40 days Afrikaans and English conversation with Flores.

Hello!
This is KYUHWAN, your contact at All in one Language!


In this session, we will learn a conversation in Afrikaans and English languages using the 'Flores200' data provided by 'MetaAI.' This data consists of a total of 997 sentences, so if you read 25 sentences per day, you can see your language skills improve within 40 days.


Furthermore, this data has translations in the same content for 204 languages, so you can use the blog search function at the top to search for the desired language. However, please note that this data will be reflected in the blog starting from June 2023, and it takes six months for all the data to be incorporated. If the language you search for is not available, it means it hasn't been included yet, so please understand.

The language list is provided at the bottom of this post.


[Day1]

Afrikaans : Op Maandag het wetenskaplikes vanaf die Stanford Universiteit Medieseskool aangekondig dat die uitvinding van 'n diagnostiese hulpmiddel wat selle kan rangskik volgens tipe: 'n klein drukbare skyfie wat vervaardig kan word deur om standard inkjetprinters te gebruik vir 'n moontlike een VS sent elk.

English : On Monday, scientists from the Stanford University School of Medicine announced the invention of a new diagnostic tool that can sort cells by type: a tiny printable chip that can be manufactured using standard inkjet printers for possibly about one U.S. cent each.



Afrikaans : Hoofnavorsers sê dit mag vroeë ontdekking van kanker, tuberkulose, HIV en malaria bring aan pasiënte in lae-inkomste lande, waar die oorlewingstempos vir sulke siektes soos borskanker die helfte kan wees van die van ryker lande.

English : Lead researchers say this may bring early detection of cancer, tuberculosis, HIV and malaria to patients in low-income countries, where the survival rates for illnesses such as breast cancer can be half those of richer countries.



Afrikaans : Die JAS 39C Gripen het op die aanloopbaan neergestort om en by 9:30 vm plaaslike tyd (0230 UTC) en ontplof, sodoende die lughawe gesluit vir kommersiële vlugte.

English : The JAS 39C Gripen crashed onto a runway at around 9:30 am local time (0230 UTC) and exploded, closing the airport to commercial flights.



Afrikaans : Die vlieenier was identifiseer as Eskader Leier Dilokrit Pattavee.

English : The pilot was identified as Squadron Leader Dilokrit Pattavee.



Afrikaans : Plaaslike media berig 'n lughawe brandweervoertuig het gerol terwyl hul gereageer het.

English : Local media reports an airport fire vehicle rolled over while responding.



Afrikaans : Die 28-jarige Vidal het drie seisoene gelede by Barça aangesluit, vanaf Sevilla.

English : 28-year-old Vidal had joined Barça three seasons ago, from Sevilla.



Afrikaans : Sedert hy na die Katalaanse hoofstad getrek het, het Vidal 49 wedstryde vir die klub gespeel.

English : Since moving to the Catalan-capital, Vidal had played 49 games for the club.



Afrikaans : Die protes het ongeveer 11:00 plaaslike tyd (GUT+1) op Whitehall oorkant die polisie-bewaakte ingang na Downing Straat, die Eerste Minister se offisiële tuiste, begin.

English : The protest started around 11:00 local time (UTC+1) on Whitehall opposite the police-guarded entrance to Downing Street, the Prime Minister´s official residence.



Afrikaans : Net na 11:00, het die betogers die verkeer geblokkeer op die noordwaartse pad in Whitehall.

English : Just after 11:00, protesters blocked traffic on the northbound carriage in Whitehall.



Afrikaans : Om 11:20 het die polisie die betogers gevra om terug na die sypaadjie te beweeg, deur hulle in kennis te stel dat hulle die balans moet hou tussen die betoging en die opbounde verkeer.

English : At 11:20, the police asked the protesters to move back on to the pavement, stating that they needed to balance the right to protest with the traffic building up.



Afrikaans : Om en by 11:29 het die protes met Whitehall opbeweeg, verby Trafalgar Vierkant, langs die Strand, en by Aldwych verbygegaan op met Kingsway in die rigting van Holborn waar die Konserwatiewe Party besig was om hul Lenteforum in die Grootse Connaught Kamers hotel te hou.

English : Around 11:29, the protest moved up Whitehall, past Trafalgar Square, along the Strand, passing by Aldwych and up Kingsway towards Holborn where the Conservative Party were holding their Spring Forum in the Grand Connaught Rooms hotel.



Afrikaans : Nadal se kop-teen-kop rekord teen die Kanadees is 7-2.

English : Nadal´s head to head record against the Canadian is 7–2.



Afrikaans : Hy het onlangs teen Raonic in die Brisbane Ope verloor.

English : He recently lost against Raonic in the Brisbane Open.



Afrikaans : Nadal het 88% netpunte in die wedstryd gekry en 76 punte in die eerste afslaan verdien.

English : Nadal bagged 88% net points in the match winning 76 points in the first serve.



Afrikaans : Na die wedstryd, het die Koning van Klei gesê, "Ek is net opgewonde om terug te wees in die finale rondte van die belangrikste gebeure. Ek is hier om te probeer wen."

English : After the match, King of Clay said, ¨I am just excited about being back in the final rounds of the most important events. I am here to try to win this.¨



Afrikaans : "Panama Papers" is 'n oorkoepelende term vir ongeveer tien miljoen dokument van die Panamese regsfirma, Mossack Fonseca, wat aan die pers uitgelek het in die lente van 2016.

English : ¨Panama Papers¨ is an umbrella term for roughly ten million documents from Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca, leaked to the press in spring 2016.



Afrikaans : Die dokumente het gewys dat veertien banke ryk kliënte gehelp het om biljoene VS dollar van rykdom weg te steek om belasting en ander regulasies te vermy.

English : The documents showed fourteen banks helped wealthy clients hide billions of US dollars of wealth to avoid taxes and other regulations.



Afrikaans : Die Britse koerant, The Guardian, het aangedui dat die Deutsche Bank rofweg 'n derde van die 1200 dop maatskappye gebruik om dit te bereik.

English : British newspaper The Guardian suggested Deutsche Bank controlled roughly a third of the 1200 shell companies used to accomplish this.



Afrikaans : Daar was wêreldwyd proteste, verskeie kriminele vervolgings, en die leiers van die regerings van Ysland en Pakistan het beide bedank.

English : There were protests worldwide, several criminal prosecutions, and the leaders of the governments of Iceland and Pakistan both resigned.



Afrikaans : Gebore in Hong Kong, Ma het by New York Universiteit en Harvard Regsskool studeer en het op 'n tyd 'n permanente groenkaart vir Amerika gehad".

English : Born in Hong Kong, Ma studied at New York University and Harvard Law School and once held an American permanent resident ¨green card¨.



Afrikaans : Hsieh het gedurende die verkiesing geïmpliseer dat Ma uit die land in 'n tyd van mag vlug.

English : Hsieh implied during the election that Ma might flee the country during a time of crisis.



Afrikaans : Hsieh het ook geredeneer dat die fotogeniese Ma meer styl as inhoud was.

English : Hsieh also argued that the photogenic Ma was more style than substance.



Afrikaans : Ten spyte van beskuldigings het Ma behendig gewen op 'n platform wat nader bande met die Sjinese vasteland bevorder.

English : Despite these accusations, Ma won handily on a platform advocating closer ties with the Chinese mainland.



Afrikaans : Speler van die dag is Alex Ovechkin van die Washington-hoofstede.

English : Today´s Player of the Day is Alex Ovechkin of the Washington Capitals.



Afrikaans : Hy het 2 doele en 2 assistente in Washington se 5-3 oorwining teen die Atlanta Thrashers gehad.

English : He had 2 goals and 2 assists in Washington´s 5-3 win over the Atlanta Thrashers.



[Day2]

Afrikaans : Ovechkin se eerste bystand van die nag was met die spel-wennede doel deur nuweling Nicklas Backstrom.

English : Ovechkin´s first assist of the night was on the game-winning goal by rookie Nicklas Backstrom;



Afrikaans : sy tweede doel van die aand was sy 60ste van die seisoen, wat hom die eerste speler gemaak het om 60 of meer doele in 'n seisoen sedert 1995-96 te maak, toe Jaromir Jagr en Mario Lemieux elkeen daardie mylpaal behaal het.

English : his second goal of the night was his 60th of the season, becoming the first player to score 60 or more goals in a season since 1995-96, when Jaromir Jagr and Mario Lemieux each reached that milestone.



Afrikaans : Batten is 190ste op die 2008 lys van 400 Rykste Amerikaners gelys met 'n geskatte fortuin van $2.3 biljoen.

English : Batten was ranked 190th on the 2008 400 Richest Americans list with an estimated fortune of $2.3 billion.



Afrikaans : Hy het in 1950 gegradueer aan die Kollege van Kunste en Wetenskap van die Universiteit van Virginia en was 'n beduidende skenker aan die instelling.

English : He graduated from the College of Arts & Sciences of the University of Virginia in 1950 and was a significant donor to that institution.



Afrikaans : Iraak se Abu Ghraib tronk is gedurende 'n oproer aan die brand gesteek.

English : Iraq´s Abu Ghraib prison has been set alight during a riot.



Afrikaans : Die tronk het berug geword nadat daar gevangene mishandeling plaasgevind het nadat US magte oorgevat het.

English : The jail became notorious after prisoner abuse was discovered there after US forces took over.



Afrikaans : Piquet Jr. het in die 2008 Singapoer Grand Prix ´n ongeluk gemaak net na ´n vroeë russtop vir Fernando Alonso, en die veiligheidskar is uitgebring.

English : Piquet Jr. crashed in the 2008 Singapore Grand Prix just after an early pit stop for Fernando Alonso, bringing out the safety car.



Afrikaans : Soos die motors voor Alonso vir brandstof onder die veiligheidsmotor ingegaan het, het Alonso vorentoe in die grope beweeg om die oorwinning te behaal.

English : As the cars ahead of Alonso went in for fuel under the safety car, he moved up the pack to take victory.



Afrikaans : Piquet Jnr. is na die 2009 Hongaarse Grand Prix afgedank.

English : Piquet Jr. was sacked after the 2009 Hungarian Grand Prix.



Afrikaans : Om presies 8:46 vm het ´n hush oor die stad geval op die presiese oomblik toe die eerste jet sy teiken getref het.

English : At exactly 8:46 a.m. a hush fell across the city, marking the exact moment the first jet struck its target.



Afrikaans : Twee ligstrale is opgestel om oornag na die hemelruim te skyn.

English : Two beams of light have been rigged up to point skywards overnight.



Afrikaans : Deurlopende konstruksie aan vyf nuwe wolkekrabbers op die grond, met 'n vervoersentrum en gedenkpark in die middel.

English : Construction is ongoing for five new skyscrapers at the site, with a transportation center and memorial park in the middle.



Afrikaans : Die PBS het meer as twee dosyn Emmy toekennings en sy lugtyd is net korter as Sesame Street en Mister Rogers' Neighborhood.

English : The PBS show has more than two-dozen Emmy awards, and its run is shorter only than Sesame Street and Mister Rogers´ Neighborhood.



Afrikaans : Elke episode van die program fokus op 'n tema in 'n spesifieke boek en verken daardie tema deur vele verhale.

English : Each episode of the show would focus on a theme in a specific book and then explore that theme through multiple stories.



Afrikaans : Elke vertoning sou ook aanbevelings voorsien vir boeke waarvoor kinders moet kyk wanneer hulle na hul biblioteek toe gaan.

English : Each show would also provide recommendations for books that children should look for when they went to their library.



Afrikaans : John Grant, van die WNED tv-stasie, Buffalo (Leesreënboog se tuisstasie) het gesê dat, "Leesreënboog kinders geleer het hoekom hulle moet lees,… die liefde vir lees - [die program] het kinders aangemoedig om ´n boek op te tel en te lees."

English : John Grant, from WNED Buffalo (Reading Rainbow´s home station) said ¨Reading Rainbow taught kids why to read,... the love of reading — [the show] encouraged kids to pick up a book and to read.¨



Afrikaans : Dit word deur sommige geglo, insluitend John Grant, dat beide die befondsing en 'n gedagte skuif in die filosofie van die opvoedkundige televisie-programme bygedra het tot die beïndiging van die reeks.

English : It is believed by some, including John Grant, that both the funding crunch and a shift in the philosophy of educational television programming contributed to ending the series.



Afrikaans : Voorspellers sê dat die storm, wat ongeveer 645 myl (1040 km) wes van die Kaap Verde eilande geleë is, sal waarskynlik ontbind word voordat dit enige land-areas bedreig.

English : The storm, situated about 645 miles (1040 km) west of the Cape Verde islands, is likely to dissipate before threatening any land areas, forecasters say.



Afrikaans : Fred het huidiglik winde van 105 myl per uur (165 km/h) en beweeg tans na die noordweste toe.

English : Fred currently has winds of 105 miles per hour (165 km/h) and is moving towards the northwest.



Afrikaans : Fred is die sterkste tropiese sikloon wat tot dusver so vêr suid en oos in die Atlantiese oseaan opgeteken is, sedert die aanvangs van satellietbeelde, en slegs die derde groot orkaan wat oos van 35 ͦW opgeteken is.

English : Fred is the strongest tropical cyclone ever recorded so far south and east in the Atlantic since the advent of satellite imagery, and only the third major hurricane on record east of 35°W.



Afrikaans : Op September 24, 1759, het Arthur Guinness 'n 9,000 jaar huurkontrak vir die St James' Gate Brouery in Dublin, Ierland geteken.

English : On September 24, 1759, Arthur Guinness signed a 9,000 year lease for the St James´ Gate Brewery in Dublin, Ireland.



Afrikaans : 250 jaar later, het Guinness gegroei tot 'n globale besigheid met 'n jaarlikse opbrengs van meer as 10 biljoen euros (U$14.7 biljoen).

English : 250 years later, Guinness has grown to a global business that turns over 10 billion euros (US$14.7 billion) every year.



Afrikaans : Jonny Rid, die mede bestuurder van die A1GP New Zealand span, het vandag geskiedenis gemaak deur wettig die vinnigste oor die 48 jaar oue Auckland Hawe Brug in New Zealand te ry.

English : Jonny Reid, co-driver for the A1GP New Zealand team, today made history by driving the fastest over the 48-year-old Auckland Harbour Bridge, New Zealand, legally.



Afrikaans : Mnr Reid het dit reggekry om die Nieu Seelandse A1GP kar, Black Beauty teen 'n spoed van 160km/h sewe keer oor die brug te ry.

English : Mr Reid managed to drive the New Zealand´s A1GP car, Black Beauty at speeds over 160km/h seven times over the bridge.



Afrikaans : Die Nieu-Seelandse polisie het gesukkel om met hul spoedradar-gewere te sien hoe vinnig mnr. Reid gery het omdat Black Beauty so laag is, en die enigste tyd wat die polisie daarin geslaag het om mnr. Reid te meet, was toe hy spoed na 160 km/h verminder het.

English : The New Zealand police had trouble using their speed radar guns to see how fast Mr Reid was going because of how low Black Beauty is, and the only time the police managed to clock Mr Reid was when he slowed down to 160km/h.



[Day3]

Afrikaans : In die laaste 3 maande is meer as 80 gearresteerdes vrygelaat van die Sentrale Aanhoudingsfasiliteit sonder dat hulle formeel aangekla is.

English : In the last 3 months, over 80 arrestees were released from the Central Booking facility without being formally charged.



Afrikaans : In April hierdie jaar is 'n tydelike inderdik deur Regter Glynn teen die fasiliteit uitgereik om die vrylating van diegene wat meer as 24 uur na hulle inname aangehou word en nog nie 'n verhoor deur die hofbeampte ontvang het nie af te dwing.

English : In April this year, a temporary restaining order was issued by Judge Glynn against the facility to enforce the release of those held more than 24 hours after their intake who did not receive a hearing by a court commissioner.



Afrikaans : Die kommissaris stel 'n borgtog vas, en indien dit toegeken word, word dit geformaliseer en die klagtes in die lêer opgeteken word deur die arrestasiebeampte. Die klagte word dan op die staat se rekenaarsisteem ingesleutel waar die saak nagespoor word.

English : The commissioner sets bail, if granted, and formalizes the charges filed by the arresting officer. The charges are then entered into the state´s computer system where the case is tracked.



Afrikaans : Die verhoor merk ook die datum vir die verdagte se reg tot 'n spoedige verhoor.

English : The hearing also marks the date for the suspect's right to a speedy trial.



Afrikaans : Peter Costello, Australiese tesourier en die man wat heel moontlik Eerste Minister John Howard sal opvolg as Liberale partyleier, het sy steun agter die kernkragindustrie in Australië.

English : Peter Costello, Australian treasurer and the man most likely to succeed Prime Minister John Howard as Liberal party leader has thrown his support behind a nuclear power industry in Australia.



Afrikaans : Mnr. Costello het gesê dat wanneer kernkragopwekking ekonomies lewensvatbaar raak, Australië die gebruik daarvan behoort na te streef.

English : Mr Costello said that when nuclear power generation becomes economically viable, Australia should pursue its use.



Afrikaans : "Indien dit kommersieël beskikbaar word, moet ons dit hê. Dit wil sê, daar's in beginsel geen besware teen kernkrag nie," het mnr. Costello gesê.

English : ¨If it becomes commercial, we should have it. That is, there´s no in-principle objection to nuclear energy¨ Mr Costello said.



Afrikaans : Volgens Ansa was ¨die polisie besorg oor ´n paar topvlakmoorde wat hulle vrees ´n algehele opvolgingsoorlog tot gevolg sou kon hê.

English : According to Ansa, ¨police were concerned by a couple of top-level hits they feared might spark a full-blown war of succession.



Afrikaans : Die Polisie het gesê dat Lo Picollo die opperhand gehad het omdat hy Provenzano se regterhand in Palermo was, en dat hy meer ondervindervinding het, wat hom die respek van die ouer generasie van base gewen aangesien hulle Provenzano se polis om so laag as moontlik te hou, onderwyl hulle hul kragnetwerk versterk het.

English : Police said Lo Piccolo had the upper hand because he had been Provenzano´s right-hand man in Palermo and his greater experience won him the respect of the older generation of bosses as they pursued Provenzano´s policy of keeping as low as possible while strengthening their power network.



Afrikaans : Daardie base is getem deur Provenzano toe hy 'n einde gemaak het aan die Riina-aangedrewe oorlog teen die staat wat die lewens van Mafia kruisvegters Giovanni Falcone en Paolo Borsellino in 1992 geeïs het."

English : These bosses had been reined in by Provenzano when he put an end to the Riina-driven war against the state that claimed the lives of Mafia crusaders Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino in 1992.¨



Afrikaans : Apple se hoof uitvoerende beampte Steve Jobs het die toestel onthul deur na die verhoog te stap en die iPhone uit sy denimbroeksak te haal.

English : Apple CEO Steve Jobs unveiled the device by walking onto the stage and taking the iPhone out of his jeans pocket.



Afrikaans : Tydens sy 2 uur toespraak het hy genoem dat, "Vandag gaan Apple die foon herbedink, Ons gaan vandag geskiedenis maak".

English : During his 2 hour speech he stated that ¨Today Apple is going to reinvent the phone, We are going to make history today¨.



Afrikaans : Brazilië is die grootste Rooms-Katolieke land op aarde, en die Rooms-Katolieke Kerk het konstant die wettiging van huwelike van dieselfde geslag teen gestaan.

English : Brazil is the largest Roman Catholic country on Earth, and the Roman Catholic Church has consistently opposed the legalization of same-sex marriage in the country.



Afrikaans : Die Nasionale Kongres van Brasilië het die wettiging vir 10 jaar gedebatteer, en sulke siviele huwelike is huidiglik slegs wettig in Rio Grande do Sul.

English : The National Congress of Brazil has debated legalization for 10 years, and such civil marriages are currently only legal in Rio Grande do Sul.



Afrikaans : Die oorspronklike wetstoepassing is deur die voormalige goewerneur van São Paulo, Marta Suplicy, opgeteken. Die voorgestelde wetgewing, nadat dit aangepas is, is nou in die hande van Roberto Jefferson.

English : The original bill was drafted by former mayor of São Paulo, Marta Suplicy. The proposed legislation, after being amended, is now in the hands of Roberto Jefferson.



Afrikaans : Protesteerders hoop om 'n petisie van 1.2 miljoen handtekeninge te versamel om aan die Nasionale Kongres in November voor te lê.

English : Protesters hope to collect a petition of 1.2 million signatures to present to the National Congress in November.



Afrikaans : Nadat dit duidelik geword het dat baie families regshulp gesoek het om die uitsettings teen te staan, was 'n vergadering gehou op 20 Maart by die East Bay Community Law Center vir die slagoffers van die behuisingsverneukspul.

English : After it became apparent that many families were seeking legal help to fight the evictions, a meeting was held on March 20 at the East Bay Community Law Center for the victims of the housing scam.



Afrikaans : Toe die huurders begin deel het wat met hulle gebeur het, het meeste van die betrokke families skielik besef dat Carolyn Wilson van die OHA hul sekuriteitsdeposito's gesteel het, en toe op vlug geslaan het.

English : When the tenants started sharing what had occurred to them, most of the families involved suddenly realized that Carolyn Wilson of the OHA had stolen their security deposits, and skipped out of town.



Afrikaans : Huurders van Lockwood Gardens glo dat daar nog 40 of meer families is wat uitsetting in die gesig staar, sedert hulle uitgevind het dat die OHA-polisie ook ander publieke behuisingseiendomme in Oakland ondersoek wat ook dalk in die behuisingsskandaal vasgevang is.

English : Tenants at Lockwood Gardens believe that there may be another 40 families or more to face eviction, since they learned that OHA police are also investigating other public housing properties in Oakland that may be caught up in the housing scam.



Afrikaans : Die groep het die opvoering by Maui's Oorlog Gedenkteken Stadion gekanselleer wat gereed was om deur 9,000 mense bygewoon te word, en het aan bewonderaars om verskoning gevra.

English : The band canceled the show at Maui´s War Memorial Stadium, which was set to be attended by 9,000 people, and apologized to fans.



Afrikaans : Die orkes se bestuursmaatskappy, HK Management Inc., het geen aanvanklike rede gegee toe hulle op September 20 gekanselleer het nie, maar het teen die volgende dag logistieke redes geblameer.

English : The band´s management company, HK Management Inc., gave no initial reason when they canceled on September 20, but blamed logistical reasons by the next day.



Afrikaans : Die beroemde Griekse prokureurs, Sakis Kechagioglou en George Nikolakopoulos is opgesluit in die Ateniese tronk van Korydallus, want hulle is skuldig bevind aan verduistering en korrupsie.

English : The famous Greek lawyers, Sakis Kechagioglou and George Nikolakopoulos have been imprisoned in the Athens´ jail of Korydallus, as they were found guilty of graft and corruption.



Afrikaans : As gevolg hiervan, is 'n groot skandaal met die Griekse wettige gemeenskap aan die lig gebring deur die blootstelling van onwettige aksies deur regters, prokureurs, en wetsgeleerdes gedurende die vorige jare.

English : As a result of this, a big scandal within the Greek legal community has been raised through the exposure of illegal actions that judges, lawyers, solicitors and attorneys have done during the previous years.



Afrikaans : n Paar weke gelede, nadat die informasie deur die joernalis Makis Triantafylopoulos in sy gewilde Televisieprogram ¨Zoungla¨ op Alfa TV gepubliseer is, is ´n lid van die parlement, en prokureur, Petros Mantouvalos, uit sy posisie onthef, aangesien lede van sy kabinet betrokke was in onwettige knoeiery en korrupsie.

English : A few weeks ago, after the information published by the journalist Makis Triantafylopoulos in his popular Television show ¨Zoungla¨ in Alpha TV, the member of Parliament and lawyer, Petros Mantouvalos was abdicated as members of his office had been involved in illegal graft and corruption.



Afrikaans : Verdermeer is die hoogste regter, Evangelos Kalousis, in die tronk opgesluit omdat hy skuldig bevind is van korrupsie en ontaarde gedrag.

English : Moreover, top judge Evangelos Kalousis is imprisoned as he found guilty of corruption and degenerate behaviour.



[Day4]

Afrikaans : Roberts het eenvoudig geweier om te sê oor wanneer hy glo lewe begin, 'n belangrike vraag wanneer 'n mens die etiek van aborsie in gedagte hou, en gesê dat dit oneties sou wees om op die spesifieke besonderhede van waarskynlike gevalle kommentaar te lewer.

English : Roberts flatly refused to say about when he believes life begins, an important question when considering the ethics of abortion, saying that it would be unethical to comment on the specifics of likely cases.



Afrikaans : Hy het wel sy vroeër uitspraak bevestig dat Roe v. Wade die "gevestige wet van die land" is, en die belangrikheid van konsekwentheid van Hooggeregshof bevindings benadruk.

English : He did, however, reiterate his earlier statement that Roe v. Wade was the ¨settled law of the land¨, emphasizing the importance of consistent Supreme Court rulings.



Afrikaans : Hy het ook bevestig dat hy in die geimpliseerde reg tot privaatheid glo waarvan die Roe besluit afgehang het.

English : He also confirmed that he believed in the implied right to privacy which the Roe decision depended upon.



Afrikaans : Maroochydore het bo-op die leër geeïndig, ses punte voor Noosa in tweede plek.

English : Maroochydore had finished on top of the ladder, six points clear of Noosa in second.



Afrikaans : Die twee kante sal in die groot semi-finaal ontmoet waar Noosa wenners uitgeloop het met 11 punte.

English : The two sides would meet in the major semi final where Noosa ran out winners by 11 points.



Afrikaans : Maroochydore het toe vir Caboolture in die Voorlopige Finaal verslaan.

English : Maroochydore then defeated Caboolture in the Preliminary Final.



Afrikaans : Hesperonychus elizabethae is 'n spesie uit die familie Dromaeosauridae en is 'n nefie van die Velociraptor.

English : Hesperonychus elizabethae is a species of the family Dromaeosauridae and is a cousin of Velociraptor .



Afrikaans : Dit is geglo dat die volgeveerde, warmbloedige Roofvoël regop gestaan het op twee bene met kloue soos die Velociraptor.

English : This fully feathered, warm blooded bird of prey was believed to have walked upright on two legs with claws like the Velociraptor.



Afrikaans : Sy tweede klou was groter, wat die naam Hesperonychus, wat "westerse kou" beteken, laat opkom het.

English : Its second claw was larger, giving rise to the name Hesperonychus which means ¨western claw.¨



Afrikaans : Bykomend tot die verpletterende ys, het uiterste weersomstandighede die reddingspogings gestrem.

English : In addition to the crushing ice, extreme weather conditions have been hampering rescue efforts.



Afrikaans : Pittman het voorgestel dat toestande die sal verbeter tot een of ander tyd volgende week nie.

English : Pittman suggested that conditions wouldn´t improve until sometime next week.



Afrikaans : Die hoeveelheid en digtheid van die pak ys, volgens Pittman, is die ergste wat dit in die afgelope 15 jaar was vir robbejagters.

English : The amount and thickness of the pack ice, according to Pittman, is the worst it has been for sealers in the past 15 years.



Afrikaans : Nuus het vandag in die Rooi Meer gemeenskap versprei terwyl begrafnisse vir Jeff Weise en drie van die nege slagoffers gehou is, dat nog ´n student gearresteer is in verband met die skool-skietvoorvalle van 21 Maart.

English : News spread in the Red Lake community today as funerals for Jeff Weise and three of the nine victims were held that another student was arrested in connection with the school shootings of March 21.



Afrikaans : Owerhede het min bekend gemaak behalwe om die arrestasie vandag te bevestig.

English : Authorities said little officially beyond confirming today´s arrest.



Afrikaans : 'n Bron met kennis van die ondersoek het egter die Minneapolis Star-Tribune vertel dat dit Louis Jourdain was, 'n 16-jarige seun van Red Lake Stam Hoofman Floyd Jourdain.

English : However, a source with knowledge of the investigation told the Minneapolis Star-Tribune that it was Louis Jourdain, 16-year old son of Red Lake Tribal Chairman Floyd Jourdain.



Afrikaans : Dit is nog nie huidiglik bekend watter aantygings gemaak sal word of wat owerhede na die seun gelei het nie, maar jeugmisdaad-verrigtinge het in die federale hof begin.

English : It is not known at this time what charges will be laid or what led authorities to the boy but juvenile proceedings have begun in federal court.



Afrikaans : Lodin het ook gesê dat hulle besluit het om die afloop te kanselleer om Afgane se geld te spaar en te beskerm teen die sekuriteitsrisiko van nog ´n verkiesing.

English : Lodin also said officials decided to cancel the runoff in order to save Afghans the expense and security risk of another election.



Afrikaans : Diplomate sê dat hulle genoeg dubbelsinnigheid gevind het in die Afghan konstitusie om die afloop as onnodig te bepaal.

English : Diplomats said that they had found enough ambiguity in the Afghan constitution to determine the runoff as unnecessary.



Afrikaans : Hierdie weerspreek verslae van vroeër wat gesê het dat die kansellering van die afloop teen die konstitusie sou wees.

English : This contradicts earlier reports, which said that cancelling the runoff would have been against the constitution.



Afrikaans : Die vliegtuig was op pad na Irkutsk en is deur binnelandse troepe gevlieg.

English : The aircraft had been headed to Irkutsk and was being operated by interior troops.



Afrikaans : Navrae is vasgestel sodat ´n ondersoek geloods is.

English : An inquiry was established to investigate.



Afrikaans : Die Il-76 was 'n groot deel van beide die Russiese en Sowjet weermag sedert die 1970's, en het reeds 'n ernstige ongeluk in Rusland gesien verlede maand.

English : The Il-76 has been a major component of both the Russian and Soviet military since the 1970s, and had already seen a serious accident in Russia last month.



Afrikaans : Op Oktober 7 het ´n enjin met opstyg geskei, sonder beserings. Rusland het Il-76´s kort ná die ongeluk vir ń tydperk verbied.

English : On October 7 an engine separated on takeoff, without injuries. Russia briefly grounded Il-76s after that accident.



Afrikaans : 800 Myl van die Trans-Alaska Pyplynsisteem is toegemaak na aanleiding van ´n vermorsing van duisende vate ru-olie suid van Fairbanks, Alaska.

English : 800 miles of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System were closed down following a spill of thousands of barrels of crude oil south of Fairbanks, Alaska.



Afrikaans : ´n Kragonderbrekeing na ´n roetine-brandbeheersisteemtoets het veroorsaak dat die ontlaskleppe oopgaan, en ru-olie oorgeloop het naby die Fort Greenly-pompstasie 9.

English : A power failure following a routine fire-command system test caused relief valves to open and crude oil overflowed near the Fort Greely pump station 9.



[Day5]

Afrikaans : Die ontlaskleppe se opening het ´n druk-ontlading vir die sisteem toegelaat en olie het oor ´n kussing na ´n tenk wat 55 000 vate kan hou, gevloei (2.3 miljoen gellings).

English : The valves opening allowed a pressure release for the system and oil flowed on a pad to a tank that can hold 55,000 barrels (2.3 million gallons).



Afrikaans : Van Woensdag middag af, het die drom luggate nog steeds gelek waarskynlik as gevolg van termiese uitsetting binne die drom.

English : As of Wednesday afternoon, the tank vents were still leaking probably from thermal expansion inside the tank.



Afrikaans : 'n Ander sekondêre opvangsgebied onder die tanks kan tot 104,500 vate hou wat nog nie tot kapasiteit gevul is nie.

English : Another secondary containment area below the tanks capable of holding 104,500 barrels was not yet filled to capacity.



Afrikaans : Die opmerkings, wat regstreeks op televisie gebeeldsend is, is die eerste keer wat senior Irannese bronne toegegee het dat die sanksies enige effek het.

English : The comments, live on television, were the first time that senior Iranian sources have admitted that the sanctions are having any effect.



Afrikaans : Hulle sluit in finansiële beperkings en 'n verbieding deur die Europese Unie op die uitvoer van ru-olie, van waar af die Iraniese ekonomie 80% van sy buitelandse inkomste ontvang.

English : They include financial restrictions and a ban by the European Union on the export of crude oil, from which the Iranian economy receives 80% of its foreign income.



Afrikaans : In hul mees onlangse verslag het OPEC gesê dat uitvoere van ruolie geval het to hul laagste vlak in twee dekades tot 2.8 miljoen vate per dag.

English : In its most recent monthly report, OPEC said exports of crude had fallen to their lowest level for two decades at 2.8 million barrels per day.



Afrikaans : Die land se opperhoof, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, het die afhanklikheid aan olie beskryf as ''n lokval', gedateer van voor Iran se Islamitiese revolusie in 1979 en die land moet homself bevry.

English : The country´s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, has described the dependency on oil as ¨a trap¨ dating from before Iran´s Islamic revolution in 1979 and from which the country should free itself.



Afrikaans : Wanneer die kapsule op Aarde kom en die atmosfeer binnekom, teen omtrend 5vm (oosterlike tyd), sal dit na verwagting omtrend 'n ligskou hou vir mense wat in Noord California, Oregon, Nevada en Utah bly.

English : When the capsule gets to Earth and enters the atmosphere, at about 5am (eastern time), it is expected to put on quite a light show for folks in Northern California, Oregon, Nevada, and Utah.



Afrikaans : Die kapsel sal nes 'n verskietende ster lyk wat deur die lug gaan.

English : The capsule will look much like a shooting star going across the sky.



Afrikaans : Die kapsule sal teen 'n spoed van ongeveer 12.8 km of 8 myl per sekonde reis, vinnig genoeg om vanaf San Fransisco tot Los Angeles in een minuut te gaan.

English : The capsule will be traveling at about 12.8 km or 8 miles per second, fast enough to go from San Francisco to Los Angeles in one minute.



Afrikaans : Sterstof sal 'n nuwe record van alle tye stel om rede dat dit die vinnigste ruimtetuig is om na Aarde toe terug te keer, wat die vorige record wat in Mei van 1969 gestel is gedurend die terugkeer van die Apollo X opdrag module.

