhine e be e lebile go la Irkutsk gomme e be e otlelwa ke madira a ka gare.

English : An inquiry was established to investigate.

Northern Sotho : Go botšišetša go tšweleditšwe gore go nyakišišwe.

English : The Il-76 has been a major component of both the Russian and Soviet military since the 1970s, and had already seen a serious accident in Russia last month.

Northern Sotho : Il-76 e bile karolo ye kgolo ya bobedi mašole a Russia le Soviet go tloga ka di 1970, gomme e be e tšetše e bone kotsi ye kgolo Russia kgwedi ya go feta.

English : On October 7 an engine separated on takeoff, without injuries. Russia briefly grounded Il-76s after that accident.

Northern Sotho : Ka di 7 Ocktobere entšene e kgaogane ge e sepela, ntle le dikgobalo. Russia e bolokile Il-76s morago ga kotsi yeo.

English : 800 miles of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System were closed down following a spill of thousands of barrels of crude oil south of Fairbanks, Alaska.

Northern Sotho : Tshepedišo ya Phaepe ya botelele bja dimile tše 800 tša Trans-Alaska e tswaletšwe ka morago ga go tšhologa ga diketekete tša difaki tša oli ye tala go la bodikela bja Fairbanks, Alaska.

English : A power failure following a routine fire-command system test caused relief valves to open and crude oil overflowed near the Fort Greely pump station 9.

Northern Sotho : Go šitišega ga mollo goo go latelago teko ya ka mehla ya tshepedišo ya taelo ya mollo go dirile gore ditswalelo tša kimollo gore di bulege gomme oli ye tala ya tšhollogela kgauswi le setiši sa bo 9 sa Fort Greely.


English : The valves opening allowed a pressure release for the system and oil flowed on a pad to a tank that can hold 55,000 barrels (2.3 million gallons).

Northern Sotho : Go bulega ga dipropo go dumeletše tsela ya tokologo ya kgatelelo gomme oli ya yelelela godimo ga sedirišwa sa boya bja leokodi ka gare ga tanka yeo e ka kgonago go swara diparele tše 55,000 (di gallon tše dimilyone tše 2.3).

English : As of Wednesday afternoon, the tank vents were still leaking probably from thermal expansion inside the tank.

Northern Sotho : Go tloga ka Laboraro mathapama, mo ditanka di ntšago moya go be go sa dutla mohlomongwe go tšwa go katoga ga phišo ka gare ga tanka.

English : Another secondary containment area below the tanks capable of holding 104,500 barrels was not yet filled to capacity.

Northern Sotho : Lefelo la se sengwe sa go lokela sa bobedi ka fase ga ditanka se be se sena bokgone bja go swara dibarele tše 104,500 se sešo se tlala la go tšhologa.

English : The comments, live on television, were the first time that senior Iranian sources have admitted that the sanctions are having any effect.

Northern Sotho : Dikarabelo, thwii telebišening, e be e le sa pele moo ma-Iranian a magolo a dumetšego gore melao yeo e na le ditlamorago.

English : They include financial restrictions and a ban by the European Union on the export of crude oil, from which the Iranian economy receives 80% of its foreign income.

Northern Sotho : Di akaretša dipeelo tša ditšhelete le kganetšo ka Yuniyoni ya Yuropa go ga thoto ya oli yeo e sa hlwekago go ya dinageng tše dingwe, go tšwa moo ekonomi ya Iran e amogelago 80% ya letseno la yona la go tšwa dinageng tša kantle.

English : In its most recent monthly report, OPEC said exports of crude had fallen to their lowest level for two decades at 2.8 million barrels per day.

Northern Sotho : Ka gare ga pego ya yona ya bjale ya kgwedi ka kgwedi, OPEC e boletše gore go romela oli yeo e sa hlwekago dinageng tša ka ntle go wetše maemong a fasefase bakeng sa mengwagakgolo e mebedi ka dibarele tše dimiliyone tše 2.8 ka letšatši.

English : The country´s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, has described the dependency on oil as ¨a trap¨ dating from before Iran´s Islamic revolution in 1979 and from which the country should free itself.

Northern Sotho : Moetapele o mogolo wa naga, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, o hlalosetše boikemo go ole bjale ka ¨molaba¨ wo o thomilego pele ga phetogelo ya Iran ya se-Islam ka 1979 gomme boo naga e swanetšego go itokolla go tšwa go bona.

English : When the capsule gets to Earth and enters the atmosphere, at about 5am (eastern time), it is expected to put on quite a light show for folks in Northern California, Oregon, Nevada, and Utah.

Northern Sotho : Ge capsule e fihla Lefaseng gomme ya tsena lefaufaung, ka bo 5am (nako ya bohlabela), e letetšwe gore e tla dira ponagatšwa ye itšego bakeng sa batho ba Leboa la California, Oregon, Nevada, le Utah.

English : The capsule will look much like a shooting star going across the sky.

Northern Sotho : Sephutelwana se tla lebelelega kudu go tswana le naledi ya thuntša go tshelaganya lefaufau.

English : The capsule will be traveling at about 12.8 km or 8 miles per second, fast enough to go from San Francisco to Los Angeles in one minute.

Northern Sotho : Sephutelwana se tla ba se sepela tekano ya 12.8 km goba di mile tše 8 ka seripa s motsotso o tee, goo lebelo go leka le go tlog San Francisco go ya Los Angeles ka motsotso o tee.

English : Stardust will set a new all-time record for being the fastest spacecraft to return to Earth, breaking the previous record set in May of 1969 during the return of the Apollo X command module.

Northern Sotho : Stardust se tla bea rekoto ye ntswa ya goba sefofa-sebakeng sa lebelobelo sa go boa Lefaseng, se roba rekoto ya peleng ya go baiwa ka May wa 1969 nakong ya go boa ga taolo ya lemanoga la Apollo X.

English : "It will move over the west coast of northern California and will light the sky from California through central Oregon and on through Nevada and Idaho and into Utah," Tom Duxbury, Stardust´s project manager said.

Northern Sotho : ¨E tla sepelela go bodikela bja lebopo la lebowa la California gomme e tla laeta lefaufau go tloga California go fihla bogare bja Oregon le Nevada le Idaho le ka gare ga Utah,¨ Tom Duxbury, molaodi wa projeke ya Stardust o boletši.

English : Mr. Rudd´s decision to sign the Kyoto climate accord isolates the United States, which will now be the only developed nation not to ratify the agreement.

Northern Sotho : Sephetho sa Mr. Rudd sa go saena tumelelo ya leratadima la Kyoto se aroganya United States, yeo gabjale e tla bago naga yeo e tšwetšegopele e le tee ya go se tiišetše tumelelo.

English : Australia´s former conservative government refused to ratify Kyoto, saying it would damage the economy with its heavy reliance on coal exports, while countries like India and China were not bound by emissions targets.

Northern Sotho : Mmušo wa peleng wa hlokomelo wa Australia o ganne go phošolla Kyoto, ka la gore go ka senya ekhonomi ka go ithekga kudu ga yona go iša malahla ka dinageng tša ka ntle, mola dinaga tša go tswana le india le China di be di sa tlangwe ke dinepo tša tšhollo.

English : It is the biggest acquisition in eBay´s history.

Northern Sotho : Ke thekišo ye kgolokgolo historing ya eBay.

English : The company hopes to diversify its profit sources and gain popularity in areas where Skype holds a strong position, such as China, Eastern Europe, and Brazil.

Northern Sotho : Khampane e holofela go patlalatša methopo ya yona ya letseno le go hwetša tumo mafelong ao Skype se tswerego maemo a matla, bjalo ka China, Eastern Yuropa, le Brazil.

English : Scientists have suspected Enceladus as geologically active and a possible source of Saturn´s icy E ring.

Northern Sotho : Borasaentsheba gononetše gore Enceladusa bjalo ka thutosweka ya go phela le kgonagalo ya mothopo wa palamonwana ya Saturn ya icy E.

English : Enceladus is the most reflective object in the solar system, reflecting about 90 percent of the sunlight that hits it.

Northern Sotho : Enceladus ke sedirišwa sa go bonala kudu lenaneong la sola, le bontšha dipersente tše 90 tša mahlasedi a letšatši leo le se e fihlelago.

English : The game publisher Konami stated today in a Japanese newspaper that they will not be releasing the game Six Days in Fallujah.

Northern Sotho : Mopatlalatši wa papadi Konami o boletše lehono ka gare ga khuranta ya Japane gore ba ka se lokolle papadi ya Six Days in Fallujah.

English : The game is based on the Second Battle of Fallujah, a vicious battle between American and Iraqi forces.

Northern Sotho : Papadi e theilwe godimo ga Ntwa ya Bobedi ya Fallujah, ntwa ye kotsikotsi magareng ga madira a Amerika le Irak.

English : The ACMA also found that despite the video being streamed on the Internet, Big Brother had not breached online content censorship laws as the media had not been stored on Big Brother´s website.

Northern Sotho : ACMA gape e hweditše gore kantle ga go edišetšwa ga bedibio yeo inthaneteng, Big Brother ga se ya gata melao ya tšhiretšo ya dikagare tša online ka ge e sa ka ya bolokwa wepesaeteng ya Big Brother.

English : The Broadcasting Services Act provides for the regulation of Internet content, however to be considered Internet content, it must physically reside on a server.

Northern Sotho : Broadcasting Services Act e abela bakeng sa hlokomelo ya dikagare tša inthanete, efela gore di tšewe bjalo ka dikagare tša inthanete, e swanetše e dule ka gare ga server.

English : The United States embassy located in Nairobi, Kenya has issued a warning that ¨extremists from Somalia¨ are planning to launch suicide bomb attacks in Kenya and Ethiopia.

Northern Sotho : Ngwako wa botseta bja United States go la Nairobi, Kenya o ntšitše temošo ya gore ¨marabele go tšwa Somalia¨ a beakanya o dira dihlaselo tša sethuthupi sa go ipolaya ka noši ka Kenya le Ethiopia.

English : The U.S. says it has received information from an undisclosed source that specifically mentions the use of suicide bombers to will blow up ¨prominent landmarks¨ in Ethiopia and Kenya.

Northern Sotho : U.S. e re e amogetše tsebišo go tšwa go hlokaina yeo e tlogago e bolela gabotse ka tšomišo ya bathuthupiši ba go ipolaya go tla thuthupiša ¨mafelo a go tuma¨ ka Ethiopia le Kenya.

English : Long before The Daily Show and The Colbert Report, Heck and Johnson envisioned a publication that would parody the news—and news reporting—when they were students at UW in 1988.

Northern Sotho : Kgale pele ga Swantšho ya The Daily le Pego ya The Colbert, Heck le Johnson ba bonetšepele phatlalatšo yeo e tla ekišago ditaba—le go bega ditaba—ge e be e le baithuti UW ka 1988.


English : Since its inception, The Onion has become a veritable news parody empire, with a print edition, a website that drew 5,000,000 unique visitors in the month of October, personal ads, a 24 hour news network, podcasts, and a recently launched world atlas called Our Dumb World.

Northern Sotho : Go tloga mathomong, The Onion e bile mmušo wa nnete wa ditaba tša dikwero, ka lemanoga la kgatišo, wepesaete yeo e gogilego baeti ba 5,000,000 ba go fapafapana kgweding ya Ocktobere, dipapatšo tša batho ka noši, netweke ya ditaba tša iri tše 24, di podcasts, le mmepe wa lefase wo o sa tšwago patlalatšwa wa go bitšwa Our Dumb World.

English : Al Gore and General Tommy Franks casually rattle off their favorite headlines (Gore´s was when The Onion reported he and Tipper were having the best sex of their lives after his 2000 Electoral College defeat).

Northern Sotho : Al Gore le Motseta Tommy Franks ba fela ba šišinya dihlogotaba tša bona tšeo ba di ratago (Ya Gore ke ge The Onion e begile yena le Tipper ba be ba e ba le thobalano ya bona ya bophelo ka morago ga go fenywa ga gagwe ka 2000 go la Electoral College).

English : Many of their writers have gone on to wield great influence on Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert´s news parody shows.

Northern Sotho : Bontši bja bangwadi ba bona ba šomiša khuetšo ye kgolo go diswantšho tša dikwero tša ditaba tša Jon Stewart le Stephen Colbert.

English : The artistic event is also part of a campaign by the Bucharest City Hall that seeks to relaunch the image of the Romanian capital as a creative and colourful metropolis.

Northern Sotho : Moletlo wa bokgabo ke gape karolo ya khampeine ka Bucharest City Hall yeo e nyakago go hlomamiša-leswa seswantšho sa toropokgolo ya Romanian bjalo ka metse ya go tšweletša le go tagafala.

English : The city will be the first in southeastern Europe to host CowParade, the world´s largest public art event, between June and August this year.

Northern Sotho : Motse e tlo ba wa mathomo go la borwa-bohlabela bja Yuropa go swara CowParade, moletlo wo mogologolo lefaseng wa bokgabo ba bohle, gare ga June le Agostose ngwageng wo.

English : Today´s announcement also extended the government´s commitment made in March of this year to fund extra carriages.

Northern Sotho : Tsebišo ya lehono e okeditše gape boitlamo bjo mmušo e bo dirilego ka Matšhe wa ngwaga wo ba go lefela matorokisi a mangwe.

English : An additional 300 brings the total to 1,300 carriages to be acquired to relieve overcrowding.

Northern Sotho : Tlaleletšo ya 300 e tliša palomoka go materokisi a 1,300 ao a swanetšwego go hwetšwa go imulla go pitlagana.

English : Christopher Garcia, a spokesperson of the Los Angeles Police Department, said the suspected male offender is being investigated for trespassing rather than vandalism.

Northern Sotho : Christopher Garcia, seboleledi sa Kgoro ya Maphodisa ya Los Angeles, se boletše gore se gononela gore mosenyi wa monna o nyakišišwa ka lebaka la go tsenela e sego go thuba.

English : The sign was not physically damaged; the modification was done using black tarpaulins decorated with signs of peace and heart to alter the ¨O¨ to read lowercase ¨e¨.

Northern Sotho : Leswa le be le sa senywa ka bolona; kaofatšo e be e dirilwe ka go šomiša tarpaulins ye ntso ya go kgabiswa ka maswa oa khutšo le pelo go kupetša ¨O¨ go balega ka hlaka ya fase ¨e¨.

English : Red tide is caused by a higher than normal concentration of Karenia brevis, a naturally-occurring single-celled marine organism.

Northern Sotho : Bohwididu bjo bo hlolwago ka meetseng bo hlolwa ke goba gona ga Karenia brevis ya go ba godimo go feta tlwaelo, sele ya botee ya sephedi sa ka meetse ya go hlola ke hlago.

English : Natural factors can intersect to produce ideal conditions, allowing this algae to increase in number dramatically.

Northern Sotho : Ditiragalo tša tlhago di ka kopana go tšweletša maemo a makaone, di dumelela algae go oketšega ka palo kudu.

English : The algae produces a neurotoxin that can disable nerves in both humans and fish.

Northern Sotho : Algae e tšweletša neurotoxin yeo e ka kgonago go golofatša megatšhika go bobedi batho le dihlapi.

English : Fish often die because of the high concentrations of the toxin in the waters.

Northern Sotho : Dihlapi gantši di hwa ka lebaka la ditšhila tše ntši ka gare ga meetse.

English : Humans can be affected by breathing affected water taken into the air by wind and waves.

Northern Sotho : Batho ba ka angwa ka go hema meetse ao a amegilego a go išwa moyeng ke moya le maphoto.

English : At its peak, Tropical Cyclone Gonu, named for a bag of palm leaves in the language of the Maldives, reached sustained winds of 240 kilometers an hour (149 miles per hour) .

Northern Sotho : Ka tlhoro ye, Ledimo la Matlakadibe Gonu, le theilwe ka mokotla wa matlakala a mopalema ka leleme la ba Maldive, le fihlelela meboya ya dikilomitara tše 240 ka iri (di mile tše 149 ka iri) .

English : By early today, winds were around 83 km/h, and it was expect to keep weakening.

Northern Sotho : Pele ga lehono ka dinako tša pele, meboya e be e le go 83 km/h, gomme go be go letetšwe gore e tšwelepele go fela maatla.

English : On Wednesday, the United States´ National Basketball Association (NBA) suspended its professional basketball season due to concerns regarding COVID-19.

Northern Sotho : Ka Laboraro, Mokgahlo wa Basketball wa Bosetšhaba wa United State (NBA) o fegile sehla sa ona sa basketball ka lebaka la matshwenyego a mabapi le Covid-19.

English : The NBA´s decision followed a Utah Jazz player testing positive for the COVID-19 virus.

Northern Sotho : Kgetho ya NBA e latetše teko ya sebapadi sa Utah Jazz sa goba posetifi bakeng sa twatši ya COVID-19.

English : ¨Based on this fossil, that means the split is much earlier than has been anticipated by the molecular evidence.

Northern Sotho : Go ya ka le ka mešaletša ye, se se ra gore kgaotšo ye e bile ka pele kudu go feta ka moo go bego bohlatse bja molekula bo bego bo letetše.

English : That means everything has to be put back,¨ said researcher at the Rift Valley Research Service in Ethiopia and a co-author of the study, Berhane Asfaw.

Northern Sotho : Seo se ra gore se sengwe le se sengwe se swanetše go boetšwa morago,¨ gwa bolela monyakišiši go la Rift Valley Research Service ka Ethiopia le mongwadi-thuši, Berhane Asfaw.

English : Until now, AOL has been able to move and develop the IM market at its own pace, due to its widespread use within the United States.

Northern Sotho : Go fihla gabjale, AOL e kgonne go šothiša le go tšwetšapele mmaraka wa IM ka lebelo la yona, ka baka la go tlala ga tšhomišo ya yona ka gare ga United States.

English : With this arrangement in place, this freedom might end.

Northern Sotho : Ka nyanyišano ye e bego gona, tokologo ye e ka tla ya fela.

English : The number of users of the Yahoo! and Microsoft services combined will rival the number of AOL´s customers.

Northern Sotho : Palo ya bašomiši ba ditirelo tša Yahoo! le Microsoft ba hlakane ba tla feta palo ya bareki ba AOL.

English : The Northern Rock bank had been nationalised in 2008 following the revelation that the company had received emergency support from the UK Government.

Northern Sotho : Panka ya Northern Rock e dirilwe ya setšhaba ka 2008 ka morago ga kutullo ya gore khampane e be e amogela thekgo ya ka pela go tšwa Mmusing wa UK.

English : Northern Rock had required support due to its exposure during the subprime mortgage crisis in 2007.

Northern Sotho : Northern Rock o nyakile thekgo ka lebaka la go ba nyanyeng ka nako ya bothata bja tumelelano ya semolao ye kgolo nyana ka 2007.


English : Sir Richard Branson´s Virgin Group had a bid for the bank rejected prior to the bank's nationalisation.

Northern Sotho : Sehlopa sa Virgin sa Mohlomphegi Richard Branson se bile le peelo ya theko bakeng sa panka yeo e gannwego pele ga ge panka yeo e dirwa ya naga.

English : In 2010, while nationalised, the current high street bank Northern Rock plc was split from the 'bad bank', Northern Rock (Asset Management).

Northern Sotho : Ka 2010, ka nako ya ge e le ya setšhaba, panka ya mmila o mogolo ya bjale ya Northern Rock plc e be e arogantšwe go tšwa go ´panka ye mphe´, Northern Rock (Bolaodi bja Thoto).

English : Virgin have only purchased the 'good bank' of Northern Rock, not the asset management company.

Northern Sotho : Virgin e rekile fela ´panka ye botse´ ya Northern Rock, e seng khamphane ya bolaodi bja dithoto.

English : This is believed to be the fifth time in history that people have observed what turned out to be chemically confirmed martian material falling to Earth.

Northern Sotho : Ye e dumelwa goba nako ya bohlano historing moo batho ba bonego soe se fetogilego goba selo sa khemikale ya martian se wela Lefaseng.

English : Out of the approximately 24,000 known meteorites to have fallen to Earth, only about 34 have been verified to be martian in origin.

Northern Sotho : Godimo ga maswika a magolo le a mannyane ao a tsebegago ao e ka bago a 24,000 ao a wetšego lefaseng, ke a 34 fela ao a kgonthišišitšwego gore a tšwa mars.

English : Fifteen of these rocks are attributed to the meteorite shower last July.

Northern Sotho : Maswika a lesomehlano a a tšwalwantšhitšwe le maswika a go na a tšwa lefaufaung ka Julae ya go feta.

English : Some of the rocks, which are very rare on Earth, are being sold from US$11,000 to $22,500 per ounce, which is about ten times more than the cost of gold.

Northern Sotho : A mangwe a ma swika, ao a bego a se a mantši Lefaseng, a rekišwa go tloga ka US$11,000 go ya go $22,500 ounce ye tee, yeo e lego tefelo ya go feta makga a lesome a tefelo ya gauta.

English : Following the race, Keselowski remains the Drivers´ Championship leader with 2,250 points.

Northern Sotho : Ka morago ga lebelo, Keseloski e sa le moetapele wa Mofenyi wa Baotledi ka dintlha tše 2,250.

English : Seven points behind, Johnson is second with 2,243.

Northern Sotho : Dintlha tše šupa morago, Johnson ke wa bobedi ka 2,243.

English : In third, Hamlin is twenty points behind, but five ahead of Bowyer. Kahne and Truex, Jr. are fifth and sixth respectively with 2,220 and 2,207 points.

Northern Sotho : Go la boraro, Hamlin o šaletše ka dintlha tše masomepedi, efela tše hlano pele ga Bowyer. Kahne le Truex, Jr. ba go la bo hlano le bo tshelela ka go latelana ka dintlha tše 2,220 le 2,207.

English : Stewart, Gordon, Kenseth, and Harvick round out the top-ten positions for the Drivers´ Championship with four races remaining in the season.

Northern Sotho : Stewart, Gordon, Kenseth, le Harvick ba tšea maemo a ka godimo a bolesome go Bofenyi bja Baotledi ka mabelo a mane ao a šetšego sehleng se.

English : The US Navy also said they were investigating the incident.

Northern Sotho : Bošole bja ka Meetseng bja US le bona bo rile bo nyakišiša kotsi.

English : They also said in a statement, ¨The crew is currently working to determine the best method of safely extracting the ship¨.

Northern Sotho : Ba boletše gape ka gare ga pego, ¨Sehlopa gabjale se šoma go laodiša mokgwa o mo kaone wa go ntša sekepe ka goo bolokegilego¨.

English : An Avenger class mine countermeasures ship, the ship was on its way to Puerto Princesa in Palawan.

Northern Sotho : Phaphuši ya moepo wa Avenger e lekodišišitše sekepe, sekepe se be se le tseleng ya go ya Puerto Princesa go la Palawan.

English : It is assigned to the U.S. Navy's Seventh Fleet and based in Sasebo, Nagasaki in Japan.

Northern Sotho : E išitšwe go Sehlopa sa bo Šupa sa Bošole bja ka Meetse bja U.S. gomme e go la Sasebo, Nagasaki go la Japan.

English : The Mumbai attackers arrived via boat on Novemeber 26, 2008, bringing with them grenades, automatic weapons and hit multiple targets including the crowded Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus railway station and the famous Taj Mahal Hotel.

Northern Sotho : Bahlasedi ba Mumbai ba fihlile ka sekepe ka November 26, 2008, ba fihla le dithuthupi, dibetša tša go ithakgola gomme ba batha dinepo tše mmalwa go akaretša le seporo seo se tletšego lešhaba sa Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus le Hotela ya go tuma ya Taj Mahal.

English : David Headley´s scouting and information gathering had helped to enable the operation by the 10 gunmen from the Pakistani militant group Laskhar-e-Taiba.

Northern Sotho : Go nyaka le go kgoboketša tshedimušo ga David Headley go thušitše go dumelela tshepedišo ka boradithunya ba 10 go tšwa sehlopheng sa mašole sa Pakistan seo e lego Laskhar-e-Taiba.

English : The attack put a huge strain on relations between India and Pakistan.

Northern Sotho : Dihlaselo di bea kgathelelo ye kgolo godimo ga dikamano magareng ga India le Pakistan.

English : Accompanied by those officials, he assured Texas citizens that steps were being taken to protect the public´s safety.

Northern Sotho : A fegeleditše ke bašomi bao, o netefaleditše badudi ba Texas gore magato a tšerwa go šireletša polokego ya setšhaba.

English : Perry specifically said, ¨There are few places in the world better equipped to meet the challenge that is posed in this case.¨

Northern Sotho : Perry o tloga a boletše gore, ¨Gona le mafelo a mmalwa lefaseng a go ba le bokgone bjo bo kaone bja go kopana le tlhotlo yeo e tšwelelago maemong a.¨

English : The governor also stated, ¨Today, we learned that some school aged children have been identified as having had contact with the patient.¨

Northern Sotho : Mmuši o boletše gore, ¨Lehono, re hweditše gore bana ba bangwe ba sekolo ba go le mengwaga ya go feta ya go ba sekolong ba hweditšwe ba bile le kopano le molwetši.¨

English : He went on to say, ¨This case is serious. Rest assured that our system is working as well as it should.¨

Northern Sotho : O ile a tšwelapele ka gore, ¨Molato wo o mogolo. Netefaletšegang gore tshepedišo ya rena e šoma ka tswanelo.¨

English : If confirmed, the find completes Allen´s eight-year search for the Musashi.

Northern Sotho : Ge e ka netefatšwa, sehwetša se feleletša phurophotšo ya mengwaga ye seswai bakeng sa Musashi.

English : Following seabed mapping the wreck was found using an ROV.

Northern Sotho : Ka morago ga go latela mmepe wa botlaseng bja lewatle tsenyego yeo e hweditše ka go šomiša ROV.

English : One of the world´s richest people, Allen has reportedly invested much of his wealth in marine exploration and began his quest to find the Musashi out of a lifelong interest in the war.

Northern Sotho : O tee wa batho ba go huma kudu lefaseng, Allen o beeleditše bontši bja lehumo la gagwe go tebelelo ya diphedi tša lewatle gomme a thoma leeto la gagwe la go hwetša Musashi ka poelo ya bophelo ntweng.


English : She gained critical acclaim during her time in Atlanta and was recognized for innovative urban education.

Northern Sotho : O ile a retwa kudu nako ya gagwe go la Atlanta gomme o ile a lemogwa bakeng sa tšweletšo ya thuto ya metsesetoropo.

English : In 2009 she was awarded the title of National Superintendent of the Year.

Northern Sotho : Ka 2009 o filwe sefoka sa sehlogo sa Suprutendente wa Naga wa ngwaga.

English : At the time of the award, Atlanta schools had seen a large improvement on test scores.

Northern Sotho : Ka nako ya sefoka, dikolo tša Atlanta di be di bone kaonafatšo e kgolo go mephutso ya teko.

English : Shortly after, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution published a report showing problems with test results.

Northern Sotho : E se kgale ka morago, Atlanta Journal-Constitution e patlaladitše pego ya go bontša mathata ka dipoelo tša teko.

English : The report showed test scores had increased implausibly fast, and alleged the school internally detected problems but didn´t act on the findings.

Northern Sotho : Pego e bontšitše gore mephutso ya teko e oketšegile ka lebelo, gomme ya gononela gore sekolo se bone mathata efela sa se dire delo ka taba yeo.

English : Evidence thereafter indicated test papers were tampered with Hall, along with 34 other education officials, was indicted in 2013.

Northern Sotho : Bohlatse ka morago ga fao bo laeditše dipampiri tša teko di šarakantšwe ke Hall, ga mmogo le bahlankedi ba bangwe ba thuto ba 34, bo laeditšwe ka 2013.

English : The Irish government is stressing the urgency of parliamentary legislation to rectify the situation.

Northern Sotho : Mmušo wa Irish o gatelela potlako ya molao wa palamete go lokiša maemo.

English : ¨It is now important from both a public health and criminal justice perspective that the legislation be enacted as soon as possible¨, said a government spokesperson.

Northern Sotho : ¨Ga bjale go bohlokwa go tšwa bobedi go tšwa thebelelong ya tša maphelo a setšhaba le toko ya bomenetša gore bolaodi bo hlomamišwe ka pela ka moo go ka kgonegago¨, go boletše seboleledi sa mmušo.

English : The Health Minister expressed concern both for the welfare of individuals taking advantage of the temporary legality of the substances involved, and for drug-related convictions handed down since the now-unconstitutional changes came into effect.

Northern Sotho : Tona ya tša Maphelo o tšweleditše ngongorego bobedi bakeng sa maphelo a batho bao ba tšeago monyetla wa tumelelo ya molao ya nakwana ya diokobatši tšeo di amegago, le dikotlo tša go amana le diokobatši tšeo di fiwago go tloga mola diphetogo tša go se ba molaong di dirwago.

English : Jarque was practicing during pre-season training at Coverciano in Italy earlier in the day. He was staying in the team hotel ahead of a match planned for Sunday against Bolonia.

Northern Sotho : Jarque e be e ithuta ka nako ya tlhahlo ya pele ga sehla Converciano ka Italy pejana letšatšing. O be a dula hoteleng ya sehlopha pele ga papadi yeo e beakantšwego ya Sontaga kgahlanong le Bolonia.

English : He was staying in the team hotel ahead of a match planned for Sunday against Bolonia.

Northern Sotho : O be a dula hoteleng ya sehlopa pele ga papadi yeo e beakantšitšwego bakeng la Sontaga kgahlanong le Bolonia.

English : The bus was headed to Six Flags St. Louis in Missouri for the band to play to a sold-out crowd.

Northern Sotho : Pese e be e lebile Six Flags St. Louis go la Missouri bakeng sa gore sehlopa se ralokele lešhaba leo le lefetšego ka moka.

English : At 1:15 a.m. Saturday, according to witnesses, the bus was going through a green light when the car made a turn in front of it.

Northern Sotho : Ka 1:15 mesong ya Mokibelo, go ya ka dihlatse, pese e be e feta ka gare ga lebone le le tala ge safatanaga e retologa ka pele ga yona.

English : As of the night of August 9, the eye of Morakot was about seventy kilometres away from the Chinese province of Fujian.

Northern Sotho : Go tloga ka la bošego bja Agostose 9, leihlo la Morakot le be le le dikilomitara tše masomešupa go tloga profenseng ya China ya Fujian.

English : The typhoon is estimated to be moving toward China at eleven kph.

Northern Sotho : Ledimo le maatla le letetšwe go šutela go leba China ka kph ya lesometee.

English : Passengers were given water as they waited in 90(F)-degree heat.

Northern Sotho : Banamedi ba filwe meetse ge ba letile phišong ya tekrii tše-90(F).

English : Fire captain Scott Kouns said, ¨It was a hot day in the Santa Clara with temperatures in the 90s.

Northern Sotho : Mokapoteni wa mollo Scott Kouns o rile, ¨E be e le letšatši la go fiša go la Santa Clara ka dithemphereitšhara tša go ba go 90.

English : Any length of time trapped on a roller coaster would be uncomfortable, to say the least, and it took at least an hour to get the first person off the ride.¨

Northern Sotho : Nako yengwe le yengwe yeo e theelwego godimo ga lebile la go moona e ka se iketle, go bolela ga nnyane, gomme go tšere bonnyane bja go lekana iri go fološa motho wa mathomo godimo ga senamelwa.¨

English : Schumacher who retired in 2006 after winning the Formula 1 championship seven times, was due to replace the injured Felipe Massa.

Northern Sotho : Schumacher wo a rotšego mošomo ka 2006 ka morago ga go thopa mogopo wa Formula 1 makga a pa, o be a letešwe go tsena legatong la Felipe Massa.

English : The Brazilian suffered a serious head injury after a crash during the 2009 Hungarian Grand Prix.

Northern Sotho : Mo-Brazilian o gobetše kudu hlogong ka morago ga thulano nakong ya 2009 Hungarian Grand Prix.

English : Massa is due to be out for at least the rest of the 2009 season.

Northern Sotho : Massa o tlo tšwa sehleng sa 2009 kamoka.

English : Arias tested positive for a mild case of the virus, Presidential Minister Rodrigo Arias said.

Northern Sotho : Arias o laeditša go ba le kokwanahloko ka morago ga teko, Tona ya bo Presedente Rodrigo Arias o boletše.

English : The president´s condition is stable, though he will be isolated at home for several days.

Northern Sotho : Maemo a mopresidente a kaone, le ge a tlo beiwa a le tee bakeng sa matšatši a mmalwa.

English : ¨Apart from the fever and a sore throat, I feel well and in good shape to carry out my work by telecommuting.

Northern Sotho : Kantle ga letadi le go baba ga mogolo, ke ikwa ke le kaone gomme ke le boemong bjo bo botse go tšwelapele ka mošomo wa ka wa tša megala.

English : I expect to return to all my duties on Monday,¨ Arias said in a statement.

Northern Sotho : Ke letsetše go boela mešomong yaka ka moka ka Mošupulogo,¨ Arias o boletše ka gare ga pego.


English : Felicia, once a Category 4 storm on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale, weakened to a tropical depression before dissipating Tuesday.

Northern Sotho : Felicia, ga tee ledimo la Legoro la 4 go Sekala sa Matlakadibe sa Saffir-Simpson, le fokotše go iša go kgathelelo ya ledimo la matlakadibe pele le hwelela ka Labobedi.

English : Its remnants produced showers across most of the islands, though as of yet, no damage or flooding has been reported.

Northern Sotho : Mašaledi a yona a tšweleditše marothodi go akaretša dihlakahlaka tše ntši, le ge go fihla ga bjale, ga go tshenyego goba meetsefula tšeo di begilwego.

English : The precipitation, reaching 6.34 inches at a gauge on Oahu, was described as ¨beneficial¨.

Northern Sotho : Tebelelo, e fila di inche tše 6.34 peelong go Oahu, e hlalosetšwe bjalo ka ya goba le ¨mohola¨.

English : Some of the rainfall was accompanied by thunderstorms and frequent lightning.

Northern Sotho : Dipula tše dingwe di be di na le dipula tša magadima le go gadima kgafetša.

English : The Twin Otter had been trying to land at Kokoda yesterday as Airlines PNG Flight CG4684, but had aborted once already.

Northern Sotho : Twin Otter e be e leka go ema ka Kokoda maabane bjalo ka Airlines PNG Flight CG4684, efela e be e šetše e tlogetše.

English : About ten minutes before it was due to land from its second approach it disapeared.

Northern Sotho : Metsotso ye e ka bago ye lesome pele ga ge e swanetše go ema go tšwa go patamelong ya yona ya bobedi e ile ya timelela.

English : The crash site was located today and is so inaccessable that two policemen were dropped into the jungle in order to hike to the scene and seek survivors.

Northern Sotho : Lefelo la thulano le hweditšwe lehono gomme ga le tsenege moo maphodisa a mabedi a lahletšwego ka gare ga sethokgwa go leka go namelela go ya lefelong la kotsi go nyaka baphologi.

English : The search had been hampered by the same bad weather that had caused the aborted landing.

Northern Sotho : Go nyaka goo go thibetšwe ke boemo bja boso ba go se be gabotse bona boo bo dirilego gore go ema go kgaotšwe.

English : According to reports, an apartment on Macbeth Street exploded due to a gas leak.

Northern Sotho : Go ya ka dipego, bodulo go la Tsela ya Macbeth bo thuthupile ka baka la go dutla ga kgase.

English : An official with the gas company was reporting to the scene after a neighbor called about a gas leak.

Northern Sotho : Mošomi wa khamphane ya dikgase o be a begela lefelong la kotsi ka morago ga gore moagišane a letša ka baka la kgase ya go dutla.

English : When the official arrived, the apartment exploded.

Northern Sotho : Ge mošomedi a fihla, ntlwana e ile ya thuthupa.

English : No major injuries were reported, but at least five people on scene at the time of the explosion were treated for symptoms of shock.

Northern Sotho : Ga go na dikgobalo tše dikgolo tšeo di begilwego, efela bonnyane bja batho ba bahlano tiragalong ka nako ya go thuthupa ba lekotšwe dika tša letšhogo.

English : No one was inside the apartment.

Northern Sotho : Go be go se na motho ka gare ga moago.

English : At the time, nearly 100 residents were evacuated from the area.

Northern Sotho : Nakong yeo, badudi ba e ka bago ba 100 ba ile ba hudušwa go tšwa lefelong leo.

English : Both golf and rugby are set to return to the Olympic Games.

Northern Sotho : Ka bobedi golf le rugby di tlo boela Dipapading tša di Olympic.

English : The International Olympic Committee voted to include the sports at its executive board meeting in Berlin today. Rugby, specifically rugby union, and golf were selected over five other sports to be considered to participate in the Olympics.

Northern Sotho : International Olympic Committee e boutetše go akaretša dipapadi ka gare ga kopano ya yona ya maloko ka Berlin lehono. Rugby, kudu rugby union, le golf di kgethilwe godimo ga dipapadi tše dingwe tše hlano tša go akanywa go tšeakarolo ka gare ga di Olympics.

English : Squash, karate and roller sports tried to get onto the Olympic program as well as baseball and softball, which were voted out of the Olympic Games in 2005.

Northern Sotho : Sqash, karate, le papadi ya roller di lekile go tsena ka gare ga lenaneo la di Olympic gammogo le baseball le softball, tšeo di ntšhitšwego ka ntle ga Dipapadi tša di Olympic ka bouto ka 2005.

English : The vote must still be ratified by the full IOC at it´s October meeting in Copenhagen.

Northern Sotho : Boutu e sa swanetše go dumelelwa ke IOC ya go tla kopanong ya yona ya Ocktobere go la Copenhagen.

English : Not all were supportive of the inclusion of the women's ranks.

Northern Sotho : Ga se kamoka ba bego ba na le thekgo go kakaretšo ya dikarolo tša basadi.

English : 2004 Olympic silver medallist Amir Khan said, ¨Deep down I think women shouldn't fight. That's my opinion.¨

Northern Sotho : Mofenyi wa mentlele wa silebere wa Olympic tša 2004 Amir Khan o rile, ¨Ka gare bothibeng ke nagana gore basadi ga ba swanela go lwa. Seo ke kgopolo ya ka.¨

English : Despite his comments he said he will be supporting the British competitors at the 2012 Olympics being held in London.

Northern Sotho : Go sa lebelelwe dipolelo tša gagwe o boletše gore o tla ba a thekga baphadišani ba British go Mabelo a 2012 ao a swarelwago London.

English : The trial took place at Birmingham Crown Court and concluded on August 3.

Northern Sotho : Tsheko e bile kgorotshekong ya Birmingham Crown gomme ya fela ka Agostose 3.

English : The presenter, who was arrested at the scene, denied the attack and claimed he used the pole to protect himself from bottles being thrown at him by up to thirty people.

Northern Sotho : Moabi wa lenaneo, woo a tswerwego lefelong, o ganeditše hlaselo gomme a re o šomišitše pala go ke tšhireletša go tšwa go mabetlelo ao a bego a fošwa ka wo ke batho ba kabago ba lesometharo.

English : Blake was also convicted of attempting to pervert the course of justice.

Northern Sotho : Blake le yena o ile a bonwa molato ka go leka go kgopamiša toka.

English : The judge told Blake it was ¨almost inevitable¨ he was going to be sent to jail.

Northern Sotho : Moahlodi o boditše Blake go be go ¨tloga go sa kgonagale¨ o be a tlo romelwa kgolegong.


English : Dark energy is a completely invisible force that is constantly acting upon the universe.

Northern Sotho : Meoya ya lefifi ke moya wa go se bonale woo o swaraganego le lefase.

English : Its existence is known only because of its effects on the expansion of the universe.

Northern Sotho : Go ba ga yona go tsebega fela ka lebaka la ditlamorago tša yona godimo ga go oketšega ga lefase.

English : Scientists have discovered landforms littered across the moon´s surface called lobate scarps that have apparently resulted from the moon´s shrinking very slowly.

Northern Sotho : Borasaentsheba hweditše gore mehuta ya dilo tša lefase e tleše bogodimong bja ngwedi tša go bitšwa lobate scraps tšeo di tlago ge ngwedi o hunyela ga nnyane ga nnyane.

English : These scarps were found all over the moon and appear to be minimally weathered, indicating that the geologic events that created them were fairly recent.

Northern Sotho : Mašaledi a a hweditšwe gohle ngweding gomme a bonala a paologile ga nnyane, go laetša gore ditiragalo tša geology tšeo di di hlotšego e tloga e se tša kgale.

English : This theory contradicts the claim that the moon is completely devoid of geologic activity.

Northern Sotho : Theory ye e ganetša taba ya gore ngwedi o tloga o se na tiragalo ya geology.

English : The man allegedly drove a three-wheeled vehicle armed with explosives into a crowd.

Northern Sotho : Go gononelwa go monna o otetše safatanaga ya maoto a mararo e hlamilwe ka dithuthupi go ya lešhabeng.

English : The man suspected of detonating the bomb was detained, after sustaining injuries from the blast.

Northern Sotho : Monna yo a gononelwago go ba thuthupišitše sethuthupi o tswerwe, ka morago ga go ba le dikgobalo go tšwa mothuthupong.

English : His name is still unknown to authorities, although they do know he is a member of the Uighur ethnic group.

Northern Sotho : Leina la gagwe ga sahla le tsebewa ke bamolao, le ge e le gore ba a tseba gore ke moleloko wa sehlopa sa setšo sa Uighur.

English : Nadia, born on September 17, 2007, by Cesarean section at a maternity clinic in Aleisk, Russia, weighed in at a massive 17 pounds 1 ounce.

Northern Sotho : Nadia, o belegwe ka Setemere ka la di 17, 2007, ka mokgwa wa go buiwa kliniking ya Aleisk, Russia, o kadile diponto tše 17 le ontshe ye 1 .

English : ¨We were all simply in shock,¨ the mother stated.

Northern Sotho : ¨Re be re tloga re tšhogile ka moka,¨ mma yoo a bolela.

English : When asked what the father said, she answered ¨He couldn´t say a thing - he just stood there blinking.¨

Northern Sotho : Ge a botšišwa gore papa o rileng, o arabile ¨O be a sa re selo - o be a no ema moo a ponyaponya.¨

English : ¨It´s going to behave like water. It´s transparent just the way water is.

Northern Sotho : E tlo itwara bjalo ka meetse. E a bonagala bjalo ka fao meetse a lego ka gona.

English : So if you were standing by the shoreline, you would be able to see down to whatever pebbles or gunk that was on the bottom.

Northern Sotho : Kafao ge o be o eme kgauswi le lebopo, o be o ka kgona go bona fase go ya mo go lego maswikana goba ditšhila tšeo di bego di le gona kua fase.

English : As far as we know, there is only one planetary body that displays more dynamism than Titan, and its name is Earth,¨ added Stofan.

Northern Sotho : Go ya le ka mo re tsebago ka gona, go na le mmele wa polanete wo tee fela wo o bontšago maatla a motheo go feta Titan, gomme leina la yona ke Lefase,¨ go okeditše Stofan.

English : The issue started on January 1st when dozens of local residents started complaining to the Obanazawa Post Office that they hadn´t received their traditional and regular New Year cards.

Northern Sotho : Taba e thomile ka Janawari 1 ge badudi ba bantši ba selegae ba thomile go balabalela go Kantoro ya Diromelwa ya Obanazawa gore ga sahla ba amogela dikarata tša bona tša setlogo le tša setlwaedi tša Ngwaga o Moswa.

English : Yesterday, the post office released their apology to citizens and the media after discovering that the boy had hidden more than 600 postal documents, including 429 New Year postcards, which weren´t delivered to their intended recipients.

Northern Sotho : Maabane, kantoro ya diromelwa e lokolotše kgopelo ya tshwarelo go badudi le ba ditaba ka morago ga go hwetša gore lesogane le be le khutišitše ditokomane tša go romelwa tša go feta 600, go akaretša le 429 ya di karata tša Ngwaga o Moswa, tšeo di sa ka go tša fehlišwa go ba amogedi ba maleba.

English : The unmanned lunar orbiter Chandrayaan-1 ejected its Moon Impact Probe (MIP), which hurtled across the surface of the Moon at 1.5 kilometres per second (3000 miles per hour), and successfully crash landed near the Moon´s south pole.

Northern Sotho : Modikologo wa go dula ga ngwedi woo o sa bolelwago ka leina Chandrayaan-1 o ntšhitše Moon Impact Probe (MIP) wa yona, wo o putlutlilego go tshelaganya bogodimo bja Ngwedi ka dikilomitara tše 1.5 seripa sa motsotso o mongwe le o mongwe (di mile tše 3000 ka iri yengwe le yengwe), gomme wa ema ka katlego kgauswi le pala ya borwa bja Ngwedi.

English : Besides carrying three important scientific instruments, the lunar probe also carried the image of the Indian national flag, painted on all sides.

Northern Sotho : Ka ntle ga go rwala di dirišwa tše tharo tše bohlokwa, nyakišišo ya lunar e rwele gape seswantšho sa folaga ya naga ya India, e pentilwe mahlakore ka moka.

English : ¨Thanks for those who supported a convict like me,¨ Siriporn was quoted as saying at a press conference.

Northern Sotho : ¨Ditebogo go bao ba thekgilego molatofatšwa wa go tswana le nna,¨ Siriporn o tsopotšwe a bolela se kopaneleong ya ditaba.

English : ¨Some may not agree but I don´t care.

Northern Sotho : Ba bangwe ba ka no se dumele efela ga ke na taba.

English : I am happy that there are people willing to support me.

Northern Sotho : Ke thabile gore go na le batho bao ba ikemišeditšego go nthekga.

English : Since Pakistani independence from British rule in 1947, the Pakistani President has appointed ¨Political Agents¨ to govern FATA, who exercise near-complete autonomous control over the areas.

Northern Sotho : Go tloga ka boikemo bja Pakistani go tšwa go taolo ya Britain ka 1947, Mopresedente wa Pakistani o kgethile ¨Baemedi ba Dipolotiki¨ go buša FATA, yeo e laetšago taolo ya go nyaka e ikeme mafelong ao.

English : These agents are responsible for providing government and judicial services under Article 247 of the Pakistani Constitution.

Northern Sotho : Baemedi ba ba na le maikarabelo a go abela ditirelo tša mmušo le molao ka fase ga Sengwalo 247 sa Molaotheo wa Pakistani.

English : A hostel collapsed in Mecca, the holy city of Islam at about 10 o´clock this morning local time.

Northern Sotho : Hosetele e phuhlame go la Mecca, motseng wo mokgethwa wa Islam ka iri ya 10 godimo ga hlogo mesong ka nako ya gae.

English : The building housed a number of pilgrims who came to visit the holy city at the eve of hajj pilgrimage.

Northern Sotho : Moago o tswere basepedi ba tša bodumedi bao ba tlilego go tla go etela motse o mokgethwa bošegong bja pele ga hajj pilgrimage.


English : The hostel´s guests were mostly citizens of the United Arab Emirates.

Northern Sotho : Baeng ba hostele e be e le bontši bja badudi ba United Arab Emirates.

English : The death toll is at least 15, a figure which is expected to rise.

Northern Sotho : Palomoka ya mahu e beilwe go 15, palo yeo e letetšwego go phagama.

English : Leonov, also known as ¨cosmonaut No. 11¨, was part of the Soviet Union´s original team of cosmonauts.

Northern Sotho : Leonov, yoo a tsebegago gape bjalo ka ¨cosmonaut No. 11¨, e be e le karolo ya sehlopha sa nnete sa Union ya Soviet ya di cosmonauts.

English : On March 18, 1965, he performed the first manned extravehicular activity (EVA), or ¨spacewalk¨, remaining alone outside the spacecraft for just over twelve minutes.

Northern Sotho : Ka di 18 Matšhe, 1965, o laeditše modiro wa senamelwa wa pele wa banna (EVA), goba ¨spacewalk¨, a šala a le tee ka ntle ga spacecraft go feta metsotso ye lesomepedi.

English : He received the ¨Hero of the Soviet Union¨, the Soviet Union´s highest honor, for his work.

Northern Sotho : O amogetše ¨Mogale wa Soviet Union¨, tlhotlo yeo e phagamego ya Soviet Union, bakeng sa mošomo wa gagwe.

English : Ten years later, he led the Soviet part of the Apollo–Soyuz mission symbolizing that the Space Race was over.

Northern Sotho : Mengwaga ye lesome ka morago, o etetše karolo ya Soviet ya morero wa Apollo-Soyuz go šupa gore Space Race se fedile.

English : She said, ¨There is no intelligence to suggest that an attack is expected imminently.

Northern Sotho : O rile, ¨Ga gona bohlale bja go šišinya gore hlaselo yeo e letetšwe go ya go ile.

English : However, the reduction of the threat level to severe does not mean the overall threat has gone away.¨

Northern Sotho : Le ge go le bjalo, go fokotšega ga tšhošetšo ya maemo go ya go bo šoro ga go bolele gore tšhošetšo ya kakaretšo e tlogile.¨

English : While authorities are unsure of the credibility of the threat, the Maryland Transportaion Authority made the closure with the urging of the FBI.

Northern Sotho : Le ge baemedi ba molao ba se na bonnet bja tšhošetšo, ba Molao wa Dinamelwa ba Maryland ba tswaletše ka kgapeletšo ya FBI.

English : Dump trucks were used to block tube entrances and assistance of 80 police were on hand to direct motorists to detours.

Northern Sotho : Ditheraka tša go rwala ditšhila di be di šomišwa go thiba mejako gomme thušo ya maphodisa a 80 e be e le gona go hlahla baotledi go ya tsejaneng.

English : There were no heavy traffic delays reported on the beltway, the city´s alternate route.

Northern Sotho : Gobe go se dipego tša moelo wo montši wa disafatanaga mmileng, tsela yengwe ya motse.

English : Nigeria previously announced it planned to join the AfCFTA in the week leading up to the summit.

Northern Sotho : Nigeria morago e tsebišitše gore e beakantše go tsenela AfCFTA bekeng ya go summit.

English : AU trade and industry commissioner Albert Muchanga announced Benin was to join.

Northern Sotho : Mokomišinara wa Bokgwebi le Intasteri ya AU Albert Muchanga o begile gore Benin e be e tlo go tsenela.

English : The commissioner said, ¨We haven´t yet agreed on rules of origin and tariff con[c]essions, but the framework we have is enough to start trading on July 1, 2020¨.

Northern Sotho : Mokomišina o rile, ¨Ga se satla re dumelelana ka melao ya ditefelo tša motšelo, efela sebopego seo bego le sona se lekane go thoma go gwebišana go thoma ka Julae 1, 2020¨.

English : The station maintained its attitude, despite the loss of a gyroscope earlier in the space station mission, until the end of the spacewalk.

Northern Sotho : Setiši se tšwetšepele ka maitswaro a sona, go sa kgathale tahlegelo ya gyroscopo peleng morerong wa setiši sa lefaufau, go fihla mafelelong a go sepela lefaufaung.

English : Chiao and Sharipov reported being a safe distance from the attitude adjustment thrusters.

Northern Sotho : Chiao le Sharipov di begilwe go ba kgole ka polokego le di-thruster tša peakanyo ya maemo.

English : Russian ground control activated the jets and normal attitude of the station was regained.

Northern Sotho : Bolaodi bja fase bja Russia bo thakgošitše difolaematšhene gomme maitswaro a go tlwaelega a setiši a ile a boela morago gape.

English : The case was prosecuted in Virginia because it is the home to the leading internet service provider AOL, the company who instigated the charges.

Northern Sotho : Molato o ahlotšwe Virginia ka lebaka la gore ke legae go moabi wa go etapele wa tirelo ya inthanete AOL, khamphane yeo e tlišitšego ditatofatšo.

English : This is the first time a conviction has been gained using the legislation enacted in 2003 to curb bulk e-mail, aka spam, from unsolicited distribution into users mailboxes.

Northern Sotho : Ke mathomo kahlolo e hweditšwego ka go šomiša lekgotlatheramolao wo o thakgotšwego ka 2003 go fokotša diimeile tše dintši, aka spam, gotšwa go baphatlalatši ba go se tsebege go ya ka gare ga mapokisi a bašomiši.

English : 21-year-old Jesus joined Manchester City last year in January 2017 from Brazilian club Palmeiras for a reported fee of £27 million.

Northern Sotho : Jesus wa mengwaga ye 21 o tsenetše sehlopa sa Manchester City ngwageng wa go feta ka Janawari 2017 go tšwa sehlopeng sa Brazilian club Palmeiras bakeng sa tšhelete ya go leka dimilion tšw £27.

English : Since then, the Brazilian has featured in 53 matches for the club in all competitions and has scored 24 goals.

Northern Sotho : Go tloga moo, Mabrazili a bile le dipapadi tše 53 tša sehlopa ka gare ga diphadišano ka moka gomme e nwešitše dintlha tše 24.

English : Dr. Lee also expressed his concern about reports that children in Turkey have now become infected with the A(H5N1) avian influenza virus without becoming ill.

Northern Sotho : Ngk. Lee le yena o ntšhitše maikutlo a gagwe ka dipego tša gore bana ka Turkey gabjale ba fetetše ke twatši ya mokhohlane wa avian wa A(H5N1) ntle le go lwala.

English : Some studies suggest that the disease must become less lethal before it can cause a global epidemic, he noted.

Northern Sotho : Dithuto tše dingwe di šišinya gore twatši e swanetše go okofala pele ga ge e ka hlola phulego ya bolwetše lefaseng ka bophara, o laeditše.

English : There is concern that patients may continue to infect more people by going through their daily routines if the flu symptoms remain mild.

Northern Sotho : Go na le ngongorego ya gore balwetši ba ka tšwela pele go fetetša batho ba bangwe ka mediro ya bona ya tlwaelo ya letšatši ge maswao a mpšhikela a ka dula a le gona.

English : Leslie Aun, a spokesperson for the Komen Foundation, said the organization adopted a new rule that does not allow grants or funding to be awarded to organizations that are under legal investigation.

Northern Sotho : Leslie Aun, seboleleldi sa Lekgotla la Komen, o boletše gore mokgahlo o tšere molao o moswa woo o sa dumelelego mphiwafela goba tefelelo gore e fiwe mekhalo yeo e lego ka fase ga ona yeo e lego ka fase ga nyakišišo ya molao.


English : Komen´s policy disqualified Planned Parenthood due to a pending investigation on how Planned Parenthood spends and reports its money that is being conducted by Representative Cliff Stearns.

Northern Sotho : Molaotshepedišo wa Komen o emišitše Botswadi bjoo bo beakantšwego ka lebaka la dinyakišišo tšeo di letetšwego mabapi le gore Botswadi bjoo bo Beakantšwego bo šomiša le go bega mašeleng a bjona bjang tšeo di dirwago ke Kemedi Cliff Stearns.

English : Stearns is investigating whether taxes are used to fund abortions through Planned Parenthood in his role as chairman of the Oversight and Investigations Subcommittee, which is under the umbrella of the House Energy and Commerce Committee.

Northern Sotho : Stearns o nyakišiša ge e ba di tax di šomišwa go lefela go ntša dimpa ka Planned Parenthood karolong ya gagwe bjalo ka modulasetulo wa Oversight and Investigation Subcommittee, yeo e lego ka fase ga kupetšo ya House Energy and Commerce Committee.

English : Former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney won the Florida Republican Party presidential primary election on Tuesday with over 46 percent of the vote.

Northern Sotho : Molaodi wa pele wa Massachusetts Mitt Romney o thopile dikgetho tša bopresedente bja Florida Republican Party ka Labobedi ka diperesente tša go feta 46.

English : Former U.S. Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich came in second with 32 percent.

Northern Sotho : Seboleledi sa pele sa U.S. sa Ntlo Newt Gingrich o bile wa bobedi ka diperesente tše 32.

English : As a winner-takes-all state, Florida awarded all fifty of its delegates to Romney, pushing him ahead as the front-runner for the Republican Party nomination.

Northern Sotho : Bjalo ka mofenyi wa go tšea ka moka, Florida e file baromelwa ba yona go Romney ka moka ba lesomehlano megopo, e mo kgoromeletša go ya go ba wa pele bakeng sa leina la go kgethwa bakeng sa Republican Party.

English : Organisers of the protest said about 100,000 people turned up in German cities such as Berlin, Cologne, Hamburg, and Hanover.

Northern Sotho : Babeakanyi ba mogwanto ba boletše gore batho ba 100,000 ba tlile ditoropong tša German bjalo ka Berlin, Cologne, Hamburg, le Hanover.

English : In Berlin, police estimated 6,500 protestors.

Northern Sotho : Go la Berlin, maphodisa a akanyetša bagwanti bao e ka bago ba 6,500.

English : Protests also took place in Paris, Sofia in Bulgaria, Vilnius in Lithuania, Valetta in Malta, Tallinn in Estonia, and Edinburgh and Glasgow in Scotland.

Northern Sotho : Megwanto e tšere karolo go la Paris, Sofia go la Bulgaria, Vilnius go la Lithuania, Valetta go la Malta, Tallin go la Estonia, le Edinburg le Glasgow go la Scotland.

English : In London, about 200 people protested outside some major copyright holders´ offices.

Northern Sotho : Go la London, batho bao ekabago ba 200 ba gwantile ka ntle ga diofese tša batsware ba bangwe ba bagolo ba ditokelo tša kgatišo.

English : Last month, there were major protests in Poland when that country signed ACTA, which has led to the Polish government deciding not to ratify the agreement, for now.

Northern Sotho : Kgwedi ya go feta, go be go na le megwanto ye megolo ka Poland ge naga yeo e saena ACTA, yeo e hlotešego gore mmušo wa Polish o tšee sephetho sa go se dumelele kwano, gabjale.

English : Latvia and Slovakia have both delayed the process of joining ACTA.

Northern Sotho : Latvia le Slovakia bobedi di ditetše tshepedišo ya go tsenela ACTA.

English : Animal Liberation and the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) are again calling for the mandatory installation of CCTV cameras in all Australian abattoirs.

Northern Sotho : Mokgahlo wa Thokologo le Bogoši bja Setšaba sa Diphoofolo bakeng sa go Thibela Bošoro go Diphoofolo (RSPCA) o ipiletša gape bakeng sa kgapeletšo ya go lokelwa ga di khamera tša CCTV mabenkeleng ka moka a go bua dinama go la Australia.

English : RSPCA New South Wales chief inspector David O´Shannessy told the ABC that surveillance and inspections of abattoirs should be commonplace in Australia.

Northern Sotho : Sepeketere se segolo sa RSPCA New South Wales David O´Shannessy o boditše ABC gore tebelelo le hlokomelo ya moo go bolayelwago diphoofolo e swanetše goba lefelo le tee go la Australia.

English : ¨The CCTV would certainly send a strong signal to those people working with animals that their welfare is of the highest priority.¨

Northern Sotho : ¨CCTV e ka tloga e romela molaetša wo maatla go batho bao ba šomago ka diphoofolo gore maphelo a bona ke ao a beilwego pelepele le go feta.¨

English : The United States Geological Survey international earthquake map showed no earthquakes in Iceland in the week prior.

Northern Sotho : Mmepe wa tšitšinyego ya lefase wa ditšhatšhaba wa United States Geological Survey o bontšitše gore ga go ditšitšinyego tša lefase go la Iceland beke pele ga moo.

English : The Icelandic Meteorological Office also reported no earthquake activity in the Hekla area in the past 48 hours.

Northern Sotho : Kantoro ya Icelandic Meteorological e begile ka tiragalo ya thuthumelo ya lefase lefelong la Hekla diiring tše 48 tša go feta.

English : The significant earthquake activity resulting in the phase change had took place on March 10 on the northeast side of the volcano´s summit caldera.

Northern Sotho : Tiragalo ya go bonagala ya tšhikinyego ya lefase ya go iša go phetogo ya lemanoga e diregile ka Matšhe 10 go la leboabohlabela thokong ga volcano´s summit caldera.

English : Dark clouds unrelated to any volcanic activity were reported at the base of the mountain.

Northern Sotho : Maru a maso a go se amane le tiragalo ya volcano a begilwe morumong wa thaba.

English : The clouds presented the potential for confusion as to whether an actual eruption had taken place.

Northern Sotho : Maru a tlišitše kgonagalo ya go se kwešiši ge e ba thakgolo ya nnete e diregile.

English : The Luno had 120–160 cubic metres of fuel aboard when it broke down and high winds and waves pushed it into the breakwater.

Northern Sotho : Luno e be e na le 120-160 ya di cubic mita tša makhura mošamawatle ge e robega gomme madimo a godimo le maphoto a e kgoromeletša go ya ka meetseng.

English : Helicopters rescued the twelve crewmembers and the only injury was a broken nose.

Northern Sotho : Dihilikhopta di phološitše maloko a sehlopa a lesomepedi gomme kgobadi ye tee fela e be e le go robega nko.

English : The 100-metre ship was en route to pick up its usual fertiliser cargo and initially officials feared the vessel could spill a load.

Northern Sotho : Sekepe sa dimitara tše-100 se be se le tseleng ya go ya go lata manyora a sona a ka mehla gomme mathomong bašomi ba be ba boifa gore sebjana se ka kgothola llouto.

English : The proposed amendment already passed both houses in 2011.

Northern Sotho : Mpšhafatšo ye e tšhišintšwego e šetše e fetile bodedi bja dintlo ka 2011.

English : A change was made this legislative session when the second sentence was deleted first by the House of Representatives and then was passed in a similar form by the Senate Monday.

Northern Sotho : Phetogo e dirilwe go lenaneo la lekgotlatheramelao ge kahlolo ya bobedi e phumulwa pele ke Ntlo ya Baemedi gomme ya fetišwa ka mokgwa wa go swana ke Ntlo ya Mošupulogo.

English : The failure of the second sentence, which proposes to ban same-sex civil unions, could possibly open the door for civil unions in the future.

Northern Sotho : Go palelwa ga kotlo ya bobedi, goo go šišinyang go thibela dikopanelo tša kwano tša bong bo tee, go ka tloga gwa bula mabati bakeng sa dikamano tša kwano bokamosong.


English : Following the process, HJR-3 will be reviewed again by the next elected legislature in either 2015 or 2016 to remain in process.

Northern Sotho : Ka morago ga tshepedišo, HJR-3 e tla lebelelwa leswa ke lekgotla-thera-molao leo le tlogo kgethwa ka 2015 goba 2016 go dula e le ka gare ga tshepedišo.

English : Vautier´s achievements outside of directing include a hunger strike in 1973 against what he viewed as political censorship.

Northern Sotho : Diphihlelelo tša Vautier kantle ga go laetša go akaretša go ngala dijo ka 1973 kgahlanong le seo a bego a se bona bjalo ka thibelo ya dipolotiki.

English : French law was changed. His activism went back to age 15 when he joined the French Resistance during World War II.

Northern Sotho : Molao wa France o fetogile. Bohlohleletši bja gagwe bo boetše morago mengwageng ye 15 ge a be a tsenela Kganetšo ya France nakong ya World War II.

English : He documented himself in a 1998 book.

Northern Sotho : O ingwadile ka gare ga puku ka 1998.

English : In the 1960s he headed back to newly-independent Algeria to teach film directing.

Northern Sotho : Ka bo 1960 o boetše morago go Algeria ye mfsa ya go ikemela go ya go ruta go laela difiliming.

English : Japanese judoka Hitoshi Saito, winner of two Olympic gold medals, has died at the age of 54.

Northern Sotho : judoka Hitoshi Saito wa Japan, mothopasefoka wa medal ye mebedi ya gauta ya Mabelo, o hlokofetše ka mengwaga ye 54.

English : The cause of death was announced as intrahepatic bile duct cancer.

Northern Sotho : Hlolo ya lehu e tsebešitšwe bjalo ka kankere ya diphaepe tša santlhoko le sebudula. .

English : He died in Osaka on Tuesday.

Northern Sotho : O hlokofaletše Osaka ka Labobedi.

English : As well as a former Olympic and World champion, Saito was the All Japan Judo Federation training committee chairman at the time of his death.

Northern Sotho : Le go ba nkgwete ya pele ya Olympic le Lefase, Saito e be e le modulasetulo ya komiti ya thutišo ya All Japan Federation ka nako ya lehu la gagwe.

English : At least 100 people had attended the party, in order to celebrate the first anniversary of a couple whose wedding was held last year.

Northern Sotho : Bonnyane bja batho ba 100 ba bile gona moketeng, go keteka keteko ya ngwaga ya mathomo ya baratani bao lenyalo la bona le tswerwego ngwagola.

English : A formal anniversary event was scheduled for a later date, officials said.

Northern Sotho : Moletlo wa semmušo wa ngwaga o beilwe bakeng sa letšatšikgwedi la morago, bašomi ba boletše bjalo.

English : The couple had married in Texas one year ago and came to Buffalo to celebrate with friends and relatives.

Northern Sotho : Baratani ba nyalane Texas ngwaga o tee wa go feta gomme ba tlile Buffalo go keteka le bagwera le meloko.

English : The 30-year-old husband, who was born in Buffalo, was one of the four killed in the shooting, but his wife was not hurt.

Northern Sotho : Molekani wa mengwaga ye 30, wo a belegetšweng Buffalo, e be e le o mongwe wa ba bane ba go bolawa thuntšanong, efela mosadi wa gagwe ga se a gobalo.

English : Karno is a well-known but controversial English tutor who taught under Modern Education and King´s Glory who claimed to have 9,000 students at the peak of his career.

Northern Sotho : Karno ke motsebalegi efela mohlahli wa English yoo a rutilego ka fase ga Thuto ya Sebjalobjalo le King´s Glory yoo a rilego o na le baithuti ba 9,000 thutong ya gagwe.

English : In his notes he used words which some parents considered coarse, and he reportedly used profanity in class.

Northern Sotho : Ka gare ga dintlha tšeo a di šomišitšego o dirišitše mantšu a mangwe ao batswadi ba a tšerego bjalo ka maroga, gomme o begwa a šomiša mahlapa ka phaphušing.

English : Modern Education accused him of printing large advertisements on buses without authorisation and lying by saying that he was the chief English tutor.

Northern Sotho : Thuto ya Bjale e mo latofatša ka go gatiša dipapatši tše dikgolo ka dipese ntle le tumelelo le go bolela maaka ka gore o be a le morutišimogolo wa English.

English : He has also been accused previously of copyright infringement, but was not charged.

Northern Sotho : O kile a latofatša peleng ka go utšwa ditokelo tša kgathišo, efela a se a pharwa ka molato.

English : A former student said that he ´used slang in class, taught dating skills in notes, and was just like the students´ friend.´

Northern Sotho : Moithuti wa pele o rile o ´dirišitše leleme la tseleng ka phaphušing, a rutha makgoni a dintlha tša go ratana, gomme e be e le mogwera wa moithuti fela.´

English : During the last three decades, despite officially remaining a communist state, China has developed a market economy.

Northern Sotho : Mengwageng ye masometharo yeo e fetilego, go sa lebelelwe go dula e le naga ya bokomonisi, China e dirile ekonomi ya maraka.

English : The first economic reforms were made under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping.

Northern Sotho : Dikopanelo tša mathomo tša ekonomi di dirilwe ka fase ga boetapele bja Deng Xiaoping.

English : Since then, China´s economic size has grown by 90 times.

Northern Sotho : Go tloga moo, saese ya ekonomi ya China e gotše makga a 90.

English : For the first time, last year China exported more cars than Germany and surpassed the United States as the biggest market for this industry.

Northern Sotho : Bakeng sa nako ya mathomo, ngwaga wa go feta China e rometše disafatanaga tše dintši go feta Germany gomme ya feta United States bjalo ka mmaraka o mogolo bakeng sa intasetere ye.

English : China´s GDP could be larger than the United States within two decades.

Northern Sotho : GDP ya China e ka feta ya United States mengwageng yeo e fetago mengwagangwaga ye masomepedi.

English : Tropical Storm Danielle, fourth named storm of the 2010 Atlantic hurricane season, has formed in the eastern Atlantic Ocean.

Northern Sotho : Pula ya ledimo Danielle, pula ya ledimo la bone yeo e boletšwego ya sehla sa pula ya matlakadibe sa Atlantic sa 2010, e bopegile go la bohlabela bja Lewatle la Atlantic.

English : The storm, located approximately 3,000 miles from Miami, Florida, has maximum sustained winds of 40 mph (64 kph).

Northern Sotho : Ledimo, le lego bokgole bjo e ka bago di mile tše 3000 go tšwa Miami, Florida, le na le memoya ya 40 mph (64 kph).


English : Scientists at the National Hurricane Center predict that Danielle will strengthen to a hurricane by Wednesday.

Northern Sotho : Borasaentshego la National Hurrican Center ba laodiša gore Danielle e tla matlafala go ya go ba ledimo la pula ya matlakadibe ka Laboraro.

English : As the storm is far from landfall, it remains difficult to assess potential impact to the United States or Caribbean.

Northern Sotho : Bjale ka ge ledimo le le kgole le go wela fase, go dula go le thata go lekola tshenyo ye e ka bago gona go United States goba Caribbean.