English : Stardust will set a new all-time record for being the fastest spacecraft to return to Earth, breaking the previous record set in May of 1969 during the return of the Apollo X command module.



Afrikaans : "Dit sal oor van die weskus van noord-Kalifornië beweeg en sal die hemelruim verlig van Kalifornië tot sentraal Oregon en deur Nevada en Idaho en in Utah in," het Tom Duxbury, Stardust se projekbestuurder gesê.

English : "It will move over the west coast of northern California and will light the sky from California through central Oregon and on through Nevada and Idaho and into Utah," Tom Duxbury, Stardust´s project manager said.



Afrikaans : Mnr. Rudd se besluit om die Kyoto klimaatsooreenkoms te onderteken isoleer die Verenigde State, wat nou die enigste ontwikkelde nasie sal wees om nie die ooreenkoms te bekragtig nie.

English : Mr. Rudd´s decision to sign the Kyoto climate accord isolates the United States, which will now be the only developed nation not to ratify the agreement.



Afrikaans : Australië se vorige konserwatiewe regering het geweier om Koyoto te bekragtig deur te sê dat dit die ekonomie sal beskadig met die hewige afhanklikheid van kool uitvoere, terwyl lande soos Indië en China nie gebind is deur emissie teikens nie.

English : Australia´s former conservative government refused to ratify Kyoto, saying it would damage the economy with its heavy reliance on coal exports, while countries like India and China were not bound by emissions targets.



Afrikaans : Dit was die grootste verkryging in eBay se geskiedenis.

English : It is the biggest acquisition in eBay´s history.



Afrikaans : Die maatskappy hoop om sy wins-bronne te diversifiseer en sulke populariteit te verkry in areas waar Skype 'n sterk posisie behou, soos China, Oos Europa en Brasilië.

English : The company hopes to diversify its profit sources and gain popularity in areas where Skype holds a strong position, such as China, Eastern Europe, and Brazil.



Afrikaans : Wetenskaplikes het vermoed dat Enceladus geologies aktief is en 'n moontlike bron is van Saturn se ysige E-ring.

English : Scientists have suspected Enceladus as geologically active and a possible source of Saturn´s icy E ring.



Afrikaans : Enceladus is die mees reflektiewe voorwerp in die sonnestelsel, dit reflekteer omtrend 90 persent van die sonlig wat dit tref.

English : Enceladus is the most reflective object in the solar system, reflecting about 90 percent of the sunlight that hits it.



Afrikaans : Die speletjiesuitgewer, Konami, het vandag in ´n Japanse koerant gemeld dat hulle nie die speletjie Ses Dae in Falluja sou vrystel nie.

English : The game publisher Konami stated today in a Japanese newspaper that they will not be releasing the game Six Days in Fallujah.



Afrikaans : Die speletjie is gebaseer op die Tweede Stryd van Fallujah, 'n kwaadwillige stryd tussen Amerikaanse en Irakkese magte.

English : The game is based on the Second Battle of Fallujah, a vicious battle between American and Iraqi forces.



Afrikaans : Die ACMA het ook gevind dat ten spyte dat die video op die Internet gebeeldsend is, het Big Brother nie die aanlyninhoud sensorwette gebreek aangesien die media nog nie op Big Brother se webtuiste gestoor is nie.

English : The ACMA also found that despite the video being streamed on the Internet, Big Brother had not breached online content censorship laws as the media had not been stored on Big Brother´s website.



Afrikaans : Die Uitsaai Dienste Akte voorsien vir die regulering van Internet inhoud, maar om as Internet inhoud beskou te word, moet dit fisies op 'n bediener wees.

English : The Broadcasting Services Act provides for the regulation of Internet content, however to be considered Internet content, it must physically reside on a server.



Afrikaans : Die Amerikaanse ambassade in Nairobi, Kenia, het ´n waarskuwing uitgereik dat "ekstremiste uit Somalië" ´van plan is om selfmoordbomaanvalle in Kenia en Ethiopië te loods.

English : The United States embassy located in Nairobi, Kenya has issued a warning that ¨extremists from Somalia¨ are planning to launch suicide bomb attacks in Kenya and Ethiopia.



Afrikaans : Die V.S. sê dat dit informasie ontvang het van ´n onbekende bron wat spesifiek meld dat daar gebruik gemaak word van selfmoord-bommers om ¨prominente bakens¨ in Ethiopië en Kenia op te blaas.

English : The U.S. says it has received information from an undisclosed source that specifically mentions the use of suicide bombers to will blow up ¨prominent landmarks¨ in Ethiopia and Kenya.



Afrikaans : In 1988 toe hul studente was by UW, lank voor The Daily Show en The Colbert Report, het Heck en Johnson 'n parodieër' beoog wat die nuus en nuus verslaggewing sou parodie.

English : Long before The Daily Show and The Colbert Report, Heck and Johnson envisioned a publication that would parody the news—and news reporting—when they were students at UW in 1988.



[Day6]

Afrikaans : Sedert sy ontstaan, het The Onion 'n ware nuusparodie-reus geword, met 'n gedrukte weergawe, 'n webtuiste wat 5 000 000 unieke besoekers in die maand van Oktober gelok het, persoonlike advertensies, 'n 24-uur-nuusnetwerk, podsendings en 'n wêreldatlas wat onlangs vrygestel is met die titel Our Dumb World (Ons dom wêreld).

English : Since its inception, The Onion has become a veritable news parody empire, with a print edition, a website that drew 5,000,000 unique visitors in the month of October, personal ads, a 24 hour news network, podcasts, and a recently launched world atlas called Our Dumb World.



Afrikaans : Al Gore en Generaal Tommy Franks het gemaklik hulle gunsteling hooflyne afgerammel (Gore s'n was toe Die Unie rapporteer het dat hy en Tipper die beste seks van hulle lewens gehad het na sy 2000 Elektorale Kollege nederlaag).

English : Al Gore and General Tommy Franks casually rattle off their favorite headlines (Gore´s was when The Onion reported he and Tipper were having the best sex of their lives after his 2000 Electoral College defeat).



Afrikaans : Baie van hul skrywers het voortgegaan om 'n groot invloed op Jon Stewart en Stephen Colbert se nuusparodie vertonings te hê.

English : Many of their writers have gone on to wield great influence on Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert´s news parody shows.



Afrikaans : Die artistieke geleentheid is ook deel van 'n veldtog deur die Boekarest Stadsaal wat daarna poog om die beeld van die Roemeense hoofstad as 'n kreatiewe en kleurvolle metropool uit te druk.

English : The artistic event is also part of a campaign by the Bucharest City Hall that seeks to relaunch the image of the Romanian capital as a creative and colourful metropolis.



Afrikaans : Die stad sal die eerste gasheer in suidoos Europa wees vir CowParade, die wêreld se grootste publieke kuns gebeurtenis, tussen Junie en Augustus die jaar.

English : The city will be the first in southeastern Europe to host CowParade, the world´s largest public art event, between June and August this year.



Afrikaans : Vandag se aankondiging verleng ook die regering se verbintenis wat in Maart hierdie jaar gemaak is om ekstra waens te befonds.

English : Today´s announcement also extended the government´s commitment made in March of this year to fund extra carriages.



Afrikaans : n Addisionele 300 bring die totaal tot 1 300 trokke wat verwerf moet word om die oorlading te verlig.

English : An additional 300 brings the total to 1,300 carriages to be acquired to relieve overcrowding.



Afrikaans : Christopher Garcia, 'n woordvoerder van die Los Angeles Polisie Afdeling, het gesê dat die vermoede manlike oortreder ondersoek word vir oortreding eerder as vandalisme.

English : Christopher Garcia, a spokesperson of the Los Angeles Police Department, said the suspected male offender is being investigated for trespassing rather than vandalism.



Afrikaans : Die teken was nie fisies beskadig nie; die verandering was gemaak deur swart seile versier met die vredesteken en 'n hart om die "O" te verander in kleinletter "e".

English : The sign was not physically damaged; the modification was done using black tarpaulins decorated with signs of peace and heart to alter the ¨O¨ to read lowercase ¨e¨.



Afrikaans : Rooi gety is veroorsaak deur hoër as normale konsentrasie van Karenia brevis, 'n natuurlike enkel sel marien organisme.

English : Red tide is caused by a higher than normal concentration of Karenia brevis, a naturally-occurring single-celled marine organism.



Afrikaans : Natuurlike faktore kan oorvleuel om ideale kondisies voort te bring, wat hierdie alge toelaat om drasties in getalle toe te neem.

English : Natural factors can intersect to produce ideal conditions, allowing this algae to increase in number dramatically.



Afrikaans : Die alge produseer ´n neurotoksine wat senuwees in beide mens en vis kan verlam.

English : The algae produces a neurotoxin that can disable nerves in both humans and fish.



Afrikaans : Vis vrek dikwels as gevolg van die hoë konsentrasies van die gifstof in die water.

English : Fish often die because of the high concentrations of the toxin in the waters.



Afrikaans : Mense kan geaffekteer word deur geaffekteerde water in te asem wat in die lug opgeneem is deur die wind en die golwe.

English : Humans can be affected by breathing affected water taken into the air by wind and waves.



Afrikaans : Op sy hoogtepunt het Tropiese Sikloon Gonu, genaamd na 'n sak blare in die taal van die Maldives, volgehoue winde van 240 kilometer per uur (149 myl per uur) bereik.

English : At its peak, Tropical Cyclone Gonu, named for a bag of palm leaves in the language of the Maldives, reached sustained winds of 240 kilometers an hour (149 miles per hour) .



Afrikaans : Teen vroegdag was winde om en by 83 km/h, en daar is verwag dat dit sou aanhou verswak.

English : By early today, winds were around 83 km/h, and it was expect to keep weakening.



Afrikaans : Op Woensdag het die Verenigde State se Nasionale Basketbalk Vereniging (NBA) hul professionele basketbalseisoen opgeskort vanweë kommer rakend COVID-19.

English : On Wednesday, the United States´ National Basketball Association (NBA) suspended its professional basketball season due to concerns regarding COVID-19.



Afrikaans : Die NBA se besluit het gevolg nadat 'n Utah Jazz speler positief getoets het vir die COVID-19 virus.

English : The NBA´s decision followed a Utah Jazz player testing positive for the COVID-19 virus.



Afrikaans : "Gegrond of hierdie fossiel, beteken dit die skeuring was veel vroeër as wat verwag is deur die molekulêre bewyse.

English : ¨Based on this fossil, that means the split is much earlier than has been anticipated by the molecular evidence.



Afrikaans : Dit beteken dat alles teruggesit moet word,¨ het die navorser by die Rift Vallei Navorsingsdiens in Ethiopië, en mede-outeur van die studie, Berhane Asfaw, gesê.

English : That means everything has to be put back,¨ said researcher at the Rift Valley Research Service in Ethiopia and a co-author of the study, Berhane Asfaw.



Afrikaans : Tot nou toe kon AOL die IM-mark skuif en ontwikkel teen sy eie pas, vanweë die wydverspreide gebruik binne die Verenigde State.

English : Until now, AOL has been able to move and develop the IM market at its own pace, due to its widespread use within the United States.



Afrikaans : Met hierdie relings in plek, mag hierdie vryheid dalk tot ´n einde kom.

English : With this arrangement in place, this freedom might end.



Afrikaans : Die hoeveelheid gesamentlike Yahoo! en Microsoft dienste gebruikers sal kan meeding met die hoeveelheid AOL kliente.

English : The number of users of the Yahoo! and Microsoft services combined will rival the number of AOL´s customers.



Afrikaans : Die Northern Rock bank is in 2008 genasionaliseer, kort na die onthulling dat die maatskappy noodondersteuning van die VK Goewerment ontvang het.

English : The Northern Rock bank had been nationalised in 2008 following the revelation that the company had received emergency support from the UK Government.



Afrikaans : Northern Rock het ondersteuning benodig vanweë hul blootstelling aan die sub prima verband krisis in 2007.

English : Northern Rock had required support due to its exposure during the subprime mortgage crisis in 2007.



[Day7]

Afrikaans : Sir Richard Branson se Virgin Group se bod op die bank is van die hand gewys voor die nasionalisering van die bank.

English : Sir Richard Branson´s Virgin Group had a bid for the bank rejected prior to the bank's nationalisation.



Afrikaans : In 2010, terwyl dit genasionaliseer is, het die huidige hoogstraat bank, Northern Rock (Edms.) Bpk. afgesplinter van die 'slegte bank', Northern Rock (Batebestuur).

English : In 2010, while nationalised, the current high street bank Northern Rock plc was split from the 'bad bank', Northern Rock (Asset Management).



Afrikaans : Virgin het net die "goeie bank" van Northern Rock gekoop, en nie die batebestuur maatskappy nie.

English : Virgin have only purchased the 'good bank' of Northern Rock, not the asset management company.



Afrikaans : Dit is glo die vyfde keer in die geskiedenis dat mense 'n observasie gemaak het wat uitdraai dat dit chemies bevestigde Marsagtige materiaal was wat na die Aarde geval het.

English : This is believed to be the fifth time in history that people have observed what turned out to be chemically confirmed martian material falling to Earth.



Afrikaans : Uit die ongeveer 24 000 bekende meteoriete wat al op die Aarde geval het, is dit bevestig dat slegs 34 van Mars afkomstig was.

English : Out of the approximately 24,000 known meteorites to have fallen to Earth, only about 34 have been verified to be martian in origin.



Afrikaans : Vyftien van hierdie rotse is toegeskryf aan die meteoriet reën verlede Julie.

English : Fifteen of these rocks are attributed to the meteorite shower last July.



Afrikaans : Sommige van die klippe wat baie skaars op aarde is, word verkoop van VS$11 000 tot $22 500 per ons, wat om en by tien keer meer as die waarde van goud is.

English : Some of the rocks, which are very rare on Earth, are being sold from US$11,000 to $22,500 per ounce, which is about ten times more than the cost of gold.



Afrikaans : Na die resies, bly Keselowski die jaerskampioenskap-leier' met 2250 punte.

English : Following the race, Keselowski remains the Drivers´ Championship leader with 2,250 points.



Afrikaans : Sewe punte agter, is Johnson tweede met 2,243.

English : Seven points behind, Johnson is second with 2,243.



Afrikaans : In derde is Hamlin twintig punte agter, maar vyf voor Bowyer. Kahne en Treux, Jr. is vyfde en sesde, onderskeidelik met 2,220 en 2,207 punte.

English : In third, Hamlin is twenty points behind, but five ahead of Bowyer. Kahne and Truex, Jr. are fifth and sixth respectively with 2,220 and 2,207 points.



Afrikaans : Stewart, Gordon, Kenseth en Harvick voltooi die top tien posisies vir die Drivers' Championship met vier wedrenne oor in die seisoen.

English : Stewart, Gordon, Kenseth, and Harvick round out the top-ten positions for the Drivers´ Championship with four races remaining in the season.



Afrikaans : Die VS Vloot het ook gesê dat hulle die insident ondersoek.

English : The US Navy also said they were investigating the incident.



Afrikaans : Hulle het ook gesê in 'n verklaring, "Die bemanning is huidiglik besig om te werk aan die beste metode om die skip veilig te onttrek."

English : They also said in a statement, ¨The crew is currently working to determine the best method of safely extracting the ship¨.



Afrikaans : ń Avenger myn skip was op pad na Puerto Princesa in Palawan.

English : An Avenger class mine countermeasures ship, the ship was on its way to Puerto Princesa in Palawan.



Afrikaans : Dit is toegewys aan die V.S. Vloot se Sewende Vloot en is gebaseer in Sasebo, Nagasaki in Japan.

English : It is assigned to the U.S. Navy's Seventh Fleet and based in Sasebo, Nagasaki in Japan.



Afrikaans : Die Mumbai aanvallers het per boot op 26 November 2008 aangeland, en met hul saam granate en outomatiese wapens gebring waarmee hulle velerlei teikens getref het, insluitend die oorvol Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus spoorwegstasie en die beroemde Taj Mahal Hotel.

English : The Mumbai attackers arrived via boat on Novemeber 26, 2008, bringing with them grenades, automatic weapons and hit multiple targets including the crowded Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus railway station and the famous Taj Mahal Hotel.



Afrikaans : Dawid Headly se verkenning en insameling van informasie het gehelp met die in staat stelling van 'n krygsbeweging deur 10 gewapende mans van die Pakistani militante groep Laskhar-e-Taiba

English : David Headley´s scouting and information gathering had helped to enable the operation by the 10 gunmen from the Pakistani militant group Laskhar-e-Taiba.



Afrikaans : Die aanval het hewige spanning op die verhouding tussen Indië en Pakistan geplaas.

English : The attack put a huge strain on relations between India and Pakistan.



Afrikaans : Hy het Texas se burgerlikes verseker dat stappe geneem sou word om die publiek se veiligheid te beskerm, terwyl hy deur hierdie amptenare vergesel is.

English : Accompanied by those officials, he assured Texas citizens that steps were being taken to protect the public´s safety.



Afrikaans : Perry het spesifiek genoem, "Daar is min plekke in die wêreld wat beter toegerus is om die uitdaging wat in hierdie geval bestaan, tegemoet te kom."

English : Perry specifically said, ¨There are few places in the world better equipped to meet the challenge that is posed in this case.¨



Afrikaans : Die burgmeester het ook gemeld, ¨Vandag het ons geleer dat daar sommige skool-ouderdom kinders geïdentifiseer is wat met die pasiënt kontak gehad het."

English : The governor also stated, ¨Today, we learned that some school aged children have been identified as having had contact with the patient.¨



Afrikaans : Hy het voortgegaan, "Hierdie geval is ernstig. Wees verseker dat ons sisteem so goed werk soos dit hoort."

English : He went on to say, ¨This case is serious. Rest assured that our system is working as well as it should.¨



Afrikaans : Indien dit bevestig is, voltooi dit Allen se agt-jaar soektog na die Musashi.

English : If confirmed, the find completes Allen´s eight-year search for the Musashi.



Afrikaans : Die wrak van die RBV is gevind met die hulp van see-bed kaarte.

English : Following seabed mapping the wreck was found using an ROV.



Afrikaans : Volgens Allen, een van die rykste mense in die wêreld, het ´n groot deel van sy rykdom in mariene eksplorasie belê, en sy soeke na die Musashi uit ´n lewenslange belangstelling in die oorlog.

English : One of the world´s richest people, Allen has reportedly invested much of his wealth in marine exploration and began his quest to find the Musashi out of a lifelong interest in the war.



[Day8]

Afrikaans : Sy het kritiese lof verwerf gedurende haar tyd in Atlanta en is erken vir innoverende stedelike opvoeding.

English : She gained critical acclaim during her time in Atlanta and was recognized for innovative urban education.



Afrikaans : In 2009 het sy die titel van Nasionale Superintendent van die Jaar verwerf.

English : In 2009 she was awarded the title of National Superintendent of the Year.



Afrikaans : Ten tye van die toekenning, het Atlanta skole 'n groot verbetering in toetspunte ervaar.

English : At the time of the award, Atlanta schools had seen a large improvement on test scores.



Afrikaans : Kort daarna, het die Atlanta Journal-Constitution 'n verslag gepubliseer wat probleme met die toets-resultate bewys.

English : Shortly after, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution published a report showing problems with test results.



Afrikaans : Die verslag het toetspunte getoon wat onwaarskynlik vinnig toegeneem het, en beweer dat die skool intern probleme opgetel het maar nie op die bevindinge reaggeer het nie.

English : The report showed test scores had increased implausibly fast, and alleged the school internally detected problems but didn´t act on the findings.



Afrikaans : Bewyse daarna het aangedui dat daar met eksamen vraestelle gepeuter is deur Hall, en saam met 34 ander opvoedings amptenare is hulle in 2013 beskuldig.

English : Evidence thereafter indicated test papers were tampered with Hall, along with 34 other education officials, was indicted in 2013.



Afrikaans : Die Ierse regering het die dringendheid van parlementêre regulasies benadruk om die situasie reg te stel.

English : The Irish government is stressing the urgency of parliamentary legislation to rectify the situation.



Afrikaans : "Dit is tans belangrik vanaf beide 'n openbare gesondheid en kriminele geregtigheids perspektief dat die wetgewing so gou as moontlik uitgevoer word," het 'n regerings-woordvoerder gesê.

English : ¨It is now important from both a public health and criminal justice perspective that the legislation be enacted as soon as possible¨, said a government spokesperson.



Afrikaans : Die Minister van Gesondheid het kommer uitgespreek oor beide die welvaart van individue wat munt slaan uit die tydelike wettiging van die middele wat betrokke is, en dwelmmiddel-verwante oortredinge wat aangegee is sedert die tans-ongrondwetlike veranderinge van krag gekom het.

English : The Health Minister expressed concern both for the welfare of individuals taking advantage of the temporary legality of the substances involved, and for drug-related convictions handed down since the now-unconstitutional changes came into effect.



Afrikaans : Jarque het vroeg in die dag gedurend voorseisoen opleiding in Cocerciano in Italië geoefen. Hy het in die span hotel gewoon voor 'n wedstryd wat op Sondag teen Bolonia beplan is.

English : Jarque was practicing during pre-season training at Coverciano in Italy earlier in the day. He was staying in the team hotel ahead of a match planned for Sunday against Bolonia.



Afrikaans : Hy het voor die wedstryd wat vir Sondag teen Bolonië beplan is in die span-hotel gebly.

English : He was staying in the team hotel ahead of a match planned for Sunday against Bolonia.



Afrikaans : Die bus was oppad na Six Flags St. Louis in Missouri sodat orkes vir die uitverkoopte gehoor kon speel.

English : The bus was headed to Six Flags St. Louis in Missouri for the band to play to a sold-out crowd.



Afrikaans : Omstreeks 1:15 a.m. op Saterdag was die bus volgens getuies oppad deur ´n groen lig toe die motor voor dit ingedraai het..

English : At 1:15 a.m. Saturday, according to witnesses, the bus was going through a green light when the car made a turn in front of it.



Afrikaans : Vanaf die aand van die 9e Augustus, was die oog van Morakot om en by sewentig kilometer weg van die Chinese provinsie Fujian.

English : As of the night of August 9, the eye of Morakot was about seventy kilometres away from the Chinese province of Fujian.



Afrikaans : Die tifoon beweeg omtrent elf km/uur na China.

English : The typhoon is estimated to be moving toward China at eleven kph.



Afrikaans : Passasiers het water gekry terwyl hulle in 90 ° F-hitte gewag het.

English : Passengers were given water as they waited in 90(F)-degree heat.



Afrikaans : Brandweer kaptein Scott Kouns het gesê dat dit 'n warm dag in Santa Clara was, met temperature in die 90s.

English : Fire captain Scott Kouns said, ¨It was a hot day in the Santa Clara with temperatures in the 90s.



Afrikaans : Om die minste te sê, sal enige hoeveelheid tyd vasgevang op 'n tuimeltrein ongemaklik wees, en dit het meer as 'n uur geneem om die eerste persoon van die rit af te kry."

English : Any length of time trapped on a roller coaster would be uncomfortable, to say the least, and it took at least an hour to get the first person off the ride.¨



Afrikaans : Schumacher wat in 2006 afgetree het nada thy die Formula 1 kampioenskap sewe keer gewen het, was veronderstel om die beseerde Felipe Massa te vervang.

English : Schumacher who retired in 2006 after winning the Formula 1 championship seven times, was due to replace the injured Felipe Massa.



Afrikaans : Die Braziliaan het ernstige kopbeserings gehad na 'n botsing tydens die 2009 Hongaarse Grand Prix.

English : The Brazilian suffered a serious head injury after a crash during the 2009 Hungarian Grand Prix.



Afrikaans : Massa gaan uit wees vir ten minste die res van die 2009 seisoen.

English : Massa is due to be out for at least the rest of the 2009 season.



Afrikaans : Arias het positief getoets vir 'n ligte graad van die virus, volgens Presidensiële Minister Rodrigo Arias.

English : Arias tested positive for a mild case of the virus, Presidential Minister Rodrigo Arias said.



Afrikaans : Die president se kondisie is stabiel, alhoewel hy geisoleerd by die huis sal wees vir die volgende paar dae.

English : The president´s condition is stable, though he will be isolated at home for several days.



Afrikaans : "Behalwe vir die koors en 'n seer keel, voel ek goed en in staat om my werk deur telewerk uit te voer.

English : ¨Apart from the fever and a sore throat, I feel well and in good shape to carry out my work by telecommuting.



Afrikaans : Ek verwag om terug te keer na al my pligte op Maandag, het Arias gesê in 'n verklaring.

English : I expect to return to all my duties on Monday,¨ Arias said in a statement.



[Day9]

Afrikaans : Felicia, eens ´n kategorie-4-storm op die Saffir-Simpson-orkaanskaal, het na ´n tropiese depressie verswak voor dit op Dinsdag opgeklaar het.

English : Felicia, once a Category 4 storm on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale, weakened to a tropical depression before dissipating Tuesday.



Afrikaans : Sy oorblyfsels het reën oor meeste van die eilande veroorsaak, maar tot op hede, is daar geen skade of vloede gerapporteer nie.

English : Its remnants produced showers across most of the islands, though as of yet, no damage or flooding has been reported.



Afrikaans : Die neerslag, wat 6.34 duim deur 'n meter op Oahu bereik het, was as "voordelig" beskryf.

English : The precipitation, reaching 6.34 inches at a gauge on Oahu, was described as ¨beneficial¨.



Afrikaans : Sommige van die reënval was vergeself deur donderstorms en gereelde weerlig.

English : Some of the rainfall was accompanied by thunderstorms and frequent lightning.



Afrikaans : Die Tweeling Otter het pogings aangewend om gister by Kokoda te land, soos Lugredery PNG Vlug CG4684 gedoen het, maar het alreeds eenmaal die aftog geblaas.

English : The Twin Otter had been trying to land at Kokoda yesterday as Airlines PNG Flight CG4684, but had aborted once already.



Afrikaans : Omtrend tien minute voor dit vanuit 'n tweede aanloop sou moes land, het dit verdwyn.

English : About ten minutes before it was due to land from its second approach it disapeared.



Afrikaans : Die ongelukstoneel is vandag opgespoor en is so ontoeganklik dat twee polisiemanne in die oerwoud laat val is om tot by die toneel te stap en oorlewendes te soek.

English : The crash site was located today and is so inaccessable that two policemen were dropped into the jungle in order to hike to the scene and seek survivors.



Afrikaans : Die soektog is bemoeilik deur dieselfde slegte weer wat die geaborteerde landing veroorsaak het.

English : The search had been hampered by the same bad weather that had caused the aborted landing.



Afrikaans : Volgens berigte, het 'n woonstel op Macbethstraat ontplof vanweë 'n gaslekkasie.

English : According to reports, an apartment on Macbeth Street exploded due to a gas leak.



Afrikaans : n Amptenaar van die gasmaatskappy het by die toneel gerapporteeer na ´n buurman ingebel het oor ´n gaslekkasie.

English : An official with the gas company was reporting to the scene after a neighbor called about a gas leak.



Afrikaans : Toe die amptenaar daar aankom, het die woonstel ontplof.

English : When the official arrived, the apartment exploded.



Afrikaans : Geen ernstige beserings is aangemeld nie, maar ten minste vyf mense wat op die toneel was tydens die ontploffing, is behandel vir simtome van skok.

English : No major injuries were reported, but at least five people on scene at the time of the explosion were treated for symptoms of shock.



Afrikaans : Niemand was binne die woonstel nie.

English : No one was inside the apartment.



Afrikaans : Op daardie stadium, is bykans 100 inwoners uit die gebied ontruim.

English : At the time, nearly 100 residents were evacuated from the area.



Afrikaans : Beide golf en rugby is vasgestel om terug te keer na die Olimpiese Spele.

English : Both golf and rugby are set to return to the Olympic Games.



Afrikaans : Die Internasionale Olimpiese Kommitee het gestem om die sporte in te sluit by hul uitvoerende bestuursbyeenkoms vandag in Berlyn. Rugby, veral die rugby unie, en golf is verkose oor vyf ander sporte waaroor besin is om in die Olimpiese spele deel te neem.

English : The International Olympic Committee voted to include the sports at its executive board meeting in Berlin today. Rugby, specifically rugby union, and golf were selected over five other sports to be considered to participate in the Olympics.



Afrikaans : Muurbal, karate en roller sporte het probeer om ingesluit te word in die Olimpiese program, asook bofbal en sagtebal, wat uit die 2005 Olimpiese Spele gestem is.

English : Squash, karate and roller sports tried to get onto the Olympic program as well as baseball and softball, which were voted out of the Olympic Games in 2005.



Afrikaans : Die stemming moet nog bekragtig word deur die volle IOC by die Oktober vergadering in Kopenhagen.

English : The vote must still be ratified by the full IOC at it´s October meeting in Copenhagen.



Afrikaans : Nie almal was ondersteunend jeens die insluiting van die vrouerange nie.

English : Not all were supportive of the inclusion of the women's ranks.



Afrikaans : 2004 Olimpiese silwer medalje wenner Amir Khan het gesê, "Diep binne my dink ek nie vroue moet baklei nie. Dis my opinie."

English : 2004 Olympic silver medallist Amir Khan said, ¨Deep down I think women shouldn't fight. That's my opinion.¨



Afrikaans : Ten spyte van sy opmerkings het hy gesê dat hy die Britse kompetisie by die 2012 Olimpiese spele sal ondersteun wat in London gehou sal word.

English : Despite his comments he said he will be supporting the British competitors at the 2012 Olympics being held in London.



Afrikaans : Die verhoor het by Birmingham Crown Hof plaasgevind en is afgesluit op Augustus 3.

English : The trial took place at Birmingham Crown Court and concluded on August 3.



Afrikaans : Die aanbieder het die aanval ontken toe hy in hegtenis geneem is op die toneel en het beweer hy het die paal gebruik om hom self te beskerm teen bottels wat na hom gegooi is deur tot dertig mense.

English : The presenter, who was arrested at the scene, denied the attack and claimed he used the pole to protect himself from bottles being thrown at him by up to thirty people.



Afrikaans : Blake is ook beskuldig daarvan dat hy 'n poging aangewend het om die gang van die gereg te verdraai.

English : Blake was also convicted of attempting to pervert the course of justice.



Afrikaans : Die regter het vir Blake gesê dat dit ¨byna onverhoedbaar¨ was dat hy tronk toe gestuur sou word.

English : The judge told Blake it was ¨almost inevitable¨ he was going to be sent to jail.



[Day10]

Afrikaans : Donker energie is 'n geheel en al onsigbare krag wat konstant inwerk op die heelal.

English : Dark energy is a completely invisible force that is constantly acting upon the universe.



Afrikaans : Die bestaan daarvan is slegs bekend vanweë die effek wat dit het op die uitbreiding van die heelal.

English : Its existence is known only because of its effects on the expansion of the universe.



Afrikaans : Wetenskaplikes het landvorms ontdek wat besaai regoor die maan se oppervalkte is en lobatarpe genoem word wat bykbaar onstaan het deurdat die maan stadig krimp.

English : Scientists have discovered landforms littered across the moon´s surface called lobate scarps that have apparently resulted from the moon´s shrinking very slowly.



Afrikaans : Hierdie kranse is oral oor die maan gevind en blyk in die minimum verweer te wees, wat daarop dui dat die geologiese gebeure wat dit veroorsaak het, redelik onlangs was.

English : These scarps were found all over the moon and appear to be minimally weathered, indicating that the geologic events that created them were fairly recent.



Afrikaans : Hierdie teorie is in teenstelling met die bewerings dat die maan geheel en al sonder geologiese aktiwiteit is.

English : This theory contradicts the claim that the moon is completely devoid of geologic activity.



Afrikaans : Die man het na beweringe met 'n drie-wiel voertuig, gewapen met plofstof, in 'n skare in bestuur.

English : The man allegedly drove a three-wheeled vehicle armed with explosives into a crowd.



Afrikaans : Die man wat daarvan verdink word dat hy die bom laat ontplof het is in gevange geneem, nadat hy in die ontploffing beseer is.

English : The man suspected of detonating the bomb was detained, after sustaining injuries from the blast.



Afrikaans : Sy naam is steeds onbekend aan die owerhede, al weet hulle hy is ´n lid van die Uighur etniese groep.

English : His name is still unknown to authorities, although they do know he is a member of the Uighur ethnic group.



Afrikaans : Nadia, wat op 17 September 2007, deur 'n keisersnee by 'n kraamkliniek in Aleisk, Rusland, gebore is, het 17 pond 1 ons geweeg.

English : Nadia, born on September 17, 2007, by Cesarean section at a maternity clinic in Aleisk, Russia, weighed in at a massive 17 pounds 1 ounce.



Afrikaans : "Ons was almal in ´n toestand van skok¨, beaam die moeder.

English : ¨We were all simply in shock,¨ the mother stated.



Afrikaans : Toe daar gevra is wat die pa gesê het sy geantwoord kon hy nie iets sê nie - hy het net daar gestaan en sy oë geknip.

English : When asked what the father said, she answered ¨He couldn´t say a thing - he just stood there blinking.¨



Afrikaans : "Dit gaan optree soos water. Dis deursigtig nes hoe water is."

English : ¨It´s going to behave like water. It´s transparent just the way water is.



Afrikaans : So as jy by die kuslyn staan, sal jy in staat wees om af te kyk en te sien watter klippies of gemors daar op die onderkant is.

English : So if you were standing by the shoreline, you would be able to see down to whatever pebbles or gunk that was on the bottom.



Afrikaans : So ver soos ons weet is daar slegs een planeetliggaam wat meer dinamika as Titaan ten toon stel, en sy naam is Aarde," het Stofan bygevoeg.

English : As far as we know, there is only one planetary body that displays more dynamism than Titan, and its name is Earth,¨ added Stofan.



Afrikaans : Die kwessie het begin op die 1e Jauarie toe dosyne plaaslike inwoners begin kla het by die Obanazawa Poskantoor dat hulle nie hul tradisionele en gereëlde Nuwejaarskaartjies ontvang het nie.