English : Born in the Croatian capital, Zagreb, Bobek gained fame while playing for Partizan Belgrade.

Northern Sotho : O belegwe toropokgolo ya Croatia, Zagreb, Bobek o thomile go tuma ge a e be a ralokela Partizan Belgrade.

English : He joined them in 1945 and stayed until 1958.

Northern Sotho : O bile le bona ka 1945 gomme a dula go fihla ka 1958.

English : During his time with the team, he scored 403 goals in 468 appearances.

Northern Sotho : Ka nako ye le sehlopha, o nwešitše dino tše 403 diponagalong tše 468.

English : No one else has ever made more appearances or scored more goals for the club than Bobek.

Northern Sotho : Ga go yo mongwe yoo a ilego a tšwelela kudu goba a nweša dintlha tše dintši tša sehlopha go feta Bobek.

English : In 1995 he was voted the best player in Partizan´s history.

Northern Sotho : Ka 1995 o boutetšwe bjalo ka sebapadi se hlwahlwa historing ya Partizan.

English : The celebrations started with a special show by the world-renowned group Cirque du Soleil.

Northern Sotho : Meketeko e thomile ka lenaneo la makgethe ka sehlopa sa go tsebega lefaseng sa Cirque du Soleil.

English : It was followed by the Istanbul State Symphony Orchestra, a Janissary band, and the singers Fatih Erkoç and Müslüm Gürses.

Northern Sotho : E latetšwe ke Otšhestra ya Symphony ya Naga ya Instanbul, sehlopha sa Janissary, le diopedi Fatih Erkoç le Müslüm Gürses.

English : Then Whirling Dervishes took to the stage.

Northern Sotho : Ka morago di Whirling Dervishes di nametše sefala.

English : Turkish diva Sezen Aksu performed with the Italian tenor Alessandro Safina and Greek singer Haris Alexiou.

Northern Sotho : Setsebalegi sa mosadi sa Turkey Sezen Aksu se diragaditše le seopedi sa thena sa moItaliana Alessandro Safina le seopedi sa Greek Haris Alexiou.

English : To finish, Turkish dance group Fire of Anatolia performed the show ¨Troy¨.

Northern Sotho : Go fetša, sehlopa sa go bina sa Turky Fire of Anatolia se dirile papadi ya ¨Troy¨.

English : Peter Lenz, a 13-year-old motorcycle racer, has died after being involved in a crash at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.

Northern Sotho : Peter Lenz, mootledi wa sethuthutu wa mengwaga ye 13, o hlokofetše ka morago ga go amega thulanong go la Indianapolis Motor Speedway.

English : While on his warm-up lap, Lenz fell off his bike, and was then struck by fellow racer Xavier Zayat.

Northern Sotho : Ge a be a le a sa ke tutetša, Lenz a wa sethuthung sa gagwe, gomme a thulwa ke yoo a bego a phadišana le yena Xavier Zayat.

English : He was immediately attended to by the on-track medical staff and transported to a local hospital where he later died.

Northern Sotho : O hlaganetšwe ke bašomi ba tša maphelo bao ba bego ba le gona gomme a romelwa bookelong bja kgauswi moo a ilego a hlokofala.

English : Zayat was unhurt in the accident.

Northern Sotho : Zayat o be a sa gobala ka gare ga kotsi.

English : Regarding the global financial situation, Zapatero continued by saying that ¨the financial system is a part of the economy, a crucial part.

Northern Sotho : Ka taba ya mamemo a tša ditšhelete a lefase, Zapatero o tšwetšepele ka gore ¨tshepedišo ya ditšhelete ke karolo ya ekonomi, karolo ye bohlokwa kudu.

English : We have a year-long financial crisis, which has had its most acute moment in the past two months, and I think now the financial markets are beginning to recover.¨

Northern Sotho : Re na le mathata a ditšhelete ya go leka ngwaga, ao a bilego le nako ya wona ye šoro kudu dingweding tše pedi tša go feta, gomme ke nagana gore gabjale mebaraka ya ditšhelete e thoma go kaonafala.¨

English : Last week, Naked News announced that it would dramatically increase its international language mandate to news reporting, with three new broadcasts.

Northern Sotho : Beke ya go feta, Naked News e tsebišitše gore e tla oketša molao wa yona wa polelo ya boditšhabatšhaba kudu go pego ya ditaba ka diphatlalatšo tše diswa tše tharo.

English : Already reporting in English and Japanese, the global organization is launching Spanish, Italian, and Korean-language programs, for television, the web, and mobile devices.

Northern Sotho : Go šetše go begwa ka Seisemane le Sejapane, lekgotla la lefase le thomiša mananeo a leleme la Spanish, Italian, le Korean, bakeng sa telebišene, wepe, le di dirišwa tša megala.

English : ¨Luckily nothing happened to me, but I saw a macabre scene, as people tried to break windows in order to get out.

Northern Sotho : Ka mahlatse ga go seo se ndiragetšego, efela ke bone tiragalo ya go tšhoša kudu, ge batho ba leka go thuba mafesetere gore ba kgone go tšwa.

English : People were hitting the panes with chairs, but the windows were unbreakable.

Northern Sotho : Batho ba be ba betha ditšhipi tša mafesetere ka ditulo, efela mafesetere a be a sa thubege.

English : One of the panes finally broke, and they started to get out by the window,¨ said survivor Franciszek Kowal.

Northern Sotho : Ye tee ya di pheini e robegile, gomme di thomile go tšwa ka lefesetere,¨ go boletše mophologi Franciszek Kowal.

English : Stars give off light and heat because of the energy made when hydrogen atoms are merged (or fused) together to form heavier elements.

Northern Sotho : Dinaledi di abelana ka seetša le phišo ka lebaka la maatla ao a dirwago ge hydrogen atoms di kopana (go dihlakana) mmogo go dira dielemente tša moimaima.

English : Scientists are working to create a reactor that can make energy in the same way.

Northern Sotho : Borasaentsheba šomana le go hlola searabela seo se ka kgonago go dira maatla ka tsela ya go tswana.


English : This, however, is a very hard problem to solve and will take many years before we see useful fusion reactors built.

Northern Sotho : Se, efela, ke bothata bjo bothata go bo rarolla gomme go tla tšea mengwaga pele re bona dikarabelo tša moholo di agwa.

English : The steel needle floats on top of the water because of surface tension.

Northern Sotho : Nalete ya tšhipi e papametše ka godimo ga meetse ka lebaka la kgohlaganyo ya ka godimo.

English : Surface tension happens because the water molecules at the surface of the water are strongly attracted to each other more than they are to the air molecules above them.

Northern Sotho : Dikgohlano tša bogodimo di direga ka lebaka la gore di molecule tša meetse ka godimo ga meetse di na le bogogedi bja maatla ka botšona go feta ka moo di lego ka gona go di molecule tša moyeng ka godimo ga tšona.

English : The water molecules make an invisible skin on the water's surface that allows things like the needle to float on top of the water.

Northern Sotho : Di molecules tša meetse di ka dira gore letlalo la go se bonagale godimo ga meetse tšeo di dumelelago dilo tša go tswana le nalete go phaphamala ka godimo ga meetse.

English : The blade on a modern ice skate has a double edge with a concave hollow between them. The two edges allow for a better grasp of the ice, even when tilted.

Northern Sotho : Legare godimo ga ice skate ya sebjalebjale le na le bomathoko go go bedi ga go ba le monga gare ga wona. Mathoko a a mabedi a dumelela bakeng sa go kgomarela aese ka tsela ye kaone, le ge a tšhekame.

English : Because the bottom of the blade is slightly curved, as the blade tilts to one side or the other, the edge which is in contact with the ice also curves.

Northern Sotho : ka lebaka la gore bofase bja legare bo kobegile ga nnyane, bjale ka ge legare le eya ka lehlakoreng le tee goba le lengwe, mafelelo ao a kgomanego le aese le wo a kobega.

English : This causes the skater to turn. If the skates tilt to the right, the skater turns right, if the skates tilt to the left, the skater turns left.

Northern Sotho : Se se dira gore skater se retologe. Ge eba di skate di ka šutela ka letsogong la go ja, skater se sokologela ka letsogong la go ja, ge di skate di ka šutela ka letsogong la ngele, skater se sokologela ka letsogong la ngele.

English : To return to their previous energy level, they must get rid of the extra energy they got from the light.

Northern Sotho : Go boele maemong a tšona a mafolofolo a morago, di swanetše di tloše mafolofolo a tlaleletšo ao di a hweditšego go tšwa seetšeng.

English : They do this by emitting a tiny particle of light called a ¨photon¨.

Northern Sotho : Di dira se ka go ntša karolwana ye nnyane ya seetša ya go bitšwa ¨photon¨.

English : Scientists call this process ¨stimulated emission of radiation¨ because the atoms are stimulated by the bright light, causing the emission of a photon of light, and light is a type of radiation.

Northern Sotho : Borasaentsheba betša tshepeditšo ye ¨phatlalatšo yeo e tutueditšwego ya mahlasedi¨ ka lebaka la gore di atoms di tutueditšwe ke seetša sa go phadima, e dira gore phatlalatšo ya seetša sa photon, gomme seetša ke mohuta wa mahlasedi.

English : The next picture shows the atoms emitting photons. Of course, in reality photons are a lot smaller than those in the picture.

Northern Sotho : seswantšho se se latelago se bontša di atoms di ntša di photons. Ee, nneteng di photon di tloga e le tše nnyane go feta tšeo di lego godimo ga seswantšho.

English : Photons are even smaller than the stuff that makes up atoms!

Northern Sotho : Diphotons di tloga e le tše dinnyane go feta dilo tšeo di dirago di atoms!

English : After hundreds of hours of operation the filament in the bulb eventually burns out and the light bulb no longer works.

Northern Sotho : Ka morago ga diiri tše makgolokgolo tša go šoma dithapšana tša ka gare ga lebone dia swa gomme lebone la sehlwe le šoma.

English : The light bulb then needs replacing. It is necessary to be careful in replacing the light bulb.

Northern Sotho : Lebone le hloka go tšhentšwa. Go bohlokwa go hlokomela ka go tšhentša lebone.

English : First, the switch for the light fixture needs to be turned off or the cable disconnected.

Northern Sotho : Sa pele, selo sa go thima lebone se swanetše se thimiwe goba thapo e kgaulwe.

English : This is because electricity flowing into the socket where the metallic part of bulb sits can give you a severe electric shock if you touch the inside of the socket or the metal base of the bulb while it is still partly in the socket.

Northern Sotho : Se ke ka lebaka la gore mohlagase wa go elela go ya ka gare ga sokete moo karolo ya tšhipi ya lebole e dulago go ka fa lešhoko la mohlagase le šoro ge o ka kgoma ka gare ga sokete goba motheo wa tšhipi wa lebone mola e sale gannyane ka gare ga sokete.

English : The major organ of the circulatory system is the heart, which pumps the blood.

Northern Sotho : Setho se golo ga tshepedišo ya madi ke pelo, yeo e pompago madi.

English : Blood goes away from the heart in tubes called arteries and comes back to the heart in tubes called veins. The smallest tubes are called capillaries.

Northern Sotho : madi a tloga go tšwa ka pelong ka metapo yeo e bitšwago di arteries gomme a boela morago ka pelong ka metapo yeo e bitšwago mašika. Metapo ye mennyanenyane e bitšwa capillaries.

English : A triceratops´ teeth would have been able to crush not only leaves but even very tough branches and roots.

Northern Sotho : Meno a triceratops a be a ka kgona go kgatla e seng go matlakala fela efela le makala a go tatafa kudu le medu.

English : Some scientists think Triceratops ate cycads, which are a type of plant that was common in the Cretaceous.

Northern Sotho : Borasaentsheba bangwe banagana gore di Triceratops di jele cycads, tšeo e lego mehuta ya semela seo e tlwalegilego go la Cretaceous.

English : These plants look like a small palm tree with a crown of sharp, spiky leaves.

Northern Sotho : Dimela tše di lebelelega bjalo ka mohlare o monnyane wa mo palm ka ntlhora ya mphaphahlogo, le matlakala a go phadimela.

English : A Triceratops could have used its strong beak to strip off the leaves before eating the trunk.

Northern Sotho : Triceratops e ka ba e šomišitše molomo wa yona wa go kgwahla go ngwata matlakala pele ga go ja kutu.

English : Other scientists argue that these plants are very poisonous so it is unlikely that any dinosaur ate them, even though today the sloth and other animals like the parrot (a descendant of the dinosaurs) can eat poisonous leaves or fruit.

Northern Sotho : Boramahlale ba bangwe ba bolela gore dimela tše di kotsi kudu ka mpholo ka fao ga go tshepagale gore di dinosaur di di jele, le ge lehono sloth le diphoofolo tše dingwe bjalo ka parrot (tšeo di tšwago go di dinosaurs) di ka ja matlakala a go ba le mpholo goba dienywa.

English : How would Io´s gravity pull on me? If you stood on the surface of Io, you would weigh less than you do on Earth.

Northern Sotho : Naa maatlakgogedi a lo a ka nkgoga bjang? Ge o ka ema bogodimong bja lo, o ka kala bonnyane go feta lefaseng.

English : A person who weighs 200 pounds (90kg) on Earth would weigh about 36 pounds (16kg) on Io. So the gravity, of course, pulls less on you.

Northern Sotho : Motho wa go kala dipaounte tše 200 (90kg) mo Lefaseng a ka kala tekano ya dipaounte tše 36 (16kg) go lo. Bjale matlakgogedi, ee, a goga bonnyane go wena.


English : The Sun doesn´t have a crust like the Earth that you can stand on. The whole Sun is made out of gases, fire, and plasma.

Northern Sotho : Letšatši ga le na legogo bjalo ka Lefase leo o ka kgonago go ema godimo ga lona. Letšatši le dirilwe ka dikgase, mollo, le plasma.

English : The gas becomes thinner as you go farther from the center of the Sun.

Northern Sotho : Moya o wa sesefala ge o subelela go tšwa bogareng bja Letšatši.

English : The outer-part we see when we look at the Sun is called the photosphere, which means ¨ball of light¨.

Northern Sotho : Karolo ya kantlentle yeo re e bonago ge re lebelela Letšatši e bitšwa photosphere, yeo e e ra gore ¨bolo ya seetša¨.

English : About three thousand years later, in 1610, Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei used a telescope to observe that Venus has phases, just as the moon does.

Northern Sotho : Ka morago ga mengwaga ye e ka bago ye diteke tše tharo, ka 1610, setsebi sa dinaledi sa mo-Italy Galileo Galilei o šomišitše teleskope go lebelela gore Venus e la le ma manoga, bjalo ka ge ngwedi o na le wona.

English : Phases happen because only the side of Venus (or of the Moon) facing the Sun is lighted. The phases of Venus supported the theory of Copernicus that the planets go around the Sun.

Northern Sotho : Mamanoga a direga ka le baka la gore fela lehlakore la Venus (goba la Ngwedi) la go lebana le Letšatši le laetilwe. Mamanoga a Venus a thekgile theory ya Copernicus ya gore dipolanete di dukuloga lefase.

English : Then, a few years later in 1639, an English astronomer named Jeremiah Horrocks observed a transit of Venus.

Northern Sotho : Bjale, mengwaga ye mmalwa ka morago ka 1639, radinaledi wa Moismane wa go bitšwa Jeremiah Horrocks o bone tshepelo ya Venus.

English : England had experienced a long period of peace after the reconquest of the Danelaw.

Northern Sotho : England e itemogetše lebaka le letelele la khutšo morago ga poetšo ya Danelaw.

English : However in 991 Ethelred was faced with a Viking fleet larger than any since Guthrum´s a century earlier.

Northern Sotho : Efela ka 991 Ethelred o lebane le Borantwa ba Dikepe tše ntšintši go feta mola go tloga pele ga ngwakgolo wa Guthrum.

English : This fleet was led by Olaf Trygvasson, a Norwegian with ambitions to reclaim his country from Danish domination.

Northern Sotho : Madira a a be a etilwe pele ke Olaf Trygvasson, mo-Norwegian wa dikganyogo tša go tšea morago naga ya gagwe go pušo ya Danish.

English : After initial military setbacks, Ethelred was able to agree to terms with Olaf, who returned to Norway to try to gain his kingdom with mixed success.

Northern Sotho : Ka morago ga ditšhitišo tša sešole, Ethelred o ile a kgona go dumelelana le dipeelano le Olaf, woo a boetšego Norway go ya go leka go hwetša mmušo wa gagwe ka katlego yeo e hlakantšwego.

English : Hangeul is the only purposely invented alphabet in popular daily use. The alphabet was invented in 1444 during the reign of King Sejong (1418 – 1450).

Northern Sotho : Hangeul ke leletere leo le hlotšwego ka morero leo le tumulego ka go dirišwa letšatši ka letšatši. Leletere le hlotšwe ka 1444 ka nako ya pušo ya Kgoši Sejong (1418-1450).

English : King Sejong was the fourth king of the Joseon Dynasty and is one of the most highly regarded.

Northern Sotho : Kgoši Sejong e be e le kgoši ya bone ya Bogoši bja Joseon gape ke o mongwe wa bao ba kgethegago kudu.

English : He originally named the Hangeul alphabet Hunmin Jeongeum, which means ¨the correct sounds for the instruction of the people¨.

Northern Sotho : Go tloga mathomong o theile leletere la Hangeul gore ke Hunmin Jeongeum, yeo e bolelago gore ¨modumo wa nnete bakeng sa taelo ya batho¨.

English : There are many theories to how Sanskrit came into existence. One of them is about an Aryan migration from the west into India who brought their language with them.

Northern Sotho : Gona le di theory tše dintši tša gore se-Sanskrit se bile gona bjang. yengwe ya tšona ke ka moo bafaladi ba ma-Aryan go tšwa bodikela go ya India ba tlilego le leleme la bona.

English : Sanskrit is an ancient language and is comparable to the Latin language spoken in Europe.

Northern Sotho : Sanskrit ke leleme la kgalekgale gomme le bapetšega le leleme la se-Latin la go bolelwa Yuropa.

English : The earliest known book in the world was written in Sanskrit. After the compilation of Upanishads, Sanskrit just faded due to hierarchy.

Northern Sotho : Puku ya go ngwalwa pelepele lefaseng yeo e tsebegago e ngwadilwe ka se-Sanskrit. Ka morago ga kgoboketšo ya Upanishads, se-Sanskrit se ile sa hwelela ka baka la lenaneo la go ya godimo.

English : Sanskrit is a very complex and rich language, which has served to be the source for many modern Indian languages, just like Latin is the source for European languages like French and Spanish.

Northern Sotho : Sanskrit ke polelo ya go hlakhlakana ya go topela, yeo e hlanketšego goba mothopo bakeng sa maleme a mantši a sebjalebjale a India, bjalo ka ge se-Latin e le mothopo bakeng sa maleme a mantši a Yuropa go tswana le se-French le se-Spanish.

English : With the battle for France over, Germany began to get ready to invade the island of Britain.

Northern Sotho : Ka go fela ga ntwa ya go lwela France, Germany e thomile go eithokišetša go hlasela dihlakahlaka tša Britain.

English : Germany code-named the attack "Operation Sealion". Most of the British Army´s heavy weapons and supplies had been lost when it evacuated from Dunkirk, so the army was fairly weak.

Northern Sotho : Germany e theeile hlaselo ¨Operation sealion¨. Bontši bja dibetša tša boima tša Mašole a Britain le diabelwa tša bona di be di timetše ge ba be ba huduga go tšwa Dunkirk, ka fao bošole bo be bo fokola kudu.

English : But the Royal Navy was still much stronger than the German Navy ("Kriegsmarine") and could have destroyed any invasion fleet sent across the English Channel.

Northern Sotho : Efela Madira a Bogoši a be a sa tiile kudu go feta Madira a German ("Kriegsmarine") gape gomme a ka be a hlahlamolotše sehlopha se sengwe le se sengwe sa hlaselo seo se rometšwego go lefelo la English.

English : However, very few Royal Navy ships were based near the likely invasion routes as the admirals were afraid they would be sunk by German air attack.

Northern Sotho : Efela, ke dikepe tše di nnyane kudu tša Bošole bja ka Meetseng bja Mošate tšeo di bego di beilwe kgauswi le ditsela tša hlaselo ka ge ba bagolo ba mašole ao a ka meetseng ba be ba tšhogile gore ba ka nweletšwa ke hlaselo ya lefaufau ya Germany.

English : Let´s start with an explanation about Italy´s plans. Italy was mainly the ¨little brother¨ of Germany and Japan.

Northern Sotho : A re thomeng ka tlhalošo ya mabapi le maano a Ithali. Ithali e be e le ¨moratho¨ wa Jeremane le Japane.

English : It had a weaker army and a weaker navy, although they had just built four new ships right before the beginning of the war.

Northern Sotho : E be e na le mašole a bokowa le mašole a meetseng a bokowa, le ge ba be ba sa tšwa go aga dikepe tše diswa pele ga go thoma ga ntwa.

English : Italy´s main goals were African countries. To capture those countries, they would need to have a troop launching pad, so as troops could sail across the Mediterranean Sea and invade Africa.

Northern Sotho : Dinepo tše kgolo tša Italy e be e le dinaga tša Afrika. Go thopa dinaga tšeo, ba be ba tlo hloka go ba le hlomamišo ya madira, gore madira a kgone go selaganya Lewatle la Meuterranean gomme a šwahlele Afrika.

English : For that, they had to get rid of British bases and ships in Egypt. Besides those actions, Italy´s battleships were not supposed to do anything else.

Northern Sotho : Ka seo, ba ile ba tswanela ke go tloša metheo ya Britain le dikepe go la Egypt. Ka ntle le ditiragatšo tšeo, dikepe tša ntwa tša Italy di be di sa swanela go dira se sengwe gape.


English : Now for Japan. Japan was an island country, just like Britain.

Northern Sotho : Gabjale go Japan. Japan e be ele naga ya sehlakahlake, bjalo ka Britain.

English : Submarines are ships designed to travel underwater, and remain there for an extended amount of time.

Northern Sotho : Dikepe tša ka fase ga meetse ke dikepe tšeo di diretšwego go sepela ka fase ga meeste, gomme di dule fao bakeng sa lebaka le letelele.

English : Submarines were used in World War I and World War II. Back then they were very slow and had a very limited shooting range.

Northern Sotho : Dikepe tša ka fase ga meetse di šomišitšwe ka gare ga Ntwa ya Lefase ya I le Ntwa ya Lefase ya II. Kua morago di be di nanya kudu gomme di thuntšetša kgauswi.

English : In the beginning of the war they mostly travelled on top of the sea, but as radar began developing and becoming more accurate the submarines were forced to go under water to avoid being seen.

Northern Sotho : Mathomong a ntwa ba be ba sepelela kudu go ya bogodimo bja lewatl, efela ge radar e thoma go tšwelapele gomme e thoma go nepathwii dikepe tša ka fase ga meetse di gapeletšegile go ya ka fase ga meetse go efoga go bonwa.

English : German submarines were called U-Boats. The Germans were very good at navigating and operating their submarines.

Northern Sotho : Dikepe tša ka fase ga meetse tša Germany di be di bitšwa U-Boats. Ma-Germany a be a tloga a kgona go sepediša le go šomiša dikepe tša bona tša ka fase ga meetse.

English : Because of their success with submarines, after the war Germans aren´t trusted to have many of them.

Northern Sotho : Ka lebaka la go atlega ga bona ka dikepe tša ka fase ga meetse, ka morago ga ntwa ga go tshepšwe ge e ba maJeremane a sa na le tše ntšhi.

English : Yes! King Tutankhamun, sometimes referred to as ¨King Tut¨ or ¨The Boy King¨, is one of the most well known ancient Egyptian kings in modern times.

Northern Sotho : Ee! Kgoši Tutankhamun, nako tše dingwe o bitšwa bjalo ka ¨Kgoši Tut¨ goba ¨Kgoši ya Lesogana¨, ke wo mongwe wa dikgotši tša kgale tša go tsebalega tša Egypt dinako tša sebjalebjale.

English : Interestingly, he was not considered to be very important in ancient times and was not recorded on most ancient king lists.

Northern Sotho : Sa go makatša, o be a sa tšerwe go ba o bohlokwa ka nako tša kgale gomme o be a sa rekotiwa ka gare ga malokelelo a mantši a dikgoši.

English : However, the discovery of his tomb in 1922 made him a celebrity. While many tombs of the past were robbed, this tomb was left virtually undisturbed.

Northern Sotho : Efela, go hwetšagala ga lebitla la gagwe ka 1922 go mo dirile setsebalegi. Mola mabitla a mantši a kgale a utswetšwe, lebitla le le tlogetšwe le sa tshwenywa le ga tee.

English : Most of the items buried with Tutankhamun have been well preserved, including thousands of artefacts made from precious metals and rare stones.

Northern Sotho : Bontši bja dilo tšeo di bolokilwego le Tutankhamun di bolokilwe gabotse, go akaretšwa dikete tša didirwa tšeo di dirilwego ka metato ye mebotse le maswika a go se hwetšagale.

English : The invention of spoke wheels made Assyrian chariots lighter, faster, and better prepared to outrun soldiers and other chariots.

Northern Sotho : Hlolo ya maotwana e dirile dikariki tša Assyria gore di be bofefo, tša lebelo, le go itukišetša bokaone go tšabela mašole le dikariki tše dingwe.

English : Arrows from their deadly crossbows could penetrate the armor of rival soldiers. About 1000 B.C., the Assyrians introduced the first cavalry.

Northern Sotho : Mesebo go tšwa go bora ba bona e be e ka phunyeletša tlhamo ya mašole a manaba. Ka bo 1000 B.C., ma Assyria a tsebišitše banamedi ba dipitsi ba mathomo.

English : A cavalry is an army that fights on horseback. The saddle had not yet been invented, so the Assyrian cavalry fought on the bare backs of their horses.

Northern Sotho : Banamedi ba dipere ke sešole seo se lwago se nametše dipere. Sala e be e sešo ya dirwa, kafao banamedi ba dipere ba ntwa ba Assyria ba lwele ba le godimo ga mekokotlo ya dipere tša bona e se a apešwa selo.

English : We know many Greek politicians, scientists, and artists. Possibly the most known person of this culture is Homer, the legendary blind poet, who composed two masterpieces of Greek literature: the poems Iliad and Odyssey.

Northern Sotho : re tseba boradipolotiki, ramahlale, le dibine tše ntši tša Greek. Kgonagalo ya go ba motho wa go tsebaga kudu ka setšo se ke Homer, seriti sa mehleng sa sefofu, wo a beakantšego dikarolo tše pedi tša mmakgonthe tša dingwalwa: direto Iliad le Odyssey.

English : Sophocles and Aristophanes are still popular playwrights and their plays are considered to be among the greatest works of world literature.

Northern Sotho : DI Sophocles le di Aristophanes e sa le dingwalwa tšeo sa tumilego gomme dipapadi tša tšona di tšeiwa bjalo ka tša goba magareng ga mešomo ye mebotsebotse ya lefase la literature.

English : Another famous Greek is a mathematician Pythagoras, mostly known for his famous theorem about relations of the sides of right triangles.

Northern Sotho : O mongwe wa tuma wa mo Greek ke radipalo Pythagoras, kudu o tsebega bakeng sa theorem ya gagwe ya go tuma ya dikamano tša mahlakore a nngele a dikhutlo-tharo.

English : There are varying estimates for how many people speak Hindi. It is estimated to be between the second and fourth most commonly spoken language in the world.

Northern Sotho : Gona le ditekano tša go fapafapana ka palo ya batho bao ba bolelago seHindi. Go balelwa gore e ka ba magereng ga leleme la bobedi le labone leo le bolelwago kudu mo lefaseng.

English : The number of native speakers varies depending on whether or not very closely related dialects are counted.

Northern Sotho : Palo ya diboledi tša maleme a setlogo e fapana go ya ka gore mebolelwana ya go batamelana e badilwe goba aowa na.

English : Estimates range from 340 million to 500 million speakers, and as many as 800 million people can understand the language.

Northern Sotho : Tekano yeo e naganelwago go tloga go diboledi tše dimilione tše 340 go ya go dimilione tše 500, le bontši bja batho ba go ka lekana dimilione tše 800 ba ka kwešiša polelo.

English : Hindi and Urdu are similar in vocabulary but different in script; in everyday conversations, speakers of both languages can usually understand each other.

Northern Sotho : Hindi le Urdu di tswana ka go bolelwa efela di fapana ka go ngwalwa; ka gare ga poledišano yengwe le yengwe, diboledi tša maleme a a mabedi gantši di na le go kwešišana.

English : Around the 15th century, northern Estonia was under great cultural influence of Germany.

Northern Sotho : Ka bo ngwagakgolo wa bo 15, leboa la Estonia le be le le ka fase ga kgathelelo ye kgolo ya Germany.

English : Some German monks wanted to bring God closer to the native people, so they invented the Estonian literal language.

Northern Sotho : Baruti ba bangwe ba Majereman ba be ba nyaka go tliša Modimo kgauswi le batho ba setlogo, ka fao ba hlola leleme la thuto la Seistoniya.

English : It was based on the German alphabet and one character ¨Õ/õ¨ was added.

Northern Sotho : Ebe e theilwe godimo ga le la letere ya Greman le seka se tee ¨Õ/õ¨ se okeditšwe.

English : As time passed, many words that were borrowed from German coalesced. This was the beginning of enlightenment.

Northern Sotho : Ge nako e sepela, mantšu a mantši ao a bego a adimilwe go tšwa German a kopane. Se e bile mathmo a tshedimošo.

English : Traditionally, the heir to the throne would go straight into the military after finishing school.

Northern Sotho : Ka setšo, mojalefa go tirone o tla lebathwii bošoleng ka morago ga go fetša sekolo.


English : However, Charles went to university at Trinity College, Cambridge where he studied Anthropology and Archaeology, and later History, earning a 2:2 (a lower second class degree).

Northern Sotho : Le ge go le bjalo, Charles o ile unibesiti go la Trinity College, Cambridge moo a ithutetšego Anthropology le Archaeology, gomme ka morago Histori, a hwetša 2:2 (kgrata ya fase ya bobedi).

English : Charles was the first member of the British Royal Family to be awarded a degree.

Northern Sotho : Charles e be e le leloko la mathomo la Lelapa la Bokgoši bja Britain la go fiwa tikrii.

English : European Turkey (eastern Thrace or Rumelia in the Balkan peninsula) includes 3% of the country.

Northern Sotho : Turkey ya Yuropa (bohlabela bja Thrace goba Rumelia ka Balkan peninsula) e akaretša 3% ya naga.

English : The territory of Turkey is more than 1,600 kilometres (1,000 mi) long and 800 km (500 mi) wide, with a roughly rectangular shape.

Northern Sotho : Naga ya Turkey e feta dikilomitara tše 1,600 (1,000 mi) ka bo telele gomme 800 km (500 mi) ka bophara, ka sebopego sa go ngaka go ba khutlotharo.

English : Turkey´s area, including lakes, occupies 783,562 square kilometres (300,948 sq mi), of which 755,688 square kilometres (291,773 sq mi) are in south west Asia and 23,764 square kilometres (9,174 sq mi) in Europe.

Northern Sotho : Lefelo la Turkey, go akaretša matsha, di tšea bobedi bja dikilomitara tše 783,562 (300,948 sq mi), yeo e lego gore bobedi bja dikilomitara tše 755,688 (291,773 sq mi) di go borwa bodikela bja Asia gomme bobedi bja dikilomitara tše 23,764 (9,174 sq mi) di Yuropa.

English : Turkey´s area makes it the world´s 37th-largest country, and is about the size of Metropolitan France and the United Kingdom combined.

Northern Sotho : Lefelo la Turkey le e dira gore e be naga ya bo 37 ka bogolo lefaseng, gomme e nyakile goba saese ya Metropolitan France le United Kingdom di hlakane.

English : Turkey is encircled by seas on three sides: the Aegean Sea to the west, the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.

Northern Sotho : Turkey e dikaneditšwe ke mawatle mahlakoreng a mararo: Lewatle la Aegean go ya go bodikela, Lewatle le Leso go ya leboa le Lewatle la Mediterranean go ya borwa.

English : Luxembourg has a long history but its independence dates from 1839.

Northern Sotho : Luxembourg e na le histori ye telele efela boikemo bja yona bo thoma go tloga ka 1839.

English : Present-day parts of Belgium were part of Luxembourg in the past but became Belgian after the 1830s Belgian Revolution.

Northern Sotho : Dikarolo tša lehono tša Belgium e be e le karolo ya Luxembourg kgale efela ya ba Belgian ka morago ga Mpherefere wa Belgian wa di 1830.

English : Luxembourg has always tried to remain a neutral country but it was occupied in both World War I and World War II by Germany.

Northern Sotho : Luxembourg e dutše e lekile go dula e le naga ya go se tšee lehlakore efela e be e le go bobedi Ntwa ya Lefase I le Ntwa ya Lefase II ka Germany.

English : In 1957 Luxembourg became a founding member of the organization which is today known as the European Union.

Northern Sotho : Ka 1957 Luxembourg e bile leloko la go thoma mokgatlo woo lehono o tsebegago bjalo ka European Union.

English : The Drukgyal Dzong is a ruined fortress and Buddhist monastery in the upper part of the Paro District (in Phondey Village).

Northern Sotho : Drukgay Dzong ke sebo seo se senyegilego le lefelo la baitlami ba ma-Buddhist karolong ya ka godimo ya Selete sa Paro (go la Phondey Village).

English : It is said that in 1649, Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel created the fortress to commemorate his victory against the Tibetan-Mongol forces.

Northern Sotho : Go a nyamiša gore ka 1649, Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel o hlotše sebo go dira segopotšo sa phenyo ya gagwe gahlanong le madira a Tibetan-Mongol.

English : In 1951, a fire caused for only some of the relics of the Drukgyal Dzong to remain, such as the image of Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal.

Northern Sotho : Ka 1951, mollo o dirile gore go šale fela mašaledi a drukgyal Dzong, bjale ka seswantšho sa Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal.

English : After the fire, the fortress was preserved and protected, remaining to be one of Bhutan´s most sensational attractions.

Northern Sotho : Ka morago ga mollo, sethokgwa se ile sa bolokwa le go tšhireletšwa, e dula e le yengwe ya dikgogedi tša go kgahliša tša Bhutan.

English : During the 18th century Cambodia found itself squeezed between two powerful neighbors, Thailand and Vietnam.

Northern Sotho : Ngwagakgolong wa bo 18 Cambodia e ikhweditše e patagane gare ga baagišane ba maatla, Thailand le Vietnam.