English : The issue started on January 1st when dozens of local residents started complaining to the Obanazawa Post Office that they hadn´t received their traditional and regular New Year cards.



Afrikaans : Gister het die poskantoor hul verskoning aan die gemeenskapslede en die media vrygestel nadat hulle ontdek het dat die seun meer as 600 posdokumente, insluitend 429 Nuwejaarskaartjies weggesteek het, wat nie hul beoogde ontvangers bereik het nie.

English : Yesterday, the post office released their apology to citizens and the media after discovering that the boy had hidden more than 600 postal documents, including 429 New Year postcards, which weren´t delivered to their intended recipients.



Afrikaans : Die onbemande maan-pendeltuig Chadrayaan-1 het sy Maan Impak Ruimtetuig (MIP) uitgeskiet, wat teen 1.5 kilometer per sekonde (3 000 myl per uur) oor die oppervlak van die Maan geslinger is, en suksesvol naby die Maan se suidpool gebots-land het.

English : The unmanned lunar orbiter Chandrayaan-1 ejected its Moon Impact Probe (MIP), which hurtled across the surface of the Moon at 1.5 kilometres per second (3000 miles per hour), and successfully crash landed near the Moon´s south pole.



Afrikaans : Behalwe die dra van drie belangrike instrumente, het die maantuig ook die beeld van die nasionale vlag van India gedra, op alle kante geverf.

English : Besides carrying three important scientific instruments, the lunar probe also carried the image of the Indian national flag, painted on all sides.



Afrikaans : "Dankie vir diegene wat 'n gevangende soos ek ondersteun het," was Siriporn deur 'n persverklaring kwoteer.

English : ¨Thanks for those who supported a convict like me,¨ Siriporn was quoted as saying at a press conference.



Afrikaans : "Party sal nie saamstem nie, maar ek gee nie om nie.

English : ¨Some may not agree but I don´t care.



Afrikaans : Ek is gelukkig dat daar mense is wat bereid is om my te ondersteun.

English : I am happy that there are people willing to support me.



Afrikaans : Sedert Pakistani onafhanklikheid van Britse oorheersing in 1947, het die Pakistani President "Politiese Agente" aangestel om die FATA te regeer, wat byna-totale outonome beheer oor die areas uitvoer.

English : Since Pakistani independence from British rule in 1947, the Pakistani President has appointed ¨Political Agents¨ to govern FATA, who exercise near-complete autonomous control over the areas.



Afrikaans : Hierdie agente is verantwoordelik daarvoor om aan die regering en regsdienste te voorsien onder Artikel 247 van die Pakistani Grondwet.

English : These agents are responsible for providing government and judicial services under Article 247 of the Pakistani Constitution.



Afrikaans : 'n Hostel het in Mekka ineengestort, die heilige stad van Islam, teen sowat 10 uur vanoggend, plaaslike tyd.

English : A hostel collapsed in Mecca, the holy city of Islam at about 10 o´clock this morning local time.



Afrikaans : Die gebou het 'n aantal pelgrims gehuisves wat die heilige stad op die aand van die Hajj-pelgrimstog kom besoek het.

English : The building housed a number of pilgrims who came to visit the holy city at the eve of hajj pilgrimage.



[Day11]

Afrikaans : Die koshuis se gaste was meestal burgers van die Vereenigde Arabiese Emirate.

English : The hostel´s guests were mostly citizens of the United Arab Emirates.



Afrikaans : Die dodetal is ten minste 15, 'n figuur wat verwag word om te gaan styg.

English : The death toll is at least 15, a figure which is expected to rise.



Afrikaans : Leonov, ook bekend as "ruimtevaarder Nr. 11", was deel van die Soviet Unie se oorspronklike span ruimtevaarders.

English : Leonov, also known as ¨cosmonaut No. 11¨, was part of the Soviet Union´s original team of cosmonauts.



Afrikaans : Op 18 Maart, 1965, het hy die eerste bemande buitevoertuig aktiwiteit (EVA), of "ruimtewandeling", ondergaan en buite die ruimtetuig gebly vir net oor die twaalf minute.

English : On March 18, 1965, he performed the first manned extravehicular activity (EVA), or ¨spacewalk¨, remaining alone outside the spacecraft for just over twelve minutes.



Afrikaans : Hy het die "Held van die Sowjet Unie", die Sowjet Unie se hoogste eer, vir sy werk ontvang.

English : He received the ¨Hero of the Soviet Union¨, the Soviet Union´s highest honor, for his work.



Afrikaans : Tien jaar later,het hy die Sowjet deel van die Apollo-Soyuz missie gelei om te simboliseer dat die Ruimte Resies verby was.

English : Ten years later, he led the Soviet part of the Apollo–Soyuz mission symbolizing that the Space Race was over.



Afrikaans : Sy het gesê, "Daar is geen intelligensie wat voorstel dat 'n aanval binnekort verwag word nie.

English : She said, ¨There is no intelligence to suggest that an attack is expected imminently.



Afrikaans : Nietemin, die vermindering van die dreigingsvlak na ernstig beteken nie dat die hele bedreiging weg is nie."

English : However, the reduction of the threat level to severe does not mean the overall threat has gone away.¨



Afrikaans : Terwyl owerhede onseker is oor die geldigheid van die bedreiging, het die Maryland Transportation Authority die sluiting gemaak op die aandrang van die FBI.

English : While authorities are unsure of the credibility of the threat, the Maryland Transportaion Authority made the closure with the urging of the FBI.



Afrikaans : Vullistrokke was gebruik om ondergrondse treinstasie ingange te blokkeer en die bystand van 80 polisie lede was beskikbaar om motoriste na ompaaie te verwys.

English : Dump trucks were used to block tube entrances and assistance of 80 police were on hand to direct motorists to detours.



Afrikaans : Daar waas geen verkeers vertragings op die ringweg, die stad se alternatiewe roete, aangemeld nie.

English : There were no heavy traffic delays reported on the beltway, the city´s alternate route.



Afrikaans : Nigerië het voorheen aangekondig dat dit beplan om by die AfCFTA aan te sluit gedurende die week voor die beraad.

English : Nigeria previously announced it planned to join the AfCFTA in the week leading up to the summit.



Afrikaans : AU handel en industrie kommissaris Albert Muchanga het aangekondig dat Benin sou aansluit.

English : AU trade and industry commissioner Albert Muchanga announced Benin was to join.



Afrikaans : Die kommissaris het gesê, "Ons het nog nie op die reëls van die oorsprong en die tarief toelatings besluit nie, maar die raamwerk wat ons het is genoeg om op Julie 1, 2020 te begin handeldryf.

English : The commissioner said, ¨We haven´t yet agreed on rules of origin and tariff con[c]essions, but the framework we have is enough to start trading on July 1, 2020¨.



Afrikaans : Die stasie het sy houding behou, ten spyte van die verlies van 'n gyroskoop vroeër tydens die missie, tot die einde van die ruimtewandeling.

English : The station maintained its attitude, despite the loss of a gyroscope earlier in the space station mission, until the end of the spacewalk.



Afrikaans : Chiao en Sharipov het berig dat hul 'n veilige afstand van die houding aanpassing stuwers af was.

English : Chiao and Sharipov reported being a safe distance from the attitude adjustment thrusters.



Afrikaans : Russiese grond-beheer het die straalvliegtuie geaktiveer en die normale houding van die stasie is herwin.

English : Russian ground control activated the jets and normal attitude of the station was regained.



Afrikaans : Die saak het in Virginia voorgekom, want dié is die tuiste van die toonaangewende internet diensverskaffer AOL, die maatskappy wat die klagtes gelê het.

English : The case was prosecuted in Virginia because it is the home to the leading internet service provider AOL, the company who instigated the charges.



Afrikaans : Dit is die eerste keer dat 'n skuldigbevinding verkry is deur die wetgewing se implementering van 2003 om grootmaat e-pos, wat ook bekend staan as gemorspos, van ongewenste verspreiding in verbruikers se e-posbusse te verminder.

English : This is the first time a conviction has been gained using the legislation enacted in 2003 to curb bulk e-mail, aka spam, from unsolicited distribution into users mailboxes.



Afrikaans : 21-jaar oue Jesus het by Manchester City laas jaar in Januarie 2017 aangesluit vanaf die Brasiliaanse sokkerklub Palmeiras, vir 'n vermelde fooi van £27 miljoen.

English : 21-year-old Jesus joined Manchester City last year in January 2017 from Brazilian club Palmeiras for a reported fee of £27 million.



Afrikaans : Sedertien het die Braziliër in 53 wedstryde vir die klub in alle kompetisies verskyn en het 24 doele aangeteken.

English : Since then, the Brazilian has featured in 53 matches for the club in all competitions and has scored 24 goals.



Afrikaans : Dr. Lee het ook kommer uitgespreek oor verslae dat kinders in Turkye nou met die A(H5N1) voëlgriep virus geïnfekteer is sonder dat hulle siek geword het.

English : Dr. Lee also expressed his concern about reports that children in Turkey have now become infected with the A(H5N1) avian influenza virus without becoming ill.



Afrikaans : Hy het opgemerk dat sommige studies voorstel dat die siekte eers minder fataal moet word voor dit 'n globale epidemie kan veroorsaak.

English : Some studies suggest that the disease must become less lethal before it can cause a global epidemic, he noted.



Afrikaans : Daar is kommer oor dat pasiënte sal voortduur om meer mense te infekteer deur hul daaglikse roetines te gaan indien die griepsimptome lig bly.

English : There is concern that patients may continue to infect more people by going through their daily routines if the flu symptoms remain mild.



Afrikaans : Leslie Aun, 'n woordvoerder vir die Komen Fondasie, het gesê dat die organisasie 'n nuwe reël aangeneem het wat nie die gee van donasies of befondsing toelaat aan organisasies wat onder wettige ondersoeke verkeer nie.

English : Leslie Aun, a spokesperson for the Komen Foundation, said the organization adopted a new rule that does not allow grants or funding to be awarded to organizations that are under legal investigation.



[Day12]

Afrikaans : Komen se beleid het Beplande Ouerskap gediskwalifiseer as gevolg van 'n onbesliste ondersoek oor hoe Beplande Ouerskap se verteenwoordiger, Cliff Sterns, hulle geld spandeer het en gerapporteer wat uitgevoer is.

English : Komen´s policy disqualified Planned Parenthood due to a pending investigation on how Planned Parenthood spends and reports its money that is being conducted by Representative Cliff Stearns.



Afrikaans : In sy rol as voorsitter van die Toesig en Ondersoeke Subkomitee, wat onder die sambreel van die Huis Energie en Handel Komitee is, ondersoek Stearns of belasting gebruik word om aborsies te befonds deur Beplande Ouerskap.

English : Stearns is investigating whether taxes are used to fund abortions through Planned Parenthood in his role as chairman of the Oversight and Investigations Subcommittee, which is under the umbrella of the House Energy and Commerce Committee.



Afrikaans : Voormalige Massachusettse burgemeester Mitt Romney het die Florida Republikeinse Party se presidensiële verkiesing op Dinsdag gewen met oor die 46 persent van die stemme.

English : Former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney won the Florida Republican Party presidential primary election on Tuesday with over 46 percent of the vote.



Afrikaans : Voormalige VS Hoofspreker Newt Gingrich het tweede gekom met 32 persent.

English : Former U.S. Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich came in second with 32 percent.



Afrikaans : As 'n wenner-van-alles staat, het Florida al vyftig van sy afgevaardiges aan Romney toegeken, wat hom vorentoe as die voorloper van die Republikeinse Party gestoot het.

English : As a winner-takes-all state, Florida awarded all fifty of its delegates to Romney, pushing him ahead as the front-runner for the Republican Party nomination.



Afrikaans : Organiseerders van die protes sê sowat 100,000 mense het in Duitse stede soos Berlin, Cologne, Hamburg, en Hanover opgedaag.

English : Organisers of the protest said about 100,000 people turned up in German cities such as Berlin, Cologne, Hamburg, and Hanover.



Afrikaans : In Berlyn het die polisie beraam dat daar 6 500 betogers was.

English : In Berlin, police estimated 6,500 protestors.



Afrikaans : Protesoptogte het ook plaasgevind in Parys, Sofia van Bulgarye, Vilnius in Lithuania, Valetta in Malta, Tallinn in Estonia, en Edinburgh en Glasgow in Skotland.

English : Protests also took place in Paris, Sofia in Bulgaria, Vilnius in Lithuania, Valetta in Malta, Tallinn in Estonia, and Edinburgh and Glasgow in Scotland.



Afrikaans : Sowat 200 mense het geprotesteer buite die kantore van sommige groot kopiereghouers se kantore in Londen.

English : In London, about 200 people protested outside some major copyright holders´ offices.



Afrikaans : Laasmaand was daar grootskaalse proteste in Poland toe die land die ACTA onderteken het, wat gelei het daartoe dat die Poolse regering besluit het om vir nou nie die ooreenkoms te bekragtig nie.

English : Last month, there were major protests in Poland when that country signed ACTA, which has led to the Polish government deciding not to ratify the agreement, for now.



Afrikaans : Latvië en Slowakië het beide die proses om by die ACTA aan te sluit vertraag.

English : Latvia and Slovakia have both delayed the process of joining ACTA.



Afrikaans : Die Diere Vryheidsbeweging en die Koninklike Genootskap vir die Voorkoming van Dieremishandeling (RSPCA) doen weer 'n beroep daarop om die installering van CCTV kameras by alle Australiese abattoirs verpligtend te maak.

English : Animal Liberation and the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) are again calling for the mandatory installation of CCTV cameras in all Australian abattoirs.



Afrikaans : RSPCA Nieu-Suid Wallis hoofinspekteur Dawid O'shannessy het ABC vertel dat toesig en inspeksies van slagpale alledaags behoort te wees in Australië.

English : RSPCA New South Wales chief inspector David O´Shannessy told the ABC that surveillance and inspections of abattoirs should be commonplace in Australia.



Afrikaans : "Die CCTV sou sekerlik ´n sterk sein aan daardie mense wat met diere werk stuur dat hul welsyn van die hoogste prioriteite is."

English : ¨The CCTV would certainly send a strong signal to those people working with animals that their welfare is of the highest priority.¨



Afrikaans : Die United States Geological Survey se internasionale aarbewingkaart wys geen aardbewings in Ysland die vorige week nie.

English : The United States Geological Survey international earthquake map showed no earthquakes in Iceland in the week prior.



Afrikaans : Die Yslandse Meteorologiese Kantoor het ook gerapporteer dat daar in die afgelope 48 uur geen aardbewingsaktiwiteit in die Hekla area was nie.

English : The Icelandic Meteorological Office also reported no earthquake activity in the Hekla area in the past 48 hours.



Afrikaans : Die aansienlike aardbewing aktiwiteit het 'n fase verandering veroorsaak wat op 10 Maart plaasgevind het op die noordoostelike kant van die vulkaan se top kaldera.

English : The significant earthquake activity resulting in the phase change had took place on March 10 on the northeast side of the volcano´s summit caldera.



Afrikaans : Donker wolke wat nie verwant was aan enige vulkaniese aktiwiteite nie is teen die basis van die berg gerapporteer.

English : Dark clouds unrelated to any volcanic activity were reported at the base of the mountain.



Afrikaans : Die wolke bied aan die potensiaal vir verwarring oor of 'n eintlike uitbarsting plaasgevind het.

English : The clouds presented the potential for confusion as to whether an actual eruption had taken place.



Afrikaans : Die Luno het 120-160 kubieke meter brandstof aan boord gehad toe dit onklaar geraak het en stormwinde en golwe dit in die keerwalle ingestoot het.

English : The Luno had 120–160 cubic metres of fuel aboard when it broke down and high winds and waves pushed it into the breakwater.



Afrikaans : Helikopters het die twaalf spanlede gered en die enigste besering was 'n gebreekte neus.

English : Helicopters rescued the twelve crewmembers and the only injury was a broken nose.



Afrikaans : Die 100 meter skip was oppad om sy gewone kunsmis-vrag te gaan optel en aanvanklik het amptenare gevrees dat die skip ´n vrag sou stort.

English : The 100-metre ship was en route to pick up its usual fertiliser cargo and initially officials feared the vessel could spill a load.



Afrikaans : Die voorgestelde wysiging het beide huise in 2011 reeds geslaag.

English : The proposed amendment already passed both houses in 2011.



Afrikaans : 'n Verandering is in hierdie wetgewende sessie gemaak toe die tweede sin verwyder is deur die Huis van Verteenwoordigers en toe in soortgelyke vorm deur die Senaat op Maandag goedgekeur is.

English : A change was made this legislative session when the second sentence was deleted first by the House of Representatives and then was passed in a similar form by the Senate Monday.



Afrikaans : Die mislukking van die tweede vonnis, wat beoog om burgers van dieselfde geslag in die huwelik te bevestig, te verbied, kan moontlik in die toekoms die deur oopmaak vir burgers van die selfde geslag.

English : The failure of the second sentence, which proposes to ban same-sex civil unions, could possibly open the door for civil unions in the future.



[Day13]

Afrikaans : Ingevolge die proses, sal HJR-3 weer hersien word teen die volgende elektiewe wetgewer in of 2015 of 2016 om in die proses te bly.

English : Following the process, HJR-3 will be reviewed again by the next elected legislature in either 2015 or 2016 to remain in process.



Afrikaans : Vautier se prestasies buite regie het ´n eetstaking in 1973 ingesluit, teen wat hy as politieke sensorskap gesien het.

English : Vautier´s achievements outside of directing include a hunger strike in 1973 against what he viewed as political censorship.



Afrikaans : Franse wetgewing was verander. Sy aktivisme het terug gegaan na 15 jarige ouderdom toe hy by die Franse Weerstandsbeweging gedurende Wêreld Oorlog II aangesluit het.

English : French law was changed. His activism went back to age 15 when he joined the French Resistance during World War II.



Afrikaans : Hy het homself in 'n boek van 1998 dokumenteer.

English : He documented himself in a 1998 book.



Afrikaans : In die 1960s is hy terug na die nuut-onafhanklike Algerië om film regie te onderrig.

English : In the 1960s he headed back to newly-independent Algeria to teach film directing.



Afrikaans : Japanese judoka Hitoshi Saito, wat die wenner was van twee Olimpiese goue medaljes, het op die ouderdom van 54 gesterf.

English : Japanese judoka Hitoshi Saito, winner of two Olympic gold medals, has died at the age of 54.



Afrikaans : Die oorsaak van die dood was as intrahepatiese galkanaalkanker aangekondig.

English : The cause of death was announced as intrahepatic bile duct cancer.



Afrikaans : Hy is Dinsdag in Osaka oorlede.

English : He died in Osaka on Tuesday.



Afrikaans : As 'n voormalige Olimpiese en Wereld kampioen, was Saito die voorsitter van die All Japan Judo Federasie opleidings kommitee ten tye van sy dood.

English : As well as a former Olympic and World champion, Saito was the All Japan Judo Federation training committee chairman at the time of his death.



Afrikaans : Ten minste 100 mense was by die partytjie, om die eerste herdenking van 'n paartjie te vier, waarvan die troue laas jaar gehou is.

English : At least 100 people had attended the party, in order to celebrate the first anniversary of a couple whose wedding was held last year.



Afrikaans : n Formele herdenkingsgeleentheid is volgens amptenare vir ´n latere datum gereël.

English : A formal anniversary event was scheduled for a later date, officials said.



Afrikaans : Die paartjie is 'n jaar gelede in Texas getroud en het Buffalo toe gekom om dit met hul vriende en familie te vier.

English : The couple had married in Texas one year ago and came to Buffalo to celebrate with friends and relatives.



Afrikaans : Die 30-jaar oue man, wat in Buffalo gebore is, was een van die vier wat tydens die skietery gedood is, maar sy vrou is nie beseer nie.

English : The 30-year-old husband, who was born in Buffalo, was one of the four killed in the shooting, but his wife was not hurt.



Afrikaans : Karno is ´n alombekende maar kontroversiële Engelse tutor wat onder Moderne Opvoeding en King´s Glory onderrig het, en aanspraak daarop maak dat hy 9 000 studente op die hoogtepunt van sy loopbaan gehad het.

English : Karno is a well-known but controversial English tutor who taught under Modern Education and King´s Glory who claimed to have 9,000 students at the peak of his career.



Afrikaans : In sy notas het hy woorde gebruik wat sommige ouers as grof beskou het, en dit is berig dat hy vloekwoorde in klas gebruik het.

English : In his notes he used words which some parents considered coarse, and he reportedly used profanity in class.



Afrikaans : Moderne Opvoeding het hom beskuldig dat hy groot advertensies op busse gedruk het sonder toestemming en deur te jok en te sê hy was die hoof Engelse tutor.

English : Modern Education accused him of printing large advertisements on buses without authorisation and lying by saying that he was the chief English tutor.



Afrikaans : Hy was ook voorheen van kopieregskending beskuldig, maar is nie vervolg nie.

English : He has also been accused previously of copyright infringement, but was not charged.



Afrikaans : 'n Vorige student het gesê dat hy 'slang in klas gebruik het, klasse in afspraak-vaardighede in notas aangebied het, en was net soos die studente-vriend.'

English : A former student said that he ´used slang in class, taught dating skills in notes, and was just like the students´ friend.´



Afrikaans : Tydens die laaste drie dekades, tenspyte dat dit offisieël 'n kommunistiese staat gebly het, het Sjina 'n markekonomie ontwikkel.

English : During the last three decades, despite officially remaining a communist state, China has developed a market economy.



Afrikaans : Die eerste ekonomiese hervormings is gemaak onder die leierskap van Deng Xiaoping.

English : The first economic reforms were made under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping.



Afrikaans : Sedertdien het Sjina se ekonomie 90 keer gegroei in grootte.

English : Since then, China´s economic size has grown by 90 times.



Afrikaans : Laas jaar het China vir die eerste keer meer motors as Duitsland vervaardig en die Verenigde State as die grootste mark in hierdie industrie verbygesteek.

English : For the first time, last year China exported more cars than Germany and surpassed the United States as the biggest market for this industry.



Afrikaans : China se GDP kan groter as die Verenigde State s'n wees binne twee dekades.

English : China´s GDP could be larger than the United States within two decades.



Afrikaans : Die tropiese storm Danielle, die vierde genoemde storm van die 2010 Atlantiese orkaanseisoen, het in die oos Atlantiese Oseaan gevorm.

English : Tropical Storm Danielle, fourth named storm of the 2010 Atlantic hurricane season, has formed in the eastern Atlantic Ocean.



Afrikaans : Die storm is na benadering aangetref sowat 3 000 myl van Miami, Florida, en het maksimum volgehoue winde van 40 m.p.u (64 km/h).

English : The storm, located approximately 3,000 miles from Miami, Florida, has maximum sustained winds of 40 mph (64 kph).



[Day14]

Afrikaans : Wetenskaplikes by die Nasionale Orkaansentrum voorspel dat Danielle sal versterk tot 'n orkaan teen Woensdag.

English : Scientists at the National Hurricane Center predict that Danielle will strengthen to a hurricane by Wednesday.



Afrikaans : Omdat die storm ver van die kus af is, bly dit moelik om die potensiële impak teen die Verenigde State of Karibië te assesseer.

English : As the storm is far from landfall, it remains difficult to assess potential impact to the United States or Caribbean.



Afrikaans : Gebore in die Kroasiese hoofstad, Zagreb, het Bobek roem gekry terwyl hy vir Partizan Belgrade gespeel het.

English : Born in the Croatian capital, Zagreb, Bobek gained fame while playing for Partizan Belgrade.



Afrikaans : Hy het by hulle aangesluit in 1945 en gebly tot 1958.

English : He joined them in 1945 and stayed until 1958.



Afrikaans : Gedurende sy tyd met die span, het hy 403 doele in 468 verskynings aangeteken.

English : During his time with the team, he scored 403 goals in 468 appearances.



Afrikaans : Niemand anders het ooit meer verskynings gemaak of meer doele as Bobek aangeteken nie.

English : No one else has ever made more appearances or scored more goals for the club than Bobek.



Afrikaans : In 1995 is hy verkies as die beste speler in Partizan's geskiedenis.

English : In 1995 he was voted the best player in Partizan´s history.



Afrikaans : Die feesvieringe het met 'n spesiale vertoning deur die wêreldbekende groep Cirque du Soleil begin.

English : The celebrations started with a special show by the world-renowned group Cirque du Soleil.



Afrikaans : Dit is gevolg deur die Staatssimfonieorkes van Istanboel, ´n Janissary-orkes, en die sangers Fatih Erkoç en Müslüm Gürses.

English : It was followed by the Istanbul State Symphony Orchestra, a Janissary band, and the singers Fatih Erkoç and Müslüm Gürses.



Afrikaans : Toe het Dwarrelende Derwisse die verhoog betree.

English : Then Whirling Dervishes took to the stage.



Afrikaans : Die Turkse diva Sezen Aksu het saam metdie Italiaanse tenoor Alessandro Safina met die Griekse sanger Haris Alexiou opgetree.

English : Turkish diva Sezen Aksu performed with the Italian tenor Alessandro Safina and Greek singer Haris Alexiou.



Afrikaans : Ter afsluiting het die Turkse dans groep, Fire of Anatolia, die vertoning van "Troy" opgevoer.

English : To finish, Turkish dance group Fire of Anatolia performed the show ¨Troy¨.



Afrikaans : Peter Lenz, 'n 13-jarige motorfiets jaer, is dood weens hy betrokke was in 'n botsing by die Indianapolis Motorsnelweg.

English : Peter Lenz, a 13-year-old motorcycle racer, has died after being involved in a crash at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.



Afrikaans : Terwyl hy besig was om sy opwarmings baan lopie te neem, val Lenz van sy fiets af, en is deur mede jaer, Xavier Zayat, geslaan.

English : While on his warm-up lap, Lenz fell off his bike, and was then struck by fellow racer Xavier Zayat.



Afrikaans : Hy is onmiddellik deur die bywonende mediese personeel versorg en na die plaaslike hospitaal vervoer waar hy later oorlede is.

English : He was immediately attended to by the on-track medical staff and transported to a local hospital where he later died.



Afrikaans : Zayat was nie beseer in die ongeluk nie.

English : Zayat was unhurt in the accident.



Afrikaans : Rakend die globale finansiële situasie, het Zapatero voortgegaan deur te sê dat die deur te sê dat "die finansiële sisteem is 'n deel van die ekonomie, 'n aansienlike deel.

English : Regarding the global financial situation, Zapatero continued by saying that ¨the financial system is a part of the economy, a crucial part.



Afrikaans : Ons het 'n jaar lange finansiële krisis, met die ergste oomblikke gedurende die laaste twee maande, en ek dink die finansiële market begin nou herstel."

English : We have a year-long financial crisis, which has had its most acute moment in the past two months, and I think now the financial markets are beginning to recover.¨



Afrikaans : Verlede week, het Naked News aangekondig dat hulle die internasionale tale mandaat vir nuusberiggewing dramaties gaan verhoog, met drie nuwe uitsendings.

English : Last week, Naked News announced that it would dramatically increase its international language mandate to news reporting, with three new broadcasts.



Afrikaans : Die wêreldorganisasie gee reeds verslag in Engels en Japannees, en hulle stel Spaanse, Italiaanse, en Koreaanse programme bekend vir televisie-, internet- en mobiele toestelle.

English : Already reporting in English and Japanese, the global organization is launching Spanish, Italian, and Korean-language programs, for television, the web, and mobile devices.



Afrikaans : "Gelukkig het niks met my gebeur nie, maar ek het ´n makabere toneel gesien, waar mense vensters probeer breek het om uit te kom."

English : ¨Luckily nothing happened to me, but I saw a macabre scene, as people tried to break windows in order to get out.



Afrikaans : Mense het die vensterpanele met stoele geslaan, maar die vensters was onbreekbaar.

English : People were hitting the panes with chairs, but the windows were unbreakable.



Afrikaans : Die oorlewende Franciszek Kowal se dat een van die panele het uiteindelik gebreek, en hulle het deur die venster begin uitkom.

English : One of the panes finally broke, and they started to get out by the window,¨ said survivor Franciszek Kowal.



Afrikaans : Sterre gee lig en hitte af as gevolg van die energie waarmee hydrogen atome saamsmelt (of byeenkom) om swaarder elemente te vorm.

English : Stars give off light and heat because of the energy made when hydrogen atoms are merged (or fused) together to form heavier elements.



Afrikaans : Wetenskaplikes werk om ´n reaktor te skep wat energie op dieselfde manier opwek.

English : Scientists are working to create a reactor that can make energy in the same way.



[Day15]

Afrikaans : Dit het, nietemin, 'n baie moeilike probleem geraak om op te los en sal baie jare neem voor ons bruikbare fusie reaktors gebou sien.

English : This, however, is a very hard problem to solve and will take many years before we see useful fusion reactors built.



Afrikaans : Die staal naald dryf bo-op die water as gevolg van die oppervlak-spanning.

English : The steel needle floats on top of the water because of surface tension.



Afrikaans : Oppervlakspanning gebeur want die water molekules op die oppervlak van die water sterker tot mekaar aangetrek word as wat hul na die lugmolekules bo hulle aangetrek word.

English : Surface tension happens because the water molecules at the surface of the water are strongly attracted to each other more than they are to the air molecules above them.



Afrikaans : Die watermolekules maak 'n onsigbare vel op die watervlak wat voorwerpe soos 'n naald laat dryf op die oppervlak.

English : The water molecules make an invisible skin on the water's surface that allows things like the needle to float on top of the water.



Afrikaans : n Lem van ´n moderne ysskaatsskoen het ´n dubbele rant met ´n holronde tussen-in. Die twee rante laat toe vir ´n beter greep op die ys, selfs wanneer dit gekantel word.

English : The blade on a modern ice skate has a double edge with a concave hollow between them. The two edges allow for a better grasp of the ice, even when tilted.



Afrikaans : Omdat die onderkant van die lem ligweg 'n kurwe het, soos die lem van een kant na die ander kantel, kry die kant van die ys in kontak met die lem ook kurwes.

English : Because the bottom of the blade is slightly curved, as the blade tilts to one side or the other, the edge which is in contact with the ice also curves.



Afrikaans : Dit stel die skaatser in staat om te draai. Indien die skaats na regs kantel, draai die skaatser regs, indien die skaatse na links kantel, draai die skaatser links.

English : This causes the skater to turn. If the skates tilt to the right, the skater turns right, if the skates tilt to the left, the skater turns left.



Afrikaans : Om na hulle vorige energievlak terug te keer, moet hulle ontslae raak van die ekstra energie wat hulle van die lig af gekry het.

English : To return to their previous energy level, they must get rid of the extra energy they got from the light.



Afrikaans : Hulle doen dit deur 'n klein deeltjie lig,' 'n "foton genoem", af te gee.

English : They do this by emitting a tiny particle of light called a ¨photon¨.



Afrikaans : Wetenskaplikes noem hierdie proses "gestimuleerde emissie van bestraling" omdat die atome gestimuleer word deur die helder lig, wat die vrystelling van n foton van lig veroorsaak, en lig is n tipe van bestraling.

English : Scientists call this process ¨stimulated emission of radiation¨ because the atoms are stimulated by the bright light, causing the emission of a photon of light, and light is a type of radiation.



Afrikaans : Die volgende prent toon die atome wat protone afgee. Natuurlik is protone in die regte lewe baie kleiner as in die prent.

English : The next picture shows the atoms emitting photons. Of course, in reality photons are a lot smaller than those in the picture.



Afrikaans : Fotone is selfs kleiner as die goed waaruit atome bestaan!

English : Photons are even smaller than the stuff that makes up atoms!



Afrikaans : Na honderde ure se gebruik brand die filament in die gloeilamp uiteindelik uit en die gloeilamp werk nie meer nie.

English : After hundreds of hours of operation the filament in the bulb eventually burns out and the light bulb no longer works.



Afrikaans : Die gloeilamp moet dan vervang word. Dit is nodig om versigtig te wees wanneer die gloeilamp vervang word.

English : The light bulb then needs replacing. It is necessary to be careful in replacing the light bulb.



Afrikaans : Eerstens moet die skakelaar vir die armatuur afgeskakel word of die kabel ontkoppel word.

English : First, the switch for the light fixture needs to be turned off or the cable disconnected.



Afrikaans : Dit is omdat elektrisiteit wat in die prop waar die metaal gedeelte van die gloeilamp sit vloei jou 'n ernstige elektriese skok kan gee as jy die binnekant van die prop of die metaalbasis van die gloeilamp aanraak terwyl dit steeds gedeeltelik in die prop is.

English : This is because electricity flowing into the socket where the metallic part of bulb sits can give you a severe electric shock if you touch the inside of the socket or the metal base of the bulb while it is still partly in the socket.



Afrikaans : Die hooforgaan van die bloedsomloop-sisteem is die hart, wat bloed pomp.

English : The major organ of the circulatory system is the heart, which pumps the blood.



Afrikaans : Bloed vloei weg van die hart in buise genoem are en vloei terug na die hart in buise ook genoem are. Die kleinste buisies word kapillêre are genoem.

English : Blood goes away from the heart in tubes called arteries and comes back to the heart in tubes called veins. The smallest tubes are called capillaries.



Afrikaans : Die triseratops se tande sou in dit in staat stel om nie slegs blare nie, maar ook baie ruwe takke en wortels te verbrysel.

English : A triceratops´ teeth would have been able to crush not only leaves but even very tough branches and roots.



Afrikaans : Party wetenskaplikes dink Triseratopse het broodbome geëet, wat 'n tipe plant was wat algemeen was tydens die Krytperiode.

English : Some scientists think Triceratops ate cycads, which are a type of plant that was common in the Cretaceous.



Afrikaans : Hierdie plante lyk soos 'n klein palmboom met 'n kroon skerp, stekelrige blare.

English : These plants look like a small palm tree with a crown of sharp, spiky leaves.



Afrikaans : Die Trikeratops kon sy sterk snawel gebruik het om die blare af te stroop voordat dit die stomp gevreet het.

English : A Triceratops could have used its strong beak to strip off the leaves before eating the trunk.



Afrikaans : Ander wetenskaplikes argumenteer dat hierdie plante baie giftig is, so dit is onwaarskynlik dat enige dinosourus dit geëet het, selfs al kan diere soos die luidier en ander diere soos die papegaai ('n afstammeling van die dinosourusse) vandag giftige blare of vrugte kan eet.

English : Other scientists argue that these plants are very poisonous so it is unlikely that any dinosaur ate them, even though today the sloth and other animals like the parrot (a descendant of the dinosaurs) can eat poisonous leaves or fruit.



Afrikaans : Hoe sou Io se swaartekrag op my inwerk? Indien jy op die oppervlak van Io sou staan, sou jy minder weeg as wat jy op Aarde weeg.

English : How would Io´s gravity pull on me? If you stood on the surface of Io, you would weigh less than you do on Earth.



Afrikaans : 'n Persoon wat om en by 200 pond (90kg) op Aarde weeg, sou 36 pond (16kg) op Io weeg. So die swaartekrag trek dus minder aan jou.

English : A person who weighs 200 pounds (90kg) on Earth would weigh about 36 pounds (16kg) on Io. So the gravity, of course, pulls less on you.



[Day16]

Afrikaans : Die Son het nie 'n kors soos die aarde waarop jy kan staan nie. Die hele Son bestaan uit gasse, vuur en plasma.

English : The Sun doesn´t have a crust like the Earth that you can stand on. The whole Sun is made out of gases, fire, and plasma.



Afrikaans : Die gas word dunner hoe verder jy van die middelpunt van die son af beweeg..

English : The gas becomes thinner as you go farther from the center of the Sun.



Afrikaans : Die buitenste deel wat ons sien wanneer ons kyk na die Son word die fotosfeer genoem, wat ¨bal van lig¨ beteken.

English : The outer-part we see when we look at the Sun is called the photosphere, which means ¨ball of light¨.



Afrikaans : Ongeveer drieduisend jaar later, in 1610, het 'n Italiaanse astronoom Galileo Galilei 'n teleskoop gebruik om op te merk dat Venus fases het, nes die maan.

English : About three thousand years later, in 1610, Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei used a telescope to observe that Venus has phases, just as the moon does.



Afrikaans : Fases onstaan want slegs die kant van Venus (of van die Maan) wat na die Son wys is verlig. Die fases van Venus het die teorie van Copernicus ondersteun dat die planete om die Son wentel.

English : Phases happen because only the side of Venus (or of the Moon) facing the Sun is lighted. The phases of Venus supported the theory of Copernicus that the planets go around the Sun.



Afrikaans : Toe, 'n paar jaar later, in 1639 het 'n Engelse astronoom met die naam Jeremia Horrocks 'n oordrag van Venus observeer.

English : Then, a few years later in 1639, an English astronomer named Jeremiah Horrocks observed a transit of Venus.



Afrikaans : Engeland het ´n lang periode van vrede ervaar na die herowering van die Danelaw.

English : England had experienced a long period of peace after the reconquest of the Danelaw.



Afrikaans : Nietemin is Ethelred in 991 deur ´n Viking vloot groter as enige weermag, sedert Guthrum s´n ´n eeu tevore, in die gesig gestaar.

English : However in 991 Ethelred was faced with a Viking fleet larger than any since Guthrum´s a century earlier.



Afrikaans : Die vloot was deur Olaf Trygvasson, 'n Norweër met ambisie om sy land van Deense dominasie terug te eis, gely.

English : This fleet was led by Olaf Trygvasson, a Norwegian with ambitions to reclaim his country from Danish domination.



Afrikaans : Na aanvanklike militêre terugslae, was Ethelred in staat om ooreen te kom op bepalings met Olaf, wat homself tot Noorweë gewend het om sy koninkryk te verkry - met gemengde sukses.

English : After initial military setbacks, Ethelred was able to agree to terms with Olaf, who returned to Norway to try to gain his kingdom with mixed success.



Afrikaans : Hangeul is die enigste doelgerigte alfabet in die daaglikse gebruik. Die alfabet is in 1444 uitgevind tydens die regering van koning Sejong (1418 - 1450).

English : Hangeul is the only purposely invented alphabet in popular daily use. The alphabet was invented in 1444 during the reign of King Sejong (1418 – 1450).



Afrikaans : Koning Sejong was die vierde koning van die Joseon Dinastie en was een van die wat die hoogste geag is.

English : King Sejong was the fourth king of the Joseon Dynasty and is one of the most highly regarded.



Afrikaans : Hy het oorspronklik die Hangeul alfabet Hunmin Jeongeum genoem, wat beteken "die korrekte klanke vir die onderrig van die mense".

English : He originally named the Hangeul alphabet Hunmin Jeongeum, which means ¨the correct sounds for the instruction of the people¨.



Afrikaans : Daar is baie teorieë oor hoe Sanskrit in bestaan geroep is. Een hiervan is oor 'n Ariese migrasie uit die weste na Indië wat hul taal met hulle saamgebring het.

English : There are many theories to how Sanskrit came into existence. One of them is about an Aryan migration from the west into India who brought their language with them.



Afrikaans : Sanskrit is ´n antieke taal en is ooreenkomstig met die Latynse taal wat in Europa gepraat word.

English : Sanskrit is an ancient language and is comparable to the Latin language spoken in Europe.



Afrikaans : Die vroegste bekende boek in die wêreld is in Sanskrit geskryf. Na die samestelling van die Upanishads, het Sanskrit verbleik vanweë die hiërargieë.

English : The earliest known book in the world was written in Sanskrit. After the compilation of Upanishads, Sanskrit just faded due to hierarchy.



Afrikaans : Sanskrit is ´n baie komplekse en ryk taal wat as bron vir vele moderne Indiese tale gedien het, nes Latyn die bron vir Europese tale soos Frans en Spaans is.

English : Sanskrit is a very complex and rich language, which has served to be the source for many modern Indian languages, just like Latin is the source for European languages like French and Spanish.



Afrikaans : Met die einde van die oorlog om Frankryk, het Duitsland homself begin gereed maak om die eiland van Brittanje in te val.

English : With the battle for France over, Germany began to get ready to invade the island of Britain.



Afrikaans : Duitsland het die aanval die kode-naam "Operation Sealion" gegee. Die Britse weermag het meeste van sy swaar wapens en voorrade verloor toe hy van Dunkirk ontrek het, en was daarom redelik swak.

English : Germany code-named the attack "Operation Sealion". Most of the British Army´s heavy weapons and supplies had been lost when it evacuated from Dunkirk, so the army was fairly weak.



Afrikaans : Maar die Koninklike Vloot is steeds veel sterker as die Duitse Vloot (¨Kriegsmarine¨) en kon enige invallende vloot wat oor die Engelse kanaal gestuur is, vernietig.

English : But the Royal Navy was still much stronger than the German Navy ("Kriegsmarine") and could have destroyed any invasion fleet sent across the English Channel.



Afrikaans : Nietemin is baie min Koninklike Vlootskepe naby die mees waarskynlike invalsroetes gestasioneer aangesien die admirale bang was dat hulle deur ´n Duitse lugaanval gesink sou word.

English : However, very few Royal Navy ships were based near the likely invasion routes as the admirals were afraid they would be sunk by German air attack.



Afrikaans : Kom ons begin met 'n verduideliking oor Italië se planne. Italië was hoofsaaklik die "klein boetie" van Duitsland en Japan.

English : Let´s start with an explanation about Italy´s plans. Italy was mainly the ¨little brother¨ of Germany and Japan.



Afrikaans : Hulle het 'n swakker weermag en 'n swakker vloot gehad, alhoewel hulle vier nuwe skepe gebou het net voor die oorlog begin het.

English : It had a weaker army and a weaker navy, although they had just built four new ships right before the beginning of the war.



Afrikaans : Italië se hoof doel was Afrika lande. Om hierdie lande gevange te neem, sou hulle lanseerplatform vir troepe benodig, sodat troepe oor die Middelandse See kon seil en Afrika binneval.

English : Italy´s main goals were African countries. To capture those countries, they would need to have a troop launching pad, so as troops could sail across the Mediterranean Sea and invade Africa.



Afrikaans : Hiervoor moes hulle ontslae raak van Britse basisse en skepe in Egipte. Behalwe hiervoor, was Italië se gevegskepe nie veronderstel om enigiets anders te doen nie.

English : For that, they had to get rid of British bases and ships in Egypt. Besides those actions, Italy´s battleships were not supposed to do anything else.



[Day17]

Afrikaans : Nou vir Japan. Japan was 'n eiland, nes Britanje.

English : Now for Japan. Japan was an island country, just like Britain.



Afrikaans : Duikbote is bote wat ontwerp is om onderwater te beweeg, en daar te bly vir verlengde tydperke.

English : Submarines are ships designed to travel underwater, and remain there for an extended amount of time.



Afrikaans : Duikbote is in Wêreldoorlog I en Wêreldoorlog II gebruik. Op daardie stadium was hulle baie stadig en het 'n baie beperkte skietvaardigheid gehad.

English : Submarines were used in World War I and World War II. Back then they were very slow and had a very limited shooting range.



Afrikaans : Aan die begin van die oorlog het hulle grootendeels bo op die water gereis, maar soos radar begin ontwikkel het en meer akkuraat geraak het, was die duikbote geforseer om onderwater te gaan om te vermy dat hulle gesien word.

English : In the beginning of the war they mostly travelled on top of the sea, but as radar began developing and becoming more accurate the submarines were forced to go under water to avoid being seen.



Afrikaans : Duitse duikbote is U-Bote genoem. Die Duitsers was baie goed in die navigeer en opereer van hul duikbote.

English : German submarines were called U-Boats. The Germans were very good at navigating and operating their submarines.



Afrikaans : As gevolg van hul sukses met duikbote, word Duitsers na die oorlog nie het nie.

English : Because of their success with submarines, after the war Germans aren´t trusted to have many of them.



Afrikaans : Ja! Koning Toetankamen, soms verwys na as "Koning Toet" of "Die Seun Koning", is een van die mees welbekende antieke Egiptiese konings in moderne tye.

English : Yes! King Tutankhamun, sometimes referred to as ¨King Tut¨ or ¨The Boy King¨, is one of the most well known ancient Egyptian kings in modern times.



Afrikaans : Interesant genoeg, was hy nie baie belangrik geag in antike tye nie en is nie aangeteken op meeste antieke konings lyste nie.

English : Interestingly, he was not considered to be very important in ancient times and was not recorded on most ancient king lists.



Afrikaans : Die ontdekking van sy graf in 1922 het hom egter 'n beroemdheid gemaak. Terwyl baie grafte van die verlede beroof is, was die graf amper ongestoord gewees.

English : However, the discovery of his tomb in 1922 made him a celebrity. While many tombs of the past were robbed, this tomb was left virtually undisturbed.



Afrikaans : Meeste van die items wat saam met Tutankhamun begrawe is, is goed bewaar, insluitend duisende artefakte gemaak van kosbare metale en skaars edelgesteentes.

English : Most of the items buried with Tutankhamun have been well preserved, including thousands of artefacts made from precious metals and rare stones.



Afrikaans : Die ontdekking van speekwiele maak Assiriese waens ligter, vinniger, en beter voorbereid om weg te jaag vir soldate en ander waens.

English : The invention of spoke wheels made Assyrian chariots lighter, faster, and better prepared to outrun soldiers and other chariots.



Afrikaans : Pyle van hul dodelike kruisboë kon die pantser van mededingende soldate deurboor. Om en by 1000 V.C., het die Assiriërs die eerste ruitery bekend gestel.

English : Arrows from their deadly crossbows could penetrate the armor of rival soldiers. About 1000 B.C., the Assyrians introduced the first cavalry.



Afrikaans : n Kavallerie is ´n weermag wat te perd veg. Die saal is nog nie uitgevind nie, so Assiriese kavallerie het bloots te perd geveg.

English : A cavalry is an army that fights on horseback. The saddle had not yet been invented, so the Assyrian cavalry fought on the bare backs of their horses.



Afrikaans : Ons ken baie Grieke politici, wetenskaplikes, en kunstenaars. Moontlik die mees bekende mens van die kultuur is Homer, die legendaariese blinde digter, wat twee meesterstukke van Griekeliteratuur saamgestel het: die gedigte Iliad en Odyssey.

English : We know many Greek politicians, scientists, and artists. Possibly the most known person of this culture is Homer, the legendary blind poet, who composed two masterpieces of Greek literature: the poems Iliad and Odyssey.



Afrikaans : Sophokles en Aristophanes is nog steeds gewilde dramaturge en hul drama's word beskou as party van die grootste werke van wêreldliteratuur.

English : Sophocles and Aristophanes are still popular playwrights and their plays are considered to be among the greatest works of world literature.



Afrikaans : Nog 'n beroemde Griek is die wiskundige, Pythagoras, veral bekend vir sy beroemde stelling oor die verhoudings van die sye van 'n regte driehoek.

English : Another famous Greek is a mathematician Pythagoras, mostly known for his famous theorem about relations of the sides of right triangles.



Afrikaans : Daar is verkeie skattings van hoeveel mense Hindi praat. Dit is geskat dat dit tussen die tweede en vierde mees algemene' gesproke taal ter wêreld is.

English : There are varying estimates for how many people speak Hindi. It is estimated to be between the second and fourth most commonly spoken language in the world.



Afrikaans : Die getal moedertaal sprekers verander afhangende van hoe naby verwante dialekte ingereken word.

English : The number of native speakers varies depending on whether or not very closely related dialects are counted.



Afrikaans : Beraminge strek van 340 miljoen tot 500 miljoen sprekers, en soveel as 800 miljoen mense kan die taal verstaan.

English : Estimates range from 340 million to 500 million speakers, and as many as 800 million people can understand the language.



Afrikaans : Hindi en Urdu is eners in taalgebruik maar verskillend in skryf; in daaglike geselskappe kan sprekers van beide tale normaalweg mekaar verstaan.

English : Hindi and Urdu are similar in vocabulary but different in script; in everyday conversations, speakers of both languages can usually understand each other.



Afrikaans : Rondom die 15de eeu was noordelike Estonië onder groot kulturele invloed van Duitsland.

English : Around the 15th century, northern Estonia was under great cultural influence of Germany.



Afrikaans : Sommige Duitse monnike wou God nader bring aan die plaaslike mense, so hulle het die Estoniaanse letterlike taal geskep.

English : Some German monks wanted to bring God closer to the native people, so they invented the Estonian literal language.



Afrikaans : Dit was op die Duitse alfabet gebasseer en een karakter ¨Õ/õ¨ was bygevoeg.

English : It was based on the German alphabet and one character ¨Õ/õ¨ was added.



Afrikaans : Soos die tyd berby gegaan het, is baie woorde wat aan Duits verbonde is geleen. Dit was die begin van inligting.

English : As time passed, many words that were borrowed from German coalesced. This was the beginning of enlightenment.



Afrikaans : Tradisioneel sou die erfgenaam van die troon reguit na die weermag gegaan het nadat die skool-loopbaan voltooi is.

English : Traditionally, the heir to the throne would go straight into the military after finishing school.



[Day18]

Afrikaans : Charles het egter universiteit op Trinity Kollege, Cambridge, geloop waar hy Antropologie en Argeologie, en later Geskiedenis bestudeer het, en 'n 2:2 ('n laer tweede klas graad) verwerf het.

English : However, Charles went to university at Trinity College, Cambridge where he studied Anthropology and Archaeology, and later History, earning a 2:2 (a lower second class degree).



Afrikaans : Charles was die eerste lid van die Britse koninklike familie om 'n graad toegeken te he.

English : Charles was the first member of the British Royal Family to be awarded a degree.



Afrikaans : Europese Turkye (oostelike Thracië of Rumelië in die Balkanse skiereiland) sluit 3% van die land in.

English : European Turkey (eastern Thrace or Rumelia in the Balkan peninsula) includes 3% of the country.



Afrikaans : Die gebied in Turkye is meer as 1,600 kilometers (1,000 mi) lank en 800 km (500 mi) wyd, met 'n rofweg reghoekige vorm.

English : The territory of Turkey is more than 1,600 kilometres (1,000 mi) long and 800 km (500 mi) wide, with a roughly rectangular shape.



Afrikaans : Turkye se are, insluitend mere, omhels 783 562 vierkante kilometer (300 948 vk myl), waarvan 755 688 vk kilometer (291 773 vk myl) in die suidweste van Asië en 23 764 vk km (9 174vk myl) in Europa geleë is.

English : Turkey´s area, including lakes, occupies 783,562 square kilometres (300,948 sq mi), of which 755,688 square kilometres (291,773 sq mi) are in south west Asia and 23,764 square kilometres (9,174 sq mi) in Europe.



Afrikaans : Turkye se are maak dit die wêreld se 37e grootste land, en dit is omtrent die grootte van Metropolitaanse Frankryk en die Verenigde Koninkryk saam.

English : Turkey´s area makes it the world´s 37th-largest country, and is about the size of Metropolitan France and the United Kingdom combined.



Afrikaans : Turkye word op drie kante deur seë omring: Die Egeïese See aan die westekant, die Swart See aan die noordekant en die Mediterreense See aan die suidekant.

English : Turkey is encircled by seas on three sides: the Aegean Sea to the west, the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.



Afrikaans : Luxemburg het ´n lang geskiedenis, maar die land se onafhanklikheid dateer vanaf 1839.

English : Luxembourg has a long history but its independence dates from 1839.



Afrikaans : Huidige dele van België was deel van Luxembourg in die verlede, maar het Belgies geword na die Belgiese Revolusie in die 1830s.

English : Present-day parts of Belgium were part of Luxembourg in the past but became Belgian after the 1830s Belgian Revolution.



Afrikaans : Luxemburg het altyd probeer om 'n neutrale land te bly, maar dis beset in beide Wêreld Oorlog I en Wêreld Oorlog II deur Duitsland.

English : Luxembourg has always tried to remain a neutral country but it was occupied in both World War I and World War II by Germany.



Afrikaans : In 1957 het Luxembourg die stigterslid van die organisasie geword wat ons vandag ken as die Europese Unie.

English : In 1957 Luxembourg became a founding member of the organization which is today known as the European Union.



Afrikaans : Die Drukgyal Dzong is 'n geruïneerde fort en Budhisteklooster in die boonste deel van die Paro Distrik (in die dorpie, Phondey).

English : The Drukgyal Dzong is a ruined fortress and Buddhist monastery in the upper part of the Paro District (in Phondey Village).



Afrikaans : Daar word gesê dat Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel die fort in 1649 gebou het om sy oorwinning teen die Tibetaans-Mongoolse magte te herdenk.

English : It is said that in 1649, Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel created the fortress to commemorate his victory against the Tibetan-Mongol forces.



Afrikaans : In 1951 het ´n brand veroorsaak dat slegs party van die aandenkings van die Drukgyal Dzong oorgebly het, soos die beeld van Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal.

English : In 1951, a fire caused for only some of the relics of the Drukgyal Dzong to remain, such as the image of Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal.



Afrikaans : Na die vuur was die vesting bewaar en beskerm, oorblywend as een van Bhutan se mees sensasionele aantreklikhede.

English : After the fire, the fortress was preserved and protected, remaining to be one of Bhutan´s most sensational attractions.



Afrikaans : Tydens die 18de eeu is Kambodja tussen twee magtige bure, Thailand en Vietnam.

English : During the 18th century Cambodia found itself squeezed between two powerful neighbors, Thailand and Vietnam.



Afrikaans : Die Thais het Cambodia verskeie kere ingeval in die 18e eeu en in 1772 het hulle Phnom Phen vernietig.

English : The Thais invaded Cambodia several times in the 18th century and in 1772 they destroyed Phnom Phen.



Afrikaans : In die laaste jare van die 18de eeu het die Vietnamese ook Cambodia ingeval.

English : In the last years of the 18th century the Vietnamese also invaded Cambodia.



Afrikaans : Agtien persent van Venezolane is werkloos, en meeste wat werk word in die informele ekonomie in diens geneem.

English : Eighteen percent of Venezuelans are unemployed, and most of those who are employed work in the informal economy.



Afrikaans : Twee derdes van Venezolane wat werk, werk in die dienstesektor, byna 'n derde werk die bedryfsektor en 'n vyfde werk in landbou.

English : Two thirds of Venezuelans who work do so in the service sector, nearly a quarter work in industry and a fifth work in agriculture.



Afrikaans : 'n Belangrike bedryf vir Venesolane is olie, waar die land 'n netto-uitvoerder is, selfs al werk slegs een persent in die oliebedryf.

English : An important industry for Venezuelans is oil, where the country is a net exporter, even though only one percent work in the oil industry.



Afrikaans : Die Singapore Botanic Garden se kennis het vroeg in die nasie se onafhanlikheid gehelp om die eiland te verander na 'n tropiese Tuin Stad.

English : Early in the nation´s independence, Singapore Botanic Gardens´ expertise helped to transform the island into a tropical Garden City.



Afrikaans : In 1981, is Vanda Miss Joaquim, 'n orgidee hibried, gekies as die nasie se nasionale blom.

English : In 1981, Vanda Miss Joaquim, an orchid hybrid, was chosen as the nation´s national flower.



Afrikaans : Elke jaar om en by Oktober reis nastenby 1.5 miljoen herbivore na die suiderlike vlaktes, en oorkruis hulle die Mara Rivier van die noordelike heuwels se kant af vir die reën.

English : Every year around October nearly 1.5 million herbivores travel towards the southern plains, crossing the Mara River, from the northern hills for the rains.



Afrikaans : En dan terug Noorde toe deur die weste, weer oor die Mara rivier, na die reën in April.

English : And then back to the north through the west, once again crossing the Mara river, after the rains in around April.



[Day19]

Afrikaans : Die Serengeti streek sluit die Serengeti Nasionale Park in, die Ngorongoro Bewaringsgebied en Maswa Wildreservaat in Tanzania en die Maasai Mara Nasionale Reservaat in Kenia.

English : The Serengeti region contains the Serengeti National Park, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area and Maswa Game Reserve in Tanzania and the Maasai Mara National Reserve in Kenya.



Afrikaans : Die leer daarvan om interaktiewe media te skep vereis konvensionele sowel as tradisionele vaardighede, sowel as vaardighede wat in interaktiewe klasse bemeester word (storiebord, oudio- en video redigering, storievertel, ens.)

English : Learning to create interactive media requires conventional and traditional skills, as well as tools mastered in interactive classes (storyboarding, audio and video editing, story telling, etc.)



Afrikaans : Interaktiewe ontwerp vereis dat jy jou aannames oor media produksie herevalueer en leer hoe om in 'n nie-lineêre manier te dink.

English : Interactive design requires that you re-assess your assumptions about media production and learn to think in a non-linear ways.



Afrikaans : Interaktiewe ontwerp vereis dat komponente met mekaar verbind, maar kan ook sin maak as 'n aparte entiteit.

English : Interactive design requires that components of a project connect to each other, but also make sense as a separate entity.



Afrikaans : Die nadele van zoomlense is dat die ingewikkeldheid van die fokus en aantal lens elemente wat vereis word om 'n reeks fokuslengtes te verkry veel groter is as vir prima lense.

English : The disadvantage of zoom lenses is that the focal complexity and number of lens elements required to achieve a range of focal lengths is much greater than for prime lenses.



Afrikaans : Hierdie begin minder van 'n probleem word aangesien lens vervaardigers hoër standaarde in lens produksie verkry.

English : This is becoming less of an issue as lens manufacturers achieve higher standards in lens production.



Afrikaans : Hierdie het fokus lense toegelaat om fotos van kwaliteit vergelykbaar met lense van vasgestelde fokale lengte te maak.

English : This has allowed zoom lenses to produce pictures of a quality comparable to that achieved by lenses with fixed focal length.



Afrikaans : 'n Ander nadeel van fokuslense is dat die maksimum diafragma (die spoed) van die lens normaalweg laer is.

English : Another disadvantage of zoom lenses is that the maximum aperture (the speed) of the lens is usually lower.



Afrikaans : Dit maak die goedkoop zoom lense moeilik om te gebruik in lae-beligtingskondisies sonder 'n 'flash'.

English : This makes inexpensive zoom lenses hard to use in low-light conditions without a flash.



Afrikaans : Een van die mees algemeenste probleme wanneer 'n fliek na DVD-formaat omgeskakel word is die "overscan".

English : One of the most common problems when trying to convert a movie to DVD format is the overscan.



Afrikaans : Meeste televisies word gemaak om die algemene publiek tevrede te stel.

English : Most televisions are made in a way to please the general public.



Afrikaans : Vir daardie rede, als wat jy op die TV sien, het die kante gesny, bo, onder en kante.

English : For that reason, everything you see on the TV had the borders cut, top, bottom and sides.



Afrikaans : Dit word gemaak om te verseker dat die beeld die hele skerm dek. Dit word oorskandering genoem.

English : This is made to ensure that the image covers the whole screen. That is called overscan.



Afrikaans : Ongelukking sal die kante waarskynlik af gesny word wanneer jy 'n DVD maak, en indien die video onderskrifte te naby aan die onderkant het, sal dit nie ten volle vertoon word nie.

English : Unfortunately, when you make a DVD, it´s borders will most likely be cut too, and if the video had subtitles too close to the bottom, they won´t be fully shown.



Afrikaans : Tradisionele middeleeuse kastele het vir lank mense se verbeelding geïnspireer met beelde van steekspele, feesmaaltye en Arthuriaanse ridderlikheid.

English : The traditional medieval castle has long inspired the imagination, conjuring up images of jousts, banquets and Arthurian chivalry.



Afrikaans : Deur te staan tussen die duisend jare oue ruïnes is dit maklik om jou die geluide en reuke van veldslae van jare gelede te verbeel, om amper die gekletter van hoewe op die keistene te hoor en die vrees te ruik wat uit die kerker putte opreis.

English : Even standing amidst thousand year-old ruins it is easy to bring to mind the sounds and smells of battles long gone, to almost hear the clatter of hooves on the cobbles and to smell the fear rising from the dungeon pits.



Afrikaans : Maar is ons verbeelding gebaseer op realiteit? Hoekom is kastele in die eerste plek opgerig? Hoe is hulle ontwerp en gebou?

English : But is our imagination based on reality? Why were castles built in the first place? How were they designed and built?



Afrikaans : Tipies van die tydperk is Kirby Muxloe Kasteel meer van ´n versterkte huis as ´n ware kasteel.

English : Typical for the period, Kirby Muxloe Castle is more of a fortified house than a true castle.



Afrikaans : Die groot geglaseerde vensters en dun mure sou nie in staat wees om die aanval vir lank te weerstaan nie.

English : Its large glazed windows and thin walls would not have been able to resist a determined attack for long.



Afrikaans : Toe Lord Hasting die konstruksie in die 1480's begin het, was die land relatief verdevol en die enigste beskerming wat nodig was, was teen klein groepies rondreisende rowers.

English : In the 1480s, when its construction was begun by Lord Hastings, the country was relatively peaceful and defense was only required against small bands of roving marauders.



Afrikaans : Die magsbalans was 'n sisteem waarin Europese nasies gepoog het om die nasionale soewereiniteit van alle Europese state te behou.

English : The balance of power was a system in which European nations sought to maintain the national sovereignty of all European states.



Afrikaans : Die konsep was dat alle Europese lande moes poog om te voorkom dat een volk meer mag oor die ander moet het, daarom het nasionale regerings dikwels hul alliansies verander om die balans te handhaaf

English : The concept was that all European nations had to seek to prevent one nation from becoming powerful, and thus national governments often changed their alliances in order to maintain the balance.



Afrikaans : Die Oorlog van die Spaanse Opvolging merk die eerste oorlog wat se sentrale punt die magsbalans was.

English : The War of Spanish Succession marked the first war whose central issue was the balance of power.



Afrikaans : Hierdie merk 'n belangrike verandering, aangesien Europese magte nie meer die voorwendsel van gelooofs-oorloë kan voorhou nie. Daarom sal die Dertig Jaar Oorlog as die laaste Geloofs-oorlog bestempel word.

English : This marked an important change, as European powers would no longer have the pretext of being religious wars. Thus, the Thirty Years´ War would be the last war to be labeled a religious war.



Afrikaans : Die Tempel van Artemis by Ephesus was verwoes op Julie 21, 356 VC in 'n brandstigtings aksie deur Herostratus.

English : The temple of Artemis at Ephesus was destroyed on July 21, 356 BCE in an act of arson committed by Herostratus.



[Day20]

Afrikaans : Volgens die storie was sy motivering roem ten alle koste. Die Efese, wat verontwaardig was, het aangekondig dat Herostratus se naam nooit opgeteken sou word nie.

English : According to the story, his motivation was fame at any cost. The Ephesians, outraged, announced that Herostratus´ name never be recorded.



Afrikaans : Die Griekse geskiedkundige, Strabo het later die name neergeskryf, wat is hoe hulle vandag bekend staan. Die tempel is dieselfde aand wat Aleksander die Grote gebore is, vernietig.

English : The Greek historian Strabo later noted the name, which is how we know today. The temple was destroyed on the same night that Alexander the Great was born.



Afrikaans : Aleksander het as koning beloof om die tempel te herbou, maar sy aanbod is geweier. Later, na Aleksander oorlede is, is die tempel in 323 v.C. herbou.

English : Alexander, as king, offered to pay to rebuild the temple, but his offer was denied. Later, after Alexander died, the temple was rebuilt in 323 BCE.



Afrikaans : Maak seker jou hand is so ontspanne as moontlik terwyl jy steeds al die korrekte note raak – probeer ook om nie baie vreemde bewegings met jou vingers te maak nie.

English : Make sure your hand is as relaxed as possible while still hitting all the notes correctly - also try not to make much extraneous motion with your fingers.



Afrikaans : Op daardie manier maak jy jouself so min as moontlik moeg. Onthou dat dit nie nodig is om die klawers met baie krag te tref vir ekstra volume soos vir die klavier nie.

English : This way, you will tire yourself out as little as possible. Remember there´s no need to hit the keys with a lot of force for extra volume like on the piano.



Afrikaans : Op die trekklavier, gebruik jy die blaasbalk met meer krag of spoed,om ekstra volume te kry.

English : On the accordion, to get extra volume, you use the bellows with more pressure or speed.



Afrikaans : Mistisisme is die navolging of gemeenskaplikheid met, identifisering met, of bewustheid van 'n uiteindelike realiteit, geestelike waarheid, of God.

English : Mysticism is the pursuit of communion with, identity with, or conscious awareness of an ultimate reality, divinity, spiritual truth, or God.



Afrikaans : Die gelowige soek 'n direkte ondervinding, intuïsie, of insig in goddelike werklikheid/die godheid of gode.

English : The believer seeks a direct experience, intuition, or insight into divine reality/the deity or dieties.



Afrikaans : Volgelinge streef sekere lewenstyle na, of praktyke wat beoog om sulke ervarings te koester.

English : Followers pursue certain ways of living, or practices that are intended to nurture those experiences.



Afrikaans : Mistisisme kan onderskei word van ander vorme van godsdienstige geloof en aanbidding deur die klem op direkte persoonlike ervaring van 'n unieke toestand van bewustheid, veral die van 'n rustige, insigvolle, salige en selfs ekstatiese karakter.

English : Mysticism can be distinguished from other forms of religious belief and worship by its emphasis on the direct personal experience of a unique state of consciousness, particularly those of a peaceful, insightful, blissful, or even ecstatic character.



Afrikaans : Sikhism is 'n geloof van die Indiese sub-kontinent. Dit het in die Punjab streek gedurende die 15de eeu onstaan as gevolg van 'n sektariese skeuring binne die Hindoe tradisie.

English : Sikhism is a religion from the Indian sub-continent. It originated in the Punjab region during the 15th century from a sectarian split within the Hindu tradition.



Afrikaans : Sikhs beskou hul geloof as 'n aparte geloof van Hindoeísme al gee hulle erkenning aan die Hindoe wortels en tradisies.

English : Sikhs consider their faith to be a separate religion from Hinduism though they acknowledge its Hindu roots and traditions.



Afrikaans : Sikhs noem hul geloof Gurmat, wat Punjabi is vir "manier van die ghoeroe". 'n Ghoeroe is 'n fundamentele aspek van alle Indiese gelowe, maar in Sikhisme is dit so belangrik dat dit die middelpunt van die geloof vorm.

English : Sikhs call their religion Gurmat, which is Punjabi for ¨way of the guru¨. The guru is a fundamental aspect of all Indian religions but in Sikhism has taken on an importance that forms the core of Sikh beliefs.



Afrikaans : Die geloof was in die 15de eeu ontdek deur Guru Nanak (1469-1539). Daar het in opvolging 'n verdere nege gurus gevolg.

English : The religion was founded in the 15th century by Guru Nanak (1469–1539). There followed in succession a further nine gurus.



Afrikaans : In Junie 1956 was Krushchev se beloftes egter op die proef gestel, toe onluste in Pole, waar werkers teen voedseltekorte en loonbesnoeiings geprotesteer het, het dit´n algemene protes teen Kommunisme geword.

English : However, in June 1956, Krushchev´s promises were put to the test when riots in Poland, where workers were protesting against food shortages and wage cuts, turned into a general protest against Communism.



Afrikaans : Al het Kruchev op die ou end tenks ingestuur om orde te herstel, het hy toegegee aan party ekonomiese eise en toegestem om die gewilde Wladyslaw Gomulka as die nuwe eersteminister aan te stel.

English : Although in the end, Krushchev sent in tanks to restore order, he did give way to some economic demands and agreed to appoint the popular Wladyslaw Gomulka as the new prime minister.



Afrikaans : Die Indus Vallei Beskawing was 'n Brons-eeu beskawing in die noordwes-Indiese subkontinent wat die meeste van die hedendaagse Pakistan en ander streke in die noordweste van Indië en noordoos-Afghanistan omsluit.

English : The Indus Valley Civilization was a Bronze Age civilisation in the northwest Indian subcontinent encompassing most of modern-day Pakistan and some regions in northwest India and northeast Afghanistan.