English : The Thais invaded Cambodia several times in the 18th century and in 1772 they destroyed Phnom Phen.

Northern Sotho : Ma-Thais a hlasetše Cambodia makga a mmalwa ka ngwakgolo wa bo 18 gomme ka 1772 ba senya Phnom Phen.

English : In the last years of the 18th century the Vietnamese also invaded Cambodia.

Northern Sotho : Mengwageng ya mafelelo ya ngwagakgolo wa bo 18 ma-Vietnamese le wona a ile a hlasela Cambodia.

English : Eighteen percent of Venezuelans are unemployed, and most of those who are employed work in the informal economy.

Northern Sotho : Dipersente tše lesomeseswai tša Venezuelans ga di šome, gomme bontši bja bona ba šomago bo šoma ekonoming yeo e sego ekonomi.

English : Two thirds of Venezuelans who work do so in the service sector, nearly a quarter work in industry and a fifth work in agriculture.

Northern Sotho : Bobedi bja boraro bja ma-venezuela bao ba šomago ba dira bjalo ka legorong la tirelo, go fihla kotara bo šoma ka intasetereng gomme bohlano bo šoma ka go tša temo.

English : An important industry for Venezuelans is oil, where the country is a net exporter, even though only one percent work in the oil industry.

Northern Sotho : Intasetere ye bohlokwa bakeng sa Venezuelan ke oile, moo naga yeo e lego ye kgolo ya go iša ka ntle, le ge peresente ye tee fela e šoma ka gare ga intasetere ya oile.

English : Early in the nation´s independence, Singapore Botanic Gardens´ expertise helped to transform the island into a tropical Garden City.

Northern Sotho : Pejana go boikemo bja naga, bokgoni bja Dirapa tša Singapore Botanic bo thušitše go fetola sehlakahlake go ba Toropo ya Serapa sa theropiki.

English : In 1981, Vanda Miss Joaquim, an orchid hybrid, was chosen as the nation´s national flower.

Northern Sotho : Ka 1981, Vanda Miss Joaquim, lelomo la go tswakana, le kgethilwe bjalo ka lelomo la naga.

English : Every year around October nearly 1.5 million herbivores travel towards the southern plains, crossing the Mara River, from the northern hills for the rains.

Northern Sotho : Ngwaga o mongwe le o mongwe ka bo Ocktobere dimilion tša go lekana 1.5 tša diphoofolo tša go ja nama di sepelela go lebiša leganateng laborwa, go tsela Noka ya Mara, go tšwa mebotong ya leboa bakeng sa pula.

English : And then back to the north through the west, once again crossing the Mara river, after the rains in around April.

Northern Sotho : Gomme go boela morago leboa ka sa ka bodikela, go selaganya leboeletša noka ya Mara, ka morago ga dipula ka bo Aporele.


English : The Serengeti region contains the Serengeti National Park, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area and Maswa Game Reserve in Tanzania and the Maasai Mara National Reserve in Kenya.

Northern Sotho : Selete sa Serengeti se na le Serengeti National Park, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area le Maswa Game Reserve ka Tanzania le Maasai Mara National Reserve ka Kenya.

English : Learning to create interactive media requires conventional and traditional skills, as well as tools mastered in interactive classes (storyboarding, audio and video editing, story telling, etc.)

Northern Sotho : Go ithuta go dira phatlalatšo ya ditaba ga kgokagano go nyaka mabokgoni a setlogo a kopano, gammogo le didirišwa tšeo di rutilwego dithutong tša kgokagano (go nyaka ditaba, go lokiša audio le viseo, go dira kanegelo, bjbj.)

English : Interactive design requires that you re-assess your assumptions about media production and learn to think in a non-linear ways.

Northern Sotho : Moakanyetšo wa go kgokagana o hloka gore o lebeledišiše dikakanyo tša gago mabapi le tšweletšo ya diphatlalatši gammogo le go ithuta go nagana ka ditsela tše di fapafapanego.

English : Interactive design requires that components of a project connect to each other, but also make sense as a separate entity.

Northern Sotho : Go dira bokgabo ga go kopantša go nyaka dikarolo tša projeke di kgokagane mmogo, efela di be le kgopolo le ge di ikeme di nnoši.

English : The disadvantage of zoom lenses is that the focal complexity and number of lens elements required to achieve a range of focal lengths is much greater than for prime lenses.

Northern Sotho : Sa go se kgahliše ka dikgalase tša kgogelopele ke gore hlakahlakano ya thebo le palo ya dielement tša dikgalase tšeo di hlokegago go hwetša bontši bja botelele bja thebo go feta ga dikgalase tša prime.

English : This is becoming less of an issue as lens manufacturers achieve higher standards in lens production.

Northern Sotho : Se e ba taba ye nnyane ka ge batšweletši ba dikgalase ba fihlelela maemo a godimo ka go tšweletša dikgalase.

English : This has allowed zoom lenses to produce pictures of a quality comparable to that achieved by lenses with fixed focal length.

Northern Sotho : Se se dumeletše dikgalase tša go gogela kgauswi go tšweletša diswantšho tša makgethe go bapetšega le tšeo di tšerwego ka dikgalase tša botelele bjoo bo beilwego sa ruri.

English : Another disadvantage of zoom lenses is that the maximum aperture (the speed) of the lens is usually lower.

Northern Sotho : Bothata bjo bongwe bja dikgalase tša go bonela kgauswi ke mafelelo a go bulega (lebelo) ga dikgalase ka mehla go ba fasana.

English : This makes inexpensive zoom lenses hard to use in low-light conditions without a flash.

Northern Sotho : Se se dira gore go šomiša dikgalase tša go gogelakgauswi go be boima ka gare ga maemo a seetša sa fae ntle le lebonethagi.

English : One of the most common problems when trying to convert a movie to DVD format is the overscan.

Northern Sotho : Bjo tee bja mathata ao a tlwaelegilego ge o leka go fetolela movie go mokgwa wa DVD ke go balela go feta.

English : Most televisions are made in a way to please the general public.

Northern Sotho : Bontši bja dithelebišene bo dirilwe ka mokgwa wa go kgahla setšhaba.

English : For that reason, everything you see on the TV had the borders cut, top, bottom and sides.

Northern Sotho : Bakeng sa lebaka le, se sengwe le se sengwe seo o se bonago mo TV se bile le go fokotšwa, ka godimo, ka fase le ka mahlakoreng.

English : This is made to ensure that the image covers the whole screen. That is called overscan.

Northern Sotho : Se se dirilwe go netefatša gore seswantšho se khupetša sekerene ka moka. Seo se bitšwa overscan.

English : Unfortunately, when you make a DVD, it´s borders will most likely be cut too, and if the video had subtitles too close to the bottom, they won´t be fully shown.

Northern Sotho : Ka go hloka mahlatse, Ge o dire DVD, mahlakore a yona a ka no tla ripega gape, gomme ge e ba dingwalwa tša bofase bja bedio di fase kgauswi kudu, di ka se tšweletšwe ka moka.

English : The traditional medieval castle has long inspired the imagination, conjuring up images of jousts, banquets and Arthurian chivalry.

Northern Sotho : Medieval castle ya setlogo e hueditše monagano, e tsoša diswantšo tša di jousts, mekete ya dijo le boradipere ba ma-Arthurian.

English : Even standing amidst thousand year-old ruins it is easy to bring to mind the sounds and smells of battles long gone, to almost hear the clatter of hooves on the cobbles and to smell the fear rising from the dungeon pits.

Northern Sotho : Le go ema gare ga ditshenyegelo tše sekete go bonolo go tliša medumo le menkgo ya dintwa tšeo di fetilego kgale kgopolong, go kwa ekare o kwa lešata la dipele le go dupelela letšhogo le gola go tloga meleteng ya kgolego.

English : But is our imagination based on reality? Why were castles built in the first place? How were they designed and built?

Northern Sotho : Efela e ka ba megopolo ya rena ke ya nnete? Gobaneng mešate e agilwe? E bopilwe le go agiwa bjang?

English : Typical for the period, Kirby Muxloe Castle is more of a fortified house than a true castle.

Northern Sotho : Go tlwaelega bakeng sa lebaka, Ntlomošate ya Kirby Muxloe ke ntlo yeo e thiišitšwego go na le goba ntlomošate ya nnete.

English : Its large glazed windows and thin walls would not have been able to resist a determined attack for long.

Northern Sotho : Mafenstere a yona a magolo a go bona tša ka gare le maboto a masese di be di ka se kgone go lwantšha hlaselo ya maikemišetšo sebaka se setelele.

English : In the 1480s, when its construction was begun by Lord Hastings, the country was relatively peaceful and defense was only required against small bands of roving marauders.

Northern Sotho : Ka bo 1480, ge go thoma go agwa ga yona go thoma ke Lord Hasting, naga e be e tloga e na le khutšo le tšhireletšo e be e hlokega fela kgahlanong le sihlopa tše nnyane tša bahlakodi.

English : The balance of power was a system in which European nations sought to maintain the national sovereignty of all European states.

Northern Sotho : Go lekanetša maatla e be e le tshepedišo yeo dinaga tša Europe di nyakilego go e tšwelapele di tswere bolaodi bja pušo mebušong ya Yuropa ka moka.

English : The concept was that all European nations had to seek to prevent one nation from becoming powerful, and thus national governments often changed their alliances in order to maintain the balance.

Northern Sotho : Kwešišo e be e le gore dinaga ka moka tša Yuropa di be di tswanela ke go thibela naga ye tee go ba ye maatla, gomme kafao mebušo ya naga gantši e fetola bao ba thekganago lebona gore go kgone goba le teka-tekano.

English : The War of Spanish Succession marked the first war whose central issue was the balance of power.

Northern Sotho : Ntwa ya Hlatlamo ya Spain e swaile ntwa ya pele yeo tabakgolo ya yona ebe e le tekatekano ya maatla.

English : This marked an important change, as European powers would no longer have the pretext of being religious wars. Thus, the Thirty Years´ War would be the last war to be labeled a religious war.

Northern Sotho : Se se swaile phetogo ye bohlokwa, ka ge maatla a Yuropa a ka se sa ba le maatla a go ba dintwa tša sedumedi. Ka fao, Ntwa ya Mengwaga ye Masometharo e ka ba ntwa ya mafelelo ya go bitšwa ntwa ya sedumedi.

English : The temple of Artemis at Ephesus was destroyed on July 21, 356 BCE in an act of arson committed by Herostratus.

Northern Sotho : Tempele ya Artemis go la Ephesus e sentšwe ka Julae 21, 356 BCE ka tiro ya go tšhuma thoto ya go dirwa ke ma-Herostratus.


English : According to the story, his motivation was fame at any cost. The Ephesians, outraged, announced that Herostratus´ name never be recorded.

Northern Sotho : Go ya ka padi, tšutšumetšo ya gagwe e be e le go thuma go sa kgathale selo. Baefeso, ba kwatile, ba begile gore leina la Herostratus ga sa ka la rekotwa.

English : The Greek historian Strabo later noted the name, which is how we know today. The temple was destroyed on the same night that Alexander the Great was born.

Northern Sotho : Rahistori wa Greek Strabo ka morago o ile a bolela leina, ke ka fao re tsebago ka gona lehono. Tempele e sentšwe bošegong bjo tee bjoo Alexander the Great a belegweng ka bona.

English : Alexander, as king, offered to pay to rebuild the temple, but his offer was denied. Later, after Alexander died, the temple was rebuilt in 323 BCE.

Northern Sotho : Alexander, bjalo ka kgoši, o neetše ka go lefela go agaleswa tempele, efela moneelo wa gagwe o gannwe. Ka morago, ge Alexander a hlokofetše, tempele e agilweleswa ka 323 BCE.

English : Make sure your hand is as relaxed as possible while still hitting all the notes correctly - also try not to make much extraneous motion with your fingers.

Northern Sotho : Netefatša gore letsogo la gago le iketlile ge le sa kgotla dinoutu gabotse - gape o leke go se šute kudu ka menwana ya gago.

English : This way, you will tire yourself out as little as possible. Remember there´s no need to hit the keys with a lot of force for extra volume like on the piano.

Northern Sotho : Ka tsela ye, o tla itapiša ga nnyane ka moo go kgonegago. Gopola ga go na hlokego ya go kgotla dikonopi ka maatla a mantši e le go oketša bolumu bjalo ka ge o šomiša piano.

English : On the accordion, to get extra volume, you use the bellows with more pressure or speed.

Northern Sotho : Godimo ga accordion, go hwetša volume ya tlaleletšo, o šomiša tša fase ka maatla a mantši goba lebelo.

English : Mysticism is the pursuit of communion with, identity with, or conscious awareness of an ultimate reality, divinity, spiritual truth, or God.

Northern Sotho : Bodumedi bja sephiri bo ka latela kamano le temogo ya boitsebišo le, goba temogo ya therešo ye kgolo, le therešo ya semoya, goba Modimo.

English : The believer seeks a direct experience, intuition, or insight into divine reality/the deity or dieties.

Northern Sotho : Modumedi o nyaka maitemogelo thwii, go kwa, goba go bona ka gare ga bophelo bjo bokgethwa/sekgethwa goba dikgethweng.

English : Followers pursue certain ways of living, or practices that are intended to nurture those experiences.

Northern Sotho : Balatedi ba latela mekgwa ye mengwe ya go phela, goba metlo yeo e lebantšwego go godiša maitemogelo ao.

English : Mysticism can be distinguished from other forms of religious belief and worship by its emphasis on the direct personal experience of a unique state of consciousness, particularly those of a peaceful, insightful, blissful, or even ecstatic character.

Northern Sotho : Bodumedi bja sephiri bo ka fapanywa le mekgwa ye mengwe ya tumelo ya bodumedi le thorišo ka kgatelelo ya yona go maitemogelo a botho a maemo a moswananoši a go temogo, kudu a khutšo, dikgopolo, lethabo, goba mokgwa wa go thaba kudu.

English : Sikhism is a religion from the Indian sub-continent. It originated in the Punjab region during the 15th century from a sectarian split within the Hindu tradition.

Northern Sotho : Bo-Sikh ke bodumedi go tšwa go kontinente ya ka fasana go la India. E thomile seleteng sa Punjab nakong ya ngwagakgolo wa bo 15 go tšwa go arogeng ga lekala ka gare ga setlogo sa Hindu.

English : Sikhs consider their faith to be a separate religion from Hinduism though they acknowledge its Hindu roots and traditions.

Northern Sotho : Ma-Sikhs a bona sedumedi sa bona e le seo le aroganego go tšwa go Hinduism le ge ba dumela medu le setlogo tša sona tša se-Hindu.

English : Sikhs call their religion Gurmat, which is Punjabi for ¨way of the guru¨. The guru is a fundamental aspect of all Indian religions but in Sikhism has taken on an importance that forms the core of Sikh beliefs.

Northern Sotho : Ma-Sikhs a bitša tumelo ya bona Gurmat, yeo e tumilego bakeng sa ¨tsela ya guru¨. Guru ke karolo ye kgolo ya ditumelo ka moka tša ma-India efela Sikhism e bohlokwa moo e lego karolo ya motheo ya ditumelo tša Sikh.

English : The religion was founded in the 15th century by Guru Nanak (1469–1539). There followed in succession a further nine gurus.

Northern Sotho : Sedumedi se thomilwe ka ngwagakgolo wa bo 15 ke Guru Nanak (1469–1539). Ka morago gwa latela ka go hlatlama di guru tše dingwe tše senyane.

English : However, in June 1956, Krushchev´s promises were put to the test when riots in Poland, where workers were protesting against food shortages and wage cuts, turned into a general protest against Communism.

Northern Sotho : Le ge go le bjalo, ka June 1956, ditshepišo tša Krushchev di eile tša išwa tekong ge mengwanto go la Poland, moo bašomi ba bego ba gwanta kgahlanong le hlaelelo ya dijo le go fokoletšwa megolo, e ilego ya fetogela go ba mogwanto kgahlanong le Communism.

English : Although in the end, Krushchev sent in tanks to restore order, he did give way to some economic demands and agreed to appoint the popular Wladyslaw Gomulka as the new prime minister.

Northern Sotho : Le ge mafelelong, Krushchev a rometša ka ditanka go bošetša molao, o ile a fa tsela go tše dingwe tša dinyakwa tša ekonomi le go dumela go kgetha Wladyslaw Gomulka wa go tsebalega bjalo ka moetapele o moswa.

English : The Indus Valley Civilization was a Bronze Age civilisation in the northwest Indian subcontinent encompassing most of modern-day Pakistan and some regions in northwest India and northeast Afghanistan.

Northern Sotho : Hlabologo ya ma-Indus Valley e be e le hlabologo ya Bronze Age ka leboa-bodikela bja India go dikanetša Pakistan ya sebjalebjale le dilete tše dingwe go la leboa-bohlabela bja India le leboa-bohlabela bja Afghanistan.

English : The civilisation flourished in the basins of the Indus River wherefore it derives its name.

Northern Sotho : Hlabologo e godile gabotse ka meeding ya Noka ya Indus moo e tšerego leina la yona.

English : Although some scholars speculate that since the civilisation also existed in the basins of the now dried up Sarasvati River, it should be aptly called the Indus-Sarasvati Civilization, while some call it the Harappan Civilization after Harappa, the first of its sites to be excavated in the 1920s.

Northern Sotho : Le ge ba badi ba dipuku ba bangwe ba gononwa gore ka ge hlabologo le yona e ile ya ba gona ka gare ga meedi ya Noka ya Sarasvati yeo ga bjale e omilego, e swanetše go bitšwa Hlabologo ya Indus-Sarasvati, mola ba bangwe ba e bitša Hlabologo ya Harappan ka morago ga Harappa, lefelo la yona la mathomo la go epollwa ka bo 1920.

English : The militaristic nature of the Roman empire aided in the development of medical advances.

Northern Sotho : Hlago ya bošole ya pušo ya Roma e thušitše ka gare ga tšweletšo ya ditšwelopele tša dihlare.

English : Doctors began to be recruited by Emperor Augustus and even formed the first Roman Medical Corps for use in the aftermath of battles.

Northern Sotho : Dingaka di thomile go thwalwa ke Mmuši Augustus gomme ešita le go hloma Mekgahlo ya pele ya Roma go dirišwa morago ga ditlamorago tša dintwa.

English : Surgeons had knowledge of various sedatives including morphine from extracts of poppy seeds and scopolamine from herbane seeds.

Northern Sotho : Dingaka tša go bua di be di na le tsebo ya dirobatši tša go fapafapana go akaretša morphine go tšwa go digogwa tša go tšwa go dipeu tša le lomo la mo-poppy le scopolamine go tšwa go dipeu tša herbane.

English : They became proficient at amputation to save patients from gangrene as well as tourniquets and arterial clamps to stem blood flow.

Northern Sotho : Ba kgona go ripa ditho tša mmele go boloka balwetši go tšwa go gangrene gape le tourniquets le arterial claps go emiša kelo ya mmadi.

English : Over multiple centuries, the Roman empire led to great gains in the field of medicine and formed much of the knowledge we know today.

Northern Sotho : Go feta mengwagakgolo ye mentši mmušo wa Roman o tlišitše poelo ye kgolo karolong ya dihlare le go hlola tsebo ye ntši yeo re e tsebago lehono.

English : Pureland origami is origami with the restriction that only one fold may be done at a time, more complex folds like reverse folds are not allowed, and all folds have straightforward locations.

Northern Sotho : Origami ya Pureland ke origami ya go ba le dipeeletšo tša gore sehlopa se tee fela se ka dirwa ka nako ye tee, dihlopa tša go hlakahlakana bjalo ka dihlopa tša go boetša morago ga di adumelelwa, gomme dihlopa ka moka di na le mafelo a go lebana thwii.


English : It was developed by John Smith in the 1970s to help inexperienced folders or those with limited motor skills.

Northern Sotho : E dirilwe ke John Smith ka bo 1970 go thuša di-folder tšeo di hlokago bokgoni goba bao ba nago le bokgoni bjo bonnyane ka difatanaga.

English : Children develop an awareness of race and racial stereotypes quite young and these racial stereotypes affect behavior.

Northern Sotho : Bana ba ba le temoga ya mathata a morafo e sa le ba bannyane gomme mathata a a morafe a ama maitshwaro a bona.

English : For instance, children who identify with a racial minority that is stereotyped as not doing well in school tend to not do well in school once they learn about the stereotype associated with their race.

Northern Sotho : Bakeng sa mohlala, bana bao ba ihlathago le morafe wa bonnyane woo o kgethollwago bjalo ka wo o sa šomego gabotse sekolong ba na le go se šome gabotse sekolong ge ba thoma go ithuta ka kgethollo yeo e tswalwantšhwago le morafe wa bona.

English : MySpace is the third most popular website used in the United States and has 54 million profiles currently.

Northern Sotho : MySpace ke wepesaete ya boraro ya go tsebega kudu yeo e šomišwago ka United States gape e na le diphorofaele tše dimilion tše 54 gabjale.

English : These websites have gotten a lot of attention, especially in the education setting.

Northern Sotho : Diweposaete tše di hweditše šedi ye ntši, kudu ka lefapeng la thuto.

English : There are positive aspects to these websites, which include, being able to easily setup a class page which can include blogs, videos, photos, and other features.

Northern Sotho : Gona le dintlha tše botse bakeng sa diwepesaete tše, tšeo di akaretšago, go kgona go beakantša ga bonolo letlakala la legoro leo le ka akaretšaga mekero ya inthanete, dibidio, diswantšo, le tše dingwe.

English : This page can easily be accessed by providing just one web address, which makes it easy to remember and easy to type in for students who may have trouble using the keyboard or with spelling.

Northern Sotho : Letlakala le le ka hwetšwa gabonolo ka go abelana efla ka aterese ya wepesaete, ye e dirago gore gobe bonolo go gopola le bonolo go ngwala pel ga baithuti bao ba nago le mathata a go šomiša sekgotla-maletere goba ga mopeleto.

English : It can be customized to make it easy to read and also with as much or little color as desired.

Northern Sotho : E ka direlwa motho ka noši go e dira gore e balege ga bonolo ebile gape le mmala o montši goba o monnyane go ya le ka moo go nyakegago.

English : Attention Deficit Disorder ¨is a neurological syndrome whose classic defining triad of symptoms including impulsivity, distractibility, and hyperactivity or excess energy¨.

Northern Sotho : Bolwetši bja go Hlaelela ka go fa Šedi ¨ke bolwetši bja tsehpedišo ya methapo ya hlogo bjoo hlaloso ya bona ya kgale e lego boraro bjo tee bja dika go akaretša go akgofega, go go arošega bonolo, mafolofolo a feteletšego goba mafolofolo a go fetišiša¨.

English : It is not a learning disability, it is a learning disorder; it ¨affects 3 to 5 percent of all children, perhaps as many as 2 million American children¨.

Northern Sotho : Ga se bogole bja go ithuta, ke bothata bja go ithuta; bo ¨ama diperesente tše 3 go iša go 5 tša bana ka moka, mohlomongwa bontši bja dimilion tše 2 tša bana ba ma-Amerika¨.

English : Children with ADD have a hard time focusing on things like school work, but they can concentrate on things they enjoy doing like playing games or watching their favorite cartoons or writing sentences without punctuation.

Northern Sotho : Bana bao ba nago ke ADD ba swara boima go šetša mošomo wa sekolo, efela ba kgona go šetša dilo tšeo ba ipshinago ka tšona ge ba di dira bjalo ka go raloka dipapadi goba go bogela dipopaye tšeo ba di ratago goba go ngwala mafoko ntle le maswao-dikga.

English : These children tend to get into a lot of trouble, because they ¨engage in risky behaviors, get into fights, and challenge authority¨ in order to stimulate their brain, since their brain can not be stimulated by normal methods.

Northern Sotho : Bana ba ba na le go tsena ka gare ga mathata a mantši, ka lebaka la gore ba ¨itsentšha ka gare ga maitshwaro a kotsi, ba tsena ka gare ga dintwa, gomme ba hlotla molao¨ go kgona go tutuetša mabjoko a bona, ka ge mabjoko a bona a sa kgone go tutuetšwa ke mekgwa yeo e tlwaelegilego.

English : ADD affects relationships with other peers because other children can not understand why they act the way that they do or why they spell they way they do or that their maturity level is different.

Northern Sotho : ADD e ama dikamano le ditaka tše dingwe ka lebaka la gore bana ba bangwe ga ba kgone go kwešiša gore ke ka lebaka la eng ba iswara ka tsela ye ba iswarago ka gona goba ka lebaka la eng ba peleta ka moo ba peletago ka gona goba gore maemo a bona a go butšwa kgopolong a fapane.

English : As the ability to obtain knowledge and to learn changed in such a way as mentioned above the base rate at which knowledge was obtained changed.

Northern Sotho : Bjale ka ge bokgone bja go hwetša tsebo le go ithuta bo fetogile ka tsela yeo e boletšwego ka godimo lebelo leo ka lona tsebo e bego e hwetšwa le fetogile.

English : The approach to obtaining information was different. No longer did pressure reside within individual recall, but the ability to recall text became more of a focus.

Northern Sotho : Thela ya go hwetša tsebišo e be e fapane. Go be go se sana kgathelelo ka gare ga go kgopotšo ya batho, efela bokgone bja go gopola dingwalwa bo bile bjoo o elwago šedi le go feta.

English : In essence, the Renaissance made a significant change in the approach to learning and the dissemination of knowledge.

Northern Sotho : Gabotsebotse, Tsošološo e dirile phetogo e kgolo go tsela yeo go ithutwago ka gona le tshepedišo ya tsebo.

English : Unlike other primates, hominids no longer use their hands in locomotion or bearing weight or swinging through the trees.

Northern Sotho : Go fapana le dikgabo tše dingwe, ditšhwene ga di sa šomiša matsogo a tšona go sepela goba go rwala boima goba go fofa mehlareng.

English : The chimpanzee´s hand and foot are similar in size and length, reflecting the hand´s use for bearing weight in knuckle walking.

Northern Sotho : Letsogo le leoto la chimpanzee le a swana ka tekano le botelele, go laetša tšhomišo ya letsogo sa go rwala boima ge e sepela e kwatame.

English : The human hand is shorter than the foot, with straighter phalanges.

Northern Sotho : Letsogo la motho ke le le kopana go geta letsogo, ka di phalanges tša go se kgopame.

English : Fossil hand bones two million to three million years old reveal this shift in specialization of the hand from locomotion to manipulation.

Northern Sotho : Marapo a letsogo la Fossil mengwaga ye dimilion tše pedi go iša go tše tharo e bontša šefte ye ka go ikgetha ga letsogo go tšwa go šuthišeng go ya go phetolelong.

English : Some people believe that experiencing many artificially induced lucid dreams often enough can be very exhausting.

Northern Sotho : Batho ba bangwe ba dumela gore go itemogela ditoro tša maitirelo tša go ba molaleng gantši go a lapiša.

English : The main reason for this phenomenon is the result of the lucid dreams expanding the length of time between REM states.

Northern Sotho : Lebaka le legolo la kgopolo ye ke poelo ya ditoro tšeo o nago le taolo ya tšona tša go oketša botelele bja nako gare ga maemo a REM.

English : With fewer REMs per night, this state in which you experience actual sleep and your body recovers becomes infrequent enough to become a problem.

Northern Sotho : Ka di REM tšeo di fokotšegilego bakeng sa bošego bjo bongwe le bjo bongwe, maemo ao go ona o tlogago o itemogela go robala ga nnete gomme mmele wa gago wa kaonafala goba go go tlwaelegego go thoma go ba bothata.

English : This is just as exhausting as if you were to wake up every twenty or thirty minutes and watch TV.

Northern Sotho : Se se no lapiša tše ekarego o tlo tsoga metsotso ye masomepedi goba masometharo a mangwe le a mangwe go lebelela TV.

English : The effect is dependent on how often your brain attempts to lucidly dream per night.

Northern Sotho : Katlego e ya le gore ke ga kae moo bjoko bja gago bo lekago go lora ka nnete bošegong bo tee.


English : Things did not go well for the Italians in North Africa almost from the start. Within a week of Italy´s declaration of war on June 10, 1940, the British 11th Hussars had seized Fort Capuzzo in Libya.

Northern Sotho : Dilo ga se tša sepela botse bakeng sa ma-Italian ka Leboa la Afrika go tloga mathomong. Ka beke fela ya pego ya ntwa ya Italy ka June 10, 1940, British 11th Hussars e be e thopile Fort Capuzzo ka Libya.

English : In an ambush east of Bardia, the British captured the Italian Tenth Army´s Engineer-in-Chief, General Lastucci.

Northern Sotho : Hlaselong ya bohlabela bja Bardia, ma Britain a tswere Moentšenere o Mogolo wa Bošole bja Bolesome bja Italy, General Lastucci.

English : On June 28, Marshal Italo Balbo, the Governor-General of Libya and apparent heir to Mussolini, was killed by friendly fire while landing in Tobruk.

Northern Sotho : Ka di 28 June, Marshal Italo Balbo, Molaodipharephare wa Libya le mojalefa wa Mussolini, o bolailwe ke mollo ge a fologa sefofane Tobruk.

English : The modern sport of fencing is played at many levels, from students learning at a university to professional and Olympic competition.

Northern Sotho : Papadi ya sebjalebjale ya go bitšwa fencing e ralokwa mamanogeng a mantši, go tšwa go baithuti ba ithuta yunibesiti go ya go setsebi le phadišano ya Olympic.

English : The sport is primarily played in a duel format, one fencer dueling another.

Northern Sotho : Papadi e ralokwa ka mokgwa wa bobedi, wa legoreng o tee o mongwe a le raloka le yena.

English : Golf is a game in which players use clubs to hit balls into holes.

Northern Sotho : Golf ke taloko yeo dibapadi di šomišago sa go betha go bethela dinkgokolwana ka gare ga melete.

English : Eighteen holes are played during a regular round, with players usually starting on the first hole on the course and finishing on the eighteenth.

Northern Sotho : Melete ye lesomeseswai e ralokilwe ka nako ya mehla, dibapadi di thoma go molete wa pele seemong gomme di fetša go wa bo lesomeseswai.

English : The player who takes the fewest strokes, or swings of the club, to complete the course wins.

Northern Sotho : Sebapadi seo se tšeago di stroke tše mmalwa, goba di swing tša sehlopa, go fetša papadi se a fenya.

English : The game is played on grass, and the grass around the hole is mown shorter and called the green.

Northern Sotho : Papadi e ralokwa godimo ga mabjang, gomme mabjang go rarela mošoba a ripelwa fasana gomme a bitšwa botala.

English : Perhaps the most common type of tourism is what most people associate with traveling: Recreation tourism.

Northern Sotho : Mohlomongwe mohuta wa boeti bja go tlwaelaga ke seo bontši bja batho ba bo tswalanyago le boeti: Boeti bja Boithabišo.

English : This is when people go to a place that is very different from their regular day-to-day life to relax and have fun.

Northern Sotho : Se ke ge batho ba eya lefelong leo le fapanego kudu go tšwa go bophelo bja bona bja go tlwaelega bja tšatši-ka-tšatši gomme ba ipšhina.

English : Beaches, theme parks and camp grounds are often the most common places frequented by recreational tourists.

Northern Sotho : Mabopo, diphaka tša maina le mafelo a dikampa gantši e ba mafelo a go tlwaelega a go etelwa gantši ke baeti.

English : If the objective of one's visit to a particular place is to get to know its history and culture then this type of tourism is known as cultural tourism.

Northern Sotho : Ge e ba nepo ya yoo a etelago lefelo le itšego ke go nyaka go tseba histori le setšo sa lona gona mohuta wo wa ketelo o tsebega bjalo ka boeti bja setšo.

English : Tourists may visit different landmarks of a particular country or they may simply opt to focus on just one area.

Northern Sotho : Baeti ba ka etela mafelo a go tsebalega a go fapafapana a naga ye itšego goba ba ka no kgetha go lebelela lefelo le tee fela.

English : The Colonists, seeing this activity, had also called for reinforcements.

Northern Sotho : Ma-colonist, ka go bona tiragalo ye, ba ile ba bitša matlafatšo.

English : Troops reinforcing the forward positions included the 1st and 3rd New Hampshire regiments of 200 men, under Colonels John Stark and James Reed (both later became generals).

Northern Sotho : Madira a matlafatša maemo a pele go be go akaretša dihlopa tša 1 le 3 tša New Hampshire tša banna ba 200, ka fase ga Kolonel John Stark le James Reed (bobedi ka morago bo beile balodi).

English : Stark´s men took positions along the fence on the north end of the Colonist´s position.

Northern Sotho : Banna ba Stark ba tšere maemo kgauswi le legora mafeleleong a leboa la maemo a Colonist.

English : When low tide opened a gap along the Mystic River along the northeast of the peninsula, they quickly extended the fence with a short stone wall to the north ending at the water´s edge on a small beach.

Northern Sotho : Ge pulego ya fasana e bula sekgoba kgauswi le Noka ya Mystic kgauswi le leboabohlabela bja peninsula, ba ile ba pakišetše go oketša legora le le kopana la maswika go ya leboa go felelela mafelelong ameetse godimo ga lebopo le lennyane.

English : Gridley or Stark placed a stake about 100 feet (30 m) in front of the fence and ordered that no one fire until the regulars passed it.

Northern Sotho : Gridley goba Stark ba beile setseka tekano ya maoto a 100 (30 m) pele ga legora gomme ba laetša gore go se be le yo a thuntšago go fihla batlwaelegi ba le feta.

English : The American plan relied on launching coordinated attacks from three different directions.

Northern Sotho : Leano la America le ithekgile ka go hlomamiša dihlaselo tšeo di beakantšwego go tšwa mafelong a mararo a go fapana.

English : General John Cadwalder would launch a diversionary attack against the British garrison at Bordentown, in order to block off any reinforcements.

Northern Sotho : Moalodi John Cadwalder a ka thomiša hlaselo ya go arogantša kgahlanong le sehlopa sa mašole a Britain go la Bordentown, e le go thibela matlafatšo yengwe le yengwe.

English : General James Ewing would take 700 militia across the river at Trenton Ferry, seize the bridge over the Assunpink Creek and prevent any enemy troops from escaping.

Northern Sotho : Molaodi James Ewing a ka tšea bahlanani ba tšhoganetšo ba 700 go ya go tsela noka go la Trenton ferry, ba thopa leporogo la godimo ga Assunpink Creek gomme ba thibela madira a mangwe le a mangwe a manaba gore ba se ke ba tšaba.

English : The main assault force of 2,400 men would cross the river nine miles north of Trenton, and then split into two groups, one under Greene and one under Sullivan, in order to launch a pre-dawn attack.