Afrikaans : Die beskawing het floreer in die bekken van die Indusrivier, vanwaar die naam afgelei is.

English : The civilisation flourished in the basins of the Indus River wherefore it derives its name.



Afrikaans : Al spekuleer party kenners dat sedert die beskawing ook bestaan het in die komme van die huidig opgedroogde Sarasvati Rivier, dit gepas die Indus-Sarasvati Beskawing genoem behoort te word, terwyl party dit die Harappen Beskawing noem, na Harappa, die eerste van die terreine wat in die 1920s opgegrawe is.

English : Although some scholars speculate that since the civilisation also existed in the basins of the now dried up Sarasvati River, it should be aptly called the Indus-Sarasvati Civilization, while some call it the Harappan Civilization after Harappa, the first of its sites to be excavated in the 1920s.



Afrikaans : Die militaristiese aard van die Romeinse Ryk het gehelp met die ontwikkeling van mediese vooruitgang.

English : The militaristic nature of the Roman empire aided in the development of medical advances.



Afrikaans : Keiser Augustus het dokters begin werf en selfs die eerste Romeinse Mediese Korps gevorm om na gevegte te werk.

English : Doctors began to be recruited by Emperor Augustus and even formed the first Roman Medical Corps for use in the aftermath of battles.



Afrikaans : Chirurge het kennis van verskeie kalmeermiddels gehad, insluitend morfien van uittreksels van papawersaad en scopolamien van herbane sade.

English : Surgeons had knowledge of various sedatives including morphine from extracts of poppy seeds and scopolamine from herbane seeds.



Afrikaans : Hulle het vaardig geraak met amputasies om pasiënte van gangreen te red, asook toernikette en bloedvaat klampe om bloedvloei te stuit.

English : They became proficient at amputation to save patients from gangrene as well as tourniquets and arterial clamps to stem blood flow.



Afrikaans : Oor vele eeue heen het die Romeinse ryk tot groot ontwikkelings op die gebied van medisyne gelei en baie van die kennis wat ons vandag het, gevorm.

English : Over multiple centuries, the Roman empire led to great gains in the field of medicine and formed much of the knowledge we know today.



Afrikaans : Pureland Origami is origami met die perke dat daar slegs een vou op 'n keer gedoen mag word, terwyl meer komplekse vouwerk soos omgekeerde voue nie toelaatbaar is nie, en alle voue het duidelike plasings.

English : Pureland origami is origami with the restriction that only one fold may be done at a time, more complex folds like reverse folds are not allowed, and all folds have straightforward locations.



[Day21]

Afrikaans : Dit is in die 1970's deur John Smith ontwikkel om onervare vouers of die met beperkte motoriese vaardighede te help.

English : It was developed by John Smith in the 1970s to help inexperienced folders or those with limited motor skills.



Afrikaans : Kinders ontwikkel 'n bewustheid van ras en ras-stereotipes redelik jonk en hierdie ras-stereotipes affekteer gedrag.

English : Children develop an awareness of race and racial stereotypes quite young and these racial stereotypes affect behavior.



Afrikaans : Byvoorbeeld, kinders wat met 'n rasseminderheid identifiseer wat gestereotipeerd word doen nie goed op skool vandat hulle eers geleer het oor die stereotipes wat met hul ras geassosieer word.

English : For instance, children who identify with a racial minority that is stereotyped as not doing well in school tend to not do well in school once they learn about the stereotype associated with their race.



Afrikaans : MySpace is die derde mees bekende webtuiste wat in die Vereenigde State van Amerika gebruik word en wat tans 54 miljoen profiele het.

English : MySpace is the third most popular website used in the United States and has 54 million profiles currently.



Afrikaans : Hierdie webtuistes het baie aandag gekry, veral teen die huidige onderwysagtergrond.

English : These websites have gotten a lot of attention, especially in the education setting.



Afrikaans : Daai is positiewe aspekte tot daardie webtuistes, insluitend die vermoë om 'n bladsy maklik op te stel wat blogs, videos, fotos, en ander kenmerke insluit.

English : There are positive aspects to these websites, which include, being able to easily setup a class page which can include blogs, videos, photos, and other features.



Afrikaans : Toegang tot hierdie bladsy kan maklik gedoen word deur net een webadres te verskaf, wat dit maklik maak om te onthou en maklik is om in te tik vir studente wat probleme kan hê, om die sleutelbord te gebruik of spelprobleme het.

English : This page can easily be accessed by providing just one web address, which makes it easy to remember and easy to type in for students who may have trouble using the keyboard or with spelling.



Afrikaans : Dit kan aangepas word om dit maklik leesbaar te maak en ook met so baie of min kleur as wat u wil hê.

English : It can be customized to make it easy to read and also with as much or little color as desired.



Afrikaans : Aandag Afleibaarheids Sindroom "is 'n neurologiese sindroom waarvan die klassieke definierende drievoud van simptome impulsiwiteit, afleibaarheid en hiperaktiwiteit of oortollige energie insluit".

English : Attention Deficit Disorder ¨is a neurological syndrome whose classic defining triad of symptoms including impulsivity, distractibility, and hyperactivity or excess energy¨.



Afrikaans : Dit is nie 'n leer gestremdheid nie, dit is 'n leer versteuring; dit "affekteer 3 tot 5 persent van alle kinders, moontlik so baie soos 2 miljoen Amerikaanse kinders".

English : It is not a learning disability, it is a learning disorder; it ¨affects 3 to 5 percent of all children, perhaps as many as 2 million American children¨.



Afrikaans : Kinders met ATS vind dit moeilik om te fokus op dinge soos skoolwerk, maar hulle kan konsentreer op dinge soos speel, om hul gunsteling tekenprente te kyk of sinne sonder leestekens te skryf.

English : Children with ADD have a hard time focusing on things like school work, but they can concentrate on things they enjoy doing like playing games or watching their favorite cartoons or writing sentences without punctuation.



Afrikaans : Hierdie kinders neig daartoe om in baie moeilikheid te kom omdat hulle in ¨risikogedrag betrokke raak, aan die baklei raak, en outoriteit uitdaag¨ om hul verstande te stimuleer, aangesien hul breine nie deur normale metodes gestimuleer kan word nie.

English : These children tend to get into a lot of trouble, because they ¨engage in risky behaviors, get into fights, and challenge authority¨ in order to stimulate their brain, since their brain can not be stimulated by normal methods.



Afrikaans : AAS affekteer verhoudinge met makkers omdat ander kinders nie kan verstaan hoekom hulle op die manier reaggeer wat hulle doen nie of hoekom hulle spel soos hulle doen of hul volwassenheidsvlak anders is nie.

English : ADD affects relationships with other peers because other children can not understand why they act the way that they do or why they spell they way they do or that their maturity level is different.



Afrikaans : Soos die vermoë om kennis te bekom en te leer verander het op so 'n manier as wat hierbo genoem is, het die basiese tempo waarteen kennis opgedoen is, ook verander.

English : As the ability to obtain knowledge and to learn changed in such a way as mentioned above the base rate at which knowledge was obtained changed.



Afrikaans : Die benadering tot die verkryging van inligting was anders. Druk het nie meer binne individuele herroeping gebly nie, maar die vermoë om teks te herroep het meer van 'n focus geword.

English : The approach to obtaining information was different. No longer did pressure reside within individual recall, but the ability to recall text became more of a focus.



Afrikaans : In wese het die Renaissance 'n groot verandering gemaak in die benadering tot die leer en verspreiding van kennis.

English : In essence, the Renaissance made a significant change in the approach to learning and the dissemination of knowledge.



Afrikaans : In teenstelling met aapsoorte, gebruik homeniedes nie meer hulle hande vir beweging of gewig dra of deur die bome swaai nie.

English : Unlike other primates, hominids no longer use their hands in locomotion or bearing weight or swinging through the trees.



Afrikaans : Die sjimpansee se hand en voet is soortgelyk in grootte en lengte, wat die gebruik van die hand om gewig te dra deur kneukelloop weerspieël.

English : The chimpanzee´s hand and foot are similar in size and length, reflecting the hand´s use for bearing weight in knuckle walking.



Afrikaans : Die menslike hand is korter as die voet, met phalankse wat meer reguit is.

English : The human hand is shorter than the foot, with straighter phalanges.



Afrikaans : Fossiel hand-bene wat twee miljoen tot drie miljoen jaar oud is openbaar hierdie skuif in spesialisasie van die hand vanaf beweging tot manipulasie.

English : Fossil hand bones two million to three million years old reveal this shift in specialization of the hand from locomotion to manipulation.



Afrikaans : Sommige mense glo dat die ervaring van baie gereelde kunsmatig geinduseerde duidelike drome baie uitputtend kan wees.

English : Some people believe that experiencing many artificially induced lucid dreams often enough can be very exhausting.



Afrikaans : Die hoof rede vir hierdie verskynsel is die gevolg van helder drome wat die tydperk tussen REM episodes verleng.

English : The main reason for this phenomenon is the result of the lucid dreams expanding the length of time between REM states.



Afrikaans : Met minder REM per nag, is die staat waarin jou liggaam eintlik slaap ervaar en jou liggaam herstel ongereeld genoeg om 'n probleem te word.

English : With fewer REMs per night, this state in which you experience actual sleep and your body recovers becomes infrequent enough to become a problem.



Afrikaans : Dit is net so uitputtend soos wanneer jy sou wakker word elke twintig of dertig minute en TV kyk.

English : This is just as exhausting as if you were to wake up every twenty or thirty minutes and watch TV.



Afrikaans : Die gevolg hang af van hoe gereeld per nag jou brein probeer om helder (lucid) te droom.

English : The effect is dependent on how often your brain attempts to lucidly dream per night.



[Day22]

Afrikaans : Dinge het nie baie goed vir die Italilianers van die begin af gegaan nie. Binne 'n week van Italië se oorlogsverklaring op 10 Junie 1940, het die Britte se 11de Hussars Fort Capuzzo in Libië oorrompel.

English : Things did not go well for the Italians in North Africa almost from the start. Within a week of Italy´s declaration of war on June 10, 1940, the British 11th Hussars had seized Fort Capuzzo in Libya.



Afrikaans : In 'n hinderlaag, oos van Bardia, het die Britte die Italiaanse Tiende Leer se Hoof Ingenieur, Generaal Lastucci, gevang.

English : In an ambush east of Bardia, the British captured the Italian Tenth Army´s Engineer-in-Chief, General Lastucci.



Afrikaans : Op 28 Junie is Marshall Balbo, die Goewerneur-Generaal van Libië en oënskynlike opvolger van Mussolini, deur vriendelike vuur doodgemaak terwyl hy in Tobruk geland het.

English : On June 28, Marshal Italo Balbo, the Governor-General of Libya and apparent heir to Mussolini, was killed by friendly fire while landing in Tobruk.



Afrikaans : Die moderne omheiningsport word op baie vlakke gespeel, van Universiteit studente wat leer, tot professionele en Olimpiese kompetisie.

English : The modern sport of fencing is played at many levels, from students learning at a university to professional and Olympic competition.



Afrikaans : Die sport word hoofsaaklik in ´n tweestrydformaat gespeel, waarvan die een skermer ´n ander uitoorlê/uitdaag.

English : The sport is primarily played in a duel format, one fencer dueling another.



Afrikaans : Gholf is 'n spel waarin spelers kolwe gebruik om balle in gate in te slaan.

English : Golf is a game in which players use clubs to hit balls into holes.



Afrikaans : Agtien putjies word gedurende 'n normale rondte gespeel, met spelers wat met die eerste gaatjie op die baan begin en eindig op die agtiende.

English : Eighteen holes are played during a regular round, with players usually starting on the first hole on the course and finishing on the eighteenth.



Afrikaans : Die speler wat die minste slae, of kolfskote neem, en die baan klaar maak, wen.

English : The player who takes the fewest strokes, or swings of the club, to complete the course wins.



Afrikaans : Die spel word op gras gespeel, en die gras kan naby die gaatjie korter gesny word, en word dit die gholfgroen genoem.

English : The game is played on grass, and the grass around the hole is mown shorter and called the green.



Afrikaans : Die mees algemene tipes toerisme wat meeste mense met toerisme assosieër is: Ontspannings Toerisme.

English : Perhaps the most common type of tourism is what most people associate with traveling: Recreation tourism.



Afrikaans : Dit is wanneer mense 'n plek toe gaan wat baie anders is as hul daaglikse lewe, en ontspan en hulself geniet.

English : This is when people go to a place that is very different from their regular day-to-day life to relax and have fun.



Afrikaans : Strande, pretparke en kampeerterreine is meestal die mees algemene plekke wat deur ontspanningstoeriste besoek word.

English : Beaches, theme parks and camp grounds are often the most common places frequented by recreational tourists.



Afrikaans : Indien die doelwit van 'n mens se besoek aan 'n besondere plek is om die geskiedenis en die kultuur te leer ken, dan staan hierdie tipe toerisme bekend as kulturele toerisme.

English : If the objective of one's visit to a particular place is to get to know its history and culture then this type of tourism is known as cultural tourism.



Afrikaans : Toeriste mag dalk verskillende landmerke besoek in 'n spesifieke land of hulle mag dalk fokus net op een area.

English : Tourists may visit different landmarks of a particular country or they may simply opt to focus on just one area.



Afrikaans : Die koloniste het gevra vir versterkings toe hulle die aktiwiteite sien.

English : The Colonists, seeing this activity, had also called for reinforcements.



Afrikaans : Troepe wat die voorwaartse posisie versterk sluit die 1ste en 3de New Hampshire regiment van 200 mans in, onder Kollonelle John Stark en James Reed (beide het later generals geword).

English : Troops reinforcing the forward positions included the 1st and 3rd New Hampshire regiments of 200 men, under Colonels John Stark and James Reed (both later became generals).



Afrikaans : Stark se manne het posisies langs die heining ingeneem aan die noordekant van die Koloniste se posisie.

English : Stark´s men took positions along the fence on the north end of the Colonist´s position.



Afrikaans : Wanneer 'n lae gety 'n groot gaping langs die Mistiese Rivier oopgemaak het, langs die noordooste van die skiereiland, het hulle vinnig die draad verleng met 'n kort klipmuur aan die noorde naby die water se rant op 'n klein strandjie.

English : When low tide opened a gap along the Mystic River along the northeast of the peninsula, they quickly extended the fence with a short stone wall to the north ending at the water´s edge on a small beach.



Afrikaans : Gridley of Stark het ´n spel ongeveer 100 voet (30 m) voor die heining geplaas en beveel dat niemand skiet voordat die gereelde mense verbygegaan het nie.

English : Gridley or Stark placed a stake about 100 feet (30 m) in front of the fence and ordered that no one fire until the regulars passed it.



Afrikaans : Die Amerikaanse plan het hoofsaaklik gesteun daarop om gekoördineerde aanvalle uit drie verskillende rigtings te loods.

English : The American plan relied on launching coordinated attacks from three different directions.



Afrikaans : Generaal John Cadwalder sou 'n afleidings-aanval teen die Britse garnisoen in Bordentown loods om enige versterkings te blokkeer.

English : General John Cadwalder would launch a diversionary attack against the British garrison at Bordentown, in order to block off any reinforcements.



Afrikaans : Generaal James Ewing sou 700 manskappe oor die rivier by Trenton Ferry neem, die brug oor die Assunpink Spruit in besit neem en enige vyandelike troepe se ontsnapping in die wiele ry.

English : General James Ewing would take 700 militia across the river at Trenton Ferry, seize the bridge over the Assunpink Creek and prevent any enemy troops from escaping.



Afrikaans : Die hoof aanvalsmag van 2 400 manskappe sou oor die rivier gaan nege myl noord van Trenton, en dan in twee groepe opdeel, een onder aanvoerding van Green, en ´n ander onder Sullivan, sodat ´n aanval voor sonsopkoms geloods sou kon word.

English : The main assault force of 2,400 men would cross the river nine miles north of Trenton, and then split into two groups, one under Greene and one under Sullivan, in order to launch a pre-dawn attack.



Afrikaans : Met die verandering van die kwart na die halfmyl wedloop, word spoed minder belangrik, en uithou vermoë word 'n absolute noodsaaklikheid.

English : With the change from the quarter to the half mile run, speed becomes of much less importance and endurance becomes an absolute necessity.



Afrikaans : Natuurlik is hy 'n eersteklas half-myler, 'n man wat twee minute kan klop, en oor 'n billike hoeveelheid spoed beskik, maar moet oor uithouvermoë beskik wat onder alle toestande gekultiveer is.

English : Of course a first-class half-miler, a man who can beat two minutes, must be possessed of a fair amount of speed, but endurance must be cultivated at all hazards.



[Day23]

Afrikaans : Sommige landloop wedlope gedurende die winter, gekombineer met gimnasium werk vir jou bolyf, is die beste voorbereiding vir die hardloop seisoen.

English : Some cross country running during the winter, combined with gymnasium work for the upper part of the body, is the best preparation for the running season.



Afrikaans : Behoorlike voedingspraktyke alleen kan nie keur optredes tot gevolg hê nie, maar hulle kan jong atlete se algehele welstand merkwaardig affekteer.

English : Proper nutritional practices alone cannot generate elite performances, but they can significantly affect young athletes´ overall wellness.



Afrikaans : Deur 'n gesonde energiebalans te behou, effektiewe hidrasiegewoontes te beoefen en die verskillende aspekte van aanvullingspraktyke te verstaan, kan atlete help om hulle produktiwiteit en genot van die sport te verbeter.

English : Maintaining a healthy energy balance, practicing effective hydration habits, and understanding the various aspects of supplementation practices can help athletes improve their performance and increase their enjoyment of the sport.



Afrikaans : Middel-afstand hardloop is 'n relatiewe goedkoop sport; alhoewel, daar is baie misvattings rakende die paar dele toerusting wat benodig word om deel te neem.

English : Middle distance running is a relatively inexpensive sport; however, there are many misconceptions regarding the few pieces of equipment required to participate.



Afrikaans : Produkte kan gekoop word soos benodig, maar die meeste sal geen of min ware impak op optrede hê nie.

English : Products can be purchased as needed, but most will have little or no real impact on performance.



Afrikaans : Atlete mag voel dat hulle ´n produk verkies, selfs wanneer dit geen ware voordele bied nie.

English : Athletes may feel that they prefer a product even when it provides no real benefits.



Afrikaans : Die atoom kan as een van die fundamentele boustene van alle materie gereken word.

English : The atom can be considered to be one of the fundamental building blocks of all matter.



Afrikaans : Dit is 'n baie komplekse entiteit wat, volgens 'n vereenvoudige Bohr model, uit 'n sentrale kern bestaan wat deur elektrone omring word, ietwat soortgelyk aan planete wat om die son wentel – sien Figuur 1.1.

English : Its a very complex entity which consists, according to a simplified Bohr model, of a central nucleus orbited by electrons, somewhat similar to planets orbiting the sun - see Figure 1.1.



Afrikaans : Die nukleus bestaan uit twee deeltjies - neutrone en protone.

English : The nucleus consists of two particles - neutrons and protons.



Afrikaans : Protone het 'n positiewe elektroniese lading terwyl neutrone geen lading het nie. Die elektrone het 'n negatiewe elektroniese lading.

English : Protons have a positive electric charge while neutrons have no charge. The electrons have a negative electric charge.



Afrikaans : Om die slagoffer na te gaan, moet jy eers 'n opname van die toneel neem, om jou veiligheid te verseker.

English : To Check the victim, you must first survey the scene to ensure your safety.



Afrikaans : Jy moet die slagoffer se posisie en enige outomatiese rooi vlaggies opmerk soos jy hom of haar nader.

English : You need to notice the victim´s position as you approach him or her and any automatic red flags.



Afrikaans : Indien jy seerkry terwyl jy probeer help, mag jy dalk net dinge vererger.

English : If you get hurt trying to help, you may only serve to make matters worse.



Afrikaans : Die studie het gevind dat depressie, vrees en katastrofering die verhouding tussen pyn en gestremdheid in lae-rug lyers bemiddel.

English : The study found that depression, fear and catastrophising mediated the relationship between pain and disability in lower back pain sufferers.



Afrikaans : Sleg die gevolge van oordrewing, nie depressie of vrees, was die kondisie van weeklikse gestruktueerde PA sessies.

English : Only the effects of catastrophizing, not depression and fear was conditional of regular weekly structured PA sessions.



Afrikaans : Die wat deelneem aan gereelde aktiwiteit vereis meer ondersteuning in terme van negatiewe persepsie van pyn en onderskeiding van verskille van chroniese pyn en ongemak teenoor normale fisiese beweging.

English : Those participating in regular activity required more support in terms of negative perception of pain distinguishing the differences of chronic pain and discomfort feel from normal physical movement.



Afrikaans : Visie, of die vermoë om te sien maak staat op die sensoriese organe of oë van die visuele stelsel.

English : Vision, or the ability to see depends on visual system sensory organs or eyes.



Afrikaans : Daar is baie verskillende oog konstruksies, verskillend in kompleksiteit afhangend van die vereistes van die organisme.

English : There are many different constructions of eyes, ranging in complexity depending on the requirements of the organism.



Afrikaans : Die verskillende konstruksies het verskillende vermoëns, en is sensitief vir verskillende golflengtes en het verskillende grade van akkuraatheid, en hulle vereis verskillende prosessering om sin te maak uit die input en verskillende getalle om optimaal te werk.

English : The different constructions have different capabilities, are sensitive to different wave-lengths and have differing degrees of acuity, also they require different processing to make sense of the input and different numbers to work optimally.



Afrikaans : 'n Populasie is 'n versameling van organismes van 'n spesifieke spesie binne 'n gegewe geografiese area.

English : A population is the collection of organisms of a particular species within a given geographic area.



Afrikaans : Wanneer alle individue in 'n populasie identies is so ver as 'n spesifieke fenotipiese kenmerk dan is hulle bekend as monomorfies.

English : When all individuals in a population are identical with regard to a particular phenotypic trait they are known as monomorphic.



Afrikaans : Wanneer die individue verskeie variante van 'n sekere eienskap toon is hulle polimorfies.

English : When the individuals show several variants of a particular trait they are polymorphic.



Afrikaans : Weermagmier' mars en maak nes in verskillende formasies.

English : Army ant colonies march and nest in different phases as well.



Afrikaans : In die nomadiese fase marsjeer swerfmiere snags en stop hulle om te kamp tydens die dag.

English : In the nomadic phase, army ants march at night and stop to camp during the day.



Afrikaans : Die kolonie het 'n nomadiese fase begin toe beskikbare kos afgeneem het. Gedurende hierdie fase, het die kolonie tydelike neste gemaak wat elke dag verander is.

English : The colony begins a nomadic phase when available food has decreased. During this phase, the colony makes temporary nests that are changed everyday.



[Day24]

Afrikaans : Elkeen van die nomadiese optogte duur vir ongeveerd 17 dae.

English : Each of these nomadic rampages or marches lasts for approximately 17 days.



Afrikaans : Wat is 'n sel? Die woord sel kom van die Latynse woord "cella", wat "klein kamer" beteken, en dit is geskep deur 'n mikroskopis wat die struktuur van kurk waargeneem het.

English : What is a cell? The word cell comes from the Latin word ¨cella¨, meaning ¨small room¨, and it was first coined by a microscopist observing the structure of cork.



Afrikaans : Die sel is die basiese eenheid van alle lewende dinge, en alle organismes bestaan uit een of meer selle.

English : The cell is the basic unit of all living things, and all organisms are composed of one or more cells.



Afrikaans : Selle is so basies en kritiek in die studie van lewe, in werklikheid, daarna word gereeld na hulle verwys as die "boublokke van lewe".

English : Cells are so basic and critical to the study of life, in fact, that they are often referred to as ¨the building blocks of life¨.



Afrikaans : Die Senustelsel handhaaf hemeostase deur senu impulse deur die lyf te stuur om bloedvloei aan die gang en onversteurd te hou.

English : The Nervous System maintains homeostasis by sending nerve impulses through out the body to keep the flow of blood going as well as undisturbed.



Afrikaans : Hierdie senuwee impulse kan so vinnig regdeur die liggaam gestuur word en dit veilig help hou van enige potensiële bedreiging.

English : These nerve impulses can be sent so quickly throughout the body which helps keep the body safe from any potential threat.



Afrikaans : Tornadoes tref klein areas in vergelyking met ander geweldadige storms, maar hul kan alles in hul pad vernietig.

English : Tornadoes strike a small area compared to other violent storms, but they can destroy everything in their path.



Afrikaans : Tornados ontwortel bome, ruk borde van geboue, en gooi karre op in die lug in. Die mees gewelddadige twee persent tornadoes duur meer as drie ure.

English : Tornadoes uproot trees, rip boards from buildings, and fling cars up into the sky. The most violent two percent of tornadoes last more than three hours.



Afrikaans : Sulke monster storms het winde van tot 480 km/h (133 m/s; 300 mph).

English : These monster storms have winds up to 480 km/h (133 m/s; 300 mph).



Afrikaans : Mense maak en gebruik al vir duisende en duisende jare lense vir vergroting.

English : Humans have been making and using lenses for magnification for thousands and thousands of years.



Afrikaans : Die eerste ware teleskope is egter in Europa in die laat 16de eeu gemaak.

English : However, the first true telescopes were made in Europe in the late 16th century.



Afrikaans : Daardie teleskope het 'n kombinasie van twee lense gebruik om ver voorwerpe beide nader en groter te laat voorkom.

English : These telescopes used a combination of two lenses to make distant objects appear both nearer and larger.



Afrikaans : Gierigheid en selfsug sal altyd met ons wees en dit is die aard van samewerking dat wanneer die meerderheid voordeel trek sal daar altyd meer gewin wees daarin om op die kort termyn selfsugtig op te tree.

English : Greed and selfishness will always be with us and it is the nature of cooperation that when the majority benefit there will always be more to gain in the short term by acting selfishly



Afrikaans : Hopelik, sal meeste mense besef dat die beste langtermyn opsie is om saam met ander te werk.

English : Hopefully, most people will realise that their long term best option is to work together with others.



Afrikaans : Vele mense droom van die dag wanneer die mensdom na 'n ander ster kan reis en ander wêrelde kan verken. Sommige mense wonder wat is daar buite en sommiges glo dat daar ruimte vreemdeling of ander lewe is op 'n ander planeet.

English : Many people dream of the day when humans can travel to another star and explore other worlds, some people wonder what´s out there some belive that aliens or other life may live on another plant.



Afrikaans : Maar, as hierdie ooit gebeur, moontlik sal dit nie vir 'n baie lang tyd gebeur nie. Die sterre is so uitgespry dat daar triljoene myle tussen sterre is wat "bure" is.

English : But, if this ever does happen probably won´t happen for a very long time. The stars are so spread out that there are trillions of miles between stars that are ¨neighbors¨.



Afrikaans : Dalk sal jou agter kleinkinders eendag op 'n uitheemse wêreld staan en wonder oor hul antieke voorouers?

English : Maybe one day, your great grandchildren will be standing atop an alien world wondering about their ancient ancestors?



Afrikaans : Diere is gemaak van baie selle. Hulle eet goed en verteer dit aan die binnekant. Meeste diere kan beweeg.

English : Animals are made of many cells. They eat things and digest them inside. Most animals can move.



Afrikaans : Slegs diere het ´n brein (maar nie alle diere het nie; jellievisse het byvoorbeeld nie 'n brein nie).

English : Only animals have brains (though not even all animals do; jellyfish, for example, do not have brains).



Afrikaans : Diere word regoor die aarde gevind. Hulle grawe in die grond, swem n die seë, en vlieg in die lug.

English : Animals are found all over the earth. They dig in the ground, swim in the oceans, and fly in the sky.



Afrikaans : 'n Sel is die kleinste strukturele en funksionele eenheid van 'n lewende (dinge) organisme.

English : A cell is the smallest structural and functional unit of a living (things) organism.



Afrikaans : Sel kom vanaf die Latynse word cella wat klein kamertjie beteken.

English : Cell comes from the Latin word cella which means small room.



Afrikaans : Indien jy na lewende dinge kyk onder ´n mikroskoop, sal jy sien dat hulle uit klein vierkante of balletjies bestaan.

English : If you look at living things under a microscope, you will see that they are made of small squares or balls.



Afrikaans : Robert Hooke, 'n bioloog van Engeland, het met 'n mikroskoop klein vierkantjies in kurk gesien.

English : Robert Hooke, a biologist from England, saw small squares in cork with a microscope.



Afrikaans : Dit lyk soos kamers. Hy was die eerste person wat die dooie selle gesien het.

English : They looked like rooms. He was the first person to observe dead cells



[Day25]

Afrikaans : Elemente en samestellings kan van een toestand na 'n ander oorgaan en nie verander nie.

English : Elements and compounds can move from one state to another and not change.



Afrikaans : Stikstof as 'n gas het dieselfde eienskappe as vloeibare stikstof. Die vloeistof staat is digter, maar die molekules is steeds dieselfde.

English : Nitrogen as a gas still has the same properties as liquid nitrogen. The liquid state is denser but the molecules are still the same.



Afrikaans : Water is 'n ander voorbeeld. Die saamgestelde water is opgemaak uit twee hydrogen atome en een suurstof atom.

English : Water is another example. The compound water is made up of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.



Afrikaans : Dit het dieselfde molekulêre struktuur of dit nou 'n gas, vloeistof of vastestof is.

English : It has the same molecular structure whether it is a gas, liquid, or solid.



Afrikaans : Al verander die fisiese toestand bly die chemiese toestand dieselfde.

English : Although its physical state may change, its chemical state remains the same.



Afrikaans : Tyd is iets wat reg rondom ons is, en alles wat ons doen beïnvloed, al is dit moeilik om te verstaan.

English : Time is something that is all around us, and affects everything we do, yet is difficult to understand.



Afrikaans : Tyd word al duisende jare bestudeer deur godsdienstige, filosofiese en wetenskaplike kenners.

English : Time has been studied by religious, philosophical, and scientific scholars for thousands of years.



Afrikaans : Ons ervaar tyd as 'n reeks van gebeurtenisse wat vanaf die toekoms deur die huidige na die verlede deurgaan.

English : We experience time as a series of events passing from the future through the present to the past.



Afrikaans : Tyd is hoe ons die duur (lengte) van gebeure vergelyk.

English : Time is also how we compare the duration (length) of events.



Afrikaans : Jy kan die verloop van tyd self merk deur die repetisie van ´n sikliese gebeurtenis te aanskou. ´n Sikliese gebeurtenis is iets wat gereeld oor en oor gebeur.

English : You can mark the passing of time yourself by observing the repetition of a cyclical event. A cyclical event is something that happens again and again regularly.



Afrikaans : Rekenaars vandag word gebruik om fotos en videos te manipuleer.

English : Computers today are used to manipulate pictures and videos.



Afrikaans : Gesofistikeerde diere kan gekonstrueer word op rekenaars, en hierdie tipe animasie word toenemend in televisie en films gebruik.

English : Sophisticated animations can be constructed on computers, and this kind of animation is increasingly being used in television and films.



Afrikaans : Musiek word meestal opgeneem deur die gebruik van gesofistikeerde rekenaars om die klanke te prosesseer en saam te meng.

English : Music is often recorded using sophisticated computers to process and mix sounds together.



Afrikaans : Vir 'n lang tyd gedurende die negentiende en die twintigste eeue is daar geglo dat die eerste bewoners van Nieeu-Seeland die Maori mense was, wat groot voëls genaamd moas, gejag het.

English : For a long time during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, it was believed the first inhabitants of New Zealand were the Maori people, who hunted giant birds called moas.



Afrikaans : Die teorie het die idee bevestig dat die Maori mense migreer het van Polenisië in 'n Groot Vloot en het New Zeeland gevat van die Moriori, en daardeur 'n landbou gemeenskap gestig het.

English : The theory then established the idea that the Maori people migrated from Polynesia in a Great Fleet and took New Zealand from the Moriori, establishing an agricultural society.



Afrikaans : Nuwe bewyse suggereer egter dat die Moriori 'n groep van die hoofland Maori was wat migreer het van New Zeeland na die Chatham Eilande, waar hul hul eie kenmerkende,vredeliewende kultuur ontwikkel het.

English : However, new evidence suggests that the Moriori were a group of mainland Maori who migrated from New Zealand to the Chatham Islands, developing their own distinctive, peaceful culture.



Afrikaans : Daar was ook ´n ander Maori-stam op die Chatham eilande wat migreer het van Nieu-Seeland af.

English : There was also another tribe on the Chatham islands these were Maori who migrated away from New Zealand.



Afrikaans : Hulle het hulleself die Moriori genoem, daar was 'n paar skermutselinge, en die Moriori is uitgewis aan die einde.

English : They called themselves the Moriori there were a few skirmishes and in the end, the Moriori were wiped out



Afrikaans : Individue wat betrokke was vir verskeie dekades het ons gehelp om ons sterkpunte en passies te waardeer terwyl ons probleme en mislukkings assesseer.

English : Individuals who had been involved for several decades helped us appreciate our strengths and passions while candidly assessing difficulties and even failures.



Afrikaans : Terwyl ons geluister het na individue wat hul individuele, familie, en organisatoriese stories vertel het, het ons waardevolle insigte in die verlede bekom en sommige van die persoonlikhede wat die kultuur van die organisasie ten goede of kwade beïnvloed het.

English : While listening to individuals share their individual, family, and organizational stories, we gained valuable insight into the past and some of the personalities who influenced for good or ill the culture of the organization.



Afrikaans : Terwyl ´n mens se verstandhouding van jou eie geskiedenis nie die aanname dat die kultuur verstaan word beteken nie, help dit mense om ´n sin te verkry van waar hulle binne die geskiedenis van die organisasie val.

English : While understanding one's history does not assume understanding of culture, it does at least help people gain a sense of where they fall within the history of the organization.



Afrikaans : Gedurende die assesering van sukses en bewuswording van mislukkings, ontdek individue en die hele deelnemende groep dieper die waardes, missie, en dryfkrag van die organisasie.