Northern Sotho : Madira a hlaselo a banna ba 2,400 a tla tshela noka di mile tše senyane go ya leboa la Trenton, gomme a arogana ka dihlopa tše pedi, se tee ka fase ga Greene gomme se tee ka fase ga Sullivan, gore ba kgone go hlasela pele lehlaba.

English : With the change from the quarter to the half mile run, speed becomes of much less importance and endurance becomes an absolute necessity.

Northern Sotho : Ka phetogo ya go tšwa go kotara go ya go go kitima ga seripa sa mile, lebelo ga e sa le selo se bohlokwa gomme kgotlelelo e ba hloko ya go felelela.

English : Of course a first-class half-miler, a man who can beat two minutes, must be possessed of a fair amount of speed, but endurance must be cultivated at all hazards.

Northern Sotho : Ka nnete mokitimi wa mile wa seripa wa maemo a pele, monna yoo a ka kgonago metsotso ye mebedi, o swanetše go ba le tekano ya maleba ya lebelo, efela kgotlelelo e swanetše gore e betlwe ka maswao ka moka.


English : Some cross country running during the winter, combined with gymnasium work for the upper part of the body, is the best preparation for the running season.

Northern Sotho : Mabelo a mangwe a go tshelaganya naga ka marega, a hlakantšwe le mošomo wa gymnasium bakeng sa karolo ya ka godimo ya mmele, ke tokišetšo ye kaone bakeng sa sehla sa go kitima.

English : Proper nutritional practices alone cannot generate elite performances, but they can significantly affect young athletes´ overall wellness.

Northern Sotho : Mekgwa ya phepo ye kaone e le tee e ka se kgone go tšweletša go kgona go go kaone, efela e ka ama go phela gabotse go go feleletšego ga dibapadi tše di nnyane.

English : Maintaining a healthy energy balance, practicing effective hydration habits, and understanding the various aspects of supplementation practices can help athletes improve their performance and increase their enjoyment of the sport.

Northern Sotho : Go boloka tekanyo yeo e phelegilego ya enetši, go ithuta mekgwa ye mekaone ya go dula o na le meetse, le go kwešiša dikarolo tša go fapana tša mekgwa ya go emela ye mengwe go ka thuša boramabelo go kaonafatša mešomo ya bona le go oketša go ipshina ga bona ka papadi.

English : Middle distance running is a relatively inexpensive sport; however, there are many misconceptions regarding the few pieces of equipment required to participate.

Northern Sotho : Go kitima sekgobeng sa gare ke papadi yeo e sa bitšego; le ge go le bjalo, go na le dikgopolo tše dintši tše di fošagetšego mabapi le diripa tše mmalwa tša sedirišwa seo se nyakegago go tšea karolo.

English : Products can be purchased as needed, but most will have little or no real impact on performance.

Northern Sotho : Di dirišwa di ka rekwa ka ge di hlokega, efela bontši bo tla ba le kgomo ye nnyane goba bo ka se be le yona lega tee go tiragatšo.

English : Athletes may feel that they prefer a product even when it provides no real benefits.

Northern Sotho : Dibapadi di ka ikwela di nyaka setšweletšwa le ge se sa tšweletši meputso ya nnete.

English : The atom can be considered to be one of the fundamental building blocks of all matter.

Northern Sotho : Atom e ka tšeiwa bjalo ka yengwe ya dipoloko tše bohlokwa tša go aga ka gare ga dilo ka moka.

English : Its a very complex entity which consists, according to a simplified Bohr model, of a central nucleus orbited by electrons, somewhat similar to planets orbiting the sun - see Figure 1.1.

Northern Sotho : Ke entite ya go hlakahlakana yeo e nago, go ya ka modele wo o nolofaditšwego wa Bohr, le bogare bja nucleus bjo bo dukulogilego ke dielektron, tša go nyaka go swana le dipolanete tša go dukuluga letšatši - bona Seswantšho 1.1.

English : The nucleus consists of two particles - neutrons and protons.

Northern Sotho : Di nucleus di na le dikarolo tše pedi - di neutrons le di protons.

English : Protons have a positive electric charge while neutrons have no charge. The electrons have a negative electric charge.

Northern Sotho : Diprotone di na le tšweletšo ye posetifi mohlagase mola di neutrons di se ne tšweletšo. Di electron di na le tšweletšo ye negetifi ya mohlagase.

English : To Check the victim, you must first survey the scene to ensure your safety.

Northern Sotho : Go Hlola motšwasehlabelo, o swanetše o lebelele pele lefelo la go netefatša polokego ya gago.

English : You need to notice the victim´s position as you approach him or her and any automatic red flags.

Northern Sotho : O swanetše o hlokomele maemo a mohlokofatšwa ge o thoma go mmatamela ga mmogo le dilo tše dingwe tša go makatša.

English : If you get hurt trying to help, you may only serve to make matters worse.

Northern Sotho : Ge o ka gobala o leka go thuša, o ka dira gore dilo di senyege le go feta.

English : The study found that depression, fear and catastrophising mediated the relationship between pain and disability in lower back pain sufferers.

Northern Sotho : Thuto e hweditše gore kgathelelo ya mokgopolo, letšhogo le hlakahlakano go tšweletš kamano gare ga bohloko le go bao ba nago le bogolofadi bja bohloko bja ka fasana ga mokokotlo.

English : Only the effects of catastrophizing, not depression and fear was conditional of regular weekly structured PA sessions.

Northern Sotho : Ke ditlamorago fela tša masetlapelo, e sego kgatelelo ya monagano le letšhogo tšeo di bego e le tša peelano ya dikopano tša PA tše dintši beke ka beke.

English : Those participating in regular activity required more support in terms of negative perception of pain distinguishing the differences of chronic pain and discomfort feel from normal physical movement.

Northern Sotho : Bao ba tšeago karolo ka gare ga ditiragalo tša ka mehla ba hlokile thekgo yengwe ka tebelelo ye mpe ya bohloko ya go pharologanya dipapano tša bohloko bja bolwetši bja go se fole le go se ikwele ba dudišegile goo go tšwago go sepeleng ga go tlwaelega.

English : Vision, or the ability to see depends on visual system sensory organs or eyes.

Northern Sotho : Pono, goba go kgona go bona go ya le ka tshepedišo ya go bona ya ditho tša go bona goba mahlo.

English : There are many different constructions of eyes, ranging in complexity depending on the requirements of the organism.

Northern Sotho : Gona le go agega go gontši ga mahlo, go tloga go kopakopano go ya le ka dinyakwa tša sephedi.

English : The different constructions have different capabilities, are sensitive to different wave-lengths and have differing degrees of acuity, also they require different processing to make sense of the input and different numbers to work optimally.

Northern Sotho : Mekgwa ya go aga ya go fapana e na le makgone a go fapana, e kgomega ka go fapanego ga mahlakore a botelele gomme e na le dikgata tša go fapana tša bokopana, gape e hloka ditshepedišo tše itšego ya go se tswane ya go fa kgopolo ya thokelo le dipalo tša go fapana gore e šome gabotse.

English : A population is the collection of organisms of a particular species within a given geographic area.

Northern Sotho : Tlalo ya diphedi ke kgoboketšo ya diphedi tša mohuta o itšego ka gare ga lefelo leo le filwego.

English : When all individuals in a population are identical with regard to a particular phenotypic trait they are known as monomorphic.

Northern Sotho : Ge batho ka moka setšhabeng ba swana ka seka se itšego sa phenotypic ba tsebega bjalo ka monomorphic.

English : When the individuals show several variants of a particular trait they are polymorphic.

Northern Sotho : Ge batho ba bontša diphapano tva go fapana tša seka se itšego ba polymorphic.

English : Army ant colonies march and nest in different phases as well.

Northern Sotho : Dihlopa tša madira a ditšotši a gwanta gomme a dula mafelong a go fapfapana.

English : In the nomadic phase, army ants march at night and stop to camp during the day.

Northern Sotho : Nakong ya bahloka-šope, madira a mašole a gwanta bošego gomme a kampa mosegare.

English : The colony begins a nomadic phase when available food has decreased. During this phase, the colony makes temporary nests that are changed everyday.

Northern Sotho : Koloni e thoma lemanoga la nomadic ge dijo tša goba gona di fokotšegile. Nakong ya lemanoga le, koloni e dira dihlara tša nakwana tšeo di fetolwago letšatši ka letšatši.


English : Each of these nomadic rampages or marches lasts for approximately 17 days.

Northern Sotho : O mongwe le o mongwe wa mpherefere ye ya go se laolege goba megwanto e ba gona tekano ya matšatši a 17.

English : What is a cell? The word cell comes from the Latin word ¨cella¨, meaning ¨small room¨, and it was first coined by a microscopist observing the structure of cork.

Northern Sotho : Sele ke eng? Lentšu le sele le tšwa go lentšu la se Latin ¨cella¨, leo le bolelago gore ¨phaphuši ye nnyane¨, gomme le dirilwe pele ke microscopist yo a bego a lebeletše sebopego sa poropo.

English : The cell is the basic unit of all living things, and all organisms are composed of one or more cells.

Northern Sotho : Sele ke uniti ya motheo ya tšeo di phelago ka moka, gomme diphedi di dirilwe ka sele ye tee goba go feta.

English : Cells are so basic and critical to the study of life, in fact, that they are often referred to as ¨the building blocks of life¨.

Northern Sotho : Disele ke motheo gape di bohlokwa kudu go thuto ya bophelo, ka therešo, gantši di bitšwa ¨dikarolo tša go aga bophelo¨.

English : The Nervous System maintains homeostasis by sending nerve impulses through out the body to keep the flow of blood going as well as undisturbed.

Northern Sotho : Tshepedišo ya Methapo e hlokomela homeostasis ka go romela go betha ka methapo ka gare ga mmele go re go ela ga madi go dule go le gona le go re go se šitišege.

English : These nerve impulses can be sent so quickly throughout the body which helps keep the body safe from any potential threat.

Northern Sotho : Ditutuetšo tše tša methapo di ka romelwa ka ponyo-ya-leihlo godimo ga mmele ka moka tšeo di thušago go boloka mmele kgahlanong le kgonagalo ya tšhošetše.

English : Tornadoes strike a small area compared to other violent storms, but they can destroy everything in their path.

Northern Sotho : Dithonado di betha lefelo le lenyane ge go bapetšwa le madimo a mangwe a šoro, efela di ka senya tšhohle tseleng ya tšona.

English : Tornadoes uproot trees, rip boards from buildings, and fling cars up into the sky. The most violent two percent of tornadoes last more than three hours.

Northern Sotho : Dithonado di epolla mehlare, tša gagolantšha diporoto godimo ga meago, gomme tša fofišetša difatanaga godimo leratadimeng. Diperesente tše pedi tša dithonado tše šoro kudu di tšea tekano ya go feta diiri tše tharo.

English : These monster storms have winds up to 480 km/h (133 m/s; 300 mph).

Northern Sotho : Madimo a a makgema a hudugetše go ya go 480 km/h (133 m/s; 300 mph).

English : Humans have been making and using lenses for magnification for thousands and thousands of years.

Northern Sotho : Batho ba be ba šomiša dikgalase bakeng sa go bonela kgauswi bakeng sa makgolo le makgolo a mengwaga.

English : However, the first true telescopes were made in Europe in the late 16th century.

Northern Sotho : Efela, diteleskopo tša nnete tša mathomo di dirilwe go la Yuropa go ya mafelelong a ngwagakgolo wa bo 16.

English : These telescopes used a combination of two lenses to make distant objects appear both nearer and larger.

Northern Sotho : Ditheleskoupu tše di šomošitše hlakanyo ya dikgalase tše pedi go dira gore selo sa kgole se bonale se le kgauswi e le se segolo.

English : Greed and selfishness will always be with us and it is the nature of cooperation that when the majority benefit there will always be more to gain in the short term by acting selfishly

Northern Sotho : Megabaru le go inaganela ka noši go tla dula go na le rena gomme ke hlago ya tšhomišano-mmogo gore ge bontši bo holega go tla dula go na le go gontši goo go ka hwetšwago nakong ye nnyane ka go inaganela ka noši

English : Hopefully, most people will realise that their long term best option is to work together with others.

Northern Sotho : Ka kholofelo, bontši bja batho ba tla lemoga gore monyetla wa bona o mo kaone wa lebaka le le telele ke go šoma mmogo le ba bangwe.

English : Many people dream of the day when humans can travel to another star and explore other worlds, some people wonder what´s out there some belive that aliens or other life may live on another plant.

Northern Sotho : Batho ba bantši ba lora ka letšatši leo batho ba kgonago go ya polaneteng yenngwe gomme ba bona mafase a mangwe, batho ba bangwe ba ipotšiša gore ke eng ka ntle seo ba bangwe ba dumelago gore di-alien goba bophelo bjo bongwe bo ka ba gona polaneteng yenngwe.

English : But, if this ever does happen probably won´t happen for a very long time. The stars are so spread out that there are trillions of miles between stars that are ¨neighbors¨.

Northern Sotho : Efela, ge se se ka tsoga sa direga mohlomongwe se ka se direge bakeng sa lebaka le le telele. Dinaledi di phatlaletše kudu moo go nago le sekgoba sa dimaele tše trillion gare ga dinaledi tšeo e lego ¨baagišane¨.

English : Maybe one day, your great grandchildren will be standing atop an alien world wondering about their ancient ancestors?

Northern Sotho : Mohlomongwe ka letšatši le lengwe, ditlogolokhukhu tša gago di tla ba di eme pele ga lefase la di-alien ba ipotšiša ka badimo ba bona ba kgalekgale.

English : Animals are made of many cells. They eat things and digest them inside. Most animals can move.

Northern Sotho : Diphoofolo di dirilwe ka disele tše dintši. Dija dilo gomme tše di šilaganya ka gare. Diphoofolo tše dintši di kgona go sepela.

English : Only animals have brains (though not even all animals do; jellyfish, for example, do not have brains).

Northern Sotho : Ke diphoofolo fela di nago le bjoko (le ge e le gore ga se diphoofolo kamoka; jellyfish, ka mohlala, ga e na bjoko).

English : Animals are found all over the earth. They dig in the ground, swim in the oceans, and fly in the sky.

Northern Sotho : Diphoofolo di hwetšwa gohle lefaseng. Di epa fase, tša rutha ka mawatleng, gomme tša fofa lefaufaung.

English : A cell is the smallest structural and functional unit of a living (things) organism.

Northern Sotho : Sele ke thulaganyo le tšhomo ye nnyanennyane ya uniti ya sephedi (dilo).

English : Cell comes from the Latin word cella which means small room.

Northern Sotho : Lentšu la sele le tšwa go lentšu la Latin la cella leo le rago gore kamora ye nnyane.

English : If you look at living things under a microscope, you will see that they are made of small squares or balls.

Northern Sotho : Ge o ka lebelela dilo tša go phela ka fase ga maekrosko, o tla bona gore di dirilwe ka disekwere goba dibolo tše nnyane.

English : Robert Hooke, a biologist from England, saw small squares in cork with a microscope.

Northern Sotho : Robert Hooke, rathutaphedi go tšwa England, o bone disekwere tše nnyane ka gare ga poropo ka mikrosekoupo.

English : They looked like rooms. He was the first person to observe dead cells

Northern Sotho : Di lebelega bjalo ka diphaphuši. Ke motho wa mathomo wa go bona di sele tša go hwa.


English : Elements and compounds can move from one state to another and not change.

Northern Sotho : Dielement le diripa di ka šuta go tloga nageng ye tee go ya go yenngwe gomme tša se fetoge.

English : Nitrogen as a gas still has the same properties as liquid nitrogen. The liquid state is denser but the molecules are still the same.

Northern Sotho : Nitrogen bjalo ka kgase e sa na le didirišwa tša go swana le tša nitrogen ya meetse. Maemo a seela ke a makoto efela dikarolwana di sa swana.

English : Water is another example. The compound water is made up of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.

Northern Sotho : Meetse ke mohlala o mongwe. Meetse a go ya godimo a dirilwe ka di hydrogen atoms tše pedi le oxygen atom ye tee.

English : It has the same molecular structure whether it is a gas, liquid, or solid.

Northern Sotho : E na le sebopego sa go tswana sa molecular go sa kgathalege gore ke kgase, seela, goba sa go tia.

English : Although its physical state may change, its chemical state remains the same.

Northern Sotho : Le ge boemo bja yona bo ka fetoga, boemo bja yona bja khemikale bo dula bo tswana.

English : Time is something that is all around us, and affects everything we do, yet is difficult to understand.

Northern Sotho : Nako ke selo seo se lego gona gohle mo re bego, gomme e ama tšhohle tše re di dirago, efela e bothata go e kwešiša.

English : Time has been studied by religious, philosophical, and scientific scholars for thousands of years.

Northern Sotho : Nako e ithutetšwe ke dibadi tša sedumedi, filosofi, le saentshebakeng sa mengwaga ye diketekete.

English : We experience time as a series of events passing from the future through the present to the past.

Northern Sotho : Re itemogela nako bjalo ka tatelano ya ditiragalo tša go feta go tšwa bokamosong go ya go lehono go ya go maloba.

English : Time is also how we compare the duration (length) of events.

Northern Sotho : Nako ke gape ka moo re bapetšago nako (botelele) bja ditiragalo.

English : You can mark the passing of time yourself by observing the repetition of a cyclical event. A cyclical event is something that happens again and again regularly.

Northern Sotho : O ka maraka go feta ga nako ka bo wena ka go lebelela poeletša ya tiragalo. Poeletšo ya tiragalo ke se sengwe seo se diregago gape le gape makga a mantši.

English : Computers today are used to manipulate pictures and videos.

Northern Sotho : Dikhomphuthara lehono di šomišwa go laola dinepe le dibiteo.

English : Sophisticated animations can be constructed on computers, and this kind of animation is increasingly being used in television and films.

Northern Sotho : Dipopae tšeo di hlabologilego di ka dirwa godimo ga di khomphuta, gomme mohuta wo wa dipopae o šomišwa ka go oketšega mo thelebišeneng le difiliming.

English : Music is often recorded using sophisticated computers to process and mix sounds together.

Northern Sotho : Mmino o gatišwa gantši go šomišwa dikhomphuthara tša go hlakahlakantšha go sepediša le go hlakanya medumo mmogo.

English : For a long time during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, it was believed the first inhabitants of New Zealand were the Maori people, who hunted giant birds called moas.

Northern Sotho : Bakeng sa nako ye telele nakong ya mengwaga ya bo lesomesenyane le masomepedi, go be go dumelwa gore baagi ba pele ba New Zealand e be e le batho ba Maori, bao ba bego ba tsoma dinonyane tše di kgolokgolo tša go bitšwa moas.

English : The theory then established the idea that the Maori people migrated from Polynesia in a Great Fleet and took New Zealand from the Moriori, establishing an agricultural society.

Northern Sotho : Theory yeo ka morago ya tšweletša mogopolo wa gore batho ba ma-Maori ba hudugile go tšwa Polynesia ka Great Fleet gomme ba tšea New Zealand go tšwa go ma-Moriori, ba thoma setšhaba sa tša temo.

English : However, new evidence suggests that the Moriori were a group of mainland Maori who migrated from New Zealand to the Chatham Islands, developing their own distinctive, peaceful culture.

Northern Sotho : Efela, bohlatse bjo boswa bo šišinya gore Moriori e be e le sehlopa sa ka gare ga naga sa Maori seo se tlogilego go tšwa New Zealand go ya Dihlakahlakeng tša Chatham, sa dira setšo sa sona sa go ikgetha, sa khutšo.

English : There was also another tribe on the Chatham islands these were Maori who migrated away from New Zealand.

Northern Sotho : Gobe gape go na le moloko o mongwe go dihlakahlaka tša Chatham ye e be e le Maori woo o hudugilego go tšwa New Zealand.

English : They called themselves the Moriori there were a few skirmishes and in the end, the Moriori were wiped out

Northern Sotho : Ba ipeditše ma-Moriori go ba go na le ma-skirmishes a mmalwa gomme mafelelong, ma-Moriori a tlošwa.

English : Individuals who had been involved for several decades helped us appreciate our strengths and passions while candidly assessing difficulties and even failures.

Northern Sotho : Batho bao ba bego ba amega bakeng sa mengwagangwaga ba re thušitše go rata maatla a rena le tšeo re di ratago mola ba lekola maima le go palelwa.

English : While listening to individuals share their individual, family, and organizational stories, we gained valuable insight into the past and some of the personalities who influenced for good or ill the culture of the organization.

Northern Sotho : Ge re theeleditše batho ba bolela ka dikanegelo tša bona, malapa le mekgahlo ya bona, re hwetša lesedi ka gare ga tšeo di fetilego le ka ga batho ba bangwe bao ba hueditšego go loka goba go senyega ga setšo sa mokgahlo

English : While understanding one's history does not assume understanding of culture, it does at least help people gain a sense of where they fall within the history of the organization.

Northern Sotho : Le ge go kwešiša histori ya motho yo mongwe go sa akanye gore o kwešiša setšo, gantši e thuša batho go ba le hlaloganyo ya gore ba wela kae mo historing ya mokgatlo.

English : While assessing the successes and becoming aware of failures, individuals and the whole of the participating persons discover more deeply the values, mission, and driving forces of the organization.

Northern Sotho : Ge go lebelelwa katlego le go ba le maitemogelo a go palelwa, batho le batho ka moka bao ba tšeago karolo ba hwetša boleng, morero, di maatla a ditšhutšumetšo tša go tsenelela tša mokgahlo.

English : In this instance, recalling previous instances of entrepreneurial behavior and resulting successes helped people to be open to new changes and new direction for the local church.

Northern Sotho : Lebakeng le, go gopola makgetlo a go feta a maitshwaro a tša kgwebo le dipoelo tša dikatlego go thušitše batho gore ba bulege bakeng sa diphetogo tše diswa le ditsela tše diswa bakeng sa kereke ya gae.

English : Such success stories lessened the fears of change, while creating positive inclinations toward change in the future.

Northern Sotho : Dikanegelo tše bjale tša katlego di fokoditše poifo ya phetogo, mola di hlola ditumo tše dintši go lebiša go phetogo bokamosong.

English : Convergent thinking patterns are problem solving techniques that unite different ideas or fields to find a solution.

Northern Sotho : Mekgwa ya kgopolo yeo e kopanago ke mekgwa ya go rarolla bothata yeo e amanyago dikgopolo tša go fapana goba mafelo a go hwetša tharollo.


English : The focus of this mindset is speed, logic and accuracy, also identification of facts, reapplying existing techniques, gathering information.

Northern Sotho : Morero wa kgopolo ye ke lebelo, go ganana le go nepa, gape le go tseba dintlha, go diriša gape mekgwa, go kgoboketša tsebišo.

English : The most important factor of this mindset is: there is only one correct answer. You only think of two answers, namely right or wrong.

Northern Sotho : Se bohlokwa kudu ka mogopolo wa ke: go na le karabo yeo e nepagetšego ye tee fela. O ka nagana ka dikarabo tše pedi fela, tšeo e le go yeo e nepagetšego le yeo e fošagetšego.

English : This type of thinking is associated with certain science or standard procedures.

Northern Sotho : Mohuta wo wa go nagana o tswalantšwa le saentshea itšego goba tshepedišo ya go tlwaelega.

English : People with this type of thinking have logical thinking, are able to memorize patterns, solve problems and work on scientific tests.

Northern Sotho : Batho ba goba le mohuta wo wa go gopola ba na megopolo ya go kwagala, ba kgona go gopola diphethene, go rarabolla mathata le go šoma ka diteko tša thutahlale.

English : Humans are by far the most talented species in reading the minds of others.

Northern Sotho : Batho go fihla ga bjale ke bona mehuta ya diphedi tše di nago le talente ye kgolo ya go bala megopolo ya ba bangwe.

English : That means we are able to successfully predict what other humans perceive, intend, believe, know or desire.

Northern Sotho : Seo se ra gore re kgona go nagana ka katlego gore batho ba bangwe ba nagana eng, ba ikemišeditše eng, ba dumela eng, ba tseba eng goba ba duma eng.

English : Among these abilities, understanding the intention of others is crucial. It allows us to resolve possible ambiguities of physical actions.

Northern Sotho : Gare ga makgoni a, go kwešiša maikemišetšo a batho ba bangwe go bohlokwa kudu. Go re thuša go rarabolla go sekwešiše go go ka bago gona ga magatho a mmele.

English : For example, if you were to see someone breaking a car window, you would probably assume he was trying to steal a stranger's car.

Northern Sotho : Bakeng sa mohlala, ge o be o ka bona motho o mongwe a roba lefasetere la safatanaga, o ka tloga o nagana gore o leka go utswa safatanaga ya motho wo a sa mo tsebego.

English : He would need to be judged differently if he had lost his car keys and it was his own car that he was trying to break into.

Northern Sotho : O be a tlo ahlolwa ka go fapanego ge nkabe a lahlegetšwe ke dinotlelo tša safatanaga ya gagwe gomme e be e le safatanaga ya gagwe yeo a bego a leka go e pšhatla.

English : MRI is based on a physics phenomenon called nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), which was discovered in the 1930s by Felix Bloch (working at Stanford University) and Edward Purcell (from Harvard University).

Northern Sotho : MRI e ikeme ka karolo ya physics yeo e bitšwago modumo wa magnete wa nuclear (NMR), yeo e hweditšwego ka bo 1930 ke Felix Bloch (a bereka Yunibesithi ya Stanford) lr Edward Purcell (wa go tšwa Yunibesithi ya Havard).

English : In this resonance, magnetic field and radio waves cause atoms to give off tiny radio signals.

Northern Sotho : Ka go galagatša modumo wo, lefelo la makenete le maphoto a sealemoya di hlola di atoms tša go fa ditšhupo tše nnyane tša sealemoya.

English : In the year 1970, Raymond Damadian, a medical doctor and research scientist, discovered the basis for using magnetic resonance imaging as a tool for medical diagnosis.

Northern Sotho : Ka ngwaga wa 1970, Raymond Damadian, ngaka ya tša maphelo le monyakišiši wa tša mahlale, o hweditše motheo bakeng sa go šomiša bonagantšo ya modumo wa magenete bjalo ka sedirišwa bakeng la hlahlobo ya tša tša maphelo.

English : Four years later a patent was granted, which was the world´s first patent issued in the field of MRI.

Northern Sotho : Mengwaga ye mene ka morago sehlare se dumeletšwe, seo e bego e le sehlare sa mathoto sa lefase seo se filwego lefapeng la MRI.

English : In 1977, Dr. Damadian completed the construction of the first "whole-body" MRI scanner, which he called the "Indomitable".

Northern Sotho : Ka 1977, Ngk. Damaduan o feditše go dira tebeledišišo ya pele ya ¨mmele-ka moka¨, yeo a e biditšego ¨Indomitable¨.

English : Asynchronous communication encourages time for reflection and reaction to others.

Northern Sotho : Poledišano yeo e ikemego e hlohleletša nako ya go inaganišiša le go arabela go ba bangwe.

English : It allows students the ability to work at their own pace and control the pace of instructional information.

Northern Sotho : E dumelela baithuti bokgone bja go šoma ka lebelo la bona le go laola lebelo la tsebešo ya ditaelo.

English : In addition, there are fewer time restrictions with the possibility of flexible working hours. (Bremer, 1998)

Northern Sotho : Go tlaleletša, go na le dipeelo tše nnyane tša nako tša kgonagalo ya diiri tša go šoma tša go kobega. (Bremer, 1998)

English : The use of the Internet and the World Wide Web allows learners to have access to information at all times.

Northern Sotho : Tšhomišo ya inthanete le Wepo ya Lefase ka Bophara e dumelela barutwana go hwetša tshedimošo ka dinako ka moka.a.

English : Students can also submit questions to instructors at any time of day and expect reasonably quick responses, rather than waiting until the next face-to-face meeting.

Northern Sotho : Baithuti ba iša gape dipotšišo go bahlahli nako yengwe le yengwe ya letšatši gomme ba letele dikarabelo tša ka pele ka moo go ka kgonegago, go na le go ema go fihla nakong yeo e sa tlo tlago ya kopano ya go bonana-ka-sebele.

English : The postmodern approach to learning offers the freedom from absolutes. There is no one good way to learn.

Northern Sotho : Tsela ya ka morago ga sebjalebjale ya go ithuta e abelana ka tokologo go bao ba feleletšego. ga go tsela ye tee ye botse ya go ithuta.

English : In fact, there is not one good thing to learn.Learning takes place in the experience between the learner and the knowledge presented.

Northern Sotho : Gabotsebotse, ga go selo se sebotse se se tee seo motho a ka ithutago sona. Go ithuta go direga mong maitemogelo a magareng ga moithuti le tsebo yeo e fiwago.

English : Our current experience with all the do-it-yourself and information presenting, learning-based television shows illustrates this point.

Northern Sotho : Maitemogelo a rena a bjale le polelo ya go itirela le tshedimušo, diswantšhetšo tša thuto ya thelebišeneng di šupetša ntlha ye.

English : So many of us find ourselves watching a television show that informs us of a process or experience in which we will never participate or apply that knowledge.

Northern Sotho : Bontši bja rena re ikhwetša re lebeletše lenaneo la telebišene leo le re tsebišago ka tshepetšo yeo goba maitemogelo ao re ka se tsogilego re tšere karolo ka gare gawona goba ra šomiša tsebo yeo.

English : We will never overhaul a car, build a fountain in our backyard, travel to Peru to examine ancient ruins, or remodel our neighbour´s house.

Northern Sotho : Re ka se tsoge ra fetola safatanaga, ra aga mothopo ba morago ga jarata ya rena, ra etela Peru go lebelela mašope a kgale, goba ra mpšhafatša ntlo ya moagišane wa rena.

English : Thanks to undersea fiber optic cable links to Europe and broadband satellite, Greenland is well connected with 93% of the population having internet access.

Northern Sotho : Ditebogo go kopantšo ya ditapo tša fiber tša ka fase ga lewatle go Yuropa le satalaete ya broadband, Greenland e tloga e kgokagane ka 93% ya batho bao ba nago le inthanete.


English : Your hotel or hosts (if staying in a guesthouse or private home) will likely have wifi or an internet connected PC, and all settlements have an internet cafe or some location with public wifi.

Northern Sotho : Hotele ya goba baamogedi ba gago (ge e ba o dula ntlong ya baeti goba legae la ka sephiring) ba ka ba le wifi goba PC yeo e gokaganego le inthanete, gomme mafelo ka moka a na le mabenkele a inthanete goba lefelo le lengwe la wifi ya bohle.

English : As mentioned above, though the word ¨Eskimo¨ remains acceptable in the United States, it is considered pejorative by many non-U.S. Arctic peoples, especially in Canada.

Northern Sotho : Bjale ka ge go boletšwe ka godimo, le ge lentšu ¨Eskimo¨ le dula le amogelegile go la United States, le sa tšeiwa bjalo ka nyenyefatšo ke batho ba bantši ba ma Arctic ba go se ba sa U.S., kudu go la Canada.

English : While you may hear the word used by Greenlandic Natives, its use should be avoided by foreigners.

Northern Sotho : Le ge o ka kwa lentšu le le šomišwago ke batho bao ba Belegetšwego Greenlandic, tšhomišo ya yona e swanetše go efogwa ke batšwantle.

English : The native inhabitants of Greenland call themselves Inuit in Canada and Kalaalleq (plural Kalaallit), a Greenlander, in Greenland.

Northern Sotho : Badudi ba setloga ba Greenland ba ipitša Inuit ka Canada le Kalaalleq (bontši Kalaallit), moGreenland, ka Greenland.

English : Crime, and ill-will toward foreigners in general, is virtually unknown in Greenland. Even in the towns, there are no ¨rough areas.¨

Northern Sotho : Bosenyi, le bonaba go matšwantle ka kakaretšo, ga di tsebje Greenland. Le ditoropopong, ga go na ¨mafelo a bothata.¨

English : Cold weather is perhaps the only real danger the unprepared will face.

Northern Sotho : Mohlomongwe phefo ke yona kotsikotsi yeo bao ba sa itokišetšago ba tlilego go lebana le yona.

English : If you visit Greenland during cold seasons (considering that the further north you go, the colder it will be), it is essential to bring warm enough clothing.

Northern Sotho : Ge o ka etela Greenland ka nako ya dihla tša go tonya (o gopola gore ge o ntše o eya leboa, go tonya kudu), go bohlokwa go tla le dikobo tša borutho.

English : The very long days in the summer can lead to problems getting sufficient sleep and associated health issues.

Northern Sotho : Matšatši a matelele ka selemo a ka iša mathateng a go hwetša boroko bjo lekane le mathata a tša maphelo a go amana.

English : During the summer, also watch out for the Nordic mosquitoes. Although they do not transmit any diseases, they can be irritating.

Northern Sotho : Ka selemo, o hlokomele gape menang ya Nordic. Le ge e sa phatlalatše malwetši, e a selekiša.

English : While San Francisco´s economy is linked to it being a world-class tourist attraction, its economy is diversified.

Northern Sotho : Le ge ekonomi ya San Francisco e amantšhwa le go goka baeng ga maemo a godimo lefaseng, ekonomi ya gona e a fapana.

English : The largest employment sectors are professional services, government, finance, trade, and tourism.

Northern Sotho : Mafapha a go thwala bašomi a magologolo ke ditirelo tša semmušo, mmušo, tša ditšhelete, go gwebišana, le boeti.

English : Its frequent portrayal in music, films, literature and popular culture has helped make the city and its landmarks known throughout the world.

Northern Sotho : Go tšwelela ga yona gantši ka gare ga mmino, difilimi, dingwalwa le ditšo tša go tuma go thušitše go dira motse le mafelo a wona a go tsebalega gore di tsebege lefaseng ka bophara.

English : San Francisco has developed a large tourist infrastructure with numerous hotels, restaurants, and top-notch convention facilities.

Northern Sotho : San Francisco e tšweleditšepele metheo ya tša boeti ka dihotele tše mmalwa, mafelo a go jela, le mafelo a maemo a godimo a kopanelo.

English : San Francisco is also one of the best places in the nation for other Asian cuisine: Korean, Thai, Indian, and Japanese.

Northern Sotho : San Francisco gape ke yengwe ya mafelo a makaone nageng bakeng sa dijo tše dingwe tša Asia: Korean, Thai, Indian, le Japanese.

English : Traveling to Walt Disney World represents a major pilgrimage for many American families.

Northern Sotho : Go etela Walt Disney World go emela karolo ye kgolo ya boeti bjo bokgethwa bakeng sa malapa a mantši a ma-America.