English : While assessing the successes and becoming aware of failures, individuals and the whole of the participating persons discover more deeply the values, mission, and driving forces of the organization.



Afrikaans : In hierdie geval, het die herinnering aan vorige gevalle van entrepreneuriese gedrag en die suksesse mense gehelp om oop te wees vir veranderinge en nuwe rigting vir die plaaslike kerk.

English : In this instance, recalling previous instances of entrepreneurial behavior and resulting successes helped people to be open to new changes and new direction for the local church.



Afrikaans : Sulke suksesstories het die vrese van verandering verminder, terwyl dit ´n positiewe geneigdheid ten opsigte van verandering in die toekoms geskep het.

English : Such success stories lessened the fears of change, while creating positive inclinations toward change in the future.



Afrikaans : Samevloeiende denkpatrone is probleemoplossingstegnieke wat verskillende idees oor velde verenig om ´n oplossing te vind.

English : Convergent thinking patterns are problem solving techniques that unite different ideas or fields to find a solution.



[Day26]

Afrikaans : Die fokus van hierdie denkwyse is spoed, logika en akkuraatheid, ook die identifikasie van feite, die hertoepassing van bestaande tegnieke, en die insameling van inligting.

English : The focus of this mindset is speed, logic and accuracy, also identification of facts, reapplying existing techniques, gathering information.



Afrikaans : Die mees belangrike faktor van hierdie denkwyse is: daar is slegs een korrekte antwoord. Jy dink slegs aan twee antwoorde, naamlik reg of verkeerd.

English : The most important factor of this mindset is: there is only one correct answer. You only think of two answers, namely right or wrong.



Afrikaans : Hierdie tipe van denkwyse word met sekere wetenskap of standaard prosedures geassosieer.

English : This type of thinking is associated with certain science or standard procedures.



Afrikaans : Mense met hierdie tipe van denksswyse het 'n logiese denkpatroon, is in staat om patrone te memoriseer, probleme op te los en op wetenskaplike toetse te werk.

English : People with this type of thinking have logical thinking, are able to memorize patterns, solve problems and work on scientific tests.



Afrikaans : Mense is by verre die mees talentvolle spesie met die lees van ander se gedagtes.

English : Humans are by far the most talented species in reading the minds of others.



Afrikaans : Dit beteken dat ons met sukses kan voorspel wat ander mense sien, plan, glo, weet of begeer.

English : That means we are able to successfully predict what other humans perceive, intend, believe, know or desire.



Afrikaans : Onder hierdie vaardighede, is dit belangrik om die bedoeling van andere te verstaan. Dit laat ons toe om moontlike dubbelsinnighede van fisiese aksies op te los.

English : Among these abilities, understanding the intention of others is crucial. It allows us to resolve possible ambiguities of physical actions.



Afrikaans : Byvoorbeeld, indien jy sien hoe iemand 'n kar se venster breek, sal jy seker aanneem dat hy besig was om 'n vreemdeling se motor te probeer steel.

English : For example, if you were to see someone breaking a car window, you would probably assume he was trying to steal a stranger's car.



Afrikaans : Hy sou anders geoordeel moes word as hy sy kar sleutels verloor het en dit sy eie kar was waarin hy probeer inbreek het.

English : He would need to be judged differently if he had lost his car keys and it was his own car that he was trying to break into.



Afrikaans : MRB word gebaseer op 'n wetenskaplike verskynsel genaamd kern magnetiese resonansie (KMR), wat in die 1930s deur Felix Bloch (werkend by Stanford Universiteit) en Edward Purcell (van Harvard Universiteit) ontdek is.

English : MRI is based on a physics phenomenon called nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), which was discovered in the 1930s by Felix Bloch (working at Stanford University) and Edward Purcell (from Harvard University).



Afrikaans : In hierdie resonansie veroorsaak die magnetiese veld en radiogolwe dat atome klein radioseine afgee.

English : In this resonance, magnetic field and radio waves cause atoms to give off tiny radio signals.



Afrikaans : In die jaar 1970 het Raymond Damadian, 'n mediese dokter en navorsings wetenskaplike die basis vir die gebruik van magnetiese resonansie uitbeelding as gereedskap vir mediese diagnose.

English : In the year 1970, Raymond Damadian, a medical doctor and research scientist, discovered the basis for using magnetic resonance imaging as a tool for medical diagnosis.



Afrikaans : Vier jaar later is ´n patent toegeken, wat die wêreld se eerste patent was wat op die MRB veld toegeken is.

English : Four years later a patent was granted, which was the world´s first patent issued in the field of MRI.



Afrikaans : In 1977, het Dr. Damadian konstruksie aan die eerste "vol-liggaam" MRI skandeerder voltooi, wat hy die "Ontembare" genoem het.

English : In 1977, Dr. Damadian completed the construction of the first "whole-body" MRI scanner, which he called the "Indomitable".



Afrikaans : Asynchrone kommunikasie moedig tyd vir besinning en reaksies teenoor ander aan.

English : Asynchronous communication encourages time for reflection and reaction to others.



Afrikaans : Dit laat studente toe om teen hul eie pas te werk en die tempo van instruksionele inligting te beheer.

English : It allows students the ability to work at their own pace and control the pace of instructional information.



Afrikaans : Boonop, daar is minder tydsbeperkinge met die moontlikheid van buigbare werksure. (Bremer, 1998)

English : In addition, there are fewer time restrictions with the possibility of flexible working hours. (Bremer, 1998)



Afrikaans : Die gebruik van die Internet en die Wêreld Wye Web laat leerders toe om toegang tot inligting ten alle tye te hê.

English : The use of the Internet and the World Wide Web allows learners to have access to information at all times.



Afrikaans : Studente kan ook vrae rig aan instrukteurs ten enige tyd van die dag en redelike goeie response verwag, eerder as om te wag tot hul volgende ontmoeting van aangesig tot aangesig.

English : Students can also submit questions to instructors at any time of day and expect reasonably quick responses, rather than waiting until the next face-to-face meeting.



Afrikaans : Die postmoderne benadering tot leer bied die vryheid van absolute. Daar is geen goeie een manier om te leer nie.

English : The postmodern approach to learning offers the freedom from absolutes. There is no one good way to learn.



Afrikaans : Daar is waarlik geen een goeie ding om te leer nie. Leer neem plaas in die ervaring tussen die leerder en die kennis wat aangebied word.

English : In fact, there is not one good thing to learn.Learning takes place in the experience between the learner and the knowledge presented.



Afrikaans : Ons huidige ervaring met al die doen-dit-self en informasie aanbiedings, leer-gebaseerde televisieprogramme illustreer hierdie punt.

English : Our current experience with all the do-it-yourself and information presenting, learning-based television shows illustrates this point.



Afrikaans : Soveel van ons bevind onsself waar ons ´n televisie program kyk wat ons inlig oor ´n proses of ervaring waarin ons nooit sou deelneem of daardie kennis sou toepas nie.

English : So many of us find ourselves watching a television show that informs us of a process or experience in which we will never participate or apply that knowledge.



Afrikaans : Ons sal nooit 'n kar oordoen, 'n fontein in ons agterplaas bou, na Peru reis om oeroue bouvalle te ondersoek nie of ons bure se huis verbou nie.

English : We will never overhaul a car, build a fountain in our backyard, travel to Peru to examine ancient ruins, or remodel our neighbour´s house.



Afrikaans : Danksy ondersee se veseloptiese kabelskakels na Europa en breëband satellite, is Groenland goed verbind met 93% van die bevolking wat toegang het tot die internet.

English : Thanks to undersea fiber optic cable links to Europe and broadband satellite, Greenland is well connected with 93% of the population having internet access.



[Day27]

Afrikaans : Jou hotel of gashere (indien in 'n gastehuis of privaat woning gebly word) sal waarskynlik wifi of 'n PR hê wat aan die internet gekoppel is, en alle nederstettings het 'n internet kafee of een of ander plek met openbare wifi.

English : Your hotel or hosts (if staying in a guesthouse or private home) will likely have wifi or an internet connected PC, and all settlements have an internet cafe or some location with public wifi.



Afrikaans : Soos bo genoem, alhoewel die woord "Eskimo" aanvaarbaar bly in die Verenigde State, word dit ongunstig gestem deur nie-V.S. Arktiese mense, veral in Kanada.

English : As mentioned above, though the word ¨Eskimo¨ remains acceptable in the United States, it is considered pejorative by many non-U.S. Arctic peoples, especially in Canada.



Afrikaans : Terwyl jy dalk die woord mag hoor deur Groenlandse plaaslikes, moet dit vermy word deur buitelanders.

English : While you may hear the word used by Greenlandic Natives, its use should be avoided by foreigners.



Afrikaans : Die inheemse inwoners van Groenland noem hulself Inuit in Kanada en Kalaalleq, (meervoud Kalaallit), 'n Groenlander, in Groenland.

English : The native inhabitants of Greenland call themselves Inuit in Canada and Kalaalleq (plural Kalaallit), a Greenlander, in Greenland.



Afrikaans : Misdaad, en kwaadwilligheid teenoor immigrante oor die algemeen, is bykans onbekend in Groenland. Selfs in die dorpe, is daar geen "rowwe areas" nie.

English : Crime, and ill-will toward foreigners in general, is virtually unknown in Greenland. Even in the towns, there are no ¨rough areas.¨



Afrikaans : Koue weer is dalk die enigste gevaar wat onvoorbereides sal tegemoetkom.

English : Cold weather is perhaps the only real danger the unprepared will face.



Afrikaans : Indien jy Groenland tydens die koue maande besoek (inaggenome dat hoe verder noord jy reis, soveel kouer sal dit wees), is dit noodsaaklik om kleredrag te bring wat warm genoeg is.

English : If you visit Greenland during cold seasons (considering that the further north you go, the colder it will be), it is essential to bring warm enough clothing.



Afrikaans : Die baie lange somer dae, kan ly tot probleme met te min slaap en geasosieerde gesondheids probleme.

English : The very long days in the summer can lead to problems getting sufficient sleep and associated health issues.



Afrikaans : Tydens die somer moet daar uitgekyk word vir die Noordiese muskiete. Al dra hulle nie enige siektes oor nie, kan hulle irriterend wees.

English : During the summer, also watch out for the Nordic mosquitoes. Although they do not transmit any diseases, they can be irritating.



Afrikaans : Terwyl San Francisco se ekonomie gekoppel word aan 'n wêreldklas toeruste-aantrekking, is die ekonomie afwisselend.

English : While San Francisco´s economy is linked to it being a world-class tourist attraction, its economy is diversified.



Afrikaans : Die grootste werksverskaffing sektore is professionele dienste, regering, finansiering, ambag, en toerisme.

English : The largest employment sectors are professional services, government, finance, trade, and tourism.



Afrikaans : Die gereëlde uitbeelding daarvan in musiek, films, literatuur en populêre kultuur het gehelp om die stad en sy besienswaardighede wêreldwyd bekend te maak.

English : Its frequent portrayal in music, films, literature and popular culture has helped make the city and its landmarks known throughout the world.



Afrikaans : San Francisco het ´n groot toerisme infrastruktuur met vele hotelle, restaurante en vergaderingsfasiliteite van die hoogste gehalte, ontwikkel.

English : San Francisco has developed a large tourist infrastructure with numerous hotels, restaurants, and top-notch convention facilities.



Afrikaans : San Francisco is ook een van die beste plekke in die nasie vir ander Asiatiese Kookkuns: Koreaans, Thai, Indies en Japanees.

English : San Francisco is also one of the best places in the nation for other Asian cuisine: Korean, Thai, Indian, and Japanese.



Afrikaans : Om te reis na Walt Disney World verteenwoordig 'n groot pelgrimsreis vir baie Amerikaanse families.

English : Traveling to Walt Disney World represents a major pilgrimage for many American families.



Afrikaans : Die "tipiese" besoek behels die vlug na Orlando Internasionale Lughawe, bus-ry na 'n hotel op die Disney perseel, spandeer 'n week daar, sonder om die Disney perseel te verlaat en dan die terugkeer huis toe.

English : The ¨typical¨ visit involves flying into Orlando International Airport, busing to an on-site Disney hotel, spending about a week without leaving Disney property, and returning home.



Afrikaans : Daar is oneindige variasies moontlik, maar dié bly wat die meeste mense bedoel wanneer hulle praat van "om Disney Wêreld heen te gaan".

English : There are infinite variations possible, but this remains what most people mean when they talk of ¨going to Disney World¨.



Afrikaans : Vele kaartjies word aanlyn verkoop deur 'n veilingwebtuiste soos eBay of Craigslist en is hoofsaaklik deels gebruikte vele-dae "park-hopper" kaartjies.

English : Many tickets sold online through auction websites such as eBay or Craigslist are partially used multi-day park-hopper tickets.



Afrikaans : Terwyl hierdie 'n baie algemene aktiwiteit is, is dit verbied deur Disney: die kaartjies is nie-oordraagbaar.

English : While this is a very common activity, it is prohibited by Disney: the tickets are non-transferable.



Afrikaans : Enige kampeering onder die rand van die Grand Canyon, benodig ń permit.

English : Any camping below the rim in Grand Canyon requires a backcountry permit.



Afrikaans : Permitte is beperk om die kloof te beskerm, en is beskikbaar op die 1ste van die maand, vier maande voor die aanvangsmaand.

English : Permits are limited to protect the canyon, and become available on the 1st day of the month, four months prior to the start month.



Afrikaans : Dus kan 'n binnelandse permit vir enige begindatum in Mei beskikbaar word op die 1ste Jan.

English : Thus, a backcountry permit for any start date in May becomes available on 1 Jan.



Afrikaans : Spasie vir die mees populêre areas, soos die Helder Engel Kampgronde langsaan die Phantom Plaas, vul oor die algemeen op deur die versoeke ontvang op die eerste dag dat hulle oopgestel word vir besprekings.

English : Space for the most popular areas, such as the Bright Angel Campground adjacent to Phantom Ranch, generally fill up by the requests received on first date they are opened to reservations.



Afrikaans : Daar is 'n beperkte hoeveelheid permitte vir inloop gaste gereserveer wat op 'n eerste kom eerste bedien basis beskikbaar sal wees.

English : There are a limited number permits reserved for walk-in requests available on a first come, first served basis.



Afrikaans : Om Suid-Afrika per motor binne te gaan is ´n verbasende manier om al die streek se skoonheid te sien sowel as om die plekke wat buite normale toeristeroetes val, te besoek.

English : Entering Southern Africa by car is an amazing way to see all the region´s beauty as well as to get to places off the normal tourist routes.



[Day28]

Afrikaans : Dit kan gedoen word in 'n normale kar met versigtige beplanning maar 'n 4x4 word aanbeveel en baie plekke is slegs bereikbaar met 'n hoë wiel basis 4x4.

English : This can be done in a normal car with careful planning but a 4x4 is highly advised and many locations are only accessible with a high wheel base 4x4.



Afrikaans : Hou in gedagte terwyl jy beplan dat al is Suid-Afrika stabiel, nie al die naburige lande is nie.

English : Keep in mind while planning that although Southern Africa is stable not all neighboring countries are.



Afrikaans : Visa vereistes en kostes verskil van nasie tot nasie en word deur die land waarvandaan jy kom, geaffekteer.

English : Visa requirements and costs vary from nation to nation and are affected by the country you come from.



Afrikaans : Elke land het ook unieke wette wat vereis dat daar spesifieke nood-items in die motor moet wees.

English : Each country also has unique laws requiring what emergency items need to be in the car.



Afrikaans : Victoria Waterval is 'n dorp in die westerlike deel van Zimbabwe, oor die grens van Livingstone, Zambië, en naby Botswana.

English : Victoria Falls is a town in the western portion of Zimbabwe, across the border from Livingstone, Zambia, and near Botswana.



Afrikaans : Die dorp le regs langs die val, en dit is die grootse aantrekking, maar die bekende toeriste bestemming bied aan vele geleenthede vir 'n verlengde verblyf vir beide avontuursoekers en toeriste.

English : The town lies immediately next to the falls, and they are the major attraction, but this popular tourist destination offers both adventure seekers and sightseers plenty of opportunities for a longer stay.



Afrikaans : In die reën seisoen (November tot Maart), is die water volume hoër en die Valle sal meer dramaties wees.

English : In the rainy season (November to March), the water volume will be higher and the Falls will be more dramatic.



Afrikaans : Jy gaan gewaarborgd nat raak indien jy oor die brug gaan of langs die kronkelende paadjies wat naby die Waterval is, loop.

English : You are guaranteed to get wet if you cross the bridge or walk along the trails winding near the Falls.



Afrikaans : Aan die ander kant, dit is juis omdat die volume van die water so hoog is, dat jou visie van die Valle verduister sal wees – deur al die water!

English : On the other hand, it is precisely because the volume of water is so high that your viewing of the actual Falls will be obscured—by all the water!



Afrikaans : Die tombe van Tutankhamun (KV62). KV62 mag die mees beroemde van die grafte in die Valleie wees, dit is die toneel van Howard Carter se 1922 ontdekking van die byna ongerepte koninklikge begrafnis van die jong koning.

English : Tomb of Tutankhamun (KV62). KV62 may be the most famous of the tombs in the Valley, the scene of Howard Carter´s 1922 discovery of the almost intact royal burial of the young king.



Afrikaans : In vergelyking met die ander koninklike grafte, is dit skaars die moeite werd om die graf van Tutankhamun te besoek, aangesien dit baie kleiner is en beperkte versierings het.

English : Compared to most of the other royal tombs, however, the tomb of Tutankhamun is barely worth visiting, being much smaller and with limited decoration.



Afrikaans : Enigeen wat belang stel daarin om die bewyse van die skade wat aan die mummie gedoen is ten tyde wat daar pogings aangewend is om dit uit die doodskis te verwyder, te sien, sal teleurgesteld wees, aangesien slegs die kop en skouers sigbaar is.

English : Anyone interested in seeing evidence of the damage to the mummy done during attempts to remove it from the coffin will be disappointed as only the head and shoulders are visible.



Afrikaans : Die fantastiese rykdom van die graf is nie meer daarin nie, maar dit is verskuif na die Egiptiese Museum in Kaïro.

English : The fabulous riches of the tomb are no longer in it, but have been removed to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.



Afrikaans : Vir besoekers met beperkte tyd sal dit die beste wees om hul tyd elders deur te bring.

English : Visitors with limited time would be best to spend their time elsewhere.



Afrikaans : Phnom Krom is 12 km suidwes van Siem Reap. Hierdie heuweltempel is gebou teen die einde van die 9e eeu, tydens die regering van Koning Yasovarman.

English : Phnom Krom, 12 km southwest of Siem Reap. This hilltop temple was built at the end of the 9th century, during the reign of King Yasovarman.



Afrikaans : Die sombere atmosfeer van die tempel en die uitkyk oor Tonle Sap meer maak die klim van die heuwel die moete werd.

English : The gloomy atmosphere of the temple and the view over the Tonle Sap lake make the climb to the hill worthwhile.



Afrikaans : 'n Besoek aan die toneel kan heel maklik gekombineer word met 'n bootrit na die meer.

English : A visit to the site can be conveniently combined with a boat trip to the lake.



Afrikaans : Die Ankor Pas word benodig om die tempel binne te gaan, so moenie vergeet om jou paspoort saam te bring wanneer jy in Tonle Sap se rigting beweeg nie.

English : The Angkor Pass is needed to enter the temple so do not forget to bring your passport along when heading to Tonle Sap.



Afrikaans : Jerusalem is die hoofstad en grootste stad van Israel, al herken meeste ander lande en die Verenigde Nasies dit nie as Israel se hoofstad nie.

English : Jerusalem is the capital and largest city of Israel, though most other countries and the United Nations do not recognize it as Israel´s capital.



Afrikaans : Die antieke stad in die Jodeaanse Heuwels het 'n fassinerende geskiedenis wat oor duisende jare strek.

English : The ancient city in the Judean Hills has a fascinating history spanning thousands of years.



Afrikaans : Die stad is heilig aan die drie monoteïstiese godsdienste - Judaïsme, Christendom en Islam, en dien as 'n geestelike, godsdienstige en kulturele sentrum.

English : The city is holy to the three monotheistic religions - Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and serves as a spiritual, religious, and cultural center.



Afrikaans : Vanweë die godsdienstige belang van die stad, en in besonder die vele persele van die Ou Stad area, is Jerusalem een van die hoof toeristebestemmings in Israel.

English : Due to the religious significance of the city, and in particular the many sites of the Old City area, Jerusalem is one of the main tourist destinations in Israel.



Afrikaans : Jerusalem het baie historiese, argeologiese en kulturele plekke, tesame met lewendige en oorvol inkopiesentrums, kafees, en restaurante.

English : Jerusalem has many historic, archeological and cultural sites, along with vibrant and crowded shopping centers, cafés, and restaurants.



Afrikaans : Ecuador vereis dat Kubaanse burgers 'n uitnodigingsbrief kry voordat hulle Ecuador deur internasionale lughawens of grens toelatingspunte binnegaan.

English : Ecuador requires that Cuban citizens receive an invitation letter prior to entering Ecuador through international airports or frontier admission points.



Afrikaans : Hierdie brief moet deur die Ekuadoriaanse Ministerie van Buitelandse Sake gewettig word, en met sekere vereistes ooreenstem.

English : This letter must be legalized by the Ecuadorian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and comply with certain requirements.



[Day29]

Afrikaans : Hierdie vereistes is ontwerp om georganiseerde beweging en vloei tussen beide lande te voorsien.

English : These requirements are designed to provide an organized migratory flow between both countries.



Afrikaans : Kubaanse burgers wat ook VS groen kaart houers is moet die Ecuardoriaanse Konsulaat besoek om 'n uitsluiting vir hierdie vereiste te kry.

English : Cuban citizens who are US green card holders should visit an Ecuadorian Consulate to obtain an exemption to this requirement.



Afrikaans : Jou paspoort moet vir ten minste 6 maande na jou reisdatums geldig wees. 'n Retoer/verdere rit kaartjie is nodig om die lengte van jou verblyf te bewys.

English : Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months beyond your travel dates. A round/onward trip ticket is needed to prove the length of your stay.



Afrikaans : Toere is goedkoper vir groter groepe so as jy alleen is of saam met slegs een vriend is, probeer om ander mense te ontmoet en vorm 'n groep van vier tot ses vir 'n beter per persoon tarief.

English : Tours are cheaper for larger groups, so if you´re by yourself or with just one friend, try to meet other people and form a group of four to six for a better per-person rate.



Afrikaans : Nietemin behoort jy nie daarmee gemoeid wees nie, omdat toeriste gereeld rondgeskuif word om die karre te vul.

English : However, this shouldn´t really be off your concern, because often tourists are shuffled around to fill the cars.



Afrikaans : Dit lyk of dit eintlik 'n manier is om mense te flous om hulle te laat glo dat hulle meer moet betaal.

English : It seems actually to be more a way of tricking people into believing they have to pay more.



Afrikaans : Die steil berg toring oor die noordelike einde van Machu Picchu wat gewoonlik die agtergrond van vele fotos van die ruϊnes is.

English : Towering above the north end of Machu Picchu is this steep mountain, often the backdrop to many photos of the ruins.



Afrikaans : Dit lyk baie uitdagend van onder af, en dit het 'n styl en moeilike opgang, maar meeste redelike fikse mense behoort dit in omtrent 45-minute te maak.

English : It looks a bit daunting from below, and it is a steep and difficult ascent, but most reasonably fit persons should be able to make it in about 45 minutes.



Afrikaans : Kliptrappe is uitgelê op meeste van die pad, en in die steiler seksies verskaf staal kabels 'n ondersteunende handreling.

English : Stone steps are laid along most of the path, and in the steeper sections steel cables provide a supporting handrail.



Afrikaans : Dit gesê, verwag om uit asem te wees en wees versigtig in die steiler dele, veral' wanneer dit nat is, aangesien dit vinnig gevaarlik word.

English : That said, expect to be out of breath, and take care in the steeper portions, especially when wet, as it can become dangerous quickly.



Afrikaans : Daar is ´n klein grot naby die bopunt waardeur gegaan moet word, dit is redelik laag en smal om deur te beweeg.

English : There´s a tiny cave near the top that must be passed through, it is quite low and a rather tight squeeze.



Afrikaans : Die beste manier om die tonele en wildlewe van die Galapagos te besigtig, is ter boot, nes Charles Darwin dit in 1835 gedoen het.

English : Seeing the sites and wildlife of the Galapagos is best done by boat, just as Charles Darwin did it in 1835.



Afrikaans : Meer as 60 passasierskepe deurseil die Galapagos waters – en wissel in groote van 8 tot 100 passasiers.

English : Over 60 cruise ships ply the Galapagos waters - ranging in size from 8 to 100 passengers.



Afrikaans : Meeste mense bespreek hul plekke vooruit (as 'n boot en soos gewoonlik vol tydens die hoogty.)

English : Most people book their place well in advance (as the boats are usually full during the high season).



Afrikaans : Maak seker dat die agent waardeur jy die bespreking doen 'n Galapagos-spesialis is met 'n goeie kennis van 'n wye verskeidenheid van skepe.

English : Be sure the agent through whom you book is a Galapagos specialist with a good knowledge of a wide variety of ships.



Afrikaans : Dit sal verseker dat jou bepaalde belangstellings en/of beperkinge gepas word by die skip mees versoenbaar daarmee.

English : This will ensure that your particular interests and/or constraints are matched with the ship most suitable to them.



Afrikaans : Voor die Spaanse in die 16e eeu aangekom het, was noordelike Chile onder Inka oorheersing, terwyl die inheemse Araucaniërs (Mapuche) sentraal en suid-Chile bewoon het.

English : Before the Spanish arrived in the 16th century, northern Chile was under Inca rule while the indigenous Araucanians (Mapuche) inhabited central and southern Chile.



Afrikaans : Die Mapuche was ook een van die laaste onafhanklike Amerikaanse inheemse groepe, wat nie ten volle onder die Spaans-sprekende heerskappy geabsorbeer is tot na Chile se onhafhanklikheid nie.

English : The Mapuche were also one of the last independent American indigenous groups, that were not fully absorbed into Spanish-speaking rule until after Chile´s independence.



Afrikaans : Alhoewel Chili onafhanklikheid verklaar het in 1810 (te midde van die Napoleoniese Oorloe wat Spanje sonder 'n funksionerende sentrale regering gelos het vir 'n paar jaar), beslissende oorwinning oor die Spaans was nie tot 1818 bereik nie.

English : Although Chile declared independence in 1810 (amid the Napoleonic wars that left Spain without a functioning central government for a couple of years), decisive victory over the Spanish was not achieved until 1818.



Afrikaans : Die Dominikaanse Republiek (Spaans: República Dominicana) is 'n Karribiese land wat die oostelike helfte van die eiland van Hispaniola beslaan, wat dit deel met Haiti.

English : The Dominican Republic (Spanish: República Dominicana) is a Caribbean country that occupies the eastern half of the island of Hispaniola, which it shares with Haiti



Afrikaans : Buiten wit sand strande en berg landskappe is die land die tuiste van die oudste Europese stad in die Amerikas, wat nou deel is van Santo Domingo.

English : Besides white sand beaches and mountain landscapes, the country is home to the oldest European city in the Americas, now part of Santo Domingo.



Afrikaans : Die eiland was eers deur die Taínos en Caribes bewoon. Die Caribes was Arawakan-sprekende mense wat ongeveer 10 000 v. C. aangekom het.

English : The island was first inhabited by the Taínos and Caribes. The Caribes were an Arawakan-speaking people who had arrived around 10,000 BCE.



Afrikaans : Die populasie van Tainos is aansienlik verminder deur die Spaanse veroweraars, na sleg 'n paar jaar na die aankoms van Europese verkenners.

English : Within a few short years following the arrival of European explorers, the population of Tainos had significantly been reduced by the Spanish conquerors



Afrikaans : Gebaseer op Fray Bartolomé delas Casa (Tratado de las Indias) tussen 1492 en 1498 het die Spaanse oorwinnaars ongveer 100,000 Taínos doodgemaak.

English : Based on Fray Bartolomé de las Casas (Tratado de las Indias) between 1492 and 1498 the Spanish conquerors killed around 100,000 Taínos.



Afrikaans : Jardín de la Unión. Hierdie ruimte is gebou as die atrium vir die 17de-eeuse klooster, waarvan die Templo de San Diego die enigste oorblywende' gebou is.

English : Jardín de la Unión. This space was built as the atrium for a 17th-century convent, of which the Templo de San Diego is the sole surviving building.



[Day30]

Afrikaans : Dit funksioneer nou as die sentrale plaza, en het altyd baie dinge wat aan die gang is, dag en nag.

English : It now functions as the central plaza, and always has a lot of things going on, day and night.



Afrikaans : Daar is ´n aantal restaurante wat die tuin omring, en in die middae en aande word daar verniet konserte aangebied vanaf die sentrale gazebo.

English : There are a number of restaurants surrounding the garden, and in the afternoons and evening there free concerts are often given from the central gazebo.



Afrikaans : Callejon del Beso (Stegie van die Soen). Twee balkonne wat deur slegs 69 sentimeter geskei word is die tuiste van 'n ou liefdes-verhaal.

English : Callejon del Beso (Alley of the Kiss). Two balconies separated by only 69 centimeters is home of an old love legend.



Afrikaans : Vir 'n paar pennies sal kinders vir jou die storie vertel.

English : For a few pennies some children will tell you the story.



Afrikaans : Bowen-eiland is populêr vir 'n dag- of naweek-uitstappie en bied kajak-ritte, staproetes, winkels, restaurante en meer.

English : Bowen Island is a popular day trip or weekend excursion offering kayaking, hiking, shops, restaurants, and more.



Afrikaans : Hierdie outentieke gemeenskap is geleë in Howe Sound net buite Vancouver, en word maklik toeganklik gemaak deur geskeduleerde taksies wat uit Granville Eiland vertrek in die onderdorp van Vancouver.

English : This authentic community is located in Howe Sound just off Vancouver, and is easily accessed via scheduled water taxis departing Granville Island in downtown Vancouver.



Afrikaans : Vir diegene wat buitelugaktiwiteite geniet, is ´n trek deur 'Sea to Sky' noodsaaklik.

English : For those who enjoy outdoor activities, a trek up the Sea to Sky corridor is essential.



Afrikaans : Whistler (1.5 uur rit van Vancouver af) is duur maar wel-bekend as gevolg van die 2010 Winter Olimpiese spele.

English : Whistler (1.5 hour drive from Vancouver) is expensive but well-known because of the 2010 Winter Olympics.



Afrikaans : Geniet sommige van die beste ski in Noord Amerika in die winter, en geniet van die mees outentieke berg-fietsry in die somer.

English : In the winter, enjoy some of the best skiing in North America, and in the summer try some authentic mountain biking.



Afrikaans : Permitte moet vooruit gereserveer word. Jy moet ´n permit hê om te oornag in Sirena.

English : Permits must be reserved in advance. You must have a permit to stay overnight at Sirena.



Afrikaans : Sirena is die enigste parkbewaardersstasie wat slaapsaal-behuising en warm etes aanbied tesame met kampering. La Leona, San Pedrillo en Los Patos bied slegs kampering met geen kosdienste aan.

English : Sirena is the only ranger station that offers dormitory lodging and hot meals in addition to camping. La Leona, San Pedrillo, and Los Patos offer only camping with no food service.



Afrikaans : Dit is moontlik om parkeringspermitte direk van die Parkbewaarder se Stasie in Puerto Jiménez te kry, maar hulle aanvaar nie kredietkaarte nie.

English : It is possible to secure park permits directly from the Ranger Station in Puerto Jiménez, but they do not accept credit cards



Afrikaans : Die Park Dienste (MINAE) reik nie park permitte meer as een maand voor verwagte aankoms uit nie.

English : The Park Service (MINAE) does not issue park permits more than one month in advance of anticipated arrival.



Afrikaans : CafeNet El Sol bied 'n besprekingsdiens aan vir 'n fooi van US$30, of $10 vir een-dag passe; besonderhede op hulle Corcovado blad.

English : CafeNet El Sol offers a reservation service for a fee of US$30, or $10 for one-day passes; details on their Corcovado page.



Afrikaans : Die Cook Eilande is ´n eiland land in vrye assosiasie met Nieu-Seeland, gevind in Polinesië, in die middel van die Suid-Pasifiese Oseaan.

English : The Cook Islands are an island country in free association with New Zealand, located in Polynesia, in the middle of the South Pacific Ocean.



Afrikaans : Dit is 'n argipel met 15 eilande, versprei oor 2.2 miljoen km2 van die see

English : It is an archipelago with 15 islands spread out over 2.2 million km2 of ocean.



Afrikaans : Met dieselfde tydsone as Hawaii, word die eilande soms aan gedink as "Hawaii down under"

English : With the same time zone as Hawaii, the islands are sometimes thought of as ¨Hawaii down under¨.



Afrikaans : Alhoewel kleiner, herinner dit sommige ouer besoekers aan Hawaii voor die staatwording sonder al die groot toeriste hotelle en ander ontwikkeling.

English : Though smaller, it reminds some elderly visitors of Hawaii before statehood without all the large tourist hotels and other development.



Afrikaans : Die Cook Eilande het nie enige stede nie, maar is saamgestel uit 15 verskillende eilande. Die hoofeilande is Rarotonge en Aitutaki.

English : The Cook Islands do not have any cities but are composed of 15 different islands. The main ones are Rarotonga and Aitutaki.



Afrikaans : In ontwikkelde lande vandag, word die voorsiening van luukse bed-en-ontbyt tot 'n tipe kunsvorm verhef.

English : In developed countries today, providing deluxe bed and breakfasts has been raised to a sort of art-form.



Afrikaans : Aan die bo-punt, B&B's kompeteer natuurlik hoofsaaklik op twee hoofpunte: beddegoed en ontbyt.

English : At the top end, B&Bs obviously compete mainly on two main things: bedding and breakfast.



Afrikaans : Gevolglik vind mens die mees luukse beddens by sulke ondernemings, miskien selfs ´n handgemaakte deken of ´n antieke bed.