English : The ¨typical¨ visit involves flying into Orlando International Airport, busing to an on-site Disney hotel, spending about a week without leaving Disney property, and returning home.

Northern Sotho : Ketelo yeo ya ¨go sere selo¨ e na le go fofela ka Boemafofane bja Ditšhaba bja Orlando, go putlela hoteleng ya lefelong la Disney, go tšea tekano ya beke ntle le go tloga thotong ya Disney, le go boela gae.

English : There are infinite variations possible, but this remains what most people mean when they talk of ¨going to Disney World¨.

Northern Sotho : Gona le kgonagalo ya diphapaphapano tša go se fele, efela se ke seo batho ba bantši ba bolelago ka go sona ge ba bolela ka ¨go ya Disney World¨.

English : Many tickets sold online through auction websites such as eBay or Craigslist are partially used multi-day park-hopper tickets.

Northern Sotho : Dithekete tše dintši tšeo di rekišitšwego mo dikgolaganyong tša inthanete ka diweposaete tša fantisi tše bjalo ka eBay goba Craigslist go ke dithekete tšeo di šomišitšwego gannyane letšatšing leo.

English : While this is a very common activity, it is prohibited by Disney: the tickets are non-transferable.

Northern Sotho : Le ge se e le mošongwana wa tlwaelo, o ganetšwa ke Disney: dithekete ga di fetišetšwe.

English : Any camping below the rim in Grand Canyon requires a backcountry permit.

Northern Sotho : Go khampa go gongwe le go gongwe ga ka fase ga motheo go la Grand Canyon go hloka thumelelo ya ka morago ga naga.

English : Permits are limited to protect the canyon, and become available on the 1st day of the month, four months prior to the start month.

Northern Sotho : Ditumelelo di beetšwe go šireletša maope, gomme di ba gona ka letšatši la 1 la kgwedi, kgwedi tše nne pele ga go thoma ga kgwedi.

English : Thus, a backcountry permit for any start date in May becomes available on 1 Jan.

Northern Sotho : Kafao, thumelelo ya bomorago bja naga bakeng sa letšatšikgwedi le lengwe le lengwe la go thoma ka May e ba gona ka 1 Jan.

English : Space for the most popular areas, such as the Bright Angel Campground adjacent to Phantom Ranch, generally fill up by the requests received on first date they are opened to reservations.

Northern Sotho : Sekgoba bakeng sa mafelo a go tuma, bjalo ka Bright Angel Campgraund go lebana le Phantom Ranch, gantši di tlatša ke dikgopelo tšeo di amogelwago ka letšatšikgwedi la mathomo ge ba bula bakeng sa dipeelo ka thoko.

English : There are a limited number permits reserved for walk-in requests available on a first come, first served basis.

Northern Sotho : Go na le ditumelelo tše badilwego tšeo di beetšwego bakeng sa dikgopelo tša go tsena ka maoto tšeo di bego gona bakeng sa bao ba tlago pele.

English : Entering Southern Africa by car is an amazing way to see all the region´s beauty as well as to get to places off the normal tourist routes.

Northern Sotho : Go tsena Borwa bja Afrika ka safatanaga ke tsela ye botse ya go bona bobotse kamoka bja selete gammogo le go fihla mafelong ao a sego mebileng ya go tlwaelega ya boeti.


English : This can be done in a normal car with careful planning but a 4x4 is highly advised and many locations are only accessible with a high wheel base 4x4.

Northern Sotho : Se se ka dirwa ka gare ga safatanaga ya go tlwaelega ka peakanyo ya hlokomela efela 4x4 ke yona e eleletšwago kudu gomme mafelo a mantši a hwetšega ka 4x4 ya maotwana a godimo.

English : Keep in mind while planning that although Southern Africa is stable not all neighboring countries are.

Northern Sotho : Dula o gopola ge o beakanya gore le ge Borwa bja Afrika bo sa šute ga se dinaga kamoka tša baaigišane tšeo di sa šutego.

English : Visa requirements and costs vary from nation to nation and are affected by the country you come from.

Northern Sotho : Dinyakwa tša visa le ditshenyagalelo difapana go tšwa nageng go ya nageng gomme di ama ke naga yeo o tšwago go yona.

English : Each country also has unique laws requiring what emergency items need to be in the car.

Northern Sotho : Naga yenngwe le yenngwe le yona e na le melawana ya go ikgetha yeo e kgethago gore ke didirišwa dife tšeo di hlokago go ba ka gare ga safatanaga.

English : Victoria Falls is a town in the western portion of Zimbabwe, across the border from Livingstone, Zambia, and near Botswana.

Northern Sotho : Diphororo tša Victoria ke toropo go la bodikela bja karolo ya Zimbabwe, go tshela leporogo go tšwa Livingstone, Zambia le kgauswi le Botswana.

English : The town lies immediately next to the falls, and they are the major attraction, but this popular tourist destination offers both adventure seekers and sightseers plenty of opportunities for a longer stay.

Northern Sotho : Toropo e kgauswi ka pele le diphororo tša go latela, gomme ke dikgogedi tše dikgolo, efela lefelo le la go tuma la baeti le abelana go bobedi bao ba nyakago go bona dilo tše dibotse le ba go nyaka go bona mafelo ka menyetla ye mentši bakeng sa go dula nakwana.

English : In the rainy season (November to March), the water volume will be higher and the Falls will be more dramatic.

Northern Sotho : Sehlang sa dipula (Nofemere go fihla go Matšhe), bolumu ya meetse e tla ba godimo gomme Mawa a tla phagama kudu.

English : You are guaranteed to get wet if you cross the bridge or walk along the trails winding near the Falls.

Northern Sotho : O netefaletšwa go tapa ge o ka tshela leborogo goba wa sepela kgauswi le ditsejana tša go ba thoko ga Diphororo.

English : On the other hand, it is precisely because the volume of water is so high that your viewing of the actual Falls will be obscured—by all the water!

Northern Sotho : Ka letsogong le lengwe, ke ka lebaka la gore tekano ya meetse e godimo kudu ka moo go lebelela ga gago ga go tšholloga go ka šitišwago - ke meetse kamoka!

English : Tomb of Tutankhamun (KV62). KV62 may be the most famous of the tombs in the Valley, the scene of Howard Carter´s 1922 discovery of the almost intact royal burial of the young king.

Northern Sotho : Lebitla la Tutankhamun (KV62). KV62 e ka ba e le mabitla a go tuma kudu Seleteng, ponagatšo ya temogo ya Howard Carter ya 1922 ya poloko ya ka bogošing yeo e bego e ka ba e sa le gabotse ya kgoši ye nnyane.

English : Compared to most of the other royal tombs, however, the tomb of Tutankhamun is barely worth visiting, being much smaller and with limited decoration.

Northern Sotho : Go bapetšwa le bontši bja dirapa tša bokgoši a mangwe, serapa sa Tutankhamun ga se sa swanelwa le ke go etelwa, e le le lennyane ebile le na le go kgabišwa go go nnyane.

English : Anyone interested in seeing evidence of the damage to the mummy done during attempts to remove it from the coffin will be disappointed as only the head and shoulders are visible.

Northern Sotho : Ge go na le yo a nago le kgahlego ya go bona bohlatse bja tsenyego godimo ga setopo yeo e dirilwego nakong ya go leka go se tloša go tšwa ka gare ga lepokisi o tla nyama ka ge go bonala hlogo e magetla fela.

English : The fabulous riches of the tomb are no longer in it, but have been removed to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

Northern Sotho : Mahumo a mabotse a lebitla ga a sa le ka gare ga lona, efela a tlošeditšwe go ya Egyptian Museum go la Cairo.

English : Visitors with limited time would be best to spend their time elsewhere.

Northern Sotho : Baeti ba go ba le nako ye nnyane go ka ba kaone ge ba ka fetša nako ya bona go gongwe.

English : Phnom Krom, 12 km southwest of Siem Reap. This hilltop temple was built at the end of the 9th century, during the reign of King Yasovarman.

Northern Sotho : Phnom Krom, 12 km borwa-bodikela bja Siem Reap. Tempele ye ya godimo ga mmoto e agilwe go ya mafelelong a ngwagakgolo wa bo 9, nakong ya pušo ya Kgoši Yasovarman.

English : The gloomy atmosphere of the temple and the view over the Tonle Sap lake make the climb to the hill worthwhile.

Northern Sotho : Tikologo ye botse ya tempele le pono go tšwa godimo ga letsha la Tonle Sap di dira gore go namela go ya mmotong go be ga go se senye nako.

English : A visit to the site can be conveniently combined with a boat trip to the lake.

Northern Sotho : Ketelo ya lefelo e ka hlakantšwa le leeto la sekepe go ya letsheng.

English : The Angkor Pass is needed to enter the temple so do not forget to bring your passport along when heading to Tonle Sap.

Northern Sotho : Angkor Pass ea hlokega go tsena ka gare ga tempele kafao o se ke wa lebala go tla le pasepoto ya gago ge o leba Tonle Sap.

English : Jerusalem is the capital and largest city of Israel, though most other countries and the United Nations do not recognize it as Israel´s capital.

Northern Sotho : Jerusalem ke toropokgolo le toropo ye kgolo ya Israele, le ge dinaga tše dingwe tše dintši le United Nations ga di e bone bjalo ka toropokgolo ya Israel.

English : The ancient city in the Judean Hills has a fascinating history spanning thousands of years.

Northern Sotho : Motse wa kgale go la Judean Hills o na le histori ya go makatša ya go rarela mengwa ye diketekete.

English : The city is holy to the three monotheistic religions - Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and serves as a spiritual, religious, and cultural center.

Northern Sotho : Motse ke o mokgethwa go ditumelo tše tharo tša go ikema ka noši - Judaism, Christianity le Islam, gomme di hlankela bjalo ka bogare bja semoya, sedumedi le setšo.

English : Due to the religious significance of the city, and in particular the many sites of the Old City area, Jerusalem is one of the main tourist destinations in Israel.

Northern Sotho : Ka lebaka la bohlokwa bja sedumedi sa toropo, gomme gabotse mafelo a mantši a lefelo la Old City, Jerusalem ke ye tee ya mafelo a magolo a boeti ka Israel.

English : Jerusalem has many historic, archeological and cultural sites, along with vibrant and crowded shopping centers, cafés, and restaurants.

Northern Sotho : Jerusalema e na le mafelo a mantši a setšo a historu, gammogo le mafelo a kgahliša a go tlala a go reka, dikhefi, le mabenkele a go jela.

English : Ecuador requires that Cuban citizens receive an invitation letter prior to entering Ecuador through international airports or frontier admission points.

Northern Sotho : Ecuador e nyaka badudi ba Cuba ba amogele lengwalo la memo pele ba tsena Ecuador ka boemafofane bja boditšhabatšhaba goba dintlha tša kamogelo ya ka pele.

English : This letter must be legalized by the Ecuadorian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and comply with certain requirements.

Northern Sotho : Lengwalo le le swanetše go beiwa molaong ke Ecuadorian Ministry ya Foreign Affairs, gomme e obamele dinyakwa tše diitšego.


English : These requirements are designed to provide an organized migratory flow between both countries.

Northern Sotho : Dinyakwa tše di hloletšwe go abelana ka boelo bja bafaladi bjoo bo beakantšwego gare ga dinaga tše tše pedi.

English : Cuban citizens who are US green card holders should visit an Ecuadorian Consulate to obtain an exemption to this requirement.

Northern Sotho : Badudi ba Cuba bao e lego baswari ba karata ye tala ya US ba swanetše go etela Motseta wa Ecuadorian go hwetša tumelelo ya senyakwa se.

English : Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months beyond your travel dates. A round/onward trip ticket is needed to prove the length of your stay.

Northern Sotho : Pasepoto ya gago e swanetše go ba e šoma bakeng sa bonnyane bja dikgwedi tše 6 go ya ka morago ga matšatšikgwedi a gago a go etela. Setlankana sa leeto la go dukuluga/go ya pele se a hlokega go bontša botelele bja go dula ga gago.

English : Tours are cheaper for larger groups, so if you´re by yourself or with just one friend, try to meet other people and form a group of four to six for a better per-person rate.

Northern Sotho : Tša boeti e ba tša tefelo ya fase bakeng sa dihlopa tše dikgolo, kafao ge eba o tee goba o no ba le mogwera o tee, leka go kopana le batho ba bangwe gomme le dire sehlopa sa batho ba bane go iša go tshela bakeng sa tefelo ya motho ka o tee ye kaone.

English : However, this shouldn´t really be off your concern, because often tourists are shuffled around to fill the cars.

Northern Sotho : Efela, se ga se a tswanela go ba taba ya gago, ka lebaka la gore gantši baeti ba šutišetšwa kua le kua go tlatša disafatanaga.

English : It seems actually to be more a way of tricking people into believing they have to pay more.

Northern Sotho : Go bonagala e tloga e le tsela ya go fekeetša batho go dumeleng gore ba swanetše ba lefel go feta.

English : Towering above the north end of Machu Picchu is this steep mountain, often the backdrop to many photos of the ruins.

Northern Sotho : Bokagodimo bja ka godimo bja mafelelo a leboa la Machu Picchu ke thaba ya go rotoga, gantši ke bomorago bja diswantšho tše dintši tša mašope a.

English : It looks a bit daunting from below, and it is a steep and difficult ascent, but most reasonably fit persons should be able to make it in about 45 minutes.

Northern Sotho : E bonagala e tšhoša go tšwa ka fase, gomme ke go mmoto ebile ke go go namelelago ga go thatafa, efela batho ba go tloga ba le maemong a mmele a mabotse ba ka kgona go fihla ka metsotso ye e ka bago ye 45.

English : Stone steps are laid along most of the path, and in the steeper sections steel cables provide a supporting handrail.

Northern Sotho : Dikgatho tša maswika di beilwe bontšing bjale tsejana, gomme dithapo tša tšhipi tša dikarolo tša go namelela di abelana ka thekgo ya go swara ka letsogo.

English : That said, expect to be out of breath, and take care in the steeper portions, especially when wet, as it can become dangerous quickly.

Northern Sotho : Seo seboletšwego, letela go felelea ke moya, gomme o hlokomele dikarolong tša go nyogela, kudu ge go tapile, ka ge go ka tloga gwa bakotsi.

English : There´s a tiny cave near the top that must be passed through, it is quite low and a rather tight squeeze.

Northern Sotho : Go na le lewa le lennyane kgauswi le ntlhora leo go swanetšwego go fetwa go lona, le tloga le le fase gomme le pitlaganetša kutšwana.

English : Seeing the sites and wildlife of the Galapagos is best done by boat, just as Charles Darwin did it in 1835.

Northern Sotho : Go bona mafelo le diphoofolo tša naga tša Galapagos go botse ge go dirwa ka sekepe, bjalo ka ge Charles Darwin a dirile ka 1835.

English : Over 60 cruise ships ply the Galapagos waters - ranging in size from 8 to 100 passengers.

Northern Sotho : Dikepe tša boeti tša go feta tše 60 di feta meetse a Galapos - di fapana ka tekano go tloga go banamedi ba 8 go ya go ba 100.

English : Most people book their place well in advance (as the boats are usually full during the high season).

Northern Sotho : Bontši bja batho ba tšea dikgoba tša mafelo a bona kapela (ka ge dikepe gantši di phela di tletše ka sehla sa godimo).

English : Be sure the agent through whom you book is a Galapagos specialist with a good knowledge of a wide variety of ships.

Northern Sotho : Netefatša gore moemedi yoo o dirago dipeelo ka yena ke setsebi sa Galapagos ka tsebo ye botse ya dikepe tša go fapafapana.

English : This will ensure that your particular interests and/or constraints are matched with the ship most suitable to them.

Northern Sotho : Se se tla netefatša gore ditumo le/goba tšhitišo tša gago tše itšego di bapetšwa le kamano ya go ba tswanela thwii.

English : Before the Spanish arrived in the 16th century, northern Chile was under Inca rule while the indigenous Araucanians (Mapuche) inhabited central and southern Chile.

Northern Sotho : Pele ga ge ma Spanish a fihla ka ngwagakgolo wa bo 16, leboa la Chile le be le le ka fase ga molao wa Inca mola ma Araucanian (Mapuche) a be a dula bogare bja le borwa bja Chile.

English : The Mapuche were also one of the last independent American indigenous groups, that were not fully absorbed into Spanish-speaking rule until after Chile´s independence.

Northern Sotho : Ma-Mapuche e be e le ba bangwe ba mafelelo ba go ikemela ba dihlopa tša setlogo tša America, tšeo di sa kago tša meletšwa ka gare ga molao wa go bolela se-Spanish go fihla ka morago ga go ikema ga Chile.

English : Although Chile declared independence in 1810 (amid the Napoleonic wars that left Spain without a functioning central government for a couple of years), decisive victory over the Spanish was not achieved until 1818.

Northern Sotho : Le ge e ba Chile e boletšwe ge e ikeme ka 1810 (ka gare ga dintwa tša Napoleonic tšeo di tlogetšego Spain ntle le mmušo wa go šoma bakeng sa mengwaga ye mmalwa), phenyo yeo e baekantšwego ga sa ka ya fihlelelwa go ba go fihla ka 1818.

English : The Dominican Republic (Spanish: República Dominicana) is a Caribbean country that occupies the eastern half of the island of Hispaniola, which it shares with Haiti

Northern Sotho : Dominican Republic (Spanish: República Dominicana) naga ya Caribbean yeo e tšeago seripa sa bohlabela bja sehlakahlaka sa Hispaniola, seo e se abelanelago le Haiti.

English : Besides white sand beaches and mountain landscapes, the country is home to the oldest European city in the Americas, now part of Santo Domingo.

Northern Sotho : Ka ntle ga mabopo a disanta tše tšweu le mafelo a ditaba, naga ke legae go motse o mogologolo wa Yuropa go la Americas, bjale e le karolo ya Santo Domingo.

English : The island was first inhabited by the Taínos and Caribes. The Caribes were an Arawakan-speaking people who had arrived around 10,000 BCE.

Northern Sotho : Sehlakahlaka se dutšwe pele ke ma-Taínos le Caribes. Ma-Caribes e be e le ba go bolela se-Arawakan bao ba fihlilego ka bo 10,000 BCE.

English : Within a few short years following the arrival of European explorers, the population of Tainos had significantly been reduced by the Spanish conquerors

Northern Sotho : Ka korago ga mengwaga ye mmalwa ye mekopana ya go fihla ga basepedi ba ma-Europe, batho ba Tainos ba be ba fokotšegile kudu ke bafenyi ba ma-Spanish.

English : Based on Fray Bartolomé de las Casas (Tratado de las Indias) between 1492 and 1498 the Spanish conquerors killed around 100,000 Taínos.

Northern Sotho : Go ya le ka Fray Bartolomé de las Casas (Tratado de las Indias) gare ga 1492 le 1498 bafenyi ba ma Spanish ba bolaile ba Taínos ba e ka bago ba 100,000.

English : Jardín de la Unión. This space was built as the atrium for a 17th-century convent, of which the Templo de San Diego is the sole surviving building.

Northern Sotho : Jardín de la Unión. Sekgoba se se agilwe bjalo ka atrium se agelwa kopano ya ngwagakgolo wa bo 17, yeo Templo de San Diego e lego moago o tee woo o sa emego.


English : It now functions as the central plaza, and always has a lot of things going on, day and night.

Northern Sotho : Gabjale e šoma bjalo ka sentara ya plaza, gomme e dula e na le dilo tše dintši tšeo di diregago, mosegare le bošego.

English : There are a number of restaurants surrounding the garden, and in the afternoons and evening there free concerts are often given from the central gazebo.

Northern Sotho : Go na le mafelo a go jela a mmalwa go dukuluga tšhemo, gomme mathapameng le bošego go ba le diponagatšo tša go se lefelwe tšeo di fiwago gantši go tšwa morithing wa tente.

English : Callejon del Beso (Alley of the Kiss). Two balconies separated by only 69 centimeters is home of an old love legend.

Northern Sotho : Callejon del Beso (Alley of the Kiss). Mabato a ka godimo a mabedi ao a arogantšwego ka disentimitara tše 69 fela ke legae la kakapa ya go tšofala ya lerato.

English : For a few pennies some children will tell you the story.

Northern Sotho : Bakeng sa dipeni nyana tše nnyane bana ba tla go botša padi ye.

English : Bowen Island is a popular day trip or weekend excursion offering kayaking, hiking, shops, restaurants, and more.

Northern Sotho : Sehlakahlaka sa Bowen ke lefelo la boeti ba leeto la letšatši goba mafelelo a beke lago tuma la go abelana ka kayaking, go tšea leeto le le telele ka maoto, mabenkele, mafelo a go jela, le tše dingwe.

English : This authentic community is located in Howe Sound just off Vancouver, and is easily accessed via scheduled water taxis departing Granville Island in downtown Vancouver.

Northern Sotho : Setšhaba se sa nnete se hwetšwa ka Howe Sound go tšwa gannyane ka Vancouver, gomme se a hwetšega ka ditekisi tša meetse tša go beakantšwa go tloga Granvill Island bofase bja toropo ya Vancouver.

English : For those who enjoy outdoor activities, a trek up the Sea to Sky corridor is essential.

Northern Sotho : Bakeng sa bao ba ratago ditiragatšo tša ka ntle, go sepela ka tsejana ya go ya Lewatleng go ya Lefaufaung go bohlokwa.

English : Whistler (1.5 hour drive from Vancouver) is expensive but well-known because of the 2010 Winter Olympics.

Northern Sotho : Whistler (leeto la go leka diiri tše 1.5 go tloga Vancouver) e a thura efela e a tsebega ka lebaka la di Oyympic tša Marega a 2010.

English : In the winter, enjoy some of the best skiing in North America, and in the summer try some authentic mountain biking.

Northern Sotho : Ka marega, ipšhine ka go fofa lehlweng go gobotse go la Leboa la America, gomme ka selemo o leke go namela ditaba ka paesekela ga mmakgonthe.

English : Permits must be reserved in advance. You must have a permit to stay overnight at Sirena.

Northern Sotho : Ditumelelo di swanetše go beelwa ka thoko e sa le nako. O swanetše go ba le tumelelo go dula bošego go la Sirena.

English : Sirena is the only ranger station that offers dormitory lodging and hot meals in addition to camping. La Leona, San Pedrillo, and Los Patos offer only camping with no food service.

Northern Sotho : Sirena ke sona setiši fela sa meraka seo e abelanelago ka marobalo a ka gare le dijo tša go fiša godimo ga go kampa. La Leona, San Pedrillo, le Los Patos di abelana ka go kampa fela ntle le tirelo ya dijo.

English : It is possible to secure park permits directly from the Ranger Station in Puerto Jiménez, but they do not accept credit cards

Northern Sotho : Go a kgonega go hwetša ditumelelo tša go emiša difatanaga Setišing sa Ranger go la Puerto Jiménez, efela ga ba amogele dikarata tša sekoloto.

English : The Park Service (MINAE) does not issue park permits more than one month in advance of anticipated arrival.

Northern Sotho : Park Service (MINAE) ga e ntše ditumelelo tša diphaka go feta kgwedi ye tee pele ga go fihla goo go lebeletšwego.

English : CafeNet El Sol offers a reservation service for a fee of US$30, or $10 for one-day passes; details on their Corcovado page.

Northern Sotho : CafeNet El Sol o aba tirelo ya polokelo ka tefo ya US$30, goba $10 ka go feta ga letšatši le tee; dintlha di letlakaleng la bona la Corcovado.

English : The Cook Islands are an island country in free association with New Zealand, located in Polynesia, in the middle of the South Pacific Ocean.

Northern Sotho : Dihlakahlaka tša Cook ke naga ya sehlakahlaka ya go ba le kamano ya go lokologa le New Zealand, e hwetšwa Polynesia, gare ga Lewatle la Borwa bja Pacific.

English : It is an archipelago with 15 islands spread out over 2.2 million km2 of ocean.

Northern Sotho : Ke sehlopa sa dihlakahlaka tše 15 tšeo di phatlaletšego godimo ga di km2 tše dimiliyone tše 2.2 tša lewatle.

English : With the same time zone as Hawaii, the islands are sometimes thought of as ¨Hawaii down under¨.

Northern Sotho : Ka nako ya go tswana le ya Hawaii, dihlakahlaka ka nako yengwe di naganwa bjale ka ¨Hawaii ka fase¨.

English : Though smaller, it reminds some elderly visitors of Hawaii before statehood without all the large tourist hotels and other development.

Northern Sotho : Le ge e le ye nnyane, e gopotša baeti ba bangwe ba batšofe ka Hawaii pele ga pušo ntle le dihotele tše di kgolo tša baeti le ditšwelopele tše dingwe.

English : The Cook Islands do not have any cities but are composed of 15 different islands. The main ones are Rarotonga and Aitutaki.

Northern Sotho : Dihlakahlaka tša Cook ga di na metsana efela di dirilwe ka dihlakahlaka tša go fapafapana tše 15. Tše kgolo ke Rarotonga le Aitutaki.

English : In developed countries today, providing deluxe bed and breakfasts has been raised to a sort of art-form.

Northern Sotho : Dinageng tšeo di tšweletšego pele, go abelana ka maloa a makaone le dijo tša mesong go phagamišitšwe go ya go lebopo la bokgabo.

English : At the top end, B&Bs obviously compete mainly on two main things: bedding and breakfast.

Northern Sotho : Kua godimo mafelelong, di B&B di tloga di phenkgišana kudu le dilo tše kgolo tše pedi: borobalelo le dijo tša mesong.

English : Accordingly, at the finest such establishments one is apt to find the most luxurious bedding, maybe a handmade quilt or an antique bed.

Northern Sotho : Ka tshwanelo, mafelong a makaone a mabjalo motho o swanetše go hwetša tša go alwa mpheteng tša mabaibai, mohlomongwe sealwa sa go dirwa ka matsogo goba mephete wa mohlakgale.

English : Breakfast may include seasonal delights of the region or the host´s speciality dish.

Northern Sotho : Dijo tša mesong di ka akaretša mabose a sehla a selete goba dijo tša go ikgetha tša moamogedi.

English : The setting might be an historic old building with antique furnishings, manicured grounds and a swimming pool.

Northern Sotho : Lefelo e ka ba moago wa histori wa kgale wa go ba le diphatlo tša sekgale, bofase boo bo pentilwego le letangwana la go rutha.

English : Getting into your own car and heading off on a long road trip has an intrinsic appeal in its simplicity.

Northern Sotho : Go tsena ka gare ga sefatanaga sa gago ka noši gomme wa tšeya leeto le le telele go na le kgogedi ye bohlokwa ka gare ga go nolofala ga gona.


English : Unlike larger vehicles, you are probably already familiar with driving your car and know its limitations.

Northern Sotho : Go se tswane le disafatanaga tše dikgolo, o šetše mohlomongwe o tlwaetše go otlela safatanaga ya gago gomme o tseba le magomo a yona.

English : Setting up a tent on private property or in a town of any size can easily attract unwanted attention.

Northern Sotho : Go hloma tente thotong ya prabete goba ka gare ga toropo ya saese yengwe le yengwe go ka gogela hlokomologo ya go se nyakege ga bonolo.

English : In short, using your car is a great way to take a road trip but seldom in itself a way to ¨camp¨.

Northern Sotho : Ka bokopana, go šomiša sefatanaga sa gago ke tsela ye botse ya go tšea leeto efela ga se gantši ka bo yona e le tsela ya go ¨kampa¨.

English : Car camping is possible if you have a large minivan, SUV, Sedan or Station Wagon with seats that lay down.

Northern Sotho : Go kampa ka safatanaga go kgonega ge e le gore o na le bene ye kgolo, SUV, Sedan goba Station Wagon sa go ba le ditulo tša go patlama.

English : Some hotels have a heritage from the golden age of steam railways and ocean liners; before the Second World War, in the 19th or early 20th centuries.

Northern Sotho : Dihotele tše dingwe di na le bohwa go tšwa ngwageng wa kgale wa diporo tša muši le malakane a lewatle; pele ga Ntwa ya Bobedi ya Lefase, ka mengwagakgolo ya bo 19 le ka pela go wa bo 20.

English : These hotels were where the rich and the famous of the day would stay, and often had fine dining and nightlife.

Northern Sotho : Dihotele tše e be e le moo bahumi le batsebalegi ba mehleng yeo ba dulago, gomme gantši ba eja gabotse le bophelo bja bošego.

English : The old fashioned fittings, the lack of the latest amenities, and a certain graceful agedness are also part of their character.

Northern Sotho : Dikagare tša sekgale, go hloka di dirišwa tša sebjabjale, le botšofe bjo bo itšego bja mogau ke karolo ya dimelo tša bona.

English : While they are usually privately owned, they sometimes accommodate visiting heads of state and other dignitaries.

Northern Sotho : Le ge ka tlwaelo e le tša praebete, nako ye nngwe di akaretša dihogo tša dinaga tšeo di etelago le bahlomphegi ba bangwe.

English : A traveller with piles of money might consider a round the world flight, broken up with stays in many of these hotels.

Northern Sotho : Moeti wa goba le tšhelete ye ntši a ka kgetha sefofane sa go dukuluga lefase, se arogantšitšwe ka go dula dihoteleng tše tše dintši.

English : A hospitality exchange network is the organization that connects travelers with locals in the cities they are going to visit.

Northern Sotho : Neteweke ya go fana ya tša dijo ke mokgahlo wa go hlakantša baeti le badudi ba gae ka ditoropong tšeo ba yago go di etela.

English : Joining such a network usually just requires filling out an online form; although some networks offer or require additional verification.

Northern Sotho : Go tsenela neteweke gantši go nyaka go tlatša fomo ya online; le ge dineteweke tše dingwe di aba goba di nyaka kgonthišišo ya tlaleletšo.

English : A listing of available hosts is then provided either in print and/or online, sometimes with references and reviews by other travelers.

Northern Sotho : Lenaneo la baamogedi bao ba lego gona le a abelanwa ka go gatišwa le/goba online, ka nako tše dingwe ka ditšhupetšo le ditebelelomorago ka baeti ba bangwe.

English : Couchsurfing was founded in January 2004 after computer programmer Casey Fenton found a cheap flight to Iceland but did not have a place to stay.

Northern Sotho : Go eta le go dula le batho bao o sa ba tsebego go thomilwe ka Janawari 2004 morago ga gore setsebi sa dikhomphuthara Casey Fenton a hwetše sefofane sa mašeleng a fase sa go ya Iceland efela a hloka lefelo la go dula.

English : He emailed students at the local university and received an overwhelming number of offers for free accommodation.

Northern Sotho : O rometše baithuti ba yunibesithi ya gae emeile gomme a amogela dipalopalo tše dintšhi tša go fana ka madulo a go se lefelwe.we.

English : Hostels cater primarily to young people – a typical guest is in their twenties – but you can often find older travellers there too.

Northern Sotho : Dihostele di hlokomela bonnyane batho ba baswa - moeti wa mengwaga ye e ka bago ye masomepedi - efela gantši o ka hwetša le baeti ba bagolo gona moo gape.

English : Families with children are a rare sight, but some hostels do allow them in private rooms.

Northern Sotho : Malapa a go ba le bana ke pono ye sa tlwaelegago, efela dihostele tše dingwe di a ba dumelela ka diphaphušing tša bona tša noši.

English : The city of Beijing in China will be the host city of the Olympic Winter Games in 2022, which will make it the first city to have hosted both the summer and winter Olympics.

Northern Sotho : Motse wa Beijing ka China e tla ba motse wa go swaMotse wa Beijing ka China e tla ba motse wa go swara Dipapadi tša Marega tša di Olympic ka 2022, seo e tlo o dira gore e be motse wa mathomo wa go swara bobedi bja di Olympic tša selemo le marega.

English : Beijing will host the opening and closing ceremonies and the indoor ice events.

Northern Sotho : Beijing e tla swara meletlo ya go bula le go tswalela le ditiragalo tša ka gare tša aese.

English : Other skiing events will be at the Taizicheng ski area in Zhangjiakou, about 220 km (140 miles) from Beijing.

Northern Sotho : Ditiragalo tše dingwe tša skii di tla ba lefelong la Taizicheng la ski ka Zhangjiakou, 220 km (140 miles) go tloga Beijing.

English : Most of the temples do have an Annual festival starting from November end to Mid of May, which varies according to each temple´s annual calendar.

Northern Sotho : Bontši bja ditempele bo na le Mekete ya Ngwaga ka ngwaga go thoma ka mafelelo a November go fihla gare ga May, yeo e fapanago go ya ka tšhupamabaka ya ngwaga ka ngwaga ya tempele yenngwe le yenngwe.

English : Most of the temple festivals is celebrated as part of temple´s anniversary or presiding deity´s birthday or any other major event associated with the temple.

Northern Sotho : Bontši bja mekete ya tempele bo ketekwa bjalo ka karolo ya segopotšo sa ngwaga sa tempele goba letšatši la matswalo la modingwana goba tiragalo yenngwe le yenngwe ye kgolo ya go amana le tempele.

English : Kerala´s temple festivals are very interesting to see, with regular procession of decorated elephants, temple orchestra and other festivities.

Northern Sotho : Meletlo ya tempele ya Kerala go a kgahliša go e bona, ka go tshepedišo ya tlwaelo ya ditlou tšeo di kgabišitšwego, diphatla tša tempele le meletlo ye mengwe.

English : A World´s Fair (commonly called World Exposition, or simply Expo) is large international festival of arts and sciences.

Northern Sotho : World´s Fair (ka tlwaelo e bitšwa Thutupišo ya Lefase, goba ka bokopana Thutupi) ke mokete wa ditšhaba wa bokgabo le tša mahlale.

English : Participating countries present artistic and educational displays in national pavilions to showcase world issues or their country´s culture and history.

Northern Sotho : Dinaga tšeo di tšeago karolo di aba diswantšho tša bokgabo le thutodi pavilion tša bosetšhaba go laetša mathata a lefase goba setšo sa naga le histori.

English : International Horticultural Expositions are specialised events which showcase floral displays, botanical gardens and anything else to do with plants.

Northern Sotho : Diponagatšo tša Ditšhabatšhaba tša Temo ke meletlo yeo e kgethegilego yeo e bontšago malomo, dirapana tša dimela le tše dingwe tša go amana le dimela.


English : Although in theory they can take place annually (so long as they are in different countries), in practice they are not.

Northern Sotho : Le ge go ya ka polelo di ka diragala ngwaga ka ngwaga (ge fela e le dinageng tša go fapanafapana), go ya ka ditiragalo ga go bjalo.

English : These events normally last anywhere between three and six months, and are held on sites no smaller than 50 hectares.