English : Accordingly, at the finest such establishments one is apt to find the most luxurious bedding, maybe a handmade quilt or an antique bed.



Afrikaans : Oggendete mag seisoenale delikatessen van die streek of die gasheer se spesialiteitsdis inhou.

English : Breakfast may include seasonal delights of the region or the host´s speciality dish.



Afrikaans : Die instelling mag dalk ´n historiese ou gebou wees met antieke meubels, versorgde terrein en ´n swembad.

English : The setting might be an historic old building with antique furnishings, manicured grounds and a swimming pool.



Afrikaans : Om in jou eie kar te klim en op 'n lang padreis te vertrek het intrinsieke aanloklikheid in die eenvoud daarvan.

English : Getting into your own car and heading off on a long road trip has an intrinsic appeal in its simplicity.



[Day31]

Afrikaans : In teenstelling met groter voertuie, staan u dalk reeds bekend met u voertuig bestuur en sy beperkings.

English : Unlike larger vehicles, you are probably already familiar with driving your car and know its limitations.



Afrikaans : Om 'n tent op privaat eiendom of in 'n dorp van enige grootte op te slaan kan maklik ongewenste aandrag trek.

English : Setting up a tent on private property or in a town of any size can easily attract unwanted attention.



Afrikaans : Kortliks is die gebruik van jou kar die beste manier om ´n padrit te ondergaan, maar is selde opsigself ´n manier om te ¨kamp¨.

English : In short, using your car is a great way to take a road trip but seldom in itself a way to ¨camp¨.



Afrikaans : Motor kampering is moontlik as jy 'n groot minibus, 'n SUV, 'n sedan of 'n stasiewa het met sitplekke wat kan afslaan.

English : Car camping is possible if you have a large minivan, SUV, Sedan or Station Wagon with seats that lay down.



Afrikaans : Party hotelle het 'n erfenis uit die goue eeu van stoom, spoorlyne en passasierskepe; voor die Tweede Wêreldoorlog, in die 19e en vroeë 20e eeue.

English : Some hotels have a heritage from the golden age of steam railways and ocean liners; before the Second World War, in the 19th or early 20th centuries.



Afrikaans : Daardie hotelle was waar die rykes en bekendes van die dag sou bly, en gereeld puik etes en die naglewe gehad het.

English : These hotels were where the rich and the famous of the day would stay, and often had fine dining and nightlife.



Afrikaans : Die outydse toebehore, die gebrek aan die nuutste geruwe en 'n tipe grasieuse veroudering is ook deel van hul karakter.

English : The old fashioned fittings, the lack of the latest amenities, and a certain graceful agedness are also part of their character.



Afrikaans : Alhoewel hulle normaalweg privaat besit word, akkommodeer hulle soms besoekende staathowe en en ander hooggeplaastes.

English : While they are usually privately owned, they sometimes accommodate visiting heads of state and other dignitaries.



Afrikaans : n Reisiger met hope geld kan 'n vlug rondom die wêreld oorweeg, met onderbrekings om in vele van hierdie hotele te bly.

English : A traveller with piles of money might consider a round the world flight, broken up with stays in many of these hotels.



Afrikaans : 'n Gasvryheidsuitruilnetwerk is 'n organisasie wat reisigers verbind met plaaslike mense in die stede wat hulle gaan besoek.

English : A hospitality exchange network is the organization that connects travelers with locals in the cities they are going to visit.



Afrikaans : Om lid te word van so 'n netwerk, vereis gewoonlik net dat jy 'n aanlyn vorm invul, maar sommige ander netwerke bied of vereis addisionele verifikasie.

English : Joining such a network usually just requires filling out an online form; although some networks offer or require additional verification.



Afrikaans : n Lys van beskikbare gashere word dan verskaf, of gedruk of aanlyn, soms met verwysings en resensies deur ander reisegers.

English : A listing of available hosts is then provided either in print and/or online, sometimes with references and reviews by other travelers.



Afrikaans : Couchsurfing is gestig in Januarie 2004 nadat die rekenaarprogrammeerder Casey Fenton 'n goedkoop vlug na Ysland gekry het, maar nie 'n plek gehad het om te bly nie.

English : Couchsurfing was founded in January 2004 after computer programmer Casey Fenton found a cheap flight to Iceland but did not have a place to stay.



Afrikaans : Hy het aan studente by die plaaslike universiteit eposse geskryf en ´n oorweldigende aantal aanbiedings van verniet akkommodasie ontvang.

English : He emailed students at the local university and received an overwhelming number of offers for free accommodation.



Afrikaans : Koshuise maak hoofsaaklik voorsiening vir jonger mense – 'n tipiese gas is in hulle twintigs – maar jy kan gereëld ouer reisigers ook daar vind.

English : Hostels cater primarily to young people – a typical guest is in their twenties – but you can often find older travellers there too.



Afrikaans : Families met kinders is nie 'n algemene verskynsel nie, maar party koshuise laat hulle in privaat kamers toe.

English : Families with children are a rare sight, but some hostels do allow them in private rooms.



Afrikaans : Die stad van Beijing in China sal die gasheerstad van die Olimpiese Winter Spele in 2022 wees, wat dit die eerste stad sal maak om beide somer en winter Olimpiese Spele te huisves.

English : The city of Beijing in China will be the host city of the Olympic Winter Games in 2022, which will make it the first city to have hosted both the summer and winter Olympics.



Afrikaans : Beijing sal die opening en sluitings seremonies van die binnenshuise ys items aanbied.

English : Beijing will host the opening and closing ceremonies and the indoor ice events.



Afrikaans : Ander ski gebeure sal by die Taizicheng ski omgewing in die Zhangjiakou wees, ongeveer 220 km (140 myl) vanaf Beijing.

English : Other skiing events will be at the Taizicheng ski area in Zhangjiakou, about 220 km (140 miles) from Beijing.



Afrikaans : Meeste van die tempels het 'n Jaarlikse fees wat begin einde November tot die Middel Mei, wat afwissel afhangende van elke tempel se jaarlikse kalender.

English : Most of the temples do have an Annual festival starting from November end to Mid of May, which varies according to each temple´s annual calendar.



Afrikaans : Meeste van die tempel-feeste word gevier as deel van die tempel se herdenking of die presiderende godheid se verjaarsdag of enige ander groot gebeurtenis wat geassosieer word met die tempel.

English : Most of the temple festivals is celebrated as part of temple´s anniversary or presiding deity´s birthday or any other major event associated with the temple.



Afrikaans : Kerala se tempelfeeste is baie interessant om te sien, met gereëlde optogte van versierde olifante, tempel orkeste en ander feestelikhede.

English : Kerala´s temple festivals are very interesting to see, with regular procession of decorated elephants, temple orchestra and other festivities.



Afrikaans : ´n Wêreldbeurs (gewoonlik´ Expo ´genoem) is ´n groot internasionale kunst- en wetenskapsfees.

English : A World´s Fair (commonly called World Exposition, or simply Expo) is large international festival of arts and sciences.



Afrikaans : Deelnemende lande bied kunstige en opvoedkundige tentoonstellings in nasionale pawiljoene aan om die aandag op wêreldkwessies of hul land se kultuur en geskiedenis te vestig.

English : Participating countries present artistic and educational displays in national pavilions to showcase world issues or their country´s culture and history.



Afrikaans : Internasionale Tuinbou-uitstallings is gespesialiseerde gebeurtenisse wat blommerangskikkings, botaniese tuine en enige iets anders wat met plante te doen het, uitstal.

English : International Horticultural Expositions are specialised events which showcase floral displays, botanical gardens and anything else to do with plants.



[Day32]

Afrikaans : Al kan dit in teorie jaarliks plaasvind (solank as wat hulle in verskillende lande is), in die praktyk is hulle nie.

English : Although in theory they can take place annually (so long as they are in different countries), in practice they are not.



Afrikaans : Hierdie gebeure duur gewoonlik enige iets tussen drie en ses maande, en word gehou op gebiede niks kleiner as 50 hektaar.

English : These events normally last anywhere between three and six months, and are held on sites no smaller than 50 hectares.



Afrikaans : Daar is baie verskillende film formate deur die jare gebruik. Standaard 35 mm film (36 by 24 mm negatief) is die mees algemeenste.

English : There are many different film formats that have been used over the years. Standard 35 mm film (36 by 24 mm negative) is much the commonest.



Afrikaans : Dit kan gewoonlik taamlik maklik aangevul word as dit klaar is, en verskaf 'n resolusie, rofweg vergelykbaar met 'n huidige DELR.

English : It can usually be replenished fairly easily if you run out, and gives resolution roughly comparable to a current DSLR.



Afrikaans : Party medium-formaat film kameras gebruik ´n 6 by 6 cm formaat, meer spesifiek ´n 56 by 56 mm negatief.

English : Some medium-format film cameras use a 6 by 6 cm format, more precisely a 56 by 56 mm negative.



Afrikaans : Dit gee ´n resolusie van byna vier keer van dit van ´n 35 mm negatief (3136mm2 tenoor 864).

English : This gives resolution almost four times that of a 35 mm negative (3136 mm2 versus 864).



Afrikaans : Wild is van die mees uitdagende motiewe vir 'n fotograaf, en dit benodig 'n kombinasie van goeie geluk, geduld, ervaring en goeie gereedskap.

English : Wildlife is among the most challenging motifs for a photographer, and needs a combination of good luck, patience, experience and good equipment.



Afrikaans : Natuurfotografie word dikwels vanselfsprekend aanvaar, maar soos fotografie in die algemeen, 'n prent is 'n duisend woorde werd.

English : Wildlife photography is often taken for granted, but like photography in general, a picture is worth a thousand words.



Afrikaans : Wilde lewe-fotografie vereis dikwels 'n lang telefoto lens, alhoewel goed soos 'n swerm voëls of 'n piepklein kreatuurtjie ander lense benodig.

English : Wildlife photography often requires a long telephoto lens, though things like a flock of birds or a tiny creature need other lenses.



Afrikaans : Baie eksotiese diere is moeilik om te vind, en parke het soms reels rakende fotos neem vir kommersiële doeleindes.

English : Many exotic animals are hard to find, and parks sometimes have rules about taking photographs for commercial purposes.



Afrikaans : Wilde diere kan skaam of aggressief wees. Die ongewing kan koud, warm of andersins vyandig wees.

English : Wild animals might either be shy or aggressive. The environment might be cold, hot, or otherwise hostile.



Afrikaans : Die wêreld het meer as 5000 verskillende tale, insluitend meer as twintig wat meer as 50 miljoen sprekers het.

English : The world has over 5,000 different languages, including more than twenty with 50 million or more speakers.



Afrikaans : Geskrewe woorde is ook baiemaal makliker om te verstaan as gesproke woorde. Dit is veral waar van adresse, wat baiemaal moeilik is om verstaanbaar uit te spreek.

English : Written words are often easier to understand than spoken words, also. This is especially true of addresses, which are often difficult to pronounce intelligibly.



Afrikaans : Vele nasies is geheel en al heeltemal vlot in Engels, en in meer kan jy selfs 'n beperkte kennis verwag - veral onder jonger mense.

English : Many entire nations are completely fluent in English, and in even more you can expect a limited knowledge - especially among younger people.



Afrikaans : Verbeel jou, as jy kan, 'n Mancuniaan, 'n Bostoniaan, 'n Jamaikaner en 'n Sydnieër wat om 'n tafel sit en aandete eet by 'n restaurant in Toronto.

English : Imagine, if you will, a Mancunian, Bostonian, Jamaican and Sydneysider sitting around a table having dinner at a restaurant in Toronto.



Afrikaans : Hulle vermaak mekaar met stories uit hul tuisdorpe, in hul eiesoortige aksente en plaaslike sleng.

English : They´re regaling each other with stories from their hometowns, told in their distinct accents and local argot.



Afrikaans : Die aankoop van kos in supermarkte is gewoonlik die goedkoopste manier om voeding te verkry. Sonder kookgeleenthede, is keuses oor reeds-gemaakte kos beperk.

English : Buying food in supermarkets is usually the cheapest way to get fed. Without cooking opportunities, choices are however limited to ready-made food.



Afrikaans : Supermarkte kry toenemend ´n groter verskeidenheid klaargemaakte kosse. Party bied selfs ´n mikrogolfoond of ander maniere om kos te verhit.

English : Increasingly supermarkets are getting a more varied section of ready-made food. Some even provide a microwave oven or other means to heat food.



Afrikaans : In party lande of tipes winkels is daar ten minste een restaurant op die perseel, baiemaal eerder 'n informele een met bekostigbare pryse.

English : In some countries or types of stores there is at least one on-site restaurant, often a rather informal one with affordable prices.



Afrikaans : Maak en dra kopieë van jou polis en jou versekeraar se kontakbesonderhede met jou saam.

English : Make and carry copies of your policy and your insurer´s contact details with you.



Afrikaans : Hulle het nodig om die versekeraar se e-pos adres en internasionale telefoon nommers te wys vir advies/goedkeuring en eise instel.

English : They need to show the insurer´s e-mail address and international phone numbers for advice/authorizations and making claims.



Afrikaans : Hou nog ´n kopie in jou baggasie en aanlyn (e-pos dit aan jouself met ´n aanhegsel, of stoor dit in die ¨wolk¨).

English : Have another copy in your luggage and online (e-mail to yourself with attachment, or stored in the ¨cloud¨).



Afrikaans : Indien jy met 'n skootrekenaar of tablet reis, stoor 'n kopie in die hardeskyf of op 'n skyfie (toeganklik sonder die internet).

English : If traveling with a laptop or tablet, store a copy in its memory or disc (accessible without the internet).



Afrikaans : Gee ook beleid-/kontakkopieë aan reisgenote en familie of vriende by die huis wat bereid is om te help.

English : Also give policy/contact copies to traveling companions and relatives or friends back home willing to help.



Afrikaans : Die Amerikaanse eland (ook bekend as die Europese eland) is nie inheems aggressief nie, maar sal hulself beskerm indien hulle 'n gevaar bemerk.

English : Moose (also known as elk) aren´t inherently aggressive, but will defend themselves if they perceive a threat.



[Day33]

Afrikaans : Wanneer mense nie die elk as ´n potensieël gevaarlike dier sien nie, mag hulle te naby daaraan kom en hulself in gevaar stel.

English : When people don´t see moose as potentially dangerous, they may approach too closely and put themselves at risk.



Afrikaans : Drink alkoholiese drankies met matigheid. Alkohol affekteer almal verskillend en dit is belangrik om jou perke te ken.

English : Drink alcoholic drinks with moderation. Alcohol affects everyone differently, and knowing your limit is very important.



Afrikaans : Moontlike langtermyn gesondheidsrisikos van oormatige drankgebruik kan lewerskade, blindheid en selfs sterftes insluit. Die potensiële gevaar neem toe wanneer onwettig vervaardigde alkohol ingeneem word.

English : Possible long term health events from excessive drinking can include liver damage and even blindness and death. The potential danger is increased when consuming illegally produced alcohol.



Afrikaans : Onwettige drank kan verskeie gevaarlike onsuiwerhede bevat insluitend metanol, wat blindheid of dood mag veroorsaak tot in klein mates.

English : Illegal spirits can contain various dangerous impurities including methanol, which can cause blindness or death even in small doses.



Afrikaans : Enkel-lensbrille kan goedkoper wees in die buiteland, veral in lae-inkomste lande waar arbeidskostes laer is.

English : Eyeglasses can be cheaper in a foreign country, especially in low-income countries where labour costs are lower.



Afrikaans : Besin daaroor om 'n oogtoets by die huis te kry, veral as versekering dit dek, en bring die voorskrif om elders aangevul te word.

English : Consider getting an eye exam at home, especially if insurance covers it, and bringing the prescription along to be filed elsewhere.



Afrikaans : Duursame handelsnaam rame wat beskikbaar is in sulke areas mag twee probleme hê; party mag vervalsings wees, en die regte ingevoerdes mag duurder wees as tuis.

English : High-end brand-name frames available in such areas may have two problems; some may be knock-offs, and the real imported ones may be more expensive than at home.



Afrikaans : Koffie is een van die wêreld se komoditeite waarmee die meeste handel gedryf word en jy kan heel moontlik vele tipes in jou omgewing vind.

English : Coffee is one of the world´s most traded commodities, and you can probably find many types in your home region.



Afrikaans : Nogtans is daar baie kenmerkende maniere van koffie drink regoor die wêreld wat die moeite werd is om te ervaar.

English : Nevertheless, there are many distinctive ways of drinking coffee around the world that are worth experiencing.



Afrikaans : Kloofing handel om in die onderkant van 'n kloof in te gaan, wat droog of vol water is.

English : Canyoning (or: canyoneering) is about going in a bottom of a canyon, which is either dry or full of water.



Afrikaans : Klooftoer kombineer elemente van swem, klim en spring -- maar vereis relatief min opleiding of fisiese fiksheid om te begin (byvoorbeeld, soos in vergelyking met rotsklim, skubaduik of ski in die Alpe).

English : Canyoning combines elements from swimming, climbing and jumping--but requires relatively little training or physical shape to get started (compared to rock climbing, scuba diving or alpine skiing, for example).



Afrikaans : Stap is 'n buitelug aktiwiteit wat bestaan uit loop in natuurlike omgewings, meestal op staproetes.

English : Hiking is an outdoor activity which consists of walking in natural environments, often on hiking trails.



Afrikaans : Dag-staptogte behels afstande van minder as 'n myl tot langer afstande wat in 'n enkele dag afgelê kan word.

English : Day hiking involves distances of less than a mile up to longer distances that can be covered in a single day.



Afrikaans : Min voorbereiding is nodig vir 'n dag stap op 'n maklike roete en enige taamlike fiks persoon kan die geniet.

English : For a day hike along an easy trail little preparations are needed, and any moderately fit person can enjoy them.



Afrikaans : Families met klein kindertjies mag meer voorbereiding nodig hê, maar 'n dag in die buitelig is maklik moontlik selfs met babas en kleuters.

English : Families with small children may need more preparations, but a day outdoors is easily possible even with babies and pre-school children.



Afrikaans : Internasionaal is daar amper 200 werkende toer organisasies. Die meeste van hulle funksioneer onafhanklik.

English : Internationally, there are nearly 200 running tour organizations. Most of them operate independently.



Afrikaans : Die Global Running Tours se opvolger, Go Running Tours netwerk duisende oefen vakansie verskaffers op vier kontinente.

English : The Global Running Tours successor, Go Running Tours networks dozens of sightrunning providers on four continents.



Afrikaans : Met konneksies in Barselona se Hardlooptoere Barselona en Kopenhagen se Hardlopende Kopenhagen, is dit vinnig deur Hardlooptoere Praag wat in Praag en elders gebaseerd is, aangesluit.

English : With roots in Barcelona´s Running Tours Barcelona and Copenhagen´s Running Copenhagen, it was quickly joined by Running Tours Prague based in Prague and others.



Afrikaans : Daar is baie sake wat jy in gedagte moet hou voor en wanneer jy erens heen reis.

English : There are many things you have to take into consideration before and when you travel somewhere.



Afrikaans : Wanneer jy reis, moenie verwag dat dinge gaan wees soos hulle ¨by die huis¨ is nie. Maniere, wette, kos, verkeer, verblyf, standaarde, taal en so voorts sal tot ´n mate verskil van waar jy bly.

English : When you travel, expect things not to be like they are ¨back home¨. Manners, laws, food, traffic, lodging, standards, language and so on will to some extent differ from where you live.



Afrikaans : Dit is iets wat jy altyd in gedagte wil hou, om teleurstelling te vermy of dalk tot afkeer oor plaaslike maniere om dinge te doen.

English : This is something you always need to keep in mind, to avoid disappointment or perhaps even distaste over local ways to do things.



Afrikaans : Reisagentskappe is al daar sedert die 19e eeu. 'n Reisagent is gewoonlik 'n goeie opsie vir 'n reis wat buite die reisiger se vorige ervaring van die natuur, kultuur, taal of lae-inkomste lande strek.

English : Travel agencies have been around since the 19th century. A travel agent is usually a good option for a journey which extends beyond a traveller´s previous experience of nature, culture, language or low-income countries.



Afrikaans : Al is meeste agentskappe gewillig om meeste gereëlde besprekings te hanteer, spesialiseer baie agente in besondere tipes reis, begrotingsgroottes of bestemmings.

English : Although most agencies are willing to take on most regular bookings, many agents specialise in particular types of travel, budget ranges or destinations.



Afrikaans : Dit kan beter wees om ´n agent te gebruik wat gereeld toere reël wat soortgelyk is aan joune.

English : It can be better to use an agent who frequently books similar trips to yours.



Afrikaans : Kyk na watter reise die agent bevorder, of op 'n webtuiste of in a winkelvenster.

English : Take a look at what trips the agent is promoting, whether on a website or in a shop window.



[Day34]

Afrikaans : As jy die wêreld goedkoop wil sien, vir nood, leefstyl of uitdaging, is daar 'n paar maniere om dit te doen.

English : If you want to see the world on the cheap, for necessity, lifestyle or challenge, there are some ways to do that.



Afrikaans : Basies, val hulle in twee kategorieë: Of jy werk terwyl jy reis of jy probeer jou uitgawes laag hou. Hierdie artikel is gebaseer op die latere.

English : Basically, they fall into two categories: Either work while you travel or try and limit your expenses. This article is focused on the latter.



Afrikaans : Vir die wat gewillig is om gemak, tyd en voorspelbaarheid prys te gee om kostes naby aan niks te kry, sien die minimum begroting reise.

English : For those willing to sacrifice comfort, time and predictability to push expenses down close to zero, see minimum budget travel.



Afrikaans : Die advies neem aan dat reisigers nie steel, oortree, deelneem aan die onwettige mark, bedel, of andersins ander mense uitbuit tot hulle eie voordeel nie.

English : The advice assumes that travellers do not steal, trespass, participate in the illegal market, beg, or otherwise exploit other people for their own gain.



Afrikaans : 'n Immigrasie kontrolpunt is gewoonlik die eerste stop wanneer jy van 'n vliegtuig, 'n skip of and voertuig af kom.

English : An immigration checkpoint is usually the first stop when disembarking from a plane, a ship, or another vehicle.



Afrikaans : In sommige oorgrense treine word inspeksies op lopende treine gehou en jy moet 'n geldige ID by jou hê wanneer jy aan een van daardie treine aan boord gaan.

English : In some cross-border trains inspections are done on the running train and you should have valid ID with you when boarding one of those trains.



Afrikaans : Op oornag treine, kan paspoorte deur die kondukteur bymekaar gemaak word, sodat jou slaap nie onderbreek word nie.

English : On night sleeper trains, passports may be collected by the conductor so that you do not have your sleep interrupted.



Afrikaans : Registrasie is 'n addisionele vereiste vir die visa proses. In party lande moet jy jou teenwoordigheid en waar jy gaan bly met die plaaslike owerhede registreer.

English : Registration is an additional requirement for the visa process. In some countries, you must register your presence and address where you are staying with the local authorities.



Afrikaans : Dit mag die invul van 'n vorm by die plaaslike polisie of 'n besoek aan die immigrasie kantoor vereis.

English : This might require filling out a form with the local police or a visit to the immigration offices.



Afrikaans : In vele lande met sulke wette, hanteer plaaslike hotelle die registrasie (maak 'n punt daarvan om te vra).

English : In many countries with such a law, local hotels will handle the registration (make sure to ask).



Afrikaans : In ander gevalle het slegs die wat buite toeriste akkommodasies bly, nodig om te registreer. Alhoewel, dit maak die wet baie meer obskuur, so vind voor die tyd uit.

English : In other cases, only those staying outside of tourist accommodations need to register. However, this makes the law much more obscure, so find out beforehand.



Afrikaans : Argitektuur is betrokke met die ontwerp en konstruksie van geboue. Die argitektuur van 'n plek is gereeld 'n toeruste aantrekking in sy eie reg.

English : Architecture is concerned with the design and construction of buildings. The architecture of a place is often a tourist attraction in its own right.



Afrikaans : Baie geboue is nogal mooi om na te kyk en die uitsig uit 'n hoë gebou of vanuit 'n slim-geplaaste venster kan prentjiemooi wees om te aanskou.

English : Many buildings are quite beautiful to look at and the view from a tall building or from a cleverly-positioned window can be a beauty to behold.



Afrikaans : Argitektuur oorvleuel aansienlik met ander velde, insluitend stadsbeplanning, siviele ingenieurswese, dekoratiewe kunste, binneontwerp en landskapontwerp.

English : Architecture overlaps considerably with other fields including urban planning, civil engineering, decorative arts, interior design and landscape design.



Afrikaans : Gegewend hoe afgelee baie van die pueblos is, sal jy nie in staat wees om 'n beduidende naglewe te kry sonder om na Albuquerque of Sante Fe toe te reis nie.

English : Given how remote many of the pueblos are, you won´t be able to find a significant amount of nightlife without traveling to Albuquerque or Santa Fe.



Afrikaans : Byna al die kasino's wat hierbo genoem word, bedien egter drankies, en verskeie van hulle bring groot naam vermaak in (hoofsaaklik die grotes wat in die nabye omgewing van Albuquerque en Santa Fe is).

English : However, nearly all of the casinos listed above serve drinks, and several of them bring in name-brand entertainment (primarily the large ones immediately surrounding Albuquerque and Santa Fe).



Afrikaans : Wees gewaarsku: klein-dorpie kroeë is nie altyd goeie plekke vir die besoekers uit ander state om hul vrye tyd te spandeer nie.

English : Beware: small-town bars here are not always good places for the out-of-state visitor to hang out.



Afrikaans : Vir eens het Noord-Mexiko ´n merkwaardige probleem met dronkbestuur, en die konsentrasie van bedwelmde bestuurders is hoër hoe nader aan klein dorpies se kroeë ´n mens is.

English : For one thing, northern New Mexico has significant problems with drunk driving, and the concentration of intoxicated drivers is high close to small-town bars.



Afrikaans : Ongewensde muurskilderye of krabbels staan bekend as graffitti.

English : Unwanted murals or scribble is known as graffiti.



Afrikaans : Terwyl dit ver van 'n moderne verskynsel is, sal die meeste mense dit moontlik assosieer met die jeug wat openbare en privaat eiendom vandaliseer deur spuitverf te gebruik.

English : While it´s far from a modern phenomenon, most people probably associate it with youth vandalizing public and private property using spray paint.



Afrikaans : Nietemin is daar vandag gevestigde graffiti kunstenaars, graffiti geleenthede en "wettige" mure. Graffiti skilderye in hierdie konteks stel baiemaal kunswerke voor eerder as onwettige onleesbare handtekeninge.

English : However, nowadays there are established graffiti artists, graffiti events and ¨legal¨ walls. Graffiti paintings in this context often resemble artworks rather than illegible tags.



Afrikaans : Die gooi van 'n boemerang is 'n gewilde vaardigheid wat vele toeriste wil aanleer.

English : Boomerang throwing is a popular skill that many tourists want to acquire.



Afrikaans : Indien jy wil leer hoe om 'n boemerang te gooi wat terug na jou hand toe kom, moet jy seker maak dat jy 'n gepaste boemerang vir 'n terugvlug het.

English : If you want to learn throwing a boomerang that comes back to your hand, make sure you have a suitable boomerang for returning.



Afrikaans : Meeste boemerange wat beskikbaar is in Australië is feitlik nie-wederkerend nie. Dit is beste vir beginners om nie te probeer om in winderige weer te gooi nie.

English : Most boomerangs available in Australia are in fact non-returning. It is best for beginners to not try throwing in windy



Afrikaans : 'n Hangi Maaltyd word gekook in 'n warm put in die grond.

English : A Hangi Meal is cooked in a hot pit in the ground.



[Day35]

Afrikaans : Die put word of met warm klippe van 'n vuur verhit, of in sommige plekke maak geotermiese hitte areas van die grond natuurlik warm.

English : The pit is either heated with hot stones from a fire, or in some places geothermal heat makes areas of ground naturally hot.



Afrikaans : Die Hangi word gereeld gebruik om 'n tradisionele geroosterde styl ete te kook.

English : The hangi is often used to cook a traditional roast style dinner.



Afrikaans : Verskeie plekke in Rotorua bied geotermiese hangi, terwyl ander hangi geproef kan word in Christchurch, Wellington en op ander plekke.

English : Several places in Rotorua offer geothermal hangi, while other hangi can be sampled in Christchurch, Wellington and elsewhere.



Afrikaans : MetroRail het twee klasse op passasierstreine in en om Kaapstad: MetroPlus (ook genoem Eerste Klas) en Metro (genoem Derde klas).

English : MetroRail has two classes on commuter trains in and around Cape Town: MetroPlus (also called First Class) and Metro (called Third Class).



Afrikaans : MetroPlus is meer gemaklik en minder oorlaai, maar 'n bietjie duurder, al is dit steeds goedkoper as normale metro kaartjies in Europa.

English : MetroPlus is more comfortable and less crowded but slightly more expensive, though still cheaper than normal metro tickets in Europe.



Afrikaans : Elke trein het sowel MetroPlus- en Metro-waens; die MetroPlus-waens is altyd aan die einde van die trein naaste Kaapstad.

English : Every train has both MetroPlus and Metro coaches; the MetroPlus coaches are always on the end of the train nearest Cape Town.



Afrikaans : Dra vir ander – Moet nooit jou sakke buite jou sig laat gaan, veral as jy internasionale grense oorsteek nie.

English : Carrying for others - Never let your bags out of your sight, especially when you are crossing international borders.



Afrikaans : Sonder u medewete kan u as ´n dwelmhandelaar gebruik word, wat u in groot moeilikheid kan beland.

English : You could find yourself being used as a drug carrier without your knowledge, which will land you in a great deal of trouble.



Afrikaans : Dit sluit in om in lyn te wag, aangesien dwelm-snuifende honde enige tyd gebruik kan word sonder kennisgewing.

English : This includes waiting in line, as drug-sniffing dogs could be used at any time without notice.



Afrikaans : Sommige lande het baie drakoniese strawwe, selfs vir eerste oortreders; hierdie kan tronkstraf van oor die 10 jaar of dood straf insluit.

English : Some countries have exceedingly draconian punishments even for first time offenses; these can include prison sentences of over 10 years or death.



Afrikaans : Verlate sakke word dikwels ´n teiken van diefstal en kan ook die owerhede wat versigtig is vir bomdreigemente, se aandag lok.

English : Unattended bags are a target for theft and can also attract attention from authorities wary of bomb threats.



Afrikaans : Met die konstante blootstelling aan die plaaslike kieme by die huis, is kanse baie goed dat jy reeds immuun is teen die kieme.

English : At home, due to this constant exposure to the local germs, odds are very high that you´re already immune to them.



Afrikaans : Maar in ander dele van die wêreld, waar die bakteriële fauna nuut is vir jou, is jy baie meer geneig om probleme om te tel.

English : But in other parts of the world, where the bacteriological fauna are new to you, you´re far more likely to run into problems.



Afrikaans : In warmer klimate groei bakteria ook beide vinniger en oorleef langer buite die liggaam.

English : Also, in warmer climates bacteria both grow more quickly and survive longer outside the body.



Afrikaans : So is die gissing van die Delhi Belly, the Pharaoh´s Curse, Montezuma´s Revenge, en hul vele vriende.

English : Thus the scourges of Delhi Belly, the Pharaoh´s Curse, Montezuma´s Revenge, and their many friends.



Afrikaans : Soos met asemhalingsprobleme in kouer klimate, is ingewandeprobleme in warmer klimate taamlik algemeen en in meeste gevalle is dit kenmerkend irriterend, maar nie regtig gevaarlik nie.

English : As with respiratory problems in colder climates, intestinal problems in hot climates are fairly common and in most cases are distinctly annoying but not really dangerous.



Afrikaans : Indien jy reis in 'n ontwikkelende land vir die eerste keer - of in 'n nuwe deel van die wêreld - moenie die potensiële kultuurskok onderskat nie.

English : If traveling in a developing country for the first time – or in a new part of the world – don´t underestimate the potential culture shock.



Afrikaans : Vele stabiele, bevoeglike reisiger is al oorkom deur die nuutheid van ontwikkellinde wêreld reis, waar menigte klein kultuur aanpassings vinnig kan ophoop.

English : Many a stable, capable traveler has been overcome by the newness of developing world travel, where many little cultural adjustments can add up quickly.



Afrikaans : Om jouself aanvanklik te help akklimatiseer, oorweeg oorbesteding aan Westerse-styl en –gehalte hotelle, voedsel en dienste.

English : Especially in your initial days, consider splurging on Western-style and -quality hotels, food, and services to help acclimatize.



Afrikaans : Moenie slaap op 'n matras of palet op die grond in areas waar jy nie die plaaslike fauna ken nie.

English : Do not sleep on a mattress or pad on the ground in areas where you do not know the local fauna.



Afrikaans : As jy gaan kampeer, bring 'n kampbed of hangmat om jou weg te hou van slange, skerpioene en sulke goed.

English : If you are going to camp out, bring a camp cot or hammock to keep you away from snakes, scorpions and such.



Afrikaans : Vul u huis met 'n lekker koffie in die oggend en 'n koppie ontspannende kamilletee in die aand.

English : Fill your home with a rich coffee in the morning and some relaxing chamomile tea at night.



Afrikaans : Wanneer jy op ´n tuis-vakansie is, het jy die tyd om jouself te bederf en ´n paar ekstra minute te neem om iets spesiaals op te kook.

English : When you´re on a staycation, you have the time to treat yourself and take a few extra minutes to brew up something special.



Afrikaans : Indien jy meer avontuurlustig voel, gebruik die geleentheid om te versap of om gladdejantjies te meng:

English : If you´re feeling more adventurous, take the opportunity to juice or blend up some smoothies:



Afrikaans : dalk ontdek jy 'n eenvoudige drankie wat jy vir ontbyt kan maak wanneer jy terug is in jou daaglikse roetine.

English : maybe you´ll discover a simple beverage that you can make for breakfast when you´re back to your daily routine.