Northern Sotho : Meletlo ye gantši e fetša nako ya go lekana gare ga dikgwedi tše tharo le tše tshela, gomme e tswarelwa mafelong a go se be bonnyane bja di hectara tše 50.

English : There are many different film formats that have been used over the years. Standard 35 mm film (36 by 24 mm negative) is much the commonest.

Northern Sotho : Gona le mamanoga a mantši a go fapana a difilimi ao a šomišitšwego mengwageng. Filimi ya 35 mm ya go lekanela (36 ka 24 mm negetifi) ke ya go tlwaelega kudu.

English : It can usually be replenished fairly easily if you run out, and gives resolution roughly comparable to a current DSLR.

Northern Sotho : Gantši e ka tlaleletšwa botse ga bonolo ge o ka felelwa, gomme e fa ditlamo go bapetša ka go tswana le DSLR ya bjale.

English : Some medium-format film cameras use a 6 by 6 cm format, more precisely a 56 by 56 mm negative.

Northern Sotho : Dikhamera tša difilimi tše dingwe tša mehta ya magareng di šomiša mohuta wa 6 ka 6 cm, gabotse negetifi ya 56 ka 56 mm.

English : This gives resolution almost four times that of a 35 mm negative (3136 mm2 versus 864).

Northern Sotho : Se sefa tharollo goo go nyakilego go ba makga a mane a neketifo ya 35 mm (3136 mm2 kgahlanong le 864).

English : Wildlife is among the most challenging motifs for a photographer, and needs a combination of good luck, patience, experience and good equipment.

Northern Sotho : Diphoofolo tša naga di gare ga tše dingwe tša dikgatišo tša go tlhotla motšeadiswantšho, gomme go hloka hlakantšo ya mahlatse, go se fele pelo, maitemogelo le di dirišwa tše di kaone.

English : Wildlife photography is often taken for granted, but like photography in general, a picture is worth a thousand words.

Northern Sotho : Go tšea diswantšho tša diphoofolo tša naga gantši go tšeelwa fase, efela go tswana le go tšea dinswantšho ka kakaretšo, setswantšho se na le boleng bja matšu a dikete.

English : Wildlife photography often requires a long telephoto lens, though things like a flock of birds or a tiny creature need other lenses.

Northern Sotho : Go tšea diswantšho tša diphoofolo tša naga gantši go hloka telephoto lens, le ge dilo tša go swana le sehlopa sa dinonyane goba sephedi se se nnyane di hloka di lens tše dingwe.

English : Many exotic animals are hard to find, and parks sometimes have rules about taking photographs for commercial purposes.

Northern Sotho : Diphoofolo tše dintši tšeo di sa tlwaelegago go boima gore o di hwetše, gomme diphaka ka dinako tše dingwe di na le melao mabapi le go tšea dinepe ka mabaka a kgwebo.

English : Wild animals might either be shy or aggressive. The environment might be cold, hot, or otherwise hostile.

Northern Sotho : Diphoofolo tša naga di ka ba le dihlong goba bogale. Lefelo le ka ba le tonya, fiša, goba e le la go se amogele gabotse.

English : The world has over 5,000 different languages, including more than twenty with 50 million or more speakers.

Northern Sotho : Lefase le na le maleme a go feta 5,000 a go fapafapana, go akaretša go feta masomepedi ka dimilion tše 50 goba go feta tša diboledi.

English : Written words are often easier to understand than spoken words, also. This is especially true of addresses, which are often difficult to pronounce intelligibly.

Northern Sotho : Mantšu ao a ngwadilwego gantši a bonolo go kwešišega go feta mantšu ao a boletšwego, gape. Se ke e tloga e le nnete ka dipego, tšeo gantši di lego thata go di bitša gabotse.

English : Many entire nations are completely fluent in English, and in even more you can expect a limited knowledge - especially among younger people.

Northern Sotho : Dinaga tše dintši kamoka di tseba English ka botlalo, gape le go ba bantši o ka letela tsebo yeo nnyane - kudu gare ga bana ba bannyane.

English : Imagine, if you will, a Mancunian, Bostonian, Jamaican and Sydneysider sitting around a table having dinner at a restaurant in Toronto.

Northern Sotho : Nagana, ge e ba o ka kgona, Mancunian, Bostonian, Jamaican le Sydneyside ba dutši tafoleng ba eja dijo tša matena lefong la dijo go la Toronto.

English : They´re regaling each other with stories from their hometowns, told in their distinct accents and local argot.

Northern Sotho : Ba thabišana ka dikanegelo go tšwa mageng a bona, di anegelwa ka digalo tša bona tša go fapana le maleme a mebotwana ya bona ya gae.

English : Buying food in supermarkets is usually the cheapest way to get fed. Without cooking opportunities, choices are however limited to ready-made food.

Northern Sotho : Go reka dijo mabenkeleng ka setlwaedi ke tsela ya theko ya fase kudu ya go ja. Ntle le menyetla ya go apea, dikgetho e ba tša dijo di šetšego di dirilwe.

English : Increasingly supermarkets are getting a more varied section of ready-made food. Some even provide a microwave oven or other means to heat food.

Northern Sotho : Ka go oketšega mabenkele a dijo a oketšega ka go fapana ga karolo ya dijo tšeo di aeilwego. Tšedingwe ebile di abelana ka obene ya go tutetša goba mekgwa ye mengwe ya go tutetša dijo.

English : In some countries or types of stores there is at least one on-site restaurant, often a rather informal one with affordable prices.

Northern Sotho : Dinageng tše dingwe goba mehuta ya mabenkele go na le bonnyane bjo tee bja lefelo la go jela, gantši la go se be la semmušo la diteko tša go lefelega.

English : Make and carry copies of your policy and your insurer´s contact details with you.

Northern Sotho : Dira le go swara dikhophi tša molaotshepedišo wa gago le dintlha tša tshedimušo ya inšorense ya gago.

English : They need to show the insurer´s e-mail address and international phone numbers for advice/authorizations and making claims.

Northern Sotho : Ba swanetše go laetša emeile ya moabi wa inšhorense le dinomoro tša mogala wa ditšhaba bakeng sa keletšo/tumeleo le go dikgopelo.

English : Have another copy in your luggage and online (e-mail to yourself with attachment, or stored in the ¨cloud¨).

Northern Sotho : Swara khophi ye nngwe ka gare ga morwalo wa gago le inthaneteng (ithomele emeile ya go ba le seromelwa, goba o e lote ka gare ga ¨leru¨).

English : If traveling with a laptop or tablet, store a copy in its memory or disc (accessible without the internet).

Northern Sotho : Ge o sepela le laptop goba tablet, boloka khopi ka gare ga kgopotša ya yona goba deski (yeo e hwetšagalago ntle le inthanete).

English : Also give policy/contact copies to traveling companions and relatives or friends back home willing to help.

Northern Sotho : Gape abelana ka dikhope tša polise/boikgokaganye go bao o tšeago leeto le bona goba ba leloko le metswalle morago gae bao ba ikemišeditšego go thuša.

English : Moose (also known as elk) aren´t inherently aggressive, but will defend themselves if they perceive a threat.

Northern Sotho : Moose (yeo e tsebegago gape ka elk) ga e bogale bjalo ka tswalo, efela e tla ikemela ge e bona kotsi.


English : When people don´t see moose as potentially dangerous, they may approach too closely and put themselves at risk.

Northern Sotho : Ge batho ba sa bone dikgamakgolo di na le bokgoni bja go ba kotsi, ba ka di batamela kudu gomme ba ipea kotsing.

English : Drink alcoholic drinks with moderation. Alcohol affects everyone differently, and knowing your limit is very important.

Northern Sotho : Enwa dino tša go ba le madila ka go kala. Madila a ama mang le mang ka go fapana, gomme go tseba magomo a gago go bohlokwa kudu.

English : Possible long term health events from excessive drinking can include liver damage and even blindness and death. The potential danger is increased when consuming illegally produced alcohol.

Northern Sotho : Kgonagalo ya ditiragalo tša lebaka le le telele go tšwa go nweng kudu e ka akaretša go senyega ga sebete le go foufala le lehu. Kotsi yeo e ka bago gona e oketšega ge go nwewa madila a go tšweletšwa ka tsela ya go se be molaong.

English : Illegal spirits can contain various dangerous impurities including methanol, which can cause blindness or death even in small doses.

Northern Sotho : Ditagi tša go se be molaong di ka ba le diela tša go se hlweke tše kotsi go akaretša methanol, yeo e ka tlišago bofofu goba lehu le ge e tšetšwe gannyane.

English : Eyeglasses can be cheaper in a foreign country, especially in low-income countries where labour costs are lower.

Northern Sotho : Dikgalase tša mahlo di ka rekega ka teko ya fase nageng ya ka ntle, kudu dinageng tša letseno la fase moo ditshenyagalelo tša tefelo ya bašomi e lego fase.

English : Consider getting an eye exam at home, especially if insurance covers it, and bringing the prescription along to be filed elsewhere.

Northern Sotho : Kgetha go dira tlhahlobo ya leihlo ka gae, kudu ge e le gore inšorense e a le lefela, le go tliša taelelo gammogo gore e bolokwe go gongwe.

English : High-end brand-name frames available in such areas may have two problems; some may be knock-offs, and the real imported ones may be more expensive than at home.

Northern Sotho : Diforeime tša maina a godimo mafelong a mabjale di ka ba le mathata a mabedi; tšedingwe e kaba bofora, gomme tša nnete tšeo di rekilwego ka ntle di ka thura kudu go feta gae.

English : Coffee is one of the world´s most traded commodities, and you can probably find many types in your home region.

Northern Sotho : Kofi ke yenngwe ya dilo tšeo di rekišwago kudu lefaseng, gomme o ka humana mohlomongwe mehuta ye mentši seleteng sa legae la gago.

English : Nevertheless, there are many distinctive ways of drinking coffee around the world that are worth experiencing.

Northern Sotho : Le ge go le bjalo, go na le mekgwa ye mentši ya go fapana le kofi ya go nwa lefase ka bophara yeo e swanetšwego go lemogwa.

English : Canyoning (or: canyoneering) is about going in a bottom of a canyon, which is either dry or full of water.

Northern Sotho : Go tshela meedi (goba: papadi ya go tshela meedi) go mabapi le go ya tlase ga moedi, woo ekabago o omile goba o tletše ka meetse.

English : Canyoning combines elements from swimming, climbing and jumping--but requires relatively little training or physical shape to get started (compared to rock climbing, scuba diving or alpine skiing, for example).

Northern Sotho : Go tshela meedi go kopanya dikarolo go tloga go go rutha, go namela le go fofa--efela go nyaka tlhahlo ye nnyane goba lebopo la seemo gore go thomiwe (go bapetšwa le namela maswika, go nwelela ka gare ga meetse ka sedirišwa sa go thuša go hema goba go thelela godimo ga lehlwa, ka mohlala).

English : Hiking is an outdoor activity which consists of walking in natural environments, often on hiking trails.

Northern Sotho : Go tšea leeto le le telele ke modiro wa ka ntle wa go ba le go sepela lefelong la hlago, gantši ditsejaneng tša maeto a matelele.

English : Day hiking involves distances of less than a mile up to longer distances that can be covered in a single day.

Northern Sotho : Go namela dithaba mosegare go akaretša dikgoba tša ka fase ga khilomitara go fihla go dikgoba tše ditelele tšeo di ka fihlelelwago ka letšatši le tee.

English : For a day hike along an easy trail little preparations are needed, and any moderately fit person can enjoy them.

Northern Sotho : Bakeng sa go sepelela go ya go namela dithaba ka tselajana ye nnyane ye bonolo go hlokega ditokišetšo tše di nnyane, gomme motho o mongwe le o mongwe wa go itekanela ga botse a ka ipšhina ka tšona.

English : Families with small children may need more preparations, but a day outdoors is easily possible even with babies and pre-school children.

Northern Sotho : Malapa a bana ba bannyane a ka hloka ditukišetšo tše dingwe, efela letšatši ka ntle le direga ga bonolo le ka bana ba masea le bana ba go ya go thoma sekolo.

English : Internationally, there are nearly 200 running tour organizations. Most of them operate independently.

Northern Sotho : Ditšhabatšhabeng, go na le mekgahlo ya go lekana 200 yeo e dirago tša maeto. Bontši bja tšona bo šoma ka go ikema.

English : The Global Running Tours successor, Go Running Tours networks dozens of sightrunning providers on four continents.

Northern Sotho : Mohlahlami wa Global Running Tours, Go Running Tours e kopantša baabi ba sightrunning ba bantšintši go dikontinente tše nne.

English : With roots in Barcelona´s Running Tours Barcelona and Copenhagen´s Running Copenhagen, it was quickly joined by Running Tours Prague based in Prague and others.

Northern Sotho : Ka medu go Ralala ga go Kitima go Barcelona ga Barcelona le go Kitima go Copenhagen ga Copenhagen, go kopantšhitšwe ka pela ke go Ralala ga go Kitima ga Prague go go lego Prague le go gongwe.

English : There are many things you have to take into consideration before and when you travel somewhere.

Northern Sotho : Gona le dilo tše dintši tšeo o swanetšego go di nagana pele le ge o tšea leeto.

English : When you travel, expect things not to be like they are ¨back home¨. Manners, laws, food, traffic, lodging, standards, language and so on will to some extent differ from where you live.

Northern Sotho : Ge o tšea leeteo, letela dilo gore di se ke tša tswana le ka moo di bego ka gona ¨morago gae¨. Mekgwa, melao, dijo, kelo ya sephetephete, marobalo, maemo, polelo bjale le bjale di tla fapana le tša mo o dulago gona ka mokgwa wo o rilego.

English : This is something you always need to keep in mind, to avoid disappointment or perhaps even distaste over local ways to do things.

Northern Sotho : Se ke selo seo o swanetšego go dula o se beile ka mogopolong, go efoga manyami goba mohlomongwe go se rate mekgwa ya selegae ya go dira dilo.

English : Travel agencies have been around since the 19th century. A travel agent is usually a good option for a journey which extends beyond a traveller´s previous experience of nature, culture, language or low-income countries.

Northern Sotho : Mekgahlo ya tša maeto e bilego gona go tloga ka ngwagakgolo wa bo 19. Moemedi wa leeto gantši ke kgetho ye kaone bakeng sa leeto leo le fetago maitemogelo a go feta a moeti a hlago, setšo, leleme goba dinaga tša letseno la fase.

English : Although most agencies are willing to take on most regular bookings, many agents specialise in particular types of travel, budget ranges or destinations.

Northern Sotho : Le ge makgotla a mantši a ikemišeditše go tšea dipeelothoko tša go tlwaelega, baemedi ba bantši ba šoma ka mehutye itšego ya maeto, go lekalekanetšwa ga tšhelete yeo e beetšwego ka thoko goba mafelo ao go iwago go wona.

English : It can be better to use an agent who frequently books similar trips to yours.

Northern Sotho : Go ka ba kaone go šomiša moemedi yoo a hlwago a dira dipeelo tša maeto a go swana le la gago.

English : Take a look at what trips the agent is promoting, whether on a website or in a shop window.

Northern Sotho : Lebelela gore ke maeto afe ao moemedi a a godišago, e kaba wepesaeteng goba lesthikangopeng la lebenkele.


English : If you want to see the world on the cheap, for necessity, lifestyle or challenge, there are some ways to do that.

Northern Sotho : Ge e ba o nyaka go bona lefase ka theko ya fase, ka tlhokego, mohuta wa go phela goba hlotlo, go na le ditsela tša go dira seo.

English : Basically, they fall into two categories: Either work while you travel or try and limit your expenses. This article is focused on the latter.

Northern Sotho : Gabotse, di wela ka gare ga magoro a mabedi: Go šoma o ralala le mafelo goba go leka go kgaoletša ditshenyagalelo tša gago. Sengwalwa se se lebeletše kgang ya mafelelo.

English : For those willing to sacrifice comfort, time and predictability to push expenses down close to zero, see minimum budget travel.

Northern Sotho : Bakeng sa bao ba ikemišeditšego go itima boiketlo, nako le go akanyetša pele go kgoromeletša ditshenyagalelo go ya fase go lefela, bona bonnyane bja peakanyo ya tšhelete ya go tšeya maeto.

English : The advice assumes that travellers do not steal, trespass, participate in the illegal market, beg, or otherwise exploit other people for their own gain.

Northern Sotho : Keletšo e etšea gore baeti ga ba utswe, ga ba tsele ntle le tumelelo, ga ba tšekarolo ka gare ga mebaraka ya go se be molaong, ga ba kgopele, goba mohlomongwe ga ba foraforetše batho ba bangwe bakeng sa go holega.

English : An immigration checkpoint is usually the first stop when disembarking from a plane, a ship, or another vehicle.

Northern Sotho : Lefelo la go hlola batšwantle gantši e ba lefelo la mathomo moo go emiwago gona ge o fologa sefofane, sekepe, goba senamelwa se sengwe.

English : In some cross-border trains inspections are done on the running train and you should have valid ID with you when boarding one of those trains.

Northern Sotho : Ka gare ga ditimela tša go tselaganya maborogo dihlahlobo di dirwa ka gare ga setimela sa go sepela gomme o swanetše o be le ID ya go šoma go wena ge o namela yengwe ya ditimela tše.

English : On night sleeper trains, passports may be collected by the conductor so that you do not have your sleep interrupted.

Northern Sotho : Go diterene tša ba go robala bošego, dipaseporoto di ka kgoboketšwa ke molaodi gore o se šitišwe boroko.

English : Registration is an additional requirement for the visa process. In some countries, you must register your presence and address where you are staying with the local authorities.

Northern Sotho : Boingwadišo ke senyakwa se sengwe sa go hlokega bakeng sa tshepedišo ya visa. Dinageng tše dingwe, o swanetše o ngwadiše bogona bja gago le aterese ya moo o dulago gona le bamolao ba selegae.

English : This might require filling out a form with the local police or a visit to the immigration offices.

Northern Sotho : Se se ka hloka go tlatša foromo le maphodisa a selegae goba go etela dikantoro tša bafaladi.

English : In many countries with such a law, local hotels will handle the registration (make sure to ask).

Northern Sotho : Dinageng tše dintši tša go ba le melao ye me bjalo, dihotele tša gae di tla swaragana le boingwadišo (netefatša gore o a botšiša).

English : In other cases, only those staying outside of tourist accommodations need to register. However, this makes the law much more obscure, so find out beforehand.

Northern Sotho : Makgeng a mangwe, ke bao ba dulago ka ntle ga mafelo a marobalo bao ba hlokago go ngwadiša. Efela, se se dira molao gore o kobege kudu, kafao nyakišiša pele ga nako.

English : Architecture is concerned with the design and construction of buildings. The architecture of a place is often a tourist attraction in its own right.

Northern Sotho : Thutaboagi go mabapi le go akanyetša le go aga meago. Kago ya lefelo gantši e ba bogogedi bja baeti ka noši.

English : Many buildings are quite beautiful to look at and the view from a tall building or from a cleverly-positioned window can be a beauty to behold.

Northern Sotho : Meago ye mentši e botse gomme le moo o lebelelago o le moagong o motelele goba go tloga go lefesetere leo le beilwego ka bohlale go botse.

English : Architecture overlaps considerably with other fields including urban planning, civil engineering, decorative arts, interior design and landscape design.

Northern Sotho : Thulaganyo ya meago e tloga e tsenelela ka gare ga dithutišetše tse dingwe go akaretša lenaneo la ditoropo, boentšeneare bja tša go aga, bokgabo bja go kgabiša, bokgabo bja ka ntlong le bokgabo bja ka ntle.

English : Given how remote many of the pueblos are, you won´t be able to find a significant amount of nightlife without traveling to Albuquerque or Santa Fe.

Northern Sotho : Go ya le ka moo bontši bja di pueblo di bego kgole ka gona, o ka se kgone go hwetša bophelo bja bošego bjo bontši ntle le go ya Albuquerque goba Santa Fe.

English : However, nearly all of the casinos listed above serve drinks, and several of them bring in name-brand entertainment (primarily the large ones immediately surrounding Albuquerque and Santa Fe).

Northern Sotho : Efela, go nyakile eke dikhasino ka moka tšeo di ngwadilwego mo lenaneong la ka godimo di rekiša dino, gomme tše dingwe tša tšona bja tšona bo tliša boithabišo bja maina-ina (gagolo tše kgolo tšeo di potapotilego Albuquerque le Santa Fe)

English : Beware: small-town bars here are not always good places for the out-of-state visitor to hang out.

Northern Sotho : Hlokomela: dipara tša ditorotswana tše nnyane ga e dule e le mafelo a mabotse bakeng sa baeti ba go tšwa ka ntle gore ba ka dula.

English : For one thing, northern New Mexico has significant problems with drunk driving, and the concentration of intoxicated drivers is high close to small-town bars.

Northern Sotho : Bakeng la se tee, leboa la Mexico o Moswa le na le mathata a mantši a go reilwa go tagilwe, gomme maemo a go tagwa a baaotledi a godimo kgauswi le dibara tša diporopo tše dinnyane.

English : Unwanted murals or scribble is known as graffiti.

Northern Sotho : Diswantšho tšeo di thadilwego goba di ngwalwangwadilwego di tsebega bjalo ka graffiti.

English : While it´s far from a modern phenomenon, most people probably associate it with youth vandalizing public and private property using spray paint.

Northern Sotho : Le ge e le kgole le kgopolo ya sebjalebjale, batho ba bantši ba tloga ba e tswalanya le tsenyo ya dikgaruru ya baswa thotong ya mmušo le ya praebete ka go šomiša pente ya go fafametša.

English : However, nowadays there are established graffiti artists, graffiti events and ¨legal¨ walls. Graffiti paintings in this context often resemble artworks rather than illegible tags.

Northern Sotho : Le ge go le bjalo, matšatši a go na le borabokgabo ba dithalwa bao ba tšweletšego, meletlo ya dithalwa le maboto a go ba ¨molaong¨. Dithalwa tša go pentwa ka se sebaka gantši di emetše mošomo wa bo kgabo go na le ditag tša go se be molaong.

English : Boomerang throwing is a popular skill that many tourists want to acquire.

Northern Sotho : Go foša boomerang ke bokgoni bjo bo tumilego bjoo baeti ba bantši ba nyakago go ba le bona.

English : If you want to learn throwing a boomerang that comes back to your hand, make sure you have a suitable boomerang for returning.

Northern Sotho : Ge e ba o nyaka go ithuta go foša boomerang yeo e boago letsogong la gago, netefatša gore o na le boomerang ya maleba ge e tlo boa.

English : Most boomerangs available in Australia are in fact non-returning. It is best for beginners to not try throwing in windy

Northern Sotho : Bontši bja di-boomerang tšeo di lego gona ka Australia ka nnete ga di boele morago. Go kaone go bathomi gore ba se leke go foša ge go na le moya.

English : A Hangi Meal is cooked in a hot pit in the ground.

Northern Sotho : Dijo tša Hangi di apeiwa ka gare ga sekoti sa go fiša mo fase.


English : The pit is either heated with hot stones from a fire, or in some places geothermal heat makes areas of ground naturally hot.

Northern Sotho : Molete o ka ba o thuteditšwe ka maswika a go fiša go tšwa mollong, goba ka di nako tše dingwe phišo ya geothermal e dira mafelo a fase gore a fiše ka hlago.

English : The hangi is often used to cook a traditional roast style dinner.

Northern Sotho : Hangi gantši e dirišwa go apea dijo tša setšo tša go mokgwa wa go gadikwa tša matena.

English : Several places in Rotorua offer geothermal hangi, while other hangi can be sampled in Christchurch, Wellington and elsewhere.

Northern Sotho : Mafelo a mmalwa go la Rotorua a abelana ka geothermal hangi, mola di hangi tše dingwe di ka bonwa go la Christchurch, Wellington le go gongwe.

English : MetroRail has two classes on commuter trains in and around Cape Town: MetroPlus (also called First Class) and Metro (called Third Class).

Northern Sotho : MetroRail e na le maemo a mabedi go banamedi ba ditereni ka gare le tikologong ya Cape Town: MetroPlus (e bitšwa gape Maemo a Pele) le Metro (e bitšwa Maemo a Boraro).

English : MetroPlus is more comfortable and less crowded but slightly more expensive, though still cheaper than normal metro tickets in Europe.

Northern Sotho : MetroPlus e iketlile kudu gape ga ya tlala efela e tura kudu gannyane, le ge e sa lefelega go feta dithekete tša metro ka Europe.

English : Every train has both MetroPlus and Metro coaches; the MetroPlus coaches are always on the end of the train nearest Cape Town.

Northern Sotho : Setimela se sengwe le se sengwe se na le materokis a MetroPlus mmogo le Metrom; materokisi a MetroPlus a dula le kua morago ga setimela kgauswikgauswi le Cape Town.

English : Carrying for others - Never let your bags out of your sight, especially when you are crossing international borders.

Northern Sotho : Go hlokomela ba bangwe - O se tlogele merwalo ya gago o sa e lebelela, kudu ge o tshela mellwane ya boditšhabatšhaba.

English : You could find yourself being used as a drug carrier without your knowledge, which will land you in a great deal of trouble.

Northern Sotho : O ka ikhweša o šomišwa bjalo ka morwadi wa diokobatši ntle le tsebo ya gago, seo se ka go tsenya ka gare ga mathata a magolo kudu.

English : This includes waiting in line, as drug-sniffing dogs could be used at any time without notice.

Northern Sotho : Se se akaretša go ema laene, bjale ka ge dimpšha tša go nkgelela diokobatši di ka šomišwa nako yengwe le yengwe ntle le go lemoga.

English : Some countries have exceedingly draconian punishments even for first time offenses; these can include prison sentences of over 10 years or death.

Northern Sotho : Dinaga tše dingwe di na le dikotlo tše šorošoro le go ditshenyo tša mathomo; tše di ka akaretša dikatlolo tša go feta mengwaga ye 10 tša go ya kgolegong goba lehu.

English : Unattended bags are a target for theft and can also attract attention from authorities wary of bomb threats.

Northern Sotho : Mekotla ya go se elwe šedi ke yeo e lebeletšwego gore e ka utšwiwa gomme gape e ka goga mahlo go tšwa go bamolao bao ba hlokomologago ditšhošetši tša dithuthupi.

English : At home, due to this constant exposure to the local germs, odds are very high that you´re already immune to them.

Northern Sotho : Ka gae, ka baka la go pepentšwa ga go se fela go ditwatši tša gae, kgonagalo di godimo kudu gore o ka ba o šetše o se sa lwatša ke tšona.

English : But in other parts of the world, where the bacteriological fauna are new to you, you´re far more likely to run into problems.

Northern Sotho : Efela ka gare ga dikarolo tše dingwe tša lefase, moo fauna ya paketheria e lego ye ntshwa go wena, o kgauswi kudu le go kopana le mathata.

English : Also, in warmer climates bacteria both grow more quickly and survive longer outside the body.

Northern Sotho : Gape, maemong a boso a go ruthelanyana dibaketeria di gola gape le go phela nako ye telele ka ntla ga mmele.

English : Thus the scourges of Delhi Belly, the Pharaoh´s Curse, Montezuma´s Revenge, and their many friends.

Northern Sotho : Kafao dikotlo tša Delhi Belly, Thogako ya Pharaoh, Tefeletšo ya Montezuma, le bagwera ba bona ba bantši.

English : As with respiratory problems in colder climates, intestinal problems in hot climates are fairly common and in most cases are distinctly annoying but not really dangerous.

Northern Sotho : Bjalo ka mathata a go hema ka gare ga maemo a leratadima a go tonya, mathata a mala ka gare ga maemo a leratadima a tloga a tlwaelegile gomme dinakong tše dintši a šišimiša efela ga a tloge a le kotsi.

English : If traveling in a developing country for the first time – or in a new part of the world – don´t underestimate the potential culture shock.

Northern Sotho : Ge o etetše naga yeo e sa tšwelagopele bakeng la mathomo - goba karolong ye ntsa ya lefase - o se ke wa nyatša go makala ga setšo go go ka bago gona.

English : Many a stable, capable traveler has been overcome by the newness of developing world travel, where many little cultural adjustments can add up quickly.

Northern Sotho : Bontši bja baeti bao ba sa fetogego ba fentšwe ke boswa bja boeti bja naga bjoo bo tšwelago pele, moo diphetogo tše nnyane tša setšo di ka tlaleletšago ka pela.

English : Especially in your initial days, consider splurging on Western-style and -quality hotels, food, and services to help acclimatize.

Northern Sotho : Kudu matšatšing a gago a pele, nagana go šomiša mašeleng a gago go mekgwa ya setoropong le dihotele tša maemo, dijo tša maemo, le ditirelo tša maemo go thuša go tlwaela.

English : Do not sleep on a mattress or pad on the ground in areas where you do not know the local fauna.

Northern Sotho : O se ke wa robala godimo ga leterase goba sa go ala fase mafelong ao o sa tsebego dimela le diphoofolo tša ona.

English : If you are going to camp out, bring a camp cot or hammock to keep you away from snakes, scorpions and such.

Northern Sotho : Ge e ba o tlo kampa ka ntle, e tla le koto ya go ya kampeng goba hammock go go bea kgole le dinoga, diphephen le tše bjalo.

English : Fill your home with a rich coffee in the morning and some relaxing chamomile tea at night.

Northern Sotho : Tlatša legae la gago ka kofi ya go topela mesong le teye ya chamomile mantšiboa.

English : When you´re on a staycation, you have the time to treat yourself and take a few extra minutes to brew up something special.

Northern Sotho : Ge o le madulong a maikhutšo, o na le nako ya go ihlokomela le go tšea metsotso ye mengwe ye mmalwa go bediša se sengwe sa makgethe.

English : If you´re feeling more adventurous, take the opportunity to juice or blend up some smoothies:

Northern Sotho : Ge e ba o ikwela o na le sebete, tšea monyetla wa go gamola goba go šilantša dino tša boreledi:

English : maybe you´ll discover a simple beverage that you can make for breakfast when you´re back to your daily routine.

Northern Sotho : Mohlomongwe o tla hwetša seno se bonolo seo o ka se dirago ka nako ya dijo tša difihlollo ge o boetše tshepedišong ya gago.


English : If you live in a city with a varied drinking culture, go to bars or pubs in neighborhoods you don´t frequent.

Northern Sotho : Ge o dula motseng wa go ba le setšo sa nwa sa go fapanafapana, sepela dipareng goba dipubong tša metseng ya kgauswi tšeo o sa yego gantši.

English : For those unfamiliar with medical jargon, the words infectious and contagious have distinct meanings.

Northern Sotho : Bakeng sa bao ba sa tlwaelago leleme la tša dihlare, mantšu a go tšelega le go fetela a na le phapano ya dihlaloso.

English : An infectious disease is one that is caused by a pathogen, such as a virus, bacterium, fungus or other parasites.

Northern Sotho : Bolwetši bja go fetela ke boo bo hlotšwego ke twatši, bjalo ka kokwanahloko, bakteriam, fungus goba diphelakadingwe tše dingwe.

English : A contagious disease is a disease which is easily transmitted by being in the vicinity of an infected person.

Northern Sotho : Bolwetši bja go fetela ke bolwetši bjoo bo fetelanago ga bonolo ka go ba kgauswi le motho yoo a tšetšwego.

English : Many governments require visitors entering, or residents leaving, their countries to be vaccinated for a range of diseases.

Northern Sotho : Mebušo ye mentši e nyaka gore baeti bao ba tsenago, goba badudi bao ba tlogago dinageng tša bona ba hlabelwe ka moento wa malwetši a go fapana.

English : These requirements may often depend on what countries a traveller has visited or intends to visit.

Northern Sotho : Dinyakwa tše gantši di ka ya le gore ke dinaga dife tšeo moeti a di etetšego goba tšeo a ikemišeditšego go di etela.

English : One of strong points of Charlotte, North Carolina, is that it has an abundance of high-quality options for families.

Northern Sotho : Bo tee bja mabokgoni a Charlotte, North Carolina, ke gore e na le bontši bja dikgetho tša maemo a godimo tša malapa.

English : Residents from other areas often cite family-friendliness as a primary reason for moving there, and visitors often find the city easy to enjoy with children around.

Northern Sotho : Badudi ba go tšwa mafelong a mangwe gantši ba bolela ge bogwera bja malapa e le lebaka le legolo la go hudugela moo, baeng gantši ba hwetša motse o le bonolo go ipšhina ka wona le bana ba le gona.

English : In the past 20 years, the amount of child-friendly options in Uptown Charlotte has grown exponentially.

Northern Sotho : Mengwageng ye 20 ya go feta, bontši bja dikgetho tša go ba gabotse go bana go la Uptown Charlotte go gotše kudukudu.

English : Taxis are not generally used by families in Charlotte, though they can be of some use in certain circumstances.

Northern Sotho : Ditekisi ga di tloge di šomišwa ke malapa go la Charlotte, le ge di ka ba le mohula o itšego maemong a mangwe.

English : There is a surcharge for having more than 2 passengers, so this option might be more expensive than necessary.

Northern Sotho : Go na le tefedišo ya godimo bakeng sa go ba le banamedi ba go feta 2, kafao kgetho ye e ka ba ya tefelo ya godimo go feta ka moo go hlokegago.

English : Antarctica is the coldest place on Earth, and surrounds the South Pole.

Northern Sotho : Antarctia ke lefelo la go tonya kudukudu mo Lefaseng, gomme le dukulogile South Pole.

English : Tourist visits are costly, demand physical fitness, can only take place in summer Nov-Feb, and are largely limited to the Peninsula, Islands and Ross Sea.

Northern Sotho : Maeto a baeti a bitša, a nyaka go emega go gobotse ga mmele, go ka tšeakarolo fela ka selemo Nov-Feb, gomme bontši a beetšwe go la Peninsula, Dihlakahlaka le Lewatle la Ross.

English : A couple of thousand staff live here in summer in some four dozen bases mostly in those areas; a small number stay over winter.

Northern Sotho : Bašomi ba dikete tše mmalwa ba dula mo ka selemo ka dikgaolo tše nne gantši ditulong tšeo; nomoro ye nnyane e dula ka marega.

English : Inland Antarctica is a desolate plateau covered by 2-3 km of ice.

Northern Sotho : Nagabogare ya Antarctica ke lešope la mmoto la go akaretšwa ke 2-3km ya aese.

English : Occasional specialist air tours go inland, for mountaineering or to reach the Pole, which has a large base.

Northern Sotho : Boeti bja moyeng bja ditsebi bja Lebakanyana bo ya nageng, go namela thaba goba go fihla Pole, moo go nago le motheo o mogolo.