[Day36]

Afrikaans : Indien jy in 'n stad bly met 'n afgewisselde drinkkultuur, gaan na kroeë of kuierplekke in buurte wat jy nie gewoonlik besoek nie.

English : If you live in a city with a varied drinking culture, go to bars or pubs in neighborhoods you don´t frequent.



Afrikaans : Vir diegene wat onbekend is met mediese terminologie, het die woorde besmet en aansteeklik het onderskeibare betekenisse.

English : For those unfamiliar with medical jargon, the words infectious and contagious have distinct meanings.



Afrikaans : 'n Oordraagbare siekte is een wat deur 'n patogeen, soos 'n virus, bakterieë, fungi of ander parasiete veroorsaak kan word..

English : An infectious disease is one that is caused by a pathogen, such as a virus, bacterium, fungus or other parasites.



Afrikaans : 'n Aansteeklike siekte is 'n siekte wat maklik oorgedra word deur in die omgewing van 'n besmette persoon te wees.

English : A contagious disease is a disease which is easily transmitted by being in the vicinity of an infected person.



Afrikaans : Vele goewermente vereis dat besoekers wat inkom, of burgers wat uit hul lande gaan, ingeënt word teen 'n verskeidenheid siektes.

English : Many governments require visitors entering, or residents leaving, their countries to be vaccinated for a range of diseases.



Afrikaans : Die vereistes hang dikwels af van watter lande die reisiger besoek het of wil besoek.

English : These requirements may often depend on what countries a traveller has visited or intends to visit.



Afrikaans : Een van Charlotte, Noord Carolina se sterkpunte, is dat dit 'n oorvloed van hoë kwaliteits opsies vir families het.

English : One of strong points of Charlotte, North Carolina, is that it has an abundance of high-quality options for families.



Afrikaans : Inwoners van ander areas benoem dikwels familie-vriendelikheid as 'n hoofrede om daarheen te trek, en besoekers vind dit maklik om die stad met kinders om hulle te geniet.

English : Residents from other areas often cite family-friendliness as a primary reason for moving there, and visitors often find the city easy to enjoy with children around.



Afrikaans : Die afgelope 20 jaar het die aantal kinder-vriendelike opsies eksponensieël in die noordelike voorstad van Charlotte vermeerder.

English : In the past 20 years, the amount of child-friendly options in Uptown Charlotte has grown exponentially.



Afrikaans : Huurmotors word nie oor die algemeen deur families in Charlotte gebruik nie, al kan hulle van nut wees onder sekere omstandighede.

English : Taxis are not generally used by families in Charlotte, though they can be of some use in certain circumstances.



Afrikaans : Daar is 'n toeslag wat gehef word daarop om meer as 2 passasiers te wees, so hierdie opsie mag dalk meer duur as nodig wees.

English : There is a surcharge for having more than 2 passengers, so this option might be more expensive than necessary.



Afrikaans : Antarktika is die koudste plek op aarde, en omring die Suidpool.

English : Antarctica is the coldest place on Earth, and surrounds the South Pole.



Afrikaans : Toeristebesoeke is duur, vereis fisiese fiksheid en kan slegs plaasvind in Nov-Feb se somer, en is grootliks beperk tot die Skiereiland, Eilande en Ross See.

English : Tourist visits are costly, demand physical fitness, can only take place in summer Nov-Feb, and are largely limited to the Peninsula, Islands and Ross Sea.



Afrikaans : 'n Paar duisend personeel woon hier in somer in sommige vier dosyn basise meestal in daardie areas; 'n klein nommer bly deur winter.

English : A couple of thousand staff live here in summer in some four dozen bases mostly in those areas; a small number stay over winter.



Afrikaans : Binnelandse Antartika is 'n afgeleë plato wat bedek is deur 2-3 km ys.

English : Inland Antarctica is a desolate plateau covered by 2-3 km of ice.



Afrikaans : Sporadiese spesialis lug toere gaan binneland toe vir bergklim of om die Pool te bereik, wat 'n groot basis het.

English : Occasional specialist air tours go inland, for mountaineering or to reach the Pole, which has a large base.



Afrikaans : Die Suid Pool Deurpad (Of Hoofweg) is ´n 1600 km pad van McMurdo Stasie aan die Ross See na die Pool.

English : The South Pole Traverse (or Highway) is a 1600 km trail from McMurdo Station on the Ross Sea to the Pole.



Afrikaans : Dis gekompakteerde sneeu met spelonke wat ingevul is en deur vlaggies gemerk is. Dit kan slegs deur spesiale trekkers bereik word, wat sleë sleep met brandstof en voorraade.

English : It´s compacted snow with crevasses filled in and marked by flags. It can only be traveled by specialized tractors, hauling sleds with fuel and supplies.



Afrikaans : Hierdies is nie baie rats nie, dus sal die roete 'n lang ompad oor die Transantarktiese Berge moet neem om op die plato te kom.

English : These aren´t very nimble so the trail has to take a long swerve around the Transantarctic Mountains to come onto the plateau.



Afrikaans : Die mees algemene oorsaak van ongelukke in die winter is gladde paaie, sypaadjies en veral trappe.

English : The most common cause for accidents in winter is slippery roads, pavements (sidewalks) and especially steps.



Afrikaans : Jy benodig skoene met gepaste sole, ten minimum. Somerskoene is gewoonlik baie glipperig op ys en sneeu, en party winterstewels is selfs onvanpas.

English : At a minimum, you need footwear with suitable soles. Summer shoes are usually very slippery on ice and snow, even some winter boots are deficient.



Afrikaans : Die patroon behoort diep genoeg te wees, ongeveer 5 mm (1/5 duim) of meer, en die material sag genoeg in koue temperature.

English : The pattern should be deep enough, 5 mm (1/5 inch) or more, and the material soft enough in cold temperatures.



Afrikaans : Sommige stewels het kliknaels en daar is byvoegbare toerusting vir gladde toestande, gepas vir die meeste skoene en stewels, vir die hakke of die hakke en sole.

English : Some boots have studs and there is studded add-on equipment for slippery conditions, suitable for most shoes and boots, for the heels or heels and sole.



Afrikaans : Hakke moet laag en breed gedra word. Sand, gruis, of sout (calcium chloried) word gereeld gestrooi oor paaie of paadjies om traksie te verbeter.

English : Heels should be low and wide. Sand, gravel or salt (calcium chloride) is often scattered on roads or paths to improve traction.



Afrikaans : Sneeustortings is nie 'n abnormaliteit nie; steil hellings kan net soveel sneeu hou, en die oortollige volumes sal neerkom as sneeustortings.

English : Avalanches are not an abnormality; steep slopes can hold only so much slow, and the excess volumes will come down as avalanches.



[Day37]

Afrikaans : Die probleem is dat sneeu taai is, so dit het ´n bietjie van ´n hupstoot nodig om af te kom, en net 'n bietjie sneeu wat afkom kan die res aan die gang sit.

English : The problem is that snow is sticky, so it needs some triggering to come down, and some snow coming down can be the triggering event for the rest.



Afrikaans : Soms is die oorspronklike kataliserende gebeurtenis die son wat die sneeu opwarm, soms is dit meer sneeuval, soms is dit ander natuurlike gebeurtenisse, baiemaal 'n mens.

English : Sometimes the original trigging event is the sun warming the snow, sometimes some more snowfall, sometimes other natural events, often a human.



Afrikaans : 'n Tornado is 'n spinnende kolom van lae-druk lug, wat die omringende lug inwaarts en opwaarts suig.

English : A tornado is a spinning column of very low-pressure air, which sucks the surrounding air inward and upward.



Afrikaans : Hulle skep winde (baiemaal 100-200 myl/uur) en kan swaar voorwerpe in die lug optel en dit soos die tornado beweeg, saamdra.

English : They generate high winds (often 100-200 miles/hour) and can lift heavy objects into the air, carrying them as the tornado moves.



Afrikaans : Hulle begin neerdaal as tregters uit storm wolke en word tornadoes wanneer hulle die grond raak.

English : They begin as funnels descending from storm clouds, and become ¨tornadoes¨ when they touch the ground.



Afrikaans : Persoonlike VPN (virtuele private netwerk) voorsieners 'n uitstekende manier is om beide politiese sensorskap en kommersiële IP-geofiltrering vry te spring.

English : Personal VPN (virtual private network) providers are an excellent way of circumventing both political censorship and commercial IP-geofiltering.



Afrikaans : Hulle is beter as webinstaanbedieners vir verskeie redes: Hulle herlei alle Internetverkeer, nie net http nie.

English : They are superior to web proxies for several reasons: They re-route all Internet traffic, not only http.



Afrikaans : Hulle bied normaalweg hoër bandwydte en beter dienskwaliteit aan. Hulle is geïnkripteer en daarom moeiliker om in te breek.

English : They normally offer higher bandwidth and better quality of service. They are encrypted and thus harder to spy on.



Afrikaans : Die media maatskappye lieg gereeld oor die doel hiervan, en meld dat dit is om ¨kaping te voorkom¨.

English : The media companies routinely lie about the purpose of this, claiming that it is to ¨prevent piracy¨.



Afrikaans : In werklikheid het streekskodes absoluut geen effek op onwettige kopiëring nie; ´n kopie van ´n skyf wat stukkie-vir-stukkie gedoen is, sal goed speel op enige toestel waar die oorspronklike sal.

English : In fact, region codes have absolutely no effect on illegal copying; a bit-for-bit copy of a disk will play just fine on any device where the original will.



Afrikaans : Die eintlike doel is om hierdie maatskappye meer beheer oor hul markte te gee; dit gaan als daaroor om die geld te draai.

English : The actual purpose is to give those companies more control over their markets; it´s all about money spinning.



Afrikaans : Aangesien oproepe oor die Internet verbind word, het jy nie nodig om 'n foon maatskappy wat naby jou geleë is te gebruik waar jy woon of wanneer jy reis nie.

English : Because calls are routed over the Internet, you do not need to use a phone company located where you live or where you travel.



Afrikaans : Daar is ook geen vereiste dat jy 'n plaaslike nommer moet kry van die gemeenskap waarin jy leef nie; jy kan 'n satelliet internet konneksie kry in wilde Chicken, Alaska en 'n nommer kies wat aandui dat jy in sonnige Arizona is.

English : There is also no requirement that you obtain a local number from the community in which you live; you can obtain a satellite Internet connection in the wilds of Chicken, Alaska and select a number which claims you´re in sunny Arizona.



Afrikaans : Gewoonlik, moet jy 'n globale nommer apart koop wat PSTN fone sal toelaat om jou te bel. Waar die nommer vandaan is maak 'n verskil vir die mense wat jou bel.

English : Often, you have to buy a global number separately that allows PSTN phones to call you. Where the number is from makes a difference for people calling you.



Afrikaans : Ware-tyd teks vertaler toeps – toepassings wat in staat is om outomaties hele segmente van teks te vertaal van een taal na n ander.

English : Real-time text translator apps – applications that are capable of automatically translating whole segments of text from one language into another.



Afrikaans : Party van die toepassings in die kategorie kan selfs vreemde tale vertaal op tekens of ander voorwerpe in die regte wêreld wanneer die gebruiker hul slimfoon op hierdie voorwerpe rig.

English : Some of the applications in this category can even translate texts in foreign languages on signs or other objects in the real world when the user points the smartphone towards those objects.



Afrikaans : Die vertalings enjins het drasties verbeter en gee nou meestal min of meer die korrekte vertalings (en minder selde brabbertaal), maar nasorg is nodig aangesien hulle dit soms nog steeds heeltemal verkeerd kry.

English : The translation engines have improved dramatically, and now often give more or less correct translations (and more seldom gibberish), but some care is due, as they still may have gotten it all wrong.



Afrikaans : Een van die mees prominente toeps in hierdie kategorie is Google Translate, wat aflyn vertaling toelaat na die aflaai van verkose taal data.

English : One of the most prominent apps in this category is Google Translate, which allows offline translation after downloading the desired language data.



Afrikaans : Die gebruik van 'n GPS navigasie toepe op jou slimfoon kan die maklikste en mees gerieflike manier wees om te navigeer wanneer jy uit jou tuisland is.

English : Using GPS navigation apps on your smartphone can be the easiest and most convenient way to navigate when out of your home country.



Afrikaans : Dit kan geld spaar eerder as om nuwe kaarte vir 'n GPS te koop, of 'n alleenstaande GPS of om een te huur van 'n motorverhuringsmaatskappy.

English : It can save money over buying new maps for a GPS, or a standalone GPS device or renting one from a car rental company.



Afrikaans : As jy nie 'n data konneksie vir jou foon het nie, of as dit buite opvangs is, kan dit werking benadeel of onbeskikbaar maak.

English : If you don´t have a data connection for your phone, or when it is out of range, their performance can be limited or unavailable.



Afrikaans : Elke hoekwinkel is gevul met ´n deurmekaar reeks vooraf-betaalde foonkaarte wat gebruik kan word vanaf betaaltelefone of gewone telefone.

English : Every corner store is filled with a confusing array of pre-paid phone cards that can be used from pay phones or ordinary telephones.



Afrikaans : Terwyl die meeste kaarte goed is om na enige plek te bel, spesialiseer sommiges met meer gunstige oproepkoste na spesifieke groepe lande.

English : While most cards are good for calling anywhere, some specialise in providing favourable call rates to specific groups of countries.



Afrikaans : Toegang tot hierdie dienste is meestal deur ´n tol-vrye telefoonnommer wat sonder koste van meeste fone af geskakel kan word.

English : Access to these services is often through a toll-free telephone number that can be called from most phones without charge.



Afrikaans : Reëls rakende gereëlde fotografie is ook van toepassing op video opnames, selfs meer.

English : Rules regarding regular photography also apply to video recording, possibly even more so.



[Day38]

Afrikaans : Indien om slegs 'n foto van iets te neem nie toegelaat word nie, dan moes jy nie eers daaroor dink om 'n video te neem nie.

English : If just taking a photo of something isn´t allowed, then you shouldn´t even think of recording a video of it.



Afrikaans : Indien 'n hommeltuig gebruik word, moet daar vooraf bevestig word wat jy toegelaat is om te verfilm en watse permitte of addisionele lisensies benodig word.

English : If using a drone, check well in advance as to what you are allowed to film and what permits or additional licensing are required.



Afrikaans : Om 'n hommeltuig oor 'n lughawe of skare te vlieg is amper altyd 'n slegte idee, al is dit nie onwettig in u area nie.

English : Flying a drone near an airport or over a crowd is almost always a bad idea, even if it´s not illegal in your area.



Afrikaans : Deesdae word lugreise selde direk deur die lugdiens geboek sonder dat daar eers gesoek en na kompeterende pryse gekyk word.

English : Nowadays air travel is only rarely booked directly through the airline without first searching and comparing prices.



Afrikaans : Soms kan dieselfde vlug groot prys verskille hê met verskeie invloede end it is die moeite werd om soekresultate te vergelyk en ook om te kyk na die webblad van die lughawe self voor bespreking.

English : Sometimes the same flight can have vastly differing prices at various agregators and it pays to compare search results and to also look at the website of the airline itself before booking.



Afrikaans : Terwyl jy nie 'n visa nodig het vir kort besoeke aan sekere lande as toeris of vir besigheid nie, vereis dit 'n langer verblyf wanneer jy daarheen gaan as internasionale student, as wat dit sou neem om slegs as 'n gemaklike toeris te gaan.

English : While you may not need a visa for short visits to certain countries as a tourist or for business, going there as an international student generally requires a longer stay than going there just as a casual tourist.



Afrikaans : In die algemeen, word 'n visa vooraf benodig indien jy vir 'n uitgebreide tyd in enige land gaan bly.

English : In general, staying in any foreign country for an extended period of time will require you to obtain a visa in advance.



Afrikaans : Studente visums het gewoonlik ander vereistes en aansoek prosedures as normale toeriste of besigheids visums.

English : Student visas generally have different requirements and application procedures from normal tourist or business visas.



Afrikaans : Vir die meeste lande, sal jy 'n aanbodbrief benodig van die instansie waar jy wil studeer, asook bewys van genoegsame vondse om jouself vir ten minste die eerste jaar van jou kursus te onderhou.

English : For most countries, you will need an offer letter from the institution you wish to study at, and also evidence of funds to support yourself for at least the first year of your course.



Afrikaans : Raadpleeg die instansie, sowel as die immigrasie departement vir die land waarin jy graag wil studeer vir die gedetaileerde vereistes.

English : Check with the institution, as well as the immigration department for the country you wish to study in for detailed requirements.



Afrikaans : Tensy jy 'n diplomaat is, wat gereeld oorsee werk beteken dit dat jy inkomstebelasting moet indien in die land waar jy gebaseer is.

English : Unless you are a diplomat, working overseas generally means that you will have to file income tax in the country you are based in.



Afrikaans : Inkomstebelasting word verskillende in verskillende lande gestruktureer, en die belastingkoerse en vlakke verskil wyd van een land na ´n ander.

English : Income tax is structured differently in different countries, and the tax rates and brackets vary widely from one country to another.



Afrikaans : In sommige federale lande, soos die Verenigde State en Kanada, word inkomstebelasting gehef op federale vlak sowel as op plaaslike vlak, so die pryse en hakies kan wissel van streek tot streek.

English : In some federal countries, such as the United States and Canada, income tax is levied both at the federal level and at the local level, so the rates and brackets can vary from region to region.



Afrikaans : Terwyl immigrasie-toetse gewoonlik afwesig is of slegs ´n formaliteit is wanneer jy terugkeer na jou tuisland, kan doanebeheer steeds onnodige moeite wees.

English : While immigration check is usually absent or a formality when you arrive in your homeland, customs control can be a hassle.



Afrikaans : Verseker dat jy weet wat jy kan en nie kan bring nie en verklaar enigiets wat oor die wettige limiete is.

English : Make sure you know what you can and cannot bring in and declare anything over the legal limits.



Afrikaans : Die maklikste manier vir jou om te begin in die besigheid van reis joernalistiek is om jou vaardighede op 'n gestigte reis blog webtuiste te slyp.

English : The easiest way to get started in the business of travel writing is to hone your skills on an established travel blog website.



Afrikaans : Nadat jy gemaklik geraak het met die formaat en redigering op die webwerf, mag jy later jou eie webwerf skep.

English : After you become comfortable with formatting and editing on the web, then later, you might create your own website.



Afrikaans : Terwyl jy op reis is, is vrywilligerswerk 'n goeie manier om 'n verskil te maak, maar dit gaan nie net oor gee nie.

English : Volunteering while travelling is a great way to make a difference but it´s not just about giving.



Afrikaans : Om in 'n ander land te woon en vrywilligerswerk te doen is 'n wonderlike manier om 'n ander kultuur te leer ken, nuwe mense te ontmoet, jouself te leer ken, 'n gevoel van perspektief te kry en selfs nuwe vaardighede te leer.

English : Living and volunteering in a foreign country is a great way to get to know a different culture, meet new people, learn about yourself, get a sense of perspective and even gain new skills.



Afrikaans : Dit kan ook 'n goeie manier wees om 'n begroting te rek om 'n langer verblyftydperk iewers te kry want baie vrywilliger werke verskaf blykplek en etes en 'n paar betaal 'n klein salaris.

English : It can also be a good way to stretch a budget to allow a longer stay somewhere since many volunteer jobs provide room and board and a few pay a small salary.



Afrikaans : Vikings het die Russiese waterweë gebruik om na die Swartsee en Kaspiese See te kom. Dele van hierdie roetes kan steeds gebruik word. Kyk na die moontlike behoefte aan spesiale permitte, wat moeilik kan wees om te verkry.

English : Vikings used the Russian waterways to get to the Black Sea and Caspian Sea. Parts of these routes can still be used. Check possible need for special permits, which may be difficult to get.



Afrikaans : Die Wit See–Baltiese Kanaal verbind die Arktiese Oseaan aan die Baltiese See, via die Onega Meer, die Ladoga Meer en Sint Petersburg, veral deur riviere en mere.

English : The White Sea–Baltic Canal connects the Arctic Ocean to the Baltic Sea, via Lake Onega, Lake Ladoga and Saint Petersburg, mostly by rivers and lakes.



Afrikaans : Die Onega meer is ook verbind aan die Volga, en om dus van die Kaspiese See af deur Rusland te kom is steeds moontlik.

English : Lake Onega is also connected to Volga, so coming from the Caspian Sea through Russia is still possible.



Afrikaans : Wees versekerd dat wanneer jy die marinas bereik het, sal alles nogal voor die hand liggend wees. Jy sal ander boot-stapryers ontmoet en hulle sal hul informasie met jou deel.

English : Be assured that once you hit the marinas everything will be pretty obvious. You will meet other boat hitchhikers and they will share their information with you.



Afrikaans : Basies sal jy kennisgewings opsit waar jy jou hulp aanbied, op en af stap op die dokke, mense benader en hul seiljagte skoon maak, probeer om kontak te maak met matrose in die kroeë, ens.

English : Basically you´ll be putting up notices offering your help, pacing the docks, approaching people cleaning their yachts, trying to make contact with sailors in the bar, etc.



[Day39]

Afrikaans : Probeer om met soveel mense moontlik te praat. Na 'n ruk sal almal you ken en vir jou kan sê watter boot is opsoek na iemand.

English : Try to talk to as many people as possible. After a while everyone will know you and will give you hints as to which boat is looking for someone.



Afrikaans : Jy moet jou Gereelde Vliegpunte lugredery in 'n alliansie versigtig kies.

English : You should choose your Frequent Flyer airline in an alliance carefully.



Afrikaans : Alhoewel jy dink dat dit intuïtief is om by die lugredery wat jy die meeste vlieg aan te sluit, moet jy bewus wees dat die voorregte wat aangebied word dikwels anders is en dat gereelde vliegpunte ruimer onder 'n ander lugredery in dieselfde alliansie mag wees.

English : Although you may think it is intuitive to join the airline you fly most, you should be aware that privileges offered are often different and frequent flyer points may be more generous under a different airline in the same alliance.



Afrikaans : Lughawens soos Emirates, Etihad Airways, Qatar Airways & Turkish Airlines het hul dienste op groot skaal uitgebrei na Afrika, en bied aansluitingsvlugte na baie groot Afrika stede teen meer mededingende tariewe as ander Europese lugrederye.

English : Airlines such as Emirates, Etihad Airways, Qatar Airways & Turkish Airlines have greatly expanded their services to Africa, and offer connections to many major African cities at competitive rates than other European airlines.



Afrikaans : Die Turkse Lugredery vlieg na 39 bestemmings in 30 Afrika lande van 2014 af.

English : Turkish Airlines flies to 39 destinations in 30 African countries as of 2014.



Afrikaans : As jy addisionele reistyd het, kyk om te sien hoe jou totale kwotasie na Afrika vergelyk met 'n om-die wêreld kwotasie.

English : If you have additional travel time, check to see how your total fare quote to Africa compares with a round-the-world fare.



Afrikaans : Moenie vergeet om die ekstra koste van addisionele visas, lughawe belasting, grond vervoer, ens. vir al daardie plekke buite Afrika by te voeg nie.

English : Don´t forget to add in the extra costs of additional visas, departure taxes, ground transportation, etc. for all those places outside of Africa.



Afrikaans : As jy heeltemal rondom die wêreld in die Suidelike Hemisfeer wil vlieg, is die vlugte en bestemmings beperk as gevolg van die tekort aan trans-oseaniese roetes.

English : If you want to fly around the world completely in the Southern Hemisphere, the choice of flights and destinations is limited due to the lack of transoceanic routes.



Afrikaans : Geen lugdiens alliansie dek al drie oseaan kruisings in die Suidelike Halfrond (en SkyTeam dek geen kruisings).

English : No airline alliance covers all three ocean crossings in the Southern Hemisphere (and SkyTeam covers none of the crossings).



Afrikaans : Nietemin dek Star Alliance alles behalwe die oos Suid Stille oseaan van Santiago de Chile tot Tahiti, wat 'n LATAM Oneworld vlug is.

English : However, Star Alliance covers everything except the eastern South Pacific from Santiago de Chile to Tahiti, which is a LATAM Oneworld flight.



Afrikaans : Hierdie vlug is nie die enigste opsie as jy die Suidelike Stille Oseaan en die weskus van Suid-Amerika wil mis nie. (sien onder)

English : This flight is not the only option if you want to skip the South Pacific and the west coast of South America. (see below)



Afrikaans : In 1994, het die etniese Armeense Nagorno-Karabakh streek van Azerbaijan oorlog gevoer teen die Aseris.

English : In 1994, the ethnically Armenian Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan waged war against the Azeris.



Afrikaans : Met Armeense ondersteuning is 'n nuwe republiek gestig. Nietemin erken geen gevestigde nasie, nie eens Armenië, hierdie land nie.

English : With Armenian backing, a new republic was created. However, no established nation - not even Armenia - officially recognizes it.



Afrikaans : Diplomatiese argumente oor die streek gaan voort om verhoudinge tussen Armenië en Azerbaijan te bederf.

English : Diplomatic arguments over the region continue to mar relations between Armenia and Azerbaijan.



Afrikaans : Die Kanaal Distrik (Nederlands: Grachtengordel) is die beroemde 17de-eeuse distrik wat die Binnestad van Amsterdam omring.

English : The Canal District (Dutch: Grachtengordel) is the famous 17th-century district surrounding the Binnenstad of Amsterdam.



Afrikaans : Die hele distrik is 'n aangewese UNESCO Wêreld-erfenis gebied vir die kulturele en historiese waarde, en die eiendomswaarde is van die hoogstes in die land.

English : The whole district is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its unique cultural and historical value, and its property values are among the highest of the country.



Afrikaans : Cinque Terre, wat Vyf Lande beteken, bestaan uit die vyf klein kusdorpies van Riomaggiore, Manarola, Corniglia, Vernazza en Monterosso wat in die Italiaanse streek van Liguria geleë is.

English : Cinque Terre, which means Five Lands, comprises the five small coastal villages of Riomaggiore, Manarola, Corniglia, Vernazza and Monterosso located in the Italian region of Liguria.



Afrikaans : Hulle verskyn op die UNESCO Wêrelderfenislys.

English : They are listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.



Afrikaans : Oor die eeue het mense versigtig gebou aan terrasse op die ruwe, steil landskap reg tot op die afgronde wat oor die see uitkyk.

English : Over the centuries, people have carefully built terraces on the rugged, steep landscape right up to the cliffs that overlook the sea.



Afrikaans : Deel van die bekoring is die gebrek aan visiele korporatiewe ontwikkeling. Paaie, treine en bote verbind die dorpies en motors kan nie hul bereik van buite af nie.

English : Part of its charm is the lack of visible corporate development. Paths, trains and boats connect the villages, and cars cannot reach them from the outside.



Afrikaans : Die variëteite Fraans wat in Belgie en Switserland gepraat word verskil effens van die Fraans wat in Frankryk gepraat word, alhoewel hulle soortgelyk genoeg is om wedersyds verstaanbaar te wees.

English : The varieties of French which are spoken in Belgium and Switzerland differ slightly from the French spoken in France, though they are similar enough to be mutually intelligible.



Afrikaans : In besonder, die numeriese sisteem in Frans-sprekende België en Switzerland het sommige effense eienaardighede wat anders is as die Frans wat in Frankryk gepraat word, en die uitspraak van sommige woorde is effens anders.

English : In particular, the numbering system in French-speaking Belgium and Switzerland has some slight peculiarities that are different from the French spoken in France, and the pronunciation of some words is slightly different.



Afrikaans : Nogtans sou alle Frans-sprekende Belge en Switsers standaard Frans op skool geleer het, so hulle sou jou verstaan selfs as jy die standaard Franse numeringstelsel gebruik het.

English : Nevertheless, all French-speaking Belgians and Swiss would have learned standard French in school, so they would be able to understand you even if you used the standard French numbering system.



Afrikaans : In vele dele van die wêreld is waai 'n vriendelike gebaar wat "hallo" beteken.

English : In many parts of the world, waving is a friendly gesture, indicating ¨hello.¨



Afrikaans : Hoe dit okal se, in Maleisië, ten minste onder die Maleiers in landelike gebiede, beteken dit "kom kuier," soortgelyk aan die indeksvinger wat in sekere Westerse lande gebruik word, en behoort slegs vir daardie doel gebruik te word.

English : However, in Malaysia, at least among the Malays in rural areas, it means ¨come over,¨ similar to the index finger bent toward the body, a gesture which is used in certain Western countries, and should be used only for that purpose.



[Day40]

Afrikaans : Eweneens, kan 'n Britse reisiger in Spanje 'n totsiens groet, met die hand palm na die waaier (eerder as na die person wat gegroet word), sien as 'n teken om terug te kom.

English : Similarly, a British traveller in Spain may mistake a wave goodbye involving the palm facing the waver (rather than the person being waved at) as a gesture to come back.



Afrikaans : Hulptale is kunsmatige of geskepte tale met die doel om kommunikasie te fasiliteer tussen mense wat dit andersins moeilik sou vind om te komminukeer.

English : Auxiliary languages are artificial or constructed languages created with the intent of facilitating communication between peoples who would otherwise have difficulty communicating.



Afrikaans : Hulle is apart van lingua francas, wat natuurlike of organiese tale is wat dominant geword het vir een of ander rede as 'n manier van kommunikasie tussen sprekers van ander tale.

English : They are separate from lingua francas, which are natural or organic languages that become dominant for one reason or another as means of communication between speakers of other languages.



Afrikaans : In die hitte van die dag kan reisigers lugspieëlings verwag wat die illusie van water (of ander dinge) skep.

English : In the heat of the day, travelers can experience mirages that give the illusion of water (or other things).



Afrikaans : Hierdies kan gevaarlik wees as 'n reisiger die lugspieëling navolg, en kosbare energie en oorblywende water mors.

English : These can be dangerous if the traveler pursue the mirage, wasting precious energy and remaining water.



Afrikaans : Selfs die warmste woestyne kan bitter koud word in die nag. Hipotermie is 'n groot risiko sonder warm klere.

English : Even the hottest of deserts can become extremely cold at night. Hypothermia is a real risk without warm clothing.



Afrikaans : Veral in die somer moet jy oppas vir muskiete as jy besluit om deur die reënwoud te stap.

English : In summer, especially, you´ll need to watch out for mosquitoes if you decide to hike through the rainforest.



Afrikaans : Selfs wanneer jy deur die subtropiese reënwoud ry, 'n paar sekondes met die deure oop terwyl jy inklim, is genoeg tyd vir muskiete om in jou voertuig saam met jou te kom.

English : Even if you´re driving through the subtropical rainforest, a few seconds with the doors open while you get inside the vehicle is enough time for mosquitoes to get in the vehicle with you.



Afrikaans : [] Voëlgriep beter bekend as Avianse griep besmet beide voëls en soogdiere.

English : Bird flu, or more formally avian influenza, can infect both birds and mammals.



Afrikaans : Minder as ´n duisend gevalle is al in mense gerapporteer, maar party van hulle was al noodlottig.

English : Fewer than a thousand cases have ever been reported in humans, but some of them have been fatal.



Afrikaans : Meeste het mense behels wat met pluimvee werk, maar daar is ook ´n gevaar vir voëlkykers.

English : Most have involved people who work with poultry, but there is also some risk to birdwatchers.



Afrikaans : Tipies vir Noorweë is styl fjords en valleie wat skielik plek maak vir 'n hoë, min of meer egalige plato.

English : Typical for Norway are steep fjords and valleys that suddenly give way to a high, more or less even plateau.



Afrikaans : Daar word dikwels na hierdie plato verwys as 'n "vidde", 'n wye, oop boomlose ruimte, 'n oneindige uitspansel.

English : These plateaus are often referred to as ¨vidde¨ meaning a wide, open treeless space, a boundless expanse.



Afrikaans : In Rogaland en Agder word hulle meestal ¨hei¨ genoem, wat verwys na ´n boomlose moerasland wat in heide bedek is.

English : In Rogaland and Agder they are usually called ¨hei¨ meaning a treeless moorland often covered in heather.



Afrikaans : Die gletsers is nie stabiel nie, maar vloei by die berg af. Dit sal krake en klowe vorm wat deur sneeubruë verskuil mag wees.

English : The glaciers are not stable, but flow down the mountain. This will cause cracks, crevasses, which may be obscured by snow bridges.



Afrikaans : Die mure en dakke van ysgrotte kan inmekaarval en skeure kan toegaan.

English : The walls and roofs of ice caves can collapse and cracks can get closed.



Afrikaans : Aan die rante van gletsers breek groot blokke af, val hulle af en dalk spring en rol hulle verder van die rant af.

English : At the edge of glaciers huge blocks break loose, fall down and perhaps jump or roll farther from the edge.



Afrikaans : Die toeriste seisoen vir die heuwelstasies bereik normaalweg die hoogtepunt gedurende die Indiese somer.

English : The tourist season for the hill stations generally peaks during the Indian summer.



Afrikaans : Nietemin het hulle 'n verskillende tipe skoonheid en sjarme tydens die winter, met baie heuwelstasies wat gesonde hoeveelhede sneeu ontvang, en aktiwiteite soos ski en sneeuplankry aanbied.

English : However, they have a different kind of beauty and charm during winter, with many hill stations receiving healthy amounts of snow and offering activities such as skiing and snowboarding.



Afrikaans : Slegs 'n paar lugrederye bied nog verlies tariewe, wat die laas-minuut kostes van 'n begrafnis effens goedkoper maak.

English : Only a few airlines still offer bereavement fares, which slightly discount the cost of last-minute funeral travel.



Afrikaans : Lugrederye bied hierdie insluitend Air Kanada, Delta Lugredery, Lufthansa vir vlugte wat uit die V.S. of Kanada kom, en WestJet.

English : Airlines that offer these include Air Canada, Delta Air Lines, Lufthansa for flights originating from the U.S. or Canada, and WestJet.



Afrikaans : In alle gevalle moet jy jou bespreking per telefoon regstreeks met die lugredery maak.

English : In all cases, you must book by phone directly with the airline.



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