English : The South Pole Traverse (or Highway) is a 1600 km trail from McMurdo Station on the Ross Sea to the Pole.

Northern Sotho : South Pole Traverse (goba Highway) e šaletše morago ga 1600 km go tšwa Setišing sa McMurdo go la Ross Sea go ya Pole.

English : It´s compacted snow with crevasses filled in and marked by flags. It can only be traveled by specialized tractors, hauling sleds with fuel and supplies.

Northern Sotho : Ke lehlwa la go tlalelana le maope a go tlala ka le go marakiwa ka difolaga. E ka sepelwa fela ka diterekere tša go ikgetha, dikoloyana tša go sepela lehlweng tša go ba le makhura le dilo.

English : These aren´t very nimble so the trail has to take a long swerve around the Transantarctic Mountains to come onto the plateau.

Northern Sotho : Tše ga di tloge di le bonolo ka fao mohlala o swanetše go fapogela go ya go dukuluga Transantarctic Mountains go fihla go nagagodimong.

English : The most common cause for accidents in winter is slippery roads, pavements (sidewalks) and especially steps.

Northern Sotho : Hlolo ya go tlwaelega bakeng sa dikotsi ka maregaa ke mebila ya go redimoša, dipabemente (bosepelelo bja ka mathoko) kudu distepes.

English : At a minimum, you need footwear with suitable soles. Summer shoes are usually very slippery on ice and snow, even some winter boots are deficient.

Northern Sotho : Ka bonnyane, o hloka dieta tša go ba le solo ya maleba. Dieta tša Selemo gantši di a redimuša godimo ga aese le lehlwa, le diputsu tše dingwe tša marega ga di a lekana.

English : The pattern should be deep enough, 5 mm (1/5 inch) or more, and the material soft enough in cold temperatures.

Northern Sotho : Mosego o swanetše go subelela go lekanego, 5 mm (1/5 inch) goba go feta, gomme di dirišwa di be bonolo go lekanego dithemphereitšhara tša go tonya.

English : Some boots have studs and there is studded add-on equipment for slippery conditions, suitable for most shoes and boots, for the heels or heels and sole.

Northern Sotho : Diputso tše dingwe di na le dikopopi gomme gona le di dirišwa tša tlaleletšo tša goba le dikopi bakeng sa maemo a go redimoša, di loketše dieta le diputso tše dintši, direthe goba direthe le solo.

English : Heels should be low and wide. Sand, gravel or salt (calcium chloride) is often scattered on roads or paths to improve traction.

Northern Sotho : Meboto e swanetše go ba fase gomme e bulede. Santa, lekgwara goba letswai (calcium chloride) gantši di patlalatšwa ditseleng goba ditsejana go kaonafatša tsepetšo.

English : Avalanches are not an abnormality; steep slopes can hold only so much slow, and the excess volumes will come down as avalanches.

Northern Sotho : Maphoto a lehlwa ga se seo se sa tlwaelegago; mafelo a go rotogela a ka kgona go swara go nanya go go kalo, gomme dibolumu tša bontši di tla kgokologa bjalo ka maphoto a lehlwa.


English : The problem is that snow is sticky, so it needs some triggering to come down, and some snow coming down can be the triggering event for the rest.

Northern Sotho : Bothata ke gore lehlwa le a kgomarela, ka fao le hloka sekgorometše gore se tle, gomme lehlwa le lengwe la go theogela fase e ka ba sekgorometše go se sengwe.

English : Sometimes the original trigging event is the sun warming the snow, sometimes some more snowfall, sometimes other natural events, often a human.

Northern Sotho : Ka dinako tše dingwe maemo a go thakgoša ke letšatši ge le thutetša lehlwa, ka nako tše dingwe go wa lehlwa le lengwe gape, nako tše dingwe ditiragalo tše dingwe tša hlago, gantši batho.

English : A tornado is a spinning column of very low-pressure air, which sucks the surrounding air inward and upward.

Northern Sotho : Ledimo la sesasedi ke go dikologa ga kholomo ya kgatelelo ya fase ya moya, yeo e gogelago moya wa kgauswi ka gare le go ya godimo.

English : They generate high winds (often 100-200 miles/hour) and can lift heavy objects into the air, carrying them as the tornado moves.

Northern Sotho : Di tšweletša memoya ya godimo (gantši dimile/iri tše 100-200) gomme di ka kgona go phagamiša dili tša boima, go di rwala bjale ka ge ledimo le legolo la pula le šuta.

English : They begin as funnels descending from storm clouds, and become ¨tornadoes¨ when they touch the ground.

Northern Sotho : Di thoma bjalo ka di fanele go tšwa godimo go maru a ledimo, gomme dia ba ¨ditornadoe¨ ge di kgoma fase.

English : Personal VPN (virtual private network) providers are an excellent way of circumventing both political censorship and commercial IP-geofiltering.

Northern Sotho : Baabi ba VPN (virtual private network) ya motho ka noši ke tsela ye kaone ya go kgaotša bobedi tšhiretšo ya sepolotiki le IP-geofiltering ya thekišo.

English : They are superior to web proxies for several reasons: They re-route all Internet traffic, not only http.

Northern Sotho : Ke tše dikgolo go di proxy tše di wepesate bakeng sa mabaka a mmalwa: Di boetša moelo o montši wa inthanete, e sego fela di http.

English : They normally offer higher bandwidth and better quality of service. They are encrypted and thus harder to spy on.

Northern Sotho : Gantši di abelana ka bendwith ya godimo le tirelo ye kaone ya go tia. Di tšhireleditšwe gomme kafao ga di bonolo go di hlolela.

English : The media companies routinely lie about the purpose of this, claiming that it is to ¨prevent piracy¨.

Northern Sotho : Dikhamphane tša ditaba gantši di bolela maaka ka morero wa se, di re ke ka ga go ¨thibela go utswa¨.

English : In fact, region codes have absolutely no effect on illegal copying; a bit-for-bit copy of a disk will play just fine on any device where the original will.

Northern Sotho : Go iša nneteng, dikhoutu tša tikologo ga di na tswaetšo le ga tee go godimo ga go kopisa ga go se be molaong; go kopisa diski ga nnyane-ga-nnyane go tla raloka gabotse godimo ga sedirišwa se sengwe le se sengwe moo ya nnete e ka ralokago.

English : The actual purpose is to give those companies more control over their markets; it´s all about money spinning.

Northern Sotho : Morero o mogolo ke go fa dikhampani tšeo taolo ya tlaleletšo godimo ga mebaraka ya bona; ke fela ka ga go dukuluša tšhelete.

English : Because calls are routed over the Internet, you do not need to use a phone company located where you live or where you travel.

Northern Sotho : Ka baka la gore megala e sepetšwa ka lenaneo inthaneteng, ga go hlokagale gore o šomiše mogala wa khamphane yeo e hwetšagalago mo o dulago gona goba mo o etelago gona.

English : There is also no requirement that you obtain a local number from the community in which you live; you can obtain a satellite Internet connection in the wilds of Chicken, Alaska and select a number which claims you´re in sunny Arizona.

Northern Sotho : Ga gona hlokego ya gore o hwetše nomoro ya selegae go tšwa motseng wo o dulago go wona; o ka hwetša kgokaganyo ya inthanete ya satalaete dithokgwe tša Chicken, Alaska gomme wa kgetha nomoro yeo e bolelago gore o Arizona ya letšatši.

English : Often, you have to buy a global number separately that allows PSTN phones to call you. Where the number is from makes a difference for people calling you.

Northern Sotho : Gantši, o swanetše o reke nomorofase theko yeo e dumelelago dillathekeng tša PSTN go go letšetša. Moo nomoro e tšwago go dira phapano go batho bao ba go letšetšago.

English : Real-time text translator apps – applications that are capable of automatically translating whole segments of text from one language into another.

Northern Sotho : Di dirišwa tša nnete tša go fetolela sengwala - di dirišwa tšeo di nago le bokgoni bja go fetolela mafoko ka moka a sengwalwa go tšwa lelemeng le tee go ya go le lengwe.

English : Some of the applications in this category can even translate texts in foreign languages on signs or other objects in the real world when the user points the smartphone towards those objects.

Northern Sotho : Tše dingwe tša di dirišwa ka gare ga sehlopa se di ka kgona go fetolela dingwalwa go ya go malelme a dinageng tša kantle godimo ga maswao goba dilo tše dingwe lefaseng la nnete ge modiriši a lebantša founo ya go hlalefa le selo seo.

English : The translation engines have improved dramatically, and now often give more or less correct translations (and more seldom gibberish), but some care is due, as they still may have gotten it all wrong.

Northern Sotho : Dientšene tša hlatollelaleme di kaonafetše kudu, gomme bjale di abelana a bo kudu goba bonnyane bja diphetoleloleme tša nnete thwii (gomme ga se gantši e le ditšeabadimo), efela hlokomelo e bohlokwa, ka ge di ka ba di sa phoša.

English : One of the most prominent apps in this category is Google Translate, which allows offline translation after downloading the desired language data.

Northern Sotho : Ye tee ya di app tše bohlokwa kudu ke lebakeng le ke Google Translate, yeo e dumelelago phetolelo ya offline morago ga go download data ya leleme leo o le nyakago.

English : Using GPS navigation apps on your smartphone can be the easiest and most convenient way to navigate when out of your home country.

Northern Sotho : Di dirišwa tša GPS godimo ga founo ya gago ye bohlale di ka tsela ye bonolonolo ya ka pela go hwetša tsela ge o tšwele nageng ya geno.

English : It can save money over buying new maps for a GPS, or a standalone GPS device or renting one from a car rental company.

Northern Sotho : E ka boloka tšhelete godimo ga go reka mebepe ye meswa bakeng sa GPS, goba sedirišwa sa go ikema ka noši sa GPS goba go hira se tee go tšwa go khamphane ya go hirša.

English : If you don´t have a data connection for your phone, or when it is out of range, their performance can be limited or unavailable.

Northern Sotho : Ge o se na kgokaganyo ya inthanete bakeng sa founo ya gago, goba ge e le kgole le kgokaganyo, go šoma ga tšona go ka fokotšega goba gwa se be gona.

English : Every corner store is filled with a confusing array of pre-paid phone cards that can be used from pay phones or ordinary telephones.

Northern Sotho : Lebenkele le lengwe le lengwe le tletše ka megala ya go patelwa ka dikarata ya go gakantša yeo e ka dirišwago go tšwa megaleng ya go lefelwa goba megala ya go tlwaelegwa.

English : While most cards are good for calling anywhere, some specialise in providing favourable call rates to specific groups of countries.

Northern Sotho : Le dikarata tše dintši di loketše go leletša go gongwe le go gongwe, tše dingwe di na le bokgoni bja go aba ditefo tša megala tše dikaone go dihlopha tše di itšego tša dinaga.

English : Access to these services is often through a toll-free telephone number that can be called from most phones without charge.

Northern Sotho : Go hwetšagala ga ditirelo tše gantši go ba ka mokgwa wa go letšetša nomoro ya mogala ya mahala yeo e ka letšetšwego go tšwa megaleng ye mentši ntle le tefelo.

English : Rules regarding regular photography also apply to video recording, possibly even more so.

Northern Sotho : Melao ka ga go tšea dinswantšho gantši e swanetše e begona le ka go gatišeng dibidio, kgonagalo ya go ba kudu le gona.


English : If just taking a photo of something isn´t allowed, then you shouldn´t even think of recording a video of it.

Northern Sotho : Ge e ba go no tšea senepe sa se sengwe ga go a dumelelwa, gona o se ke wa ba wa nagana ka go gatiša bedio ya yona.

English : If using a drone, check well in advance as to what you are allowed to film and what permits or additional licensing are required.

Northern Sotho : Ge o šomiša setšeadiswantšho sa go fofa (drone), lekodišiša gabotse pele gore ke eng seo o dumeletšwego go se gatiša le gore ke ditumelelo dife goba dilaesense tša tlaleletšo tšeo di hlokagalago.

English : Flying a drone near an airport or over a crowd is almost always a bad idea, even if it´s not illegal in your area.

Northern Sotho : Go fofiša drone kgauswi le boemafofane goba ka godimo ga lešhaba e dula e le mogopolo wa go se loke, le ge e ba go se molaong mo o dulago.

English : Nowadays air travel is only rarely booked directly through the airline without first searching and comparing prices.

Northern Sotho : Matšatši a bjale boeti bja moyeng ga bo kgethwe kudu ka sefofane ntle le go lekola pele le go bapetša ditefelo.

English : Sometimes the same flight can have vastly differing prices at various agregators and it pays to compare search results and to also look at the website of the airline itself before booking.

Northern Sotho : Ka dinako tše dingwe sefofane se tee se ka ba le ditefelo tša go fapana kudu mafelong a go fapana gomme go a patela go bapetša dipoelo tša go hlola le go lebelela wepesaete ya lekala la sefofane pele ga ge o beela ka thoko.

English : While you may not need a visa for short visits to certain countries as a tourist or for business, going there as an international student generally requires a longer stay than going there just as a casual tourist.

Northern Sotho : Le ge o ka se hloke visa bakeng sa ketelo ye kopana go ya dinageng tše dingwe bjalo ko moeti goba bakeng sa tša kgwebo, go ya moo bjalo ka moithuti wa go tšwa kantle ka kakaretšo go hloka ketelo ye teletšana go feta ge o le moeti wa go tlwalega.

English : In general, staying in any foreign country for an extended period of time will require you to obtain a visa in advance.

Northern Sotho : Ka kakaretšo, go dula ka nageng ya kantle bakeng sa nako yeo e okedtšwego o tla swanela ke go hwetša visa e sa le nako.

English : Student visas generally have different requirements and application procedures from normal tourist or business visas.

Northern Sotho : Divisa tša baithuti ka kakaretšo di na le dinyakwa tšeo difapafapanego le ditshepedišo tša kgopelo go tšwa go divisa tša boeti ba go tlwaelega goba tša kgwebo.

English : For most countries, you will need an offer letter from the institution you wish to study at, and also evidence of funds to support yourself for at least the first year of your course.

Northern Sotho : Bakeng sa dinaga tše ntši, o tla hloka go abelana ka lengwalo la lefelo leo o ratago go ithutela go lona, gape le bohlatse bja tšhelete ya go ihlokomela bakeng sa bonnyane bja ngwaga wa mathomo wa thuto ya gago.

English : Check with the institution, as well as the immigration department for the country you wish to study in for detailed requirements.

Northern Sotho : Ikopanye le sehlongwa, gammogo le kgoro ya bofaladi mabapi le naga yeo o ratago go ithutela go yona go hwetša dinyakwa.

English : Unless you are a diplomat, working overseas generally means that you will have to file income tax in the country you are based in.

Northern Sotho : Ntle ga ge o le motseta, go šoma mošamawatle ka kakaretšo go bolela gore o tla tswanela ke go ingwaditšetša tax ya letseno nageng yeo o lego go yona.

English : Income tax is structured differently in different countries, and the tax rates and brackets vary widely from one country to another.

Northern Sotho : Motšhelo wa letseno o beakantšwe ka mo go fapafapanego dinageng tša go fapafapana, gomme dipeelo tša motšhelo di fapafapana kudu go tšwa nageng ye ngwe go ya go ye nwge.

English : In some federal countries, such as the United States and Canada, income tax is levied both at the federal level and at the local level, so the rates and brackets can vary from region to region.

Northern Sotho : Dinaga tše dingwe tša pušo, bjalo ka United States le Canada, letseno la tax le lefelwa bobedi maemong a mmušo le maemo a gae, gore ditefelo le dibrskets di fapane go tšwa seleteng go ya seleteng.

English : While immigration check is usually absent or a formality when you arrive in your homeland, customs control can be a hassle.

Northern Sotho : Le ge go hlola ga go tsena ka nageng ka mehla go dula go se gona goba semmušo ge o tsena ka nageng ya geno, bolaodi bja merwalo go ka ba boima.

English : Make sure you know what you can and cannot bring in and declare anything over the legal limits.

Northern Sotho : Netefatša gore o tseba seo o ka se tlišago le seo o ka se se tlišego gomme o ikane ka se sengwe le se sengwe magomong a molao.

English : The easiest way to get started in the business of travel writing is to hone your skills on an established travel blog website.

Northern Sotho : Tsela ye bonolonolo ya go thoma ka gare ga kgwebo ya bongwadi bja tša maeto ke go loutša makgoni a gago godimo ga wepesate ya dingwalwa tša maeto.

English : After you become comfortable with formatting and editing on the web, then later, you might create your own website.

Northern Sotho : Ka morago ga gore o tlwaele go beakanya le go rulaganya mo wepeng, ka moragonyana, o ka itirela weposaete ya gago.

English : Volunteering while travelling is a great way to make a difference but it´s not just about giving.

Northern Sotho : Go ithaopa mola o ile maetong ke tsela ye botse ya go dira phapano efela ga se ka go fa fela.

English : Living and volunteering in a foreign country is a great way to get to know a different culture, meet new people, learn about yourself, get a sense of perspective and even gain new skills.

Northern Sotho : Go dula le go ithaopa nageng ya ka ntle ke tsela ye botse ya go tseba ditšo tša go fapana, go kopana le batho ba baswa, go ithuta ka wena, go hwetša mokgwa wa kgopolo le go hwetša mabokgoni a maswa.

English : It can also be a good way to stretch a budget to allow a longer stay somewhere since many volunteer jobs provide room and board and a few pay a small salary.

Northern Sotho : E ka ba tsela ye botse ya go tlaramolotša mašeleng go dumelela go dula go go teletšana go gongwe ka ge mešomo ye mentši ya boitaopi e abelana ka phaphuši le pote gomme ye mmalwa e lefela mogolo o mo nnyane.

English : Vikings used the Russian waterways to get to the Black Sea and Caspian Sea. Parts of these routes can still be used. Check possible need for special permits, which may be difficult to get.

Northern Sotho : Madira a ka meetseng a šomišitše ditsela tša meetse tša ma-Russia go fihla Lewatleng le Leso le Lewatleng la Caspain. Dikarolo tše dingwe tša ditsela tše di ka dirišwa le ga bjale. Hlola kgonagalo ya tumelelo ya makgehte, yeo e ka bago boima go e hwetša.

English : The White Sea–Baltic Canal connects the Arctic Ocean to the Baltic Sea, via Lake Onega, Lake Ladoga and Saint Petersburg, mostly by rivers and lakes.

Northern Sotho : White Sea–Baltic Canal e kgokagantša Arctic Ocean go ya Baltic Sea, ka Lake Onega, Lake Ladoga le Saint Petersburg, kudu ka dinoka le matsha.

English : Lake Onega is also connected to Volga, so coming from the Caspian Sea through Russia is still possible.

Northern Sotho : Letsha la Onega le kgomagane gape le Volga, ka fao go tšwa Lewatle la Caspian go ya Russia go sa kgonega.

English : Be assured that once you hit the marinas everything will be pretty obvious. You will meet other boat hitchhikers and they will share their information with you.

Northern Sotho : Netefaletšega gore ka morago ga go fihla boemakepe dilo ka moka di tla ba molaleng. O tla kopana le ba bangwe ba go kgopela go namela dikepe tša babangwe gomme ba tla abelana le wena tsebišo ya bona.

English : Basically you´ll be putting up notices offering your help, pacing the docks, approaching people cleaning their yachts, trying to make contact with sailors in the bar, etc.

Northern Sotho : Gabotse o tla ba o bea ditsebišo tša go abelana ka thušo ya gago, o ya godimo le fase, o lata batho o hlwekiša dikepe tša bona, o leka go dira boikgokaganyi le boradikepe ka bareng, bjbj.


English : Try to talk to as many people as possible. After a while everyone will know you and will give you hints as to which boat is looking for someone.

Northern Sotho : Leka go bolela le batho ba bantši ka moo go kgonegago. Ka morago ga sebaka batho ka moka ba tla go tseba gomme ba tla gofa dintlha gore ke sekepe sefe seo se nyakago motho.

English : You should choose your Frequent Flyer airline in an alliance carefully.

Northern Sotho : O swanetše go kgetha lekala la gago la difofane la go Fofa Gantši ka gare ga bothekgane gabotse.

English : Although you may think it is intuitive to join the airline you fly most, you should be aware that privileges offered are often different and frequent flyer points may be more generous under a different airline in the same alliance.

Northern Sotho : Le ge o ka nagana gore ke tšotšometšo go tsenela lekala la sefofane seo o fofago ka sona gantši, o swanetše o lemoge gore mephutso yeo e abelwago gantši ea fapana gomme dintlha tša go fofa kgafetša di ka ba kaone ka fase ga lekala la sefofane sa go ba ka gare ga mokgahlo o tee.

English : Airlines such as Emirates, Etihad Airways, Qatar Airways & Turkish Airlines have greatly expanded their services to Africa, and offer connections to many major African cities at competitive rates than other European airlines.

Northern Sotho : Difofane tše bjalo ka Emirates, Etihad Airways, Qatar Airways & Turkish Airways di godišitše ditirelo tša tšona kudu go Afrika, gomme di abelana ka kgokaganyo go ya ditoropong tše dikgolo tša Afrika tše ntši ka ditefelo tše kaone go feta difofane tša Yuropa.

English : Turkish Airlines flies to 39 destinations in 30 African countries as of 2014.

Northern Sotho : Makala a Difofane tša Turkey a fofela go ya mafelong a 39 dinageng tše 30 tša Afrika go tloga ka 2014.

English : If you have additional travel time, check to see how your total fare quote to Africa compares with a round-the-world fare.

Northern Sotho : Ge o na le nako ya tlaleletšo ya go etela, hlola gore palomoka ya tefelo ya gago ya go ya Afrika e bapetšega bjang le tefelo ya go ralala lefase.

English : Don´t forget to add in the extra costs of additional visas, departure taxes, ground transportation, etc. for all those places outside of Africa.

Northern Sotho : O se lebala go tlaleletša ditefelo tša tlaleletšo tša di-visa tša tlaleletšo, metšhelo ya go sepela, dinamelwa tša fase, bjbj. tša mafelo ao kamoka a ka ntle ga Afrika.

English : If you want to fly around the world completely in the Southern Hemisphere, the choice of flights and destinations is limited due to the lack of transoceanic routes.

Northern Sotho : Ge e ba o nyaka go fofa go dukuluga lefase ka botlalo Karolong ya Borwa, kgetho ya difofane le mafelo ke ye nnyane ka baka la go hlokega ga ditsela tša go feta ka godimo ga lewatle.

English : No airline alliance covers all three ocean crossings in the Southern Hemisphere (and SkyTeam covers none of the crossings).

Northern Sotho : Ga gona lekgotla la difofane leo le akaretšago ditshelaganyo tše tharo tša lewatle ka gare ga seripa sa lefelo la Borwa (gomme SkyTeam ga se akaretša le ye tee ya ditshelaganyo tše).

English : However, Star Alliance covers everything except the eastern South Pacific from Santiago de Chile to Tahiti, which is a LATAM Oneworld flight.

Northern Sotho : Efela, Star Alliance e gokaretša tšohle ntle le Pacific ya bodikela bja Borwa go tšwa Santiago de Chile go ya Tahiti, yeo e lego sefofane sa LATAM Oneworld.

English : This flight is not the only option if you want to skip the South Pacific and the west coast of South America. (see below)

Northern Sotho : Sefofane se ga se sona kgetho fela ge o nyaka go tshela Borwa bja Phasifiki le bodikela bja lebopo la Borwa bja Amerika. (bona ka fase)

English : In 1994, the ethnically Armenian Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan waged war against the Azeris.

Northern Sotho : Ka 1994, selete sa morafe wa maAmeniya Nagorno-Karabakh sa go la Azerbaijan se ile sa thoma ntwa gahlanong le maAzeri.

English : With Armenian backing, a new republic was created. However, no established nation - not even Armenia - officially recognizes it.

Northern Sotho : Ka thekgo ya Armenia, rephapoliki ye mfsa e dirilwe. Efela, ga go naga yeo e hlomamišitšwego - le ge e le Armenia - e e lemoga semmušo.

English : Diplomatic arguments over the region continue to mar relations between Armenia and Azerbaijan.

Northern Sotho : Dingangišano tša ditherišano ka selete di tšwelapele go dikamano tša mar gare ga Armenia le Azerbaijan.

English : The Canal District (Dutch: Grachtengordel) is the famous 17th-century district surrounding the Binnenstad of Amsterdam.

Northern Sotho : Canal District (Dutch: Grachtengordel) ke lefelo la go tuma la ngwagakgolo wa bo 17 go dukuluga Binnenstad ya Amsterdam.

English : The whole district is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its unique cultural and historical value, and its property values are among the highest of the country.

Northern Sotho : Selete ka moka se betšwe bjalo ka Lefelo la Bohwa bja Lefase la UNESCO bakeng sa setšo sa go ikgetha le boleng bja histori tša lona, gomme boleng bja thoto ba yona ke bo bongwe ba goba godimo ka nageng.

English : Cinque Terre, which means Five Lands, comprises the five small coastal villages of Riomaggiore, Manarola, Corniglia, Vernazza and Monterosso located in the Italian region of Liguria.

Northern Sotho : Cinque Terre, yeo e bolelago gore Dinaga tše Hlano, e na le dinaga tša lebopong tše dinnyane tše hlano tša Riomaggiore, Manarola, Corniglia, Vernazza le Monterosso tšeo di lego seleteng sa Italy sa Liguria.

English : They are listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Northern Sotho : Di ngwadilwe godimo ga lelokelo la Bohwa bja Lefase la UNESCO.

English : Over the centuries, people have carefully built terraces on the rugged, steep landscape right up to the cliffs that overlook the sea.

Northern Sotho : Go feta mengwagakgolo, batho ba agile merara mafelong a go theogela mebotong yeo e lego pele ga dinoka.

English : Part of its charm is the lack of visible corporate development. Paths, trains and boats connect the villages, and cars cannot reach them from the outside.

Northern Sotho : Karolo ye bobotse bja yona e hloka mokgahlo woo o bonalago wa tšwelopele. Ditsela, diterene le dikepe di kopanya dinagamagae, gomme disafatanaga di ka se di fihlelele go tšwa ka ntle.

English : The varieties of French which are spoken in Belgium and Switzerland differ slightly from the French spoken in France, though they are similar enough to be mutually intelligible.

Northern Sotho : Melolelwana ya go fapafapana ya se-French yoo e bolelwago ka Belgium le Switzerland e fapana gannyane go tšwa go se-French seo se bolalwago ka France, le ge e tswana go lekanego gore e ka nyalelana.

English : In particular, the numbering system in French-speaking Belgium and Switzerland has some slight peculiarities that are different from the French spoken in France, and the pronunciation of some words is slightly different.

Northern Sotho : Kudu-kudu, tshepedišo ya dinomoro go la Belgium yeo go bolelwago se-French le Switzerland e na le dika tše dingwe tše itšego tše kgethegilego tša go fapana go tšwa go se-Freche seo se bolelwago go la France, gomme ka moo mantšu a mangwe a bitšwago ka gona go fapana ga nnyane.

English : Nevertheless, all French-speaking Belgians and Swiss would have learned standard French in school, so they would be able to understand you even if you used the standard French numbering system.

Northern Sotho : Le ge go le bjalo, ma-Belgian le ma-Swiss kamoka a go bolela leleme la se-French ba kabe ba ithutile French sekolong, gore ba kgone go go kwešiša le ge e le gore o šomišitše mokgwa wa French wa go balela.

English : In many parts of the world, waving is a friendly gesture, indicating ¨hello.¨

Northern Sotho : Dikarolong tše dintši tša lefase, go huduwa letsogo ke se šupo sa segwera, sešupo sa ¨dumela.¨

English : However, in Malaysia, at least among the Malays in rural areas, it means ¨come over,¨ similar to the index finger bent toward the body, a gesture which is used in certain Western countries, and should be used only for that purpose.

Northern Sotho : Efela, go la Malaysia, bonnyane gare ga ma Malays dinagamagaeng, se bolela gore ¨etla,¨ go tswana le monwana wa go šupa ge o kobetšwe go iša mmeleng, se šupo seo se dirišwago mafelong a dinaga tše dingwe go la Bodikela, gomme se swanetše go dirišwa bakeng sa seo fela.


English : Similarly, a British traveller in Spain may mistake a wave goodbye involving the palm facing the waver (rather than the person being waved at) as a gesture to come back.

Northern Sotho : Ka go tswana, moeti wa mo-Britain go la Spain a ka tšea go laelwa ga go hwidihwitša letsogo moyeng ga go ba le bokagare bja seatla go lebeletše yoo a laelago (gona le motho yo a laelwago) bjalo ka seka sa gore a boele morago.

English : Auxiliary languages are artificial or constructed languages created with the intent of facilitating communication between peoples who would otherwise have difficulty communicating.

Northern Sotho : Maleme a bodulamadibogo ke a go se be a nnete goba maleme a go agwa a go dirwa ka morero wa go nolofatša poledišano magareng ga batho bao ka mehla ba ka bago le bothata bja go boledišana.

English : They are separate from lingua francas, which are natural or organic languages that become dominant for one reason or another as means of communication between speakers of other languages.

Northern Sotho : Di arogane go tšwa go di lingua franca, tšeo e lego dipolelo tša hlago goba tša nnete tšeo di tumilego bakeng sa lebaka le tee goba le lengwe bjalo ka mokgwa wa poledišano gare ga diboledi tša maleme a mangwe.

English : In the heat of the day, travelers can experience mirages that give the illusion of water (or other things).

Northern Sotho : Ka gare ga phišo ya letšatši, baeti ba ka itemogela bono yeo e ba dirago gore ba bone tše nkego ba bona meetse (goba dilo tše dingwe).

English : These can be dangerous if the traveler pursue the mirage, wasting precious energy and remaining water.

Northern Sotho : Tše di ka ba kotsi ge eba moeti a ka šala tsela ya bodutu morago, a senya mafolofolo a makgethe le meetse ao a šetšego.

English : Even the hottest of deserts can become extremely cold at night. Hypothermia is a real risk without warm clothing.

Northern Sotho : Le maganata a go fiša kudu a ka tonya kudu bošego. Dithemphereitšhara tša mmele tša fase kudu ke kotsi kudu ntle le diaparo tša borutho.

English : In summer, especially, you´ll need to watch out for mosquitoes if you decide to hike through the rainforest.

Northern Sotho : Ka selemo, kudu, o tla hloka go hlokomela menang ge e ba o kgetha go tšea leeto la maoto le letelele sethokgweng.

English : Even if you´re driving through the subtropical rainforest, a few seconds with the doors open while you get inside the vehicle is enough time for mosquitoes to get in the vehicle with you.

Northern Sotho : Le ge e le gore o otlela sekgweng sa pula lefelong leo le rutšego, metsotso ye mmalwa ka mabati ao a butšwego ge o tsena ka gare ga safatanaga ke nako yeo e lekanego ya gore menang e tsene ka gare ga safatanaga le wena.

English : Bird flu, or more formally avian influenza, can infect both birds and mammals.

Northern Sotho : Mpšhikela wa dinonyane, goba ka semmušo avian influenza, o ka tšhela dinonyane gammogo le batho.

English : Fewer than a thousand cases have ever been reported in humans, but some of them have been fatal.

Northern Sotho : Dipego tša ka fasana ga sekete di begilwe bathong, efela tše dingwe tša tšona di bile kotsi kudu.

English : Most have involved people who work with poultry, but there is also some risk to birdwatchers.

Northern Sotho : Bontši bo akareditše batho bao ba šomago ka dikgogo, efela go na le dikotsi tše dingwe gape go bahlokomedi ba dinonyana.

English : Typical for Norway are steep fjords and valleys that suddenly give way to a high, more or less even plateau.

Northern Sotho : Go tlwaelegile go la Norway ke ditsejana tša ka gare ga meboto le meedi yeo ka pela e fago tsela go nagadimo ya go ba godimo, kudu goba ga nnyane.

English : These plateaus are often referred to as ¨vidde¨ meaning a wide, open treeless space, a boundless expanse.

Northern Sotho : Dinagagodimo tše gantši di bitšwa bjalo ka ¨vidde¨ go go bolelago gore lefelo la bophara, la go bulega ga go hloka mehlare, molala wa go hloka magomo.

English : In Rogaland and Agder they are usually called ¨hei¨ meaning a treeless moorland often covered in heather.

Northern Sotho : Go la Rogaland le Agder di bitšwa ¨hei¨ seo se rago re mohlaka wa go hloka mehlare woo gantši o khupeditšwego ke heather.

English : The glaciers are not stable, but flow down the mountain. This will cause cracks, crevasses, which may be obscured by snow bridges.

Northern Sotho : Meela-kgapetla ga ea tsepama, efela e theogela fase go tšwa tabeng. Se se tla dira go pharoga, meepo, yeo e ka thibjwago ke magora a lehlwa.

English : The walls and roofs of ice caves can collapse and cracks can get closed.

Northern Sotho : Maboto le dihlaka tša mawa a lehlwa a ka wa le go pharoga a ka tswalelwa.

English : At the edge of glaciers huge blocks break loose, fall down and perhaps jump or roll farther from the edge.

Northern Sotho : Mafelelong a meelakgapetla makwate a magolo a ngwatega, a wela fase gomme mohlomongwe fofela goba go pšhikulogela pele kudu go tloga moo mathomong.

English : The tourist season for the hill stations generally peaks during the Indian summer.

Northern Sotho : Sehla sa boeti bakeng sa ditiši tša meboto gantši bo tlala ka nako ya selemo sa India.

English : However, they have a different kind of beauty and charm during winter, with many hill stations receiving healthy amounts of snow and offering activities such as skiing and snowboarding.

Northern Sotho : Efela, ba na le bo botse le bogogedi bjo fapanego ka nako ya marega, meboto e amogela lehlwa le le botse le lentši le go abelana ka mediro ya go swana le go fofa lehlweng le go kitima lehlweng.

English : Only a few airlines still offer bereavement fares, which slightly discount the cost of last-minute funeral travel.

Northern Sotho : Ke difofane tše mmalwa fela tšeo di abago mašeleng a go hlokofalelwa, tšeo di išago fase gannyane tshenyagalelo ya leeto la motsotso wa bofelo wa lehu.

English : Airlines that offer these include Air Canada, Delta Air Lines, Lufthansa for flights originating from the U.S. or Canada, and WestJet.

Northern Sotho : Difofane tšeo di abelanago ka tše diakaretša Air Canada, Delta Air Lines, Lufthansa bakeng sa difofane tša go tšwa go la U.S. goba Canada, le WestJet.

English : In all cases, you must book by phone directly with the airline.

Northern Sotho : Mabakeng ka moka, o swanetše o beakanye ka mogala thwii le khamphane ya sefofane.


